Page images

“The irregular and wild Glyndwr, (at least so tra- , Williams Vaughan, Nannau Park, Merionethshire ; dition says) being enragéd with Howel, who had who, after its fall, had a variety of utensils manufacrefused to espouse his kinsman's and his country's tured from its wood, which is of a beautiful dark colour cause, determined, during a cessation of arms, like approaching to ebony; and there is scarcely a house Earl Percy of old, “to force the red deer from the in Dolgelle that does not contain an engraving of this forest brake,” in the domains of the unbending lord venerable tree, framed with the wood. At Nannau of Nannau. Thither he repaired; and encountering there are several relics; amongst others, a frame Howell alone, but armed, they fought. Glyndwr containing an engraved portrait of Pitt, and under conquered-his cousin fell. Owen returned in haste it the following motto: “Y Gwr fal y dderwn a to his stronghold, Glyndwrdry. Howel was sought wynebodd y dymestl.” “This man, like the oak, faced for, but nowhere found. The vassals of Nannau were the tempest.' filled with consternation and alarm; Sele's sorrowing A sepulchral tree somewhat similar has lately been lady shut herself up from the world in the solitude of discovered in France, in the hollow trunk of which her now gloomy castle. Year succeeded year, and was found the skeleton of a man, with his head downyet no tidings were received of the absent Howel. His | wards. No traditions, however, are extant, which fate remained long unknown to all save Glyndwr, and either throw, or pretend to throw, any light upon this his companion Madog. At length, one tempestuous curious occurrence : neither were there any attendant evening in November, an armed horseman was descried circumstances which could prove whether the indiviurging his fiagging steed up the hill that leads to dual had been murdered, or whether “some fantastiNannau, from the neighbouring town of Dolgellau : cal suicide had chosen this extraordinary mode of It was Madog—who, after the death of the fiery, self-destruction." yet generous Glyndwr, hastened to fulfil his last command, and unravel the horrid mystery. He told his

FIRE IN THE HUMAN BODY. melancholy tale, and referred to the blasted oak in confirmation of its painful truth. Howel's unhallowed Under the title of Natural Magic Sir David Brewsepulchre was opened, and his skeleton discovered, sTER has just added a delightful little volume to grasping with his right hand his rusty sword. The Mr. Murray's Family Library, from which we exremains were removed to the neighbouring monastery tract an account of several extraordinary cases of the of Cymmer, for burial, and masses were performed destruction of human bodies without fame. for the repose of the troubled spirit of the Lancastrian That animal bodies are ļiable to internal burning Sele [Cambro-Briton).

is a fact which was well known to the ancients. Many The above tradition forms the subject of a very fine cases which have been adduced as examples are ballad by Mr. Warrington, printed in the notes to merely cases of individuals who were highly suscepMarmion, by Sir Walter Scott. Let Madog, in the tible of strong electrical excitation. In one of these poet's words, complete the tale.

it is asserted, that the sparks of fire thus produced Led by the ardor of the chace,

reduced to ashes the hair of a young man; and in Far distant from his own domain,

another, that the wife of a physician to the ArchFrom where Garthmaelen spreads her shade,

bishop of Toledo, emitted by perspiration an inThe Glyndwr sought the opening plain.

flammable matter of such a nature, that when the With head aloft and antlers wide,

ribbon, which she wore over her shift was taken A red-buck roused, then cross'd his view;

from her, and exposed to the cold air, it instantly took Stung with the sight, and wild with rage, Swift from the wood fierce Howel fiew.

fire, and shot forth like grains of gunpowder. Peter

Borelli has recorded a fact of the very same kind reThey fought, and doubtful long the fray,

specting a peasant whose linen took fire, whether it The Glyndwr gave the fatal wound.

was laid up in a box when wet, or hung up in the Still mournful must my tale proceed,

open air. The same author speaks of a woman who, And its last act all dreadful sound.

when at the point of death, vomited flames; and I marked a broad and blasted oak,

Bartholin mentions this as having often happened to Scorch'd by the lightning's livid glare,

persons who were great drinkers of wine or brandy. Hollow its stem from branch to root,

De Castro mentions the singular case of a physician, And all its shrivell’d arms were bare.

from whose backbone there issued a fire which Be this, I cried, his proper grave!

scorched the eyes of the beholders; and Krantius (The thought in me was deadly sin)

relates, that certain people of the territory of Nivers Aloft we rais'd the hapless chief,

were burning with invisible fire, and that some of And dropped his bleeding corpse within.

them cut off a foot or a hand where the burning

began, in order to arrest the calamity. Nor have He led them near the blasted oak,

these effects been confined to man. In the time of Then conscious, from the scene withdrew; The peasants work with trembling haste,

the Roman consuls, a flame is said to have issued And lay the whitened bones to view.

from the mouth of a bull without doing any injury to

the animal. Back they recoild: the right hand still Contracted, grasp'd a rusty sword,

The reader will judge of the degree of credit which Which erst in many a battle gleamed,

may belong to these narrations when he examines the And proudly deck'd their slaughtered lord. effects of a similar kind which have taken place in less Pale lights on Caday's rocks were seen,

fabulous ages, and nearer our own times. A Polish And midnight voices heard to moan ;

gentleman in the time of the Queen Bona Sforza, hav'Twas even said the blasted oak

ing drunk two dishes of a liquor called brandy-wine, Convulsive heav'd a hollow groan.

vomited flames, and was burned by them; and Bartholin And to this day the peasant still

thus describes a similar accident: “A poor woman at With cautious fear avoids the ground;

Paris used to drink spirit of wine plentifully for the In each wild branch a spectre sees,

space of three years, so as to take nothing else. Her And trembles at each rising sound.

body contracted such a combustible disposition, that This celebrated oak measured 27 feet 6 inches in one night, when she lay down on a straw couch, she circumference, and stood on the estate of Sir Robert was all burned to ashes except her skull and the ex








tremities of her fingers." Christopher Sturmius in

From · THE WAES OF WAR. forms us that in the northern countries of Europe

By Hector M'NEILL flames often evaporate from the stomachs of those who

Oh that folk would well consider are addicted to the drinking of strong liquors : and he

What it is to lose a name, adds, “that seventeen years before, three noblemen of

What this world is altogether, Courland drank by emulation strong liquors, and two

If berest of honest fame! of them died scorched and suffocated by a flame which

Poverty ne'er brings dishonour, issued from their stomach.”

Hardships ne'er breed sorrow's smart, One of the most remarkable, is that of the Countess

If bright Conscience takes upon her Zangari, which has been minutely described. This lady,

To shed sunshine round the heart: who was in the sixty-second year of her age, retired to

But, with all that wealth can borrow, bed in her usual health. Here she spent above three

Guilty Shame will aye look down; hours in conversation with her maid, and in saying her

What must then, Shame, Want, and Sorrow, prayers; and having at last fallen asleep, the door of

Wandering sad from town to town! her chamber was shut. As her maid was not summoned at the usual hour, she went into the bed-room

OLDYS' ADDRESS TO A FLY. to wake her mistress; but, receiving no answer, she

Busy, curious, thirsty fly! opened the window, and saw her corpse on the floor,

Drink with me, and drink as I! in the most dreadful condition. At the distance of

Freely welcome to my cup, four feet from the bed there was a heap of ashes.

Couldst thou sip and sip it up:

Make the most of life you may ; Her legs, with the stockings on, remained untouched,

Life is short and wears away. and the head, half-burned, lay between them. Nearly all the rest of the body was reduced to ashes. The

Both alike are mine and thine air in the room was charged with floating soot. A

Hastening quick to their decline !

Thine's a summer, mine no more, small oil lamp on the floor was covered with ashes,

Though repeated to threescore ! but had no oil in it; and in two candlesticks, which

Threescore summers, when they're gone, stood upright upon a table, the cotton wick of both

Will appear as short as one ! the candles was left, and the tallow of both had disappeared. The bed was not injured, and the blankets and sheets were raised on one side, as if a person had

PRESENT STATE OF THE WORSHIP OF risen from it. From an examination of all the cir

JAGGANATHA, (or Juggernaut.) cumstances of this case, it has been generally sup- The temple of Jagganátha at Poree is surrounded by posed, that an internal combustion had taken place; a number of other idolatrous temples and shrines, that the lady had risen from her bed to cool herself, forming altogether a large and very singular mass of and that, in her way to open the window, the com- buildings. By the kindness of the Royal Asiatic Sobustion had overpowered her, and consumed her body ciety, we have been enabled, in a former Number, to by a process in which no flame was produced which give to our readers accurate representations of these could set fire to the furniture or the floor. The Mar- abodes of superstition. quis Scipio Maffei was informed by an Italian noble They stand within a square enclosure, each side man who passed through Cosena a few days after this of which measures about 600 feet, and the whole is event, that he heard it stated in that town, that the surrounded by a stone wall about twenty feet high. Countess was in the habit, when she felt herself indis-Within the great enclosure is a smaller one, also surposed, of washing all her body with camphorated rounded by a wall; the ground is raised about twenty spirit of wine.

feet, and upon that terrace stand the temples of JagSo recently as 1744, a similar example of spontane- ganátha which are represented in our first plate. The ous combustion occurred in our own country, at Ips- space between the two enclosures is occupied by about wich. A fisherman's wife, of the name of Grace Pett, fifty other temples dedicated to the various idols to the of the parish of St. Clements, had been in the habit, Hindoo superstition. The great tower is the residence for several years, of going down stairs every night of Sri Jeo and his brother and sister. Its execution after she was half-undressed, to smoke a pipe. She is rude and inelegant, and the form and proportions did this on the evening of the 9th of April, 1744. Her by no means pleasing to the eye.

It is overlaid with daughter, who lay in the same bed with her, had fallen a coating of plaster, of which only patches remain, asleep, and did not miss her mother till she waked and the effect of the whole is made worse by parts of early in the morning. Upon dressing herself, and go- the fabric, and the sculptures upon them, being ing down stairs, she found her mother's body lying daubed with red paint. The height of the tower is on the right side, with her head against the grate, and about 180 feet from the terrace, the ground plan is a extended over the hearth, with her legs on the deal square, measuring thirty feet on a side. floor, and appearing like a block of wood burning The next building to the tower is the great antiwith a glowing fire without flame. Upon quenching chamber of the temple into which it opens. It is her: the fire with two bowls of water, the neighbours, that the image is exposed to view at the feast called whom the cries of the daughter had brought in, were the bathing festival. almost stifled with the smell. The trunk of the un Next stands a low building or portico, intended as fortunate woman was almost burned to ashes, and an awning to shelter the entrance from the rays of the appeared like a heap of charcoal covered with white sun—the other building with a pyramidical roof is ashes. The head, arms, legs, and thighs, were also the place to which the food, prepared for the pilgrims, much burned. There was no fire whatever in the is daily brought, previous to its distribution. The grate, and the candle was burnt out in the socket of walls of the temple which are visible beyond the the candlestick, which stood by her. The clothes of enclosure, are covered with statues of the grossest a child, on one side of her, and a paper screen on the obscenity, thus openly exhibiting the degrading alother, were untouched; and the deal floor was neither liance which has always been found to exist between singed nor discoloured, It was said that the woman idolatry and the lowest and most disgusting vices. had drunk plentifully of gin over-night, in welcoming There are a vast number of priests and servants, ina daughter who had recently returned from Gibraltar. I cluding a number of wretched women, devoted to the


impure and unhallowed rites of these temples. Colonel | crowd fell back from before them ; two brilliant lights Phipps makes the whole number amount to 3000 were illumined ; and we saw distinctly three frightful families. These are supported partly by the pilgrim wooden faces, of the respective colours of black, brown, tax, and partly by revenues arising from lands. The and yellow; the lower portions of the figures being whole place is full of beggars, and objects of the most closely swathed in cloth wrappers." painful and disgusting kind, all produced by this de The great festival of the Chariot is held for the pergrading superstition.

formance of an annual excursion with which the idols are treated, to a temple about a mile and a half from Pooree. The following account of it is given by Mr. Sterling, whose long residence in the district in which temples are built, and intimate acquaintance with every part of the subject, give a value to his evidence far superior to that of any occasional visitor.

“ On the day appointed, after various prayers and ceremonies have been gone through within the temple, the images are brought from their throne to the outside of the Lion gate—not with decency and reverence, seated on a litter or vehicle adapted to such an occasion—but a common cord being fastened round their necks, certain priests to whom the duty belongs, drag them down the steps and through the mud, whilst others keep the figures erect, and help their movements by shoving them from behind, in the most indifferent and unceremonious manner, as if they thought the whole business a good joke. In this way the monstrous idols •go rocking and pitching along through the crowd, until they reach the cars, which they are made to ascend by a similar process, up an inclined platform, reaching from the stage of the machine to the ground. On the other hand, a powerful feeling of superstitious enthusiasm pervades the admiring multitude. When the beloved images first make their appearance through the gate, they wel

come them with the loudest shouts of joy, and stunning Jaggernalha.


cries of “victory to Jagganátha," and when the There are two principal feasts which attract multi- monster Jagganátha himself, the most hideous of all tudes of pilgrims to these temples, from all parts of the figures, is dragged forth, the last in order, the air India. The first is called the bathing feast, the other is rent with plaudits and acclamations. These celeand greatest of all, the chariot feast. At the former brated idols are nothing more than wooden busts Sri Jeo and his brother after undergoing certain wash- about six feet in height, fashioned into a rude resemings, are supposed to take the form of the elephant- blance of the human head resting on a sort of pedestal headed god; to represent which the images are dressed as represented in our engraving. They are painted, up with an appropriate mask. Thus arrayed, they white, yellow, and black, respectively, with frightfully are exposed to view on the terrace overlooking the grim and distorted countenances, and are decorated wall, surrounded by crowds of priests, who fan them with a head-dress of different coloured cloths, shaped to drive away the flies, whilst the multitude below something like a helmet. The two brothers have arms gaze in stupid admiration. The scene is thus described projecting horizontally forward from the ears ; but by Capt. Mundy in his very entertaining Pen and Pencil the sister is entirely devoid of that member of Sketches of India.

the human form. Their raths, or cars, (one of which “On hearing that the idols had been brought out of is represented in the engraving) have an imposing air the temple, and that they were now exhibited to the from their size and loftiness, being about forty feet admiring gaze of the multitude who had travelled so high, with solid wheels of six feet diameter, but every far to pay their respects, I mounted an elephant, and part of the ornament is of the most mean and paltry with two or three others of our party repaired to the open description, save only the covering of striped and market place, opposite to the platform of the temple. spangled broad cloth, furnished from the export wareWinding our way carefully through the assembled house of the British Government, the splendour and crowds, we took post in a convenient spot; our ex gorgeous effect of which make up in a great measure alted situation enabling us to see over the heads of for other deficiencies. After the images have been the pedestrian gazers. Their godships were formed safely lodged in their vehicles, a box is brought forth up in line, on an elevated terrace within the enclosure, containing the golden or gilded feet, hands, and ears and protected from the night dews by an extensive of the great idol, which are fixed on the proper parts and gaudy canopy of many coloured cloths. The with due ceremony, and a scarlet scarf is carefully evening was dark, and at intervals blue lights were arranged round the lower part of the body or pedestal. thrown up to enable the spectators to view the cere Thus equipped and decorated, it is worshipped in mony; but the idols being almost constantly hidden much pomp and state by the Rajah of Khoorda, who by a forest of fans of various forms, diligently agitated performs before it the ceremony of sweeping with a by the attendant Brahmins, to prevent the flies and richly ornamented broom. As soon as the proper musquitos from invading their sacred noses, we sent signal has been given to the multitudes assembled, a polite note to the chief priest, requesting that he they seize on the cables which are fastened to the car, would cause the officials to open out for an instant when all advance forwards a few yards, hauling along to the right and left, in order to afford us the satisfac- generally two of the raths at a time. The joy and tion of contemplating the expressive countenances of shouts of the crowd, on their first movement, the the worshipful trio. Our embassy succeeded, the creaking sound of the wheels as these ponderous

[ocr errors]

machines roll along, the clatter of hundreds of harsh It is gratifying to add that the excess of fanaticism sounding instruments, and the general appearance of which formerly led the pilgrims to throw themselves so immense a moving mass of human beings, produce, in numbers under the wheels of the cars, has happily it must be acknowledged, an impressive, astounding, lost nearly all its influence. In four years Mr. Stirling and somewhat picturesque effect, whilst the novelty of says only three instances occurred, one of which it the scene lasts, though the contemplation of it cannot was thought was accidental, and the other victims fail of exciting the strongest sensations of pain and were persons who having long suffered under excrudisgust in the mind of every christian spectator. ciating complaints, chose this mode of self-murder





The most shocking circumstance immediately con- in preference to any other, which the despair of a nected with this procession of the idol Juggernaut, mind not upheld by christian hope might resort to. is the self-sacrifice of worshippers, by throwing them- The waste of life however, caused by the pilgrimage selves under the ponderous wheels of his car. This from the most distant parts of India, to visit a spot dreadful sight was witnessed by Dr. Buchanan in of land deemed so holy, is frightfully great; it is 1806. He thus describes the scene.--" After the occasioned by excessive fatigue, want of means to tower had proceeded some way, a pilgrim announced procure food, and disease caused by the immense that he was ready to offer himself a sacrifice to the multitude assembled together in a hot climate, at an idol. He laid himself down in the road before the unhealthy season, and communicating infection to each

other. Of late years the cholera has made great havoc among them.

The abominations of this monstrous and disgraceful idolatry, seem to be fast drawing to a close. Nothing can long prevent the light of Divine Truth from penetrating into these “dark places of the earth," which are indeed “full of the habitations of cruelty." And unless it be upheld by the agents of a Christian Government, the whole system is likely to fall into ruin. Mr. Stirling's testimony on this point is decisive. He says “even the god's own servants will not labour zealously and effectually without the interposition of authority, and I imagine the ceremony would soon cease to be conducted on its present scale and footing, if the institution were left entirely to its fate and to its own resources by the officers of the British Government."

The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge has very lately presented a memorial to the government, praying that this subject may be taken into consideration. . And we cannot doubt that it will receive their serious attention.

The duty of this nation with regard to Indian idolatry is quite clear. The great Ruler of the world, in furtherance of the high purposes of his all controlling Providence, has committed India to our superintendence. And though we are not at liberty to resort to violence and persecution as the Mahomedans did, we are not guiltless before God, if we add one jot to the influence, or move one step to preserve from ruin, a worship that insults the majesty of the God, and that debases, corrupts, and blinds the crea

tures of his hand. The Car of Juggernaut. tower as it was moving along, lying on his face with MIGNONETTE. (Reseda Odorata.) his arms stretched forwards. The multitude passed round him, leaving the space clear, and as he was

[Abridged from PHILLIPS' Flora Historica.) crushed to death by the wheels of the tower, loud It is not yet an age since this sweet smelling weed of sbouts of joy were raised to the god. The people Egypt first perfumed the European gardens, yet it has threw cowries, or small money, on the body of the vic- so far naturalized itself to our climate, as to spring from tim, in approbation of the deed. He was left to view a seeds of its own scattering, and thus convey its deconsiderable time, and was then carried by the Hurries lightful odour from the palace of the prince to the to the Golgotha, where I have just been viewing his most humble garden of the cottager. remains.”—“Yesterday,” says Dr. Buchanan after In less than another age, we foretell (without the wards, "a woman devoted herself to the idol. She aid of Egyptian art) that the children of our peasants laid herself down on the road in a slanting direction, will gather this luxurious little plant amongst the wild 80 that the wheel did not kill her instantaneously, as flowers of our hedge-rows. is generally the case; but she died in a few hours. The Reseda Odorata first found its way to the South This morning, as I passed the place of skulls, nothing of France, where it was welcomed by the name of remained of her but her bones, the dogs and vultures Mignonette, Little-darling, which was found too approhad destroyed the rest."

priate for this sweet little flower to be exchanged for


any other. By a manuscript note in the library of young plant should be placed in a garden-pot, with the late Sir Joseph Banks, it appears that the seed of a stick of about two feet in height by its side the Mignonette was sent in 1742, by Lord Bateman, to tie up its branches to, as it advances in height, the from the Royal Garden at Paris, to Mr. Richard Bate- leaves and young branches being kept stripped off man, at Old Windsor ; but we should presume that from the lower part, so as to form a stem to the this seed was not dispersed, and perhaps not culti- height required. This stem will become sufficiently vated, beyond Mr. Bateman's garden, as we find that hard and woody to endure the winter, by being placed Mr. Miller received the seed from Dr. Adrian van in a green-house, or the window of a common sitRoyen, of Leyden, and cultivated it in the Botanic ting-room, and may be preserved for several years, if Garden at Chelsea, in the year 1752. From Chelsea air is given to it whenever the weather will allow, so it soon got into the gardens of the London florists, so that the young branches do not become too delicate. as to enable them to supply the metropolis with plants As soon as the seed-vessels begin to form, they should to furnish out the balconies ; which is noticed by be cut off, which will cause the plant to throw out a Cowper, who attained the age of twenty-one in the fresh supply of blossoms: but these plants should year that this flower first perfumed the English atmos- never be suffered to perfect their seed, as it would phere by its fragrance. The author of the Task soon greatly weaken them, and generally cause their entire afterwards celebrates it as a favourite plant in Lon- decay ; for the sweet Reseda grows yearly in its prodon :

per climate, and therefore naturally decays when it -The sashes fronted with a range

has ripened its seed. Of orange, myrtle, or the fragrant weed.

We have made the same experiment on other The odour which this little flower exhales is thought annual plants, which have survived through the winby some, whose sense of smell is delicate, to be too ter, and produced blossom on the following year, powerful for the house ; but even those persons, we when their flower-stalks have been cut off before the should think, must be delighted with the fragrance formation of seed has taken place.

By this means, which it throws from the balconies into the streets of also, Stocks and Wall-flowers, which blossom in the London, giving something like a breath of garden air spring, will be found to flower a second time in the to the "close.pent man.' We have frequently found summer, if their branches are cut off. We have frethe perfume of the Mignonette so powerful in some quently made the experiment on early-flowering of the better streets of London, that we have consi- Honeysuckles, and obtained a fine display of corollas dered it sufficient to protect the inhabitants from those in the autumn; for it appears almost like instinct in eflluvias which bring disorders with them in the air. plants to endeavour to perform their office to nature The perfume of Mignonette in the streets of our me- in rendering up their various seeds. The reason of tropolis, reminds us oddly enough of the fragrance from this is, that the roots have drawn up and furnished the roasting of coffee in many parts of Paris, without the trunk with the due proportion of nourishment which some of the streets of business in that city would required to perfect the seed-vessels and the seeds, and scarcely be endurable in the rainy season.

the vital principle of the germ also rests in the trunk The Sweet Reseda, or Mignonette, is now said to and branches until it be drawn forth by the various grow naturally in some parts of Barbary, as well as seed-bearing parts, which is prevented by separain Egypt. Monsieur Desfontaines observed it grow- ting these parts from the branches ; consequently, ing in the sands near Mascar, in the former country, the juices are forced into other directions, and form a but it might have been accidentally scattered there, second attempt to expand themselves agreeably to or have escaped from the gardens of the Moors.

their various natures. This tribe of plants, of which we have twelve kinds,

Some florists, who considered the Tree Mignonette was named Reseda by the ancients, from the word rese- as a distinct species of the Reseda, obtained seeds of dare, to assuage, because some of the species were es- the Tree Mignonette from their seedsmen, who, conteemed good for assuaging pains; and we learn from sidering it was the tall-growing Reseda Lutea, sent Pliny, that the Reseda was considered to possess even such, which, after having been nursed up with care the power of charming away many disorders. He tells and potted with attention, proved to be only the comus that it grew near the city of Ariminum, now Ri- mon Reseda, or Dyer's Weed of our fields. mini, in Italy; and that when it was used to resolve It is frequently observed that the seeds of the Sweet swellings, or to assuage inflammations, it was the cus- Reseda, which scatter themselves in the autumn, protom to repeat a form of words, thrice, spitting on the duce finer plants than those that are sown in the ground at cach repetition.

spring, which should teach us to sow a part of our We notice these absurd superstitions of the ancients, seed at that season of the year, when, if not successwhich are scarcely yet forgotten in many villages of this ful, it may be repeated in the spring; and we have and other countries, to show how much the minds of generally found those self-sown plants most producthe ignorant have always been prone towards the mar- tive of seed. vellous, and not that we

To procure early-flowering plants of Mignonette, Hold each strange tale devoutly true.

the seeds should be sown in pots or boxes in the The Mignonette is one of the plants whose unas- when this is omitted, the plants may be forwarded by

autumn, and kept in frames through the winter ; but suming little flowers never weary our sight : it is sowing the sced on a gentle hot-bed in the spring. A therefore made an image of those interesting persons small border of Sweet Reseda will produce seed suffiwhom time cannot change, and who, although deficient cient to scatter over a large portion of hedgerowin dazzling beauty, attach us for life, when once they banks, and if one seed out of ten spring up amongst have succeeded in pleasing without its aid. Hence it the bushes, it will be sufficient to fill whole vales with is but a natural desire that we should wish to give a yearly plant a continual existence. This has, in a

fragrance, “like a stream of rich-distilled perfumes.' great measure, been accomplished, for the scented Tree Mignonette is now frequently to be met with.

FASHIONABLE DRESSES. The Mignonette is changed into a lasting shrub, In England a taste for splendid dress existed in the which dispenses its sweet odours at all seasons of reign of Henry VII, as is observable by the followthe year, by the following simple treatment: a healthy ing description of Nicholas, Lord Vaux. “In the

« PreviousContinue »