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country subjects it to various disadvantages. It would have been a much more agreeable theme for observation, had he endea. voured to show by what means those natural disadvantages might either be corrected or alleviated; as every fuch unfaa vourable picture of the state of a nation tends rather to damp than afford encouragement to the exertions of industry. We, therefore, hope that Mr. Fraser will, on some future occasion, turn his thoughts to this important enquiry. The Present State of Great Britain considered; and the National

Debt difcuffed, towards a radical and speedy Payment. Svo. Is. 6d. Becket.

The author of this pamphlet sets out with observing, that fince the late war, which has increased the national debt to an exorbitant sum, every little politician has been proposing schemes for discharging it. When he speaks in this contemptuous flyle of his honest fellow-labourers in the public service, he secins not to reflect that, notwithstanding the opinion which he betrays of his own fuperiority, he may perhaps be arranged in the same class. It is certain, at lealt, that this author yields to none in what relates to the spirit of innovation. All the plans, however, which he fuggests, are not entirely new; and, under particular niodifications, we doubt not that some of them might be adopted with advantage to the public. It would be unneceffary to make any farther observations, at present, on the schemes proposed by this author. Letters from the Right Honourable 1 E

on the late Political Arrangement. Svo.

Letter to the Earl of Carlisle, from the Right Honouratle William

Eden, on the Subjeđi of the late Arrangement. 8vo.

These Letters bear the most evident marks of their spurious origin. They have arisen from the licentiousness of the cimes, and must therefore be consigned to oblivion. Thoughts upon a Bill, lately offered to Parliament, for regulating

the Export and Import of Corn: with Observations upon Dear Tucker's Reflections, so far as they relate to this Subject. 8ve.

Priaden. To devise regulations for the exportation and importation of corn, is a subject which has repeatedly afforded exercise to the legislative wisdom of parliament. But no law, hitherto enacted, has proved sufficient for reftraining frauds and abufes in this important article of commerce. A bill was brought into pare liament last sessions, with the view of remedying those evils ; but, for particular reasons, was withdrawn. The pamphlet now before us is intended to furnish light towards a recon. Gderation of this great national object : but such is the misre



Iso 6d.



presentation to which it is liable, from the prejudice and arti, fices of interested individuals, that in the framing of a new law, the most accurate enquiry and mature deliberation will be neceffary Two Letters addrefed to the Right Hor, W. Pitt, Chancellor of the

Exchequer, for obtaining an equal System of Taxation, and for reilucing the National Debt. By P, Barfoot, Esq. 8vo. Debrett. In what Mr. Barfoot suggests concerning taxation, we meet with nothing that is new.

His idea is the common one, that the taxes on the neceffaries of life should be reduced, and the deficiency of the revenue supplied by additional impofts on luxuryWith regard to the discharge of the national debt. his opinion nearly corresponds with that of lord Newhaven on the same fubject. Liberal Opinions on Taxation, and a new System of Funding. Small

8vo. Printed for the Author, This author maintains, as a juít and rational principle, that the public creditors ought to be liable to the expences incurred by pational defence. To'introduce such a fyltem into our finances, he recommends the opening of a subscription for one million, by way of experiment.' The terms to be four per cent. per annum perpetual ftock, but liable to fluctuations of interest, according to a rate which he specifies. He proposes that money upon mortgage should likewise be charged with the additional tax. That our author's opinions proceed from a li. berality of disposition, we entertain not the smalleit degree of doube; but there is little reason to expect that this virtue will ever operate successfully in the science of finance, A Letter from Warren Haflings, Eja, Dated 21/1 of February,

1784. With Remarks and Authentic Documents to support the Remarks. Svo, 15. Ridgway,

The author of the Remarks on this Letter examines it with a degree of acuteness not free from the suspicion of personal animosity; but by whatever motives he may be actuated, to urge a charge of delinquency, after leave has been granted for a public enquiry by parliament, betrays a conduct not perfectly şeconcilable with the principles of justice and moderation. A Letter from Warren Hastings, Esq. Governor-General of Bengal,

to the Honourable the Court of Diretors of the East-India Come pany. Dated from Lucknow, April 30. With a Pvfifcripta Dated May 13, 1784, 8vo.. is. OutDebrett.

In this Letter Mr. Hastings recites the history of his nego* ciation with the nabob vizier Owde; his treatinent of whom, we cannot but acknowledge, appears to have been greatly mir. represented.



Advice to the Lord Licutenants of Counties, commanding Regiments

of Militia: Small 8vo. Walker. This pamphlet is of the ironical kind; and, if we may form in opinion upon the great variety of circumstances suggested by the author, be is a person extremely well acquainted with the abuses committed in the management of the militia. Obfervations on the Report of the Committee of the House of Com

mons appointed to enquire into the State of the British Fishery. By Robert Fal, Esq. 8vo. 25. Debrett.

As the extension and improvement of the British fisheries are now the object of parliamentary attention, thefe Observations are of great importance. They are the producțion of an able and intelligent man, who has joined experience to knowledge, and whose views are neither partial or confined. We perceive, indeed, occasionally, a little biass, a little predilection, arising from local circumstances and situation ; but these are prejudices which few can avoid. The Observations relate to a very extensive report on this subject, the effects of a careful and atten. tive enquiry; but, though apparently simple, it is encumbered with difficulties. These have been fenfibly felt by the committee; and, therefore, it becomes not a subject of discussion in this place, except under a more general and abstracted view, as a political and a commercial enquiry. A Second Address to Parliament on a Subject of the firf Consequence

to the Welfare of the State. By William Renwick. 8vo. Law. In our Fifty-ninth Volume, page 389, we gave our opinion of the first Address. The purport of the second is the same ; but, while its object is equally important and deserving of at tention, the style is improved, the language is less vague, and the digressions not so numerous. We can only with the author success, without flattering him with the prospect of obtain. ing it.

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D1 VI Ν Ι Τ Υ.

Sermons, doctrinal and practical, on several Suhjeąs. By D. Grant,

Minister of the Gospel at Newcastle. 12mo. 25. 6d. served.

This volume contains fixteen Sermons on the following subjects. I. The Wisdom of God illustrated in the Humiliation of Christ.-II. The Love of God to the World.-III, Chrift, the Christian's all.-IV. The great Salvation.-V. The Folly of neglecting the Gospel.-Vl. A heavenly Conversation described. VII. Jesus, the Object of the Christian's Desire. VIII. The fame Subject continued.-IX. The Example of



Chrift.-X. The same Subject continued.-XI. The Presence of God with his people.—XII. The same Subject continued. XIII. Comfort to the Afflicted.-XIV. The same Subject con. tinued.-XV. The Life of Faith in the Time of Afiction. XVI. The same Subject continued.

These discourses are affecting and serious, with some little tendency perhaps towards gloominess. We are doubtful whether they be not better calculated to inspire quiescent devotion and religious melancholy, than that vigorous and active piety, the ordinary Christian's better character, as fitțing him to live uncorruptly in the midst of society, which he neither can, nor ought to defert. Our author's language is generally plain and easy, but warm and pathetic. It abounds with apostrophe and interrogative, and has more force than elegance. A Sermon preached at York, on Wednesdoy the 13th of April, 1785,

for the Benefit of the Lunatic Asylum. By Robert Pierfon, A. M. 4to.

Cadell. This is a pious and rational discourse, written with elegance, and not deficient in pathos. We shall select the author's short and affecting description of lunacy, as a specimen of his manner,

• Of all the afflictions which are incident to man, none is so thocking as that of lunacy--none so humiliating-none that excites the pity and compaflion of the benevolent and humane, in a stronger degree. Reason, which was originally bestowed on man, to distinguish him from the brute creation, to be the guide of his actions, and to become a perpetual source of pleaTure and entertainment to his mind, is here, alas ! ftrangely overpowered and obstructed. When this alarming change takes place, what a dreadful situation is the poor sufferer reduced to ? Like a ship bereft of its rudder, he drives before the storm, and is daihed to pieces on the first rock that presents itself. The conflict must be terrible indeed; for reason no sooner yields up her seins, than the unhappy lunatic is bent upon destroying his life now, feemingly, a burden too grievous to be born. Strange perversion of the ordinary course of human nature ! For God has wisely implanted in us an inviolable attachment to life; and has imprefled us with a natural dread of death.' A Sermon preacbed in the Church of St. Nicholas, Rochester, on

June 24, 1785, (Being the Day of the Vifitation of the Rev. John Lau, D.D. Archdeacon of Rochefter,) on tbe Introduc. rion of Sunday Schools. By the Rev. Cbarles Moore, M, A. 470. Is. 6d. Johnson,

We learn from the author's short preface, that this discourse met the general approbation of a clerical audience ; many of whom had, as he was afterwards informed, previously employed much of their thoughts and endeavours to establish the scheme he recommends. We can, however, well conceive the good fepfe and discreet zeal he has manifested must have entitled his



1 2mo.

Sermon 'not at all the less to favourable reception on account of the foregoing circumstance. Mr. Moore has added a large Appendix, containing various arguments on the utility and im. portance of Sunday schools, and answers to obje&ions, toge. ther with a particular account of their establishment in his own parishes. This part is properly written in a more familiar style than the Sermon, and well calculated to imprefs a due fenfe of the advantages of Sunday schools on the yeomanry of the country, and that class of readers more immediately interested in providing the means of their establishment. We warmly re: commend both the Sermon and the Appendix to the confidera ation of the public, confefling ourselves much inclined to with success to these undertakings, whilft experience continues to speak, as it has done, in their behalf.

We will tempt none of our readers to content themselves with an extract from this performance, as the whole deserves their serious perusal. 4 Sermon on Galatians iv. 6. Preached in the episcopal Chapel at

Hayfield, Derbyshire, on Trinity Sunday. By C. Bayley. The Second Edition,

15. Longman. The Scripture Doelrine of a Trinity vindicated; according to the

Principles of the illuminated Emanuel Swedenborgh. To which fome Remarks are prefixed, upon a Sermon with Notes, lately published by C. Baylry, in Opposition to that Do&trine. Svo. Printed for the Author. The Swederborgian Doctrine of a Trinity confidered: or, Stri&uris

on a late Publication, entitled, The scripture Doctrine of a Trio nity vindicaidd; according to the Principles of the illuminated Emanuel Swedenborg. With Remarks upon a Sc mon on Gal. iv. 6. 12mo. 15. Longman.

The first of the three articles, viz. Mr. Bayley's Sermon, militates ftrongly against the idea of the famous Swedenborgh, on the Trinity. The author, in the following note at page eleventh, briefly acquaints us with Swedenborgh's opinion, and his own sentinents upon it, which he maintains at large in the discourse itself, from the confideration of numerous passages both in the Old and New Testament.

" A Trinity of Persons," says a late writer," was unknown in the apoftolic church, whilft the apostles lived, and for two or three ages after their decease." If the author had never read the wiitings of the fathers of the first ages of Christianity, we may apologise for his affertion. But surely it was then known and defended. Tertullian. was alive at the time of St. John's death, and was the first who wrote professedly against the notion of there being only a ncminal diftinction in the goda head. In his days arose, in Asia, the heretic Praxeas, who maintained there was no plurality of persons in the godhead. Against the opinions of this man, Tertullian wrote a treatise,


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