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A New Football Book. Billy Bannard, the football coach of Princeton University, and half-back of the champion team of 1896, has written a book on the game, which is by far the best thing ever published on this interesting subject. In it he describes the straight plays, tricks, signals, etc., of both the Association and Rugby games. The illustrations form one of the most attractive features of the book, which is bound to become a standard.
It contains all the rules, as well as everything that will be of interest to the football player, whether he be young or old. The title is “Football; How to Play the Game," and it is No. 14 of the famous Fox Athletic Series of Sporting Books. It is sold for 10 cents. Richard K. Fox, publisher, Franklin Square, New York City.
About the most exciting existence we have read of in a long time is described in the October Cosmopolitan. Prof. R. V. Matteucci lives on the crater's edge of Vesuvius for the purposes of scientiħc observation, and he describes his daily life in a popular manner. Readers will not envy this scientist his job, especially when they see the pictures of the rocks that are liable to drop any moment upon him, but they will be immensely interested in his many alarming predicaments and narrow escapes.
This is only one of the many fine features of this very attractive issue.
Aside from the many basaltic castles seen near the river, you must also look away to the lonely snow-capped and snow-skirted peaks that rise in silent grandeur. Nowhere else can such an array of segregated mountains be found. There are some places here of sublimest vision, like the one where the Columbia and Williamette meet. There Mt. Hood sometimes appears to be ten miles high in the air; the river seeming a part of that altitude as it runs away from the prow of your boat. Here, where flows the stately stream bearing the name the nation should have borne, is a whole world of joyful interest. Here Nature in her vaster moods revels in her most complex forms of scenic charm. It is a confused carousal of shapes, created by an ancient sea of silica which struggled to form crystals long ago; in that awful battle it flung everywhere, here the wildest intermixture of disordered and incomplete prisms- ten thousand giant causeways scattered in confounded confusion-a perplexing, disordered jumble thrown here in Nature's maddest moment. I cannot overdraw the picture as I would describe these pillared pin
nacles and pilastered cliffs. The visitor; after a month of study, would feel how meager is human description, no matter how wild may be his conception. Before one leaves the region, go up and spend a week at Cloud Cap, far up the steeps of Mt. Hood, and from this splendid eyrie study and love the rarest landscape earth has to show.-Roland Dwight Grant, in Sunset Magazine for October
de Before we reach Portland there is before us a hundred miles of the Columbia river, on which the commerce is yet comparatively limited, and
long stretches of which our vessel moves through a panorama of mountain grandeur and primeval wilderness, comparatively untouched by the hand of man; places where the passenger will truly feel that Nature "glides into his darker musings with a mild and healing sympathy.
For scenic beauty there is nothing like it among rivers within our American border. The castle-dotted banks of the Rhine give to it that historic and romantic interest born of long human association. The Hudson, too, is classic, or becoming so, with our later generations, by reason of what happened on its banks in revolutionary days. Her castles, however, have not fallen to decay, but rather mark the skill of blending many old-world architectural forms in something architecturally new. Art adds her enchantment to the native beauty of the Hudson's shores. But here, “where rolls the Oregon,” we have only the sublime impressiveness of Nature's magnificent handiwork, unaided and unadorned by recorded history or chiseled art.- From “Where Rolls the Oregon,' by George H. Taylor, in Four-Track News for October.
Immigration From All Countries. Fiscal year ended June 30, 1903 857,046 Fiscal year ended June 30, 1904 812,870 Fiscal year ended June 30, 1905 1,027,421
1905 shows an increase of 20 per cent. over 1903.
DEBARRED—ALL COUNTRIES. Fiscal year ended June 30, 1903 8,769 Fiscal year ended June 30, 1904 7,994 Fiscal year ended June 30, 1905 11,566
1905 shows an increase of 32 per cent. over 1903.
IMMIGRATION FROM RUSSIA, Fiscal year ended June 30, 1903 136,093 Fiscal year ended June 30, 1904 145,141 Fiscal year ended June 30, 1905 184,897
1905 shows an increase of 36 per cent. over 1903.
Present Status of Child Labor Legislation
in the South, For the data contained in the accompanying syllabus of child labor laws in the South I am indebted largely to the Hand Book for 1905, issued by the National Consumers' League. So far as possible the data have been verified by reference at first hand to the original statutes, and it is hoped that the compact form of presentation may assist the student in obtaining a somewhat clearer insight into the present status of legislation on this subject.
Alabama.-(1) Age limit for work in mines is fourteen; for work in factories twelve, with exception of children of widowed mothers, or dependent fathers, or orphans without means of support. No child under ten can be employed under any circumstances. (2) Proof of age:
Affidavit of parent or guardian filed in the office of employer, giving age and date of birth. Furnishing false certificate is punished
misdemeanor. Penalty for employing child under age, fine of not more than $200.
(3) Hours of labor: For children between thirteen and sixteen, not over sixty-six hours per week, day work; tot over forty-eight hours per week, night work.
(4) There is no educational test required. No compulsory attendance in school.
(5) No provision for inspection or enforcement of the law through any officials.
Arkansas.-(1) Age limit for work in mines, fourteen; for work in factories, twelve; if illiterate, fourteen.
Same exceptions made as in Alabama. (2)
Proof of age: Same as in Alabama ; for chldren under fourteen, in addition, certificate of school attendance.
(3) Hours of labor: Night work prohibited for children under fourteen; sixty hours a week's work for minors under fourteen.
(4) Educational test: School attendance compulsory under fourteen for twelve weeks in the year, six weeks to be consecutive. Certificate of school attendance only required for children under fourteen.
(5) No provision for inspection or enforcement.
Florida.-In Florida the youngest children may be employed, provided only that in the case of children under fifteen such employment shall not extend for over sixty days without the consent of the legal guardian.
There is no limitation upon the number of hours of labor, and no proof as to age of the child is required.
Georgia.-In Georgia employment dangerous to health or morals is more or less completely prohibited, but otherwise there is no restriction whatever placed upon child labor.
Kentucky.-(1) Age limit: Work in mines prohibited for children under fourteen; work in factory prohibited for children under fourteen, with certain exemptions, which may be obtained from a county judge.
:(2) Proof of age is required for children under fourteen, certificate of age to be sworn to by parent or guardian, unless employer shall know the age of the child.
(3) No restriction upon hours of labor or night work.
(4) Educational test: No educational test is required for a child to work in a factory, but attendance at school for at least five months a year compulsory for children under fourteen.
(5) A labor inspector and one assistant, at a salary of $1,200 and $1,000 respectively and expenses, are provided, but investigation as to violation of the law is left to the grand jury, which is given inquisitorial power, and receives a special charge from judges of the Circuit Courts to make such investigations.
Louisiana.—(1) Labor in factories is prohibited for girls under fourteen and boys under twelve years.
(2) Proof of age: Certificate of school attendance during at least four months of year preceding employment required for children under fourteen. This certificate to be signed by the director of the school district or principal of a public or private school.
(3) Hours of labor: There is no restriction upon night work, but the work of women and minors under eighteen is restricted to sixty hours per week.
(4) Educational test: There are no laws making attendance on school como pulsory, but for children under fourteen a certificate of school attendance for at least four months of year preceding employment, signed by the director of the school district or principal of some public or private school is required.
(5) The superintendent or chief police officer in cities or in town, a member of the police force detailed by the mayor, is charged with enforcement of the law.
Maryland.—(1) Work in factory limited to fourteen, except in the canning industry and where there is a widowed mother, or invalid father. No age limit in twenty counties.
(2) Proof of age: For child under sixteen, a certificate is required stating that the child is over twelve years, signed by principal or head teacher in school last attended, and a like certificate from parent or guardian.
(3) Hours of labor: No restriction.
(4) No educational test or compulsory attendance.
(5) Grand jury given inquisitorial powers, and judges of Circuit Courts required to give special charge.
Texas. - (1) Age limit: Factories, if illiterate, fourteen; if able to read and write, twelve. In mines, breweries and distilleries, sixteen.
(2) No proof of age required.
(3) Hours of labor: Work at night prohibited for children under fourteen between 6 p. m. and 6 a. m.
(4) Educational test: Child under sixteen must be able to read and write before being employed. Exemptions may be given for children between twelve and fourteen who are “necessarily employed." (5) No provision for enforcement.
Virginia. -(1) Age limit: In factories, twelve.
(2) No provision for proof of age.
(3) Hours of labor: No prohibition of night work. Work restricted to ten in the twenty-four for children under fourteen.
(4) No educational test.
:-(3) Hours of labor: Night work permitted: for children under sixteen, work is restricted to ten hours in the twentyfour.
(4) Educational test: Child under sixteen must be able to read and write, and must attend school before or during employment.
(5) Enforcement: Attendance officers appointed by school commissioners are charged with enforcement of the law.
Mississippi.- No age limit in Mississippi, except that minors may not be employed for more than sixty days without the consent of the parent or guardian.
North Carolina. -(1) Age limit in factories, twelve.
(2) Proof of age: Written statement of the parent or guardian required.
(3) Hours; Night work not prohibited; work for minors under eighteen restricted to sixty-six hours in one week.
(4) Educational test: No requirement of compulsory attendance on school and no educational test.
(5) There is a Commissioner of Labor and Printing provided for under another statute, but he has no authority for the inspection of the factories or enforcement of the law.
South Carolina.-(1) Age limit:(1903: ten years, (1904) eleven, (May, 1905) twelve. In factories, mines or other manufacturing, establishment exception is made for child with widowed mother or totally disabled father, and for dependent children—these may work in the factory without an age limit for the purpose of earning, a support--sworn affidavit to this effect required of the widowed mother, totally disabled guardian, or in case of dependent child, of legal guardian. The officer before whom affidavit is made to endorse on back of certificate his consent that the child may be so employed.
(2) Proof of age: Affidavit of parent or guardian, stating the age of child.
(3) Hours of labor: Night work prohibited children under twelve, and from 8 p. m. to 6 a. m. Time may be made up which has been lost through temporary shut-down due to accident or break-down in machinery.. Under no circumstances shall a child under twelve work beyond 9 p. m.
(4) Educational test: Children may be employed at any age in vacation if they present certificates showing school attendance for four months during the year and ability to read and write.
(5) No provision for enforcement.
Tennessee.-(1) Age limit in factories and mines, fourteen.
(2) Proof of age: Required of children under fourteen, to be sworn to by parent or guardian, unless age of child is known to the employer.
“Correct English-How to Use It." A monthly magazine devoted to the use of English. Josephine Turck Baker, editor. Partial contents for this Month:
Course in English for the Beginner.
Course in English for the Advanced Pupil.
How to Increase One's Vocabulary.
Should and Would: How Use Them.
Pronunciations (Century Dictionary).
Course in Letter-Writing and Punctuation.
Alphabetic List of Abbreviations. Business English for the Business Man.
Compound Words: How to Write Them.
Studies in English Literature. $1.00 a year.
Send 10 cents for sample copy. Correct English, Evanston, Ill.
you have the satisfaction of knowing that you have announced what many other people think and daren't say."
In the October World's Work M. G. Cunniff describes the unique personality of New York's district attorney in an article, “Jerome: A Man.' The following incident is related :
A New York reporter once telephoned to the proprietor of a gambling house who had defied the law for years and said, inquiringly:
“We have heard that you were raided this evening. Is it true?".
“No, it isn't true," replied the gambler.
gambling house! What are you giving us?”
“But our information came from the district attorney's office," objected the reporter.
"Oh, Jerome told you, did he?" came after a pause. "Well, if you got it from Jerome it's straight. I was raided, and you can take it from me, young feller, that anything Jerome tells you is on the level-1 don't care what it is."
It is just because the public, too, believes this that District Attorney Jerome, of New York, has become a unique force for good in our public life. He has told us things that have made many a cuddled delusion wriggle with discomfort-the Kansans that their prohibition law is a sham, cultivated New Yorkers that the shames and evils of the city are "up to them," college men that they shirk their duty, public officers that they compromise with political corruption, reformers that they deceive themselves.
“I believe,” he said one day, “that, somehow or other, telling the truth is better than lying if only for the man himself;" and then he added, “besides,
Popular Cartoons. The art of newspaper illustration in its present form is a development of recent years. Newspaper cartoons have become a most popular feature of up-todate metropolitan daily papers. The unique and catchy drawing now appearing daily on the front page of The Chicago Record-Herald is one of the many special features of the great paper. The Record-Herald has been fortunate in securing one of the best young artists in the country to carry out its popular policy of presenting each day a humorand good-natured cartoon.
Mr. Ralph Wilder is one of the coming men in newspaper work. His success has been as pronounced as it has been rapid. He shows all of the good-natured humor and the brighter side of everyday common life which has carried his work to a very popular success. His drawings are on all of the various subjects of popular interest, political and otherwise. Current events are vividly portrayed in a way that pleases, yet often giving just criticism in a way that does not offend. Through his excellent work on eastern magazines Mr. Wilder first attracted universal attention. The Record-Herald recognized in him at once a cartoonist of unusual promise, and congratulates its readers on having been fortunate enough to engage him.
If the address on the wrapper of your CONDUCTOR is not correct, fill out this coupon, and send it to Editor Railway Conductor.
Mr Be Sure and give Oid Address and Division Number and State.
Changes Received after the 11th of any Month are Too Late for That Issue.
ALLISON-Brother J. W. Allison, Division 221, Spencer, N. C.