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• The truth then of the scriptures of the New Testament, the prophecies whereof have been fulfilled, and are daily fulfilling, being as certain as that God is true ; there are two inferences from the whole of the argument, which claim our attention.'
For these inferences we must refer our readers to the volume itself, which has undoubted merito Rio Bright
Sermons on various Subjects; with an Acccunt of the Principles
of Praseftant Dilsenters, their Mode of Worship, and Forins of Patrick. 8vo. 5. in Boards. Johnson tale
Public Prayer. Baprijm, and the Lord's Supper: BH. KırkN an introduction of sfifty-six plages, this author has given a
clear and fufficient account of the principles of the Presbyterians, and particularly of those which distinguish them from the established church. We do not often find a sketch on any fubject conveying more information in fo narrow a compars. The grand characteristic feature of this,fect of nonconformists will be very intelligibly presented to our readers by the paragraphs following: 2.19%!igara 25. By the word dissenter, in general, is meant; every one who does not conform to the established religion of this couns try, except Roman Catholics. But I mean not to take in every description of men of this sort'; there are many I am much a stranger to, and others, perhaps, of whom I am totally ignorant. By the word dissenter, I would therefore be understood to mean the perfons commonly called Presbyterians.Je These differ not from the church in any point of doctrinal faith, more than its own members differ-one- from another. There até many non-conformists, who believe all the articles as' expressed in the book of Common Prayer, except those relating to church power and government.ws 10 :) ***** Praying without a printed, or composed form of prayer, is not a distinguishing difference betwixt a churchman and a diffenter. Some of the lattdr, prefer composed forms to t
those delivered from memory; or which are commonly called extem. pore. ''Not are the vestments, and forms made use of, as standing and kneeling, material objections to the established church, with the perlons I am describinganisha!!! 41796436,
The grand diftinguishing difference betwixt a churchman and a Prefbyterian is this, the latter" claims a fole right of judging for himself, in matters of religion ; he acknowledges Jefus Christ as 'the fole head of the church; and afferts that 20 man, or body of men upon earth, have any right to pre,
fcribe forms of worship, or articles of faith, for his observ. ance and belief: that this is contrary to the spirit of the Chriftian religion, and to the unalienable rights of conscience, and tends to destroy genuine piety, and rational de. votion.
• A dissenter is therefore no more than simply this : viz. a Christian and a Protestant, without any one point of doctrinal faith peculiar to him as fuch, claiming to himself a right of private judgment, and the interpretation of those scriprures, which contain the Christian religion ; and denying the authority of the civil magistrate in these matters, over the judge ment and consciences of men. On the contrary, members of the establishment entirely give up this principle, and profess it to be their duty to receive those articles of faith, and attend that mode of public worship, which has been formed by others, and prescribed by law, though they may differ from their own private creed : or they allow (Article XX.) “ that the church hath power to decree rites or ceremonies, and authority in controversies of faith, &c.” A dissent from this article I consider as the grand and diftinguishing difference betwixt non-conformists and the members of the established church.'
Mr. Kirkpatrick then dispatches, in a few words, the method of conducting public worship among thefe difpenters.The remaining part of the introductory discourse is employed principally in noticing the difference of opinion, which sub. fifts between the disienters and the church of England, relative to baptism, confirmation, the Lord's Supper, and the burial of the dead. The friends of the author's sect will probably give him credit for the acuteness of his observations, and such as think differently, will hardly accuse him of wanting temper, or indeed moderation.
The volume contains eight Sermons. The first discourse treats of the Necessity of a constant and steady Regard to the Precepts of Religion and Morality. Mr. Kirkpatrick infifts, with ingenuity and some force of argument, that, in the estimation of human actions before God, the greatest regard will probably be had to the habitual conduct and disposition of the mind in the latter part of life, in case there thall have happened, at its different periods, a great change in our moral demeanor. The Sermon on the Sufferings and. Death of Jesus Chrift abounds with pious and edifying reflections. The third, on sur Saviour's Temptation in the Wilderness, considers this representation as a vision. This method removes several diffical. ties, but, in our opinion, not all. The discourie is, how
ever, ingenious. Sermon IV. is on Brotherly Love. V. Or Man's Ignorance what Events conduce most to his truest Happiness. VI. On the superior Importance of improving the Mind to adorning the Body. This title is not neatly expressed. VII. Or glorifying God in all our Astions. VIII. Observations on the History of the blind Man that was restored to Sight by Jefu5. This Sermon seems to express more soreness, in some reflections on the establishment, than we should have expected from this author, in these times of moderation.
The discourses, on the whole, are pious, practical, and well written. What follows them, and concludes the volume, is mentioned in the title-page.
The Strangers at Home; a Comic Opera, in Three Afts: as performed at the Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lene. 8vo.
and natural event, viz. the return of some captives delivered from slavery, in which they had been confined at Al. giers. Many were fuppofed dead, and few expected to return; so that the situation of their friends may suggeit some intereiting scenes. The general plan is of so favourable a kind, that: our expectations were highly raised; but the conduet of the author did not support them. A series of inconsistencies deitroy the probability by which alone we are interested. The most intimate acquaintance do not recognise fome of these happy ftrangers; while others, who have been absent an equal time, and subjected to the same hardhips, are immediately known. Too much is also attributed to disguise; and the fituations, in consequence of the changes of dress only, are so intricate, that the mind labours, in understanding them, to a degree incompatible with pleasure. The characters are common, and not well discriminated. The language is neither witty or humorous; the former is supplied by equivoque frequently fo remote as to require Italics in the closet, and a pointed delivery on the stage; the latter by trite or triling observations. Yet this opera is not without merit. Where the plot is not too intricate, it is lively and interesting ; fuco cessive incidents awaken the attention ; and the poetry is often animated and elegant. If we consider this piece in the light of a pleasing trifle, a vehicle for music, we may have examined it too ftrialy ; and the faults may not be such as to diminish the pleasure of the representation. The audience were of this opinion, probably for the reasons we have given. On
our board it must have a more pointed trial; its faults and merits must be strictly scanned, and the decision be made on a careful comparison of the weight of each. The author may properly allege, in arreft of judgment, that he designed to please only on the stage ; and that, in this trial, he has been acquitied with honour. If this be his plea, we shall at least delay the sentence.
The ftory of the opera would detain us too long, and not be eafily understood; so that we hall proceed to infert some fhort specimens.
The first chorus is moft easily detached from the plot. It is Sung by the captives, on their return.
« Welcome once more our native land !
To hail our second natal day:
By thee to more than life restor’d.' The first scene of the second act is no improper specimen of the dialogue; and the concluding song is pleasing and poetical.
• Laurence. Tell the cook to make hafte, Alice. I like my victuals rather under done.
Alice. You have been us’d to eat your meat rare, I suppose ?
• Laur. Yes, the meat that came to my share in Algiers was very rare, indeed !--not above once a month.
• Alice. And how did they treat you, Laurence ? tell me all about it.
• Laur. They treated me with my board, to be sure-to Deep on I mean ; a scarcity of bread and water ; and plenty of stripes and hard labour. For my part, I had rather pay my own way in Florence, than be treated so by the best Algerine of 'em all!
• Alice. Pray, Laurence, had your master many wives?
• Laur. Wives ! aye, in every hole and corner of his house : they ran about like rabbits in a warren!
• Alice. And did not you turn poacher now and then, and snap up a stray rabbit ? --Eh ! Laurence ?
i Lair. Nor I, indeed! I had a much keener appetite for a fat capon.- Hunger is a bitter enemy to gallantry !-- Be. fides, the Infidels have ways of keeping their wives to themfelves, which we have not yet attain'd.
· Alice. By making flaves of them! Thank my stars, that odious fashion does not prevail in Christendom !
• Laur. “ No, the matter is just revers'd with us : in all Christian countries, the wives keep their husbands in subjec. tion:"-But here comes madam Viola!
« Enter Viola, • Viola. Honest Laurence, I am rejoic'd to see you once more at home!
• Laur. Thank ye, ma'am!I am much rejoic?d to fee myself here!
• Viola. I imagine you have had a sufficient fample of tra. velling?
• Laur. Enough to last me my life, ma'am !
• Viola. And what think you of the men and manners where you have been !
• Laur. As for the men, the least said about them is the beft ; and, as for their manners, egad! I never was treated with so much ill-manners, by any other set of people before or since !
6. Viola. Laurence, you are released from the chains of a tyrant, juft time enough to see me in fetters!
Bę her lot whate'er it will;
To a cause of future ill.
Nature kindeft care employs,
Conquers first, and then destroys.
Like the bee with honey stor’d,
And dooms her-victim of her hoard.'
P O L I TI CA L.
provement of Husbandry, Mines, Fisheries, and Manufacture in
R. Fraser, in a very rational manner, points out the dif.
manufactures, and commerce, where the local fitu
Vol. LXI. March, 1786.