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note, with their parks, terraces, ponds, &c. displayed in green, Mr. Cary must have bestowed great expence and labour in accomplishing this Survey; and when the public becomes acquainted with its merit, we hope that such induftry, so happily adapted both to use and gratification, will not be unrewarded.
Mr. Cary has entitled this production the Survey of Middlefex; but it contains, likewise, the extent of several miles of the neighbouring counties.
9 be Tour of Valentinc. 12mo. 35. 6d. Johnson. The design of this work is to mix instruction with entertainment; but the chief object is to instruct the ignorant both in their religious and moral duties. On these subjects, the leffons are often falutary. Though the religious tenets seem to breathe somewhat too much of the enthusiasm of a sect, and perhaps may fail from their strictnefs, yet we perceive nothing offensive in those branches which can influence the conduct, Some judicious and sensible remarks, on different subjects, are occasionally interspersed ; and the following deserves to be quoted.
remarked, that Valentine might very properly spend fome moments of regret over the ruined remains of that noble cdifice, and that he might well bestow some praises and admi. ration on those ancient manners. You may indulge, said he, in the thought, that the lord of this mansion and domain was once as a good prince and father to the diftri& around ; that he attended to the wants of his dependants, relieved their dif. tresses and their age, and using rightly the power he held over them, made it productive of the bléffings of order, and of a just obedience; and, added he, it is ng light commendation to lay, that this was not improbable. Do not think, continued hé, addressing himself to Edward, that I mean to disparage the privileges you are so pleased with; but you may probably fnd, that the vices of mankind obitruct very much the advan. tages that might arise from them. Opportunities of wealth and consequence are now indeed laid open to the lower orders of men, byt a larger inlet is also made to the pernicious thirst of gain, with all the fraudulent and envious methods employed 10 acquire and increase it ; nor, in the usual state of their minds, are such persons likely to be very skilful in the dispofition and management of independence, and in the uncon. trouled conduct of themselves, in forming their manners, or exercising their opinions. Many amiable and honeft qualities hold an alliance with poverty and subjection. You will alía find, added he, that there is still a poorer fort, and that their Subjection may be more miserable ihan it was before. The çottages, the families, the domestic education, and comforts, of ruch who live now under men of upftari substance, and of the lowest order, are not likely to become objects of their mars
ter's attention, since they are not the objects of their interest. If, added he, the lord of this place had a liberal pride in fee. ing the little buildings on his domain neat and commodious ; if he had, from the more improved bias of a cultivated mind, a zeal in ettablishing some small seminaries for the children of his dependants; if he took their sturdy boys into his service, and settled others in trade, or in wedlock; if the reprobate and audacious in society were fure of punishment from the im. mediate power they were under; and if they are now set at large from every reltraint but where the law, which is exercised about crimes more open, and detrimental only to the property of others, faftens is upon them; the present race will have something to envy in those ancient times and manners.'
The author has made fome apology for cloathing his precepts in the dress of fancy; but we think it was unnecessary. The little narrative interspersed news no inconsiderable acquaintance with the heart; and, if the author had followed it itill farther, and evinced the force of his precepts by other errors of conduct, his work might have been more useful. A Defence of Mr. Bofwell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides.
Swift. When we reviewed the Remarks, their number, and the imbecility of the attack, induced us to suspect that it was one of those friendly efforts, designed to keep the shuttlecock froin falling : our author thinks otherwise, and eagerly opposes the criticisms of the remarker. As we examined the Journal with freedom, at some length, we need not resume the subject; and it will be less necessary, as the feelings of the reader will dire cover faults which reason cannot excuse, or eloquence enforce : we may also add, that Mr. Boswell's work has already obtained its proper rank in the scale of public estimation. That gentleman is indeed fortunate in his champion : the defender enforces his arguments with spirit, energy, and good sense. We are much pleased with his zeal for the cause of truth, and the manly racional piety which he occasionally discovers. But the subject has been lo long the common theme, that no ingenuity can render it pleasing; and we fincerely hope that the contending pens aay now reft from their labours. DeleElus. Sententiarum & Historiarum, in Usum Tironun accommo.
25. Bathurst. • In travelling the road to Latin literature, the maturer reader will often be pleased in recognizing the companions of his youth." We can fully assent to the truth of this proposition, far we have read this collection with much pleasure, and can chearfully join with the author in thinking it generally useful. It is felected with mueb care ; the minutett examples are strictly classical; and the learaer is led to the more intricate rules of
fyntax, by Steps so Night as to be almost imperceptible. It may appear an uncommon remark, that the union of two words only will betray an ignorance in classical knowledge ; for, though they may be allowed in some cases to be used together, the compofer's design will fhow that he has unskilfully selected them. Pope objected to amor publicus ;' and with reafon ; though his answer, on the authority of Ainsworth, being produced, was rather a witty evasion than solid observation.
For the reasons which the compiler has produced, we think this Delectus was greatly wanted, and we need not repeat, that it is well execured. The advertisement is short, but so clear and exact, that it gives a very favourable fpecimen of the author's talents as a teacher. The Will which the Law makes: or, how it disposes of a person's
Eftate, in Cafe he dies without Will or Teflament. By Peter Lovelass, Gent. 8vo. 25. 60. ferved. Buckland.
This compilation is executed with confiderable accuracy; but it is not enough to have the substance of the acts before our eyes, unless there is sagacity and experience to comprehend their language with exactness, and their tenor with precision. While we commend, therefore, the execution, we would not advise our readers to employ the work without profeffional af. fiftance. We would follow the example of the king of Prussia, who, when he conferred on the chevalier Taylor the honour of being his oculift, ftri&ly forbad him to touch the eyes of any of his subjects. An Address to the Livery and Citizens of London, on the Proceedo
ings of the Court of Common Council, on Friday the 24th of Fe bruary, 1786, respecting Mr. Alderman Clarke and Mr. Doras ford. By Josiah Dornford, Esq. 8voi 6d. Bew.
Mr. Josiah Dornford has some time since started in the race of patriotism; but we much question whether, among all the under-writers in the city, he can find one man who will insure to him the attainment of the civic reward, which perhaps he bas in view. Confiderations on the Neceflity of lowering the exorbitant Freight of
Ships employed in the Service of the Eaft-India Company. By Anthony Brough. 8vo. Iso Robinsons.
The territories of the East-India company being so extensive, and so great the number of persons employed in their civil.and commercial departments, it is not surprising that many charges of delinquency should be exhibited against their servants in that quarter : but our aftonishment cannot fail of being excited, on finding any unfavourable imputation affixed to the conduct of the directors, whose duty. it is, not only to adminifter the
affairs of the company with wisdom and prudence, but to set an example of fidelity and uprightness to all who are under their authority.
According to the facts fated in the pamphlet now before us, it appears, that in the importation of thirty thousand tons, which is said to be the whole annual tonnage of the East India company, a very large sum is squandered away every year. Enormous as this embezzlement is, we are informed, that instead of preventing its increase, the persons by whom it has been ettablished have lately deliberated, whether they should not augment it with the annual sum of fixty thousand pounds, by im. posing an additional freight of two pounds per ton on every vefsel.
Mr. Brough observes, that in the Report of the Committee of Secrecy of the House of Commons, in 1772, it appeared, upon the evidence of a very able professional gentleman, who is still in the company's service, that one-third of the sum then paid for freight and demurrage night be saved s that the China goods might be brought home for twenty pounds per ton, and the Coast and Bay gouds at twenty-two pounds per ton; and that by a new system of ships, a farther considerable saving in the freight might still be made. Mr. Brough, convinced of the prodigious embezzlement in this article of the company's expenditure, has offered to the court of directors to diminish about one-fifth of the present freight; to build eighty ships, on a less system, at his own expence; to import the whole tons nage, in case the present ship-owners should obstinately refuse to lower their present rates; and to produce good security for the performance of these engagements. He has, it seems, intimated to them that, by accepting his offer, they will save a hundred and fifty thousand pounds per annum ; and demon. strated that the savings may shortly amount to two hundred and fixty thousand pounds, in consequence of a plan which he has lately delivered to the board.
Two objections, we find, have been alledged against the plan proposed by Mr. Brough. One relates to the ship-owners, who have hitherto been serviceable to the coripany; the other is concerning the measurement of the ships to be employed in its service. But both these objections are answered by Mr. Brough in fo clear and satisfactory a manner, that we should imagine the directors cannot long hesitate about adopting a plan, so strongly recommended by every economical confideration, and so highly advantageous to the company. The late Measures of the Ship-owners in the Coal. Trade fully ex
amined, in a Letter to the Right Honourable William Pitt. Brio, Is. 6d. Robinsons.
The avowed purpose of this writer is to vindicate the meafures of the people employed in the coal-trade, the motives of
whose conduct last year, he thinks, have never been fufficiently understood. In prosecuting the subject, he traces those mea. fures from their origin; and affirms that they arose from no unfair motives in the ship-owners, but from the necessity alone of their circumstances. He next examines the measures theme felves, particularly with regard to the propriety and equity of their application ; contending that they were not only just in their nature, but that no other could have been substituted which were 10 fair and moderate. On a subject of this kind, it is impossible to form any decided opinion, without a perfect knowledge of the facts and arguments advanced on both sides of the dispute. We can, therefore, only say that this author writes with plausibility, and is a zealous advocate for the party whose cause he efpouses. Apology for Negro Slavery; or, the West India Planters vindicated from the Charge of Inhumanity. By the Author of Letters to a Young Planter. 8vo. 15. 6.' Strachan.
The Rev. Mr. Ramsay's Effay on this fubject has given rife to several opponents, some of whom have treated him with an illiberality extremely inconsistent with the character of difinterefted writers ; and none of them has produced any well at. tefted facts to invalidate the representation laid before the pub. lic by that gentleman. The author of the present pamphlet has avoided the fcurrility of some of the former productions on this subject; bat he advances few additional arguments or obfervations which may not be easily repelled. Grammatice Questiones; or a Grammatical Examination, by Quction only : for the Use of Schools, &. By the Rev. N. Morgan.
Second Edit. 15. 8d. Pote. The common method of teaching the Latin Grammar by question and answer, is generally admitted to be the moft fuit. able to boys at an early age, and in the first stage of instruction. But so far are we from approving of a perseverance in fuch a mode, that we think the method, by question only, is infinitely better calculated for conveying a thorough acquaintance with the language, by subftituting reflection in place of rote, which is only a mechanical exercise, and an extremely precarious tenure in any mental acquirement, whether of language or fci. ence. We, therefore, are of opinion, that for the attempt towards introducing this method into schools, Ms. Morgan is cnnitled to approbation.