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258

300

306

Melwyn Dale. A Novel,

235 Cary's Actual Survey of Middlesex,

ibid. The Tour of Valentine,

236 Defence of Mr. Bofwell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides, 237 Delectus Sententiarum & Historiarum,

ibid.
Lovelass's Will which the Law makes,
Dornford's Address to the Livery and Citizens of London, ibid.
Brough's Considerations on the Necessity of lowering the Freight of
Ships in the Service of the East India Company,

ibid. The late Measures of the Ship-owners in the Coal Trade fully examined,

239 Apology for the Negro Slavery,

240 Morgan's Grammaticæ Questiones,

ibid. Dr. Watson's Chemical Ellaye. Vol. IV.

241 Douglas's Differtation on the Antiquity of the Earth,

249 Dr. Moffatt's Translation of Aretæus,

252 Dr. Skeete's Experiments and Observations on Quilled and Red

Peruvian Bark,
Florio : a Tale for fine Gentlemen and fine Ladies,

263 Piozzi's Anecdotes of the late Dr. Johnson,

ibid. The Captives, a Tragedy,

279 The Peruvian, a Comic Opera,

284 Robinson's Translation of the Works of Mr. Le Chevalier de Fio. rian,

28.5 On Vifitatcrial Jurisdiction in Colleges of the Universities, Remarks on some of the Characters of Shakspeare,

302 The Patriad, an heroic Poem, General Observations on the Shop-Tax,

312 A Political Sermon,

ibid. A Review of some interesting Periods of Irish History, ibid. Present Politics of Ireland,

ibid. Letter from a distinguished Englilh Commoner to a Peer of Ireland,

313 Opposition Politics exemplified,

ibid. Narrative of the Insurrection in Banaris,

ibid. The Resolutions of the Madras Conimittee, held at Fort St. George, Sept. 19, 1985,

ibid. Answer to the anonymous Remarks on a Letter from Warren Hait. ings, Esq.

ibid. Letter of Dion Cassius, and its Answer,

314 Examination of the Rights and Duties of Jurors,

ibid.
Robinson's Prize of Venus, or Kiliarney Lake,
The Fane of Britain,

315
The Collyrium of the Nation,
Bennett's Sermon on the Advaptages of Sunday Schools, 317
The Beauties of Mrs. Siddons,

ibid. Letters fron Ninon l'Enclos to the Marquis Sevigné,

ibid. M'Kinnon's Essays, The Novelties of a Year and a Day,

ibid. Arnot's Harmony of Law and Gospel,

ibid. Paterson's Catalogue of Books,

ibid.
Tables for reducing Deals from the Baltic to Standard Deals, 319
Candid Defence of the Appointment of Sheriffs Brokers, ibid.
Beddoe's Tran Nation of Scheele's Chemical Essays,
Dr. Anderson's Account of the Present State of the Hebrides and
Western Coalts of Scotland,

337
The

ibid.

316

318

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328

341

387

The Neceflity of founding Villages contiguous to Harbours on the

Weltern Coasts of Scotland and the Hebrides, Dr. Rollo's Observations on the Acute Dysentery,

ibid. Schomberg's Treatise on the Maritime Laws of Rhodes, 353 *Letters of Charlotte, during her Connexion with Werter, 357 Gale's Eslay III. on the Nature and Principles of Public Credit, 359 Humphreys' Poem on the Happiness of America,

361 Translation of Buffon's Natural Hiltory. Second Edition, 364 Earl Stanhope's Observations on Mr. Piti's Plan for the Reduction of the National Dent,

369 A Short Answer to Earl Stanhope's Observations on Mr. Pitt's Plan,

377 Dr. Disney's Memoirs of Arthur Ashley Sykes, D.D.

383 Rous's Observations on the Commutation Project, The Commutation- Act candidly considered,

388 Impress of Seamen, Considerations on its Legality, Policy, and Operation,

389 Luson's Inferior Politics,

390 Account of the gallant Defence made at Mangalore,

391 History of a Revolution at Naples,

ibid. Letters on Excessive Taxation,

392 Tax on Retail Shops,

ibid. Account of the Debate in the House of Commons, on the proposed Plan of Fortifications,

ibid. Lovelass's Law's Disposal of a Person's Estate who dies without Will or Teliament,

ibid. Howlett's Enquiry into the Influence which Enclosures have had upon the Population of England,

393 Poulter's Translation of May's Supplement to the Pharsalia of Lucan,

394 Courtenay's Poetical Review of Dr. Johnson's Literary an Moral Character,

395 Bozzy and Piozzi; or, the British Biographers, A Poem on the Loss of the Halsewell East Indiaman,

397 The Impeachment, a Mock Heroic Poem,

ibid, Sir Ralph of Stannerton Green. A Poem,

ibid. Isola's Gerusalemme Liberata of Tasso,

398 Elegia fcripta in Sepulcreto rustico, Latine reddita,

ibid. Dr. Giannini's Translation of Gray's Elegy written in a Country Church-yard, into Italian Verse,

ibid. Carwithin's Seasons of Life, a Poem,

ibid. Jones's Miscellaneous Poetic Attempts,

ibid. The Breeches, a Tale,

ibid. Polwhele's Pictures from Nature,

399 English Orator, a Didactic Poem,

jbid, The Bumbrulher, a Farce,

ibid. Topham's Fool, a Farce,

ibid. Account of the Pantomime called Omai,

ibid. Mrs. Pye's Theodofius and Arabella. A Novel,

ibid, Arpalia; or, the Wanderer. A Novel,

ibid. Essays on the Subject of Education,

400 Account of a Seminary of Learning established at Margate, ibid. Lucas's Laws concerning Horses,

ibid. Trial of the Rev. James Altham,

ibid. Trial of John Motherhill,

ibid. Dr. Morell's Epistles of Lucius Annæus Seneca,

401 Bell's

396

407

466

Bell's System of Surgery, Vol. IV.
Samwell's Narrative of the Death of Captain James Cook, 410
Hunter's Treatise on the Venereal Disease,

413 Dr. Moore's Medical Sketches,

421 Jodrell's Perfian Heroine, a Tragedy,

425 Smith's Trandation of Linnæus's Differtation on the Sexes of Plants,

433 De l'Enconomie Politique Moderne,

436 Whitehurft's Enquiry into the original State and Formation of the Earth,

438 Barelli's Tolondron. Speeches to John Bowle, about his Edition of Don Quixote,

441 Address from. Sir John Dalrymple, Bart. to the Landholders of England, on the Distillery Laws,

443 Howlett's Essay on the Population of Ireland,

449 Hutchinson's History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham,

451 Robinson's Sixteen Discourses on several Texts of Scripture, 455 Mrs. Cowley's Scottish Village,

464 Anticipation of the Review of the Horse Guards, &c.

465 The Patriot's Vifion, Busby's Age of Genius,

467 Ode to Superstition,

ibid. Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Third Edit.

ibid. Poetical Epistle from the Ghost of Dr. Johnson to his Four Friends,

468 Juliana, a Novel,

469 History of Sandiford and Merton. Vol. II.

470 Anecdotes of a Learned Pig,

ibid. Carr's Dialogues of Lucian, Vol. III.

ibid. Letter co Robert Heron, Esq.

471 Efsay on the Pre-eminence of Comic Genius,

472 Hales De Motibus Planetarum Differtatio,

473 Improved Latin Orthography,

474 Miscellaneous Tracts by the late William Bowyer,

475 Culley's Observations on Live Stock,

ibid. Brocq's Description of certain Methods of Planting, Training, and

Managing all kinds of Fruit-Trees, Vines, &c. Hankin's Panegyric on Great Britain,

477 The English Clergy's Right to Tythes examined,

ibid. Observations concerning the Medical Virtues of Wine, 478 Mercier's Night Cap,

ibid. Raspe's Account of the present Arrangement of Mr. Tallie's Col. lection of Pastes and Impressions from Gems,

479 Ludlam's Essays on Scripture Metaphors, Divine Justice, &c. ibid. Cadogan's Address from a Clergyman to his Parishioners, ibid. Memoirs of a Social Monster; or the History of Charles Price, 4.80 Doubts concerning the Navigation of the Scheld,

ibid.

476

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CRITICAL REVIEW.

Review

For JANUARY, 1786.

Bhăgvět-Géētā : or, Dialogues of Krčěshnă and Årjöõn; in

Eighteen Lectures. With Notes. Translated from the Original in the Sănskrëět, or ancient Language of the Brāhmāns,

by Charles Wilkins. 410. s. 6d. Nourse. THIS "HIS work is published by the authority of the court of

directors of the East India company, as well as at the particular desire and recommendation of the late governorgeneral of India : Mr. Hastings's letter is prefixed. Its antiquity, for it is an extract from a poem affirmed to have been written upwards of four thousand years ago (not much more than a century from the deluge), the anxious jealousy with which all the sacred writings of the Bramins are concealed, and the great veneration in which it has been held for many successive ages, render it an object of the highest cu. riosity. It is the production of the same Bramin who compiled the four books of the Vêdes or Bêdes, though it appears, from some circumstances mentioned by the very able translator, that the fourth is of a later date than the three former; and very probably later than the present performance, since this is mentioned in it.

The letter from Mr. Hastings, with which this work is introduced, abounds with just observations, not only on the subject immediately before him, but on some others connected with it. He wishes, however, to prescribe bounds to criti. cism, and would exclude, in estimating the merit of this work, all rules drawn from the ancient or modern literature of Europe ;' all references to such sentiments or manners, are become the standards of propriety for opinion and action, in our own modes of life;' and appeals to our revealed tenets of religion and moral duty. They are not applicable, he thinks, to a state of society so different, with which we have been so long unconnected, and of an antiquity so far superior to the firf steps towards civilization in Europe. If this be allowed, VOL. LXI. Jan. 1786.

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we must look on this sacred relic with the veneration of ani Hindo, and be afraid to put forward the unhallowed finger of criticism; for by what rules must we judge? The respectable writer of this letter fould consider, that the work is offered to European readers; that it is European learning which has enabled them to form any judgment at all; and that it is not in their power, even if they were so inclined, to discard it. Mr. Haltings tacitly acknowleges this, for he proceeds to de. cide on it in the manner, and with the opinions of an European.

+ Many passages will be found obfcure, many will seem redundant; others will be found cloathed with ornaments of fancy unsuited to our taste, and some elevated to a track of sublimity into which our habits of judgment will find it difficult to pursue them; but few which will shock either our religious faith or moral sentiments. Something too must be allowed to the subject itself, which is highly metaphysical, to the extreme difficulty of rendering abstract terms by others exactly corresponding with them in another language, to the arbitrary combination of ideas, in words exprefing unfubftantial qualities, and more, to the errors of interpretation.'

Yet, with these deductions, which are somewhat more fully insisted on, Mr. Hastings hesitates not to pronounce

• The Géētă a performance of great originality ; of a sublimity of conception, reafoning, and diction, almost unequalled ;. and a single exception, among all the known religions of mankind, of a theology accurately corresponding with that of the Christian dispensation, and molt powerfully illustrating its fundamental doctrines.

• It will not be fair to try its relative worth by a comparison with the original text of the first standards of European coinposition ; but let these be taken even in the most esteemed of their prose translations ; and in that equal scale let their merits be weighed. I mould not fear to place, in opposition to the best French versions of the moft admired paffages of the Iliad or Odyssey, or of the first or fixth books of our own Milton, highly as I venerate the latter, the English translation of the Mahābhāråt.'

Let us add a circumstance in vindication of Mr. Hastings, since he feels the imputation mentioned so keenly : his fenfibility, in this respect, does great credit to his delicacy and humanity.

• A mind rendered fufceptible by the daily experience of unmerited reproach, may be excused if it anticipates even un. reasonable or improbable objections. This must be my plea for any apparent futility in the following observation. I have seen an extract from a foreign work of great literary credit, in

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