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.nstruction and entertainment derivable from the fixed con as soothed many a fit of mental impatience and disquiet, and templation of any object that presents itself most readily to I hope I shall never cease to be alive to, and observant of it. my notice. Perchance, while resting by the road-side, I take “ There are few habits more essentially necessary to the into my hand the first flower or insect that comes in my way, enjoyment and comfort of a pedestrian traveller than that of examine the structure of the one, or the form and habits of early rising, and there are few which under all circumstances the other, with earnest and fixed attention. And how many bring so certain a return of advantage. I will not here ditimes have I risen from that silent contemplation with a mind late upon the peculiar beauty of external nature at that hour utterly weaned from the heaviness occasioned by ruminating when the early grey gradually wakes into warmth and colour; over the existence of some petty sorrow,-entirely engrossed or speak of the fresh feeling of enjoyment both in body and with the wonders thus unveiled to me, and a heart filled with soul which he experiences whose feet brush away the heavy adoration of the greatness and goodness of that God, who is dews from the meadows." the maker and sustainer of all things. Examined in this temper of mind, I have seldom held a flower in my hand which I did not think curious and beautiful enough to have of trial was drawing to an end. I may truly say that what

“ The sun went down to the horizon, and our second day bloomed in paradise ; and never returned the insect or reptile to its bed of leaves, without a feeling that the link that

ever may have been my feeling of disappointment at seeing binds me to every living thing had become strengthened, and my hopes of soon gaining the destined port so strangely frusmy sympathy towards the subjects of my investigation ex

trated-yet sunset, that glorious, inexpressibly glorious, spec

tacle to the eyes of those who float upon the bosom of the cited and increased.”

wide waters--never failed to bring a season of peace, an hour A CURE FOR TRIVIAL ANOYANCES.

of calm enjoyment, a feeling of resignation, and a disposi“ Mental trouble and exertion are not always to be avoided, tion to humble myself before God, and weigh his infinite let our position be what it may. Circumstances may produce mercies against his mild chastisements. If indeed the oband add physical to moral suffering, and the weight of both jects comprised within the mariner's range of vision are few may seem capable of weighing you to the ground. But take in number and admit of comparatively little variety; though a heart : : you may believe my testimony, that the sum and species of sameness may be said to dwell upon the scene quality and order of your enjoyments (a cheerful Christian around him for a greater proportion of his hours; yet there are pedestrian he is speaking of] will, when put into the balance seasons when the small number of those objects is materially against your troubles, far outweigh them. Moreover, the favourable to their combining together scenes of, I would mercy and goodness of our Creator has so moulded our minds, almost say, greater sublimity than the variegated face of the that past pleasures and enjoyments can always be vividly re- land, with its endless diversity of objects and forms, ever procalled to our recollection ;-past suffering with difficulty, and duces. The sun, moon and stars, and the clouds above and seldom in detail. I own that, surrounded by flies, fleas, and the ocean with its changeful surface below, are perhaps all musquitoes, it may be some time before you can get your – but they are as an open book to him, the pages of which philosophy and good humour uppermost. However, pray alternately instil delight into his mind, or give warning attempt it, and having once succeeded, do not let them again of danger and peril. It is indeed an awful and delighibe overcome. Sometimes a very slight and trivial circum- ful volume.” stance will give you considerable assistance. I recollect at St. Quirico, after having been repeatedly bitten by my winged WHOEVER wishes, says Augustin, to be with God, assailants, when I would have sunk into transient repose, ought always to pray and often to read: for when we first lost my assumed temper of patience and endurance, and then suddenly took the fancy into my head to see how, in all pray we speak to God, and when we read he speaks the world, they effected their entry into my skin. I need not

The study of the Holy Scriptures works in us say that the very amusement produced by the experiment two effects of grace given. It enlightens and instructs repaid me for the smart : for it was curious to see the little the understanding, and then withdrawing the man blood-thirsty marauder address himself to his work in quite from the vanities of the world, it carries him to the a workmanlike manner,-poise himself upon four of his deli- love of God. cate legs, while the other two were extended laterally to keep him in balance. He then forced in his little transparent

But then (adds Basil) if we speak to God in prayer proboscis deeper and deeper, till I felt him in the quick, we must speak from the heart, for when he speaks to when, holding my hand between my eye and the light, I us by his word, it is to our heart that he speaks. could see that it acted just as well as that of an elephant, and drew up a minute stream of blood into his little thirsty As the rose-tree is composed of the sweetest flowers, stomach. The effort at once turned the tide of my reflections; and the sharpest thorns; as the heavens are someand the circumstance, trivial as it was, led to thoughts which times fair and sometimes overcast, alternately temrestored to my mind both equanimity and patience.

In the same manner I would advise you to attempt by all pestuous and serene; so is the life of man interminmeans to divert your attention from your own person to other gled with hopes and fears, with joys and sorrows, objects. The Providence of God has surrounded us with with pleasures and with pains.—BURTON. objects of improving distraction, by considering which we may be led to think of him. If you are attentive you will THE FIRST MONTHLY PART OF THE find that the same hand which, in rocky, heated and thirsty

SATURDAY MAGAZINE lands, has strewed the seeds of the finest aromatic shrubs and

will be ready for delivery on tho 30th instant ; price, with the Supplement, plants, preferably to those of any other species, for the com

Sixpence, sewed in a Neat Wrapper. fort and solace of the passenger; has left no situation how The MONTHLY PARTS, will be regularly continued on the last day of each

succeeding Month, so that Subscribers in all parts of the Country may receive ever painful or disagreeable where an antidote to your distress

them with the Magazines, &c. from London, by giving the necessary orders has not been placed within your reach. But you must rouse to their respective Booksellers. yourself to seek for it.”

LONDON: “ I do not envy the man who can breathe the perfumed

JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, 445, (WEST) STRAND. air of a May morning, and gaze upon the bright face of

Sold by all Booksellers and Newsvenders in the Kingdom. renewed nature without emotion. I am no longer a boy, Hawkers and Dealers in Periodical Publications supplied on wholesale

terms by but at such moments seldom fail to find my spirit imbued

W.S. ORR, Paternoster-Row; G. BERGER, Holywell-st., London, with the feelings of one: and fresh, cheering, and delicious

And by the Publisher's Agents in the following places :

Aberdeen..... they are.”


Birmingham .. Langbridge.

Westley and Co. “ At Kolsass I came to a halt; night having begun to Cambridge darken around me, and the stars to twinkle over the moun

Newcastle-on-Tyne, Finlay & Chark.

ton; Empson tains. I retain a delightful remembrance of the calm which, Derby.

Nottingham .Wright spreading over the face of nature during the last hours of my

..Curry Jun. & Co. Oxford


..Ridge. evening's walk, shed some portion of its peace and quiet Edinburgh Oliver and Boyd. Shrewsbury upon my soul and spirits. There is a tranquillity in the

.Penny and Co.

..Deighton mood of that hour, in the hues of natural objects, and the

Glasgow hounds and scones of closing day which I never can resist. It

C. RICHARDS, Printer, 100, St. Martin's Lane, Charing Cross.


Brown and Co.



Wilson. Lancashire and Bancks and Co. Cheshire

Manchester. Leeds

Robinson. Leicester .......... Coombe.



.Swinborne & Co.
Wilkins and Son.







..........Grillin and Co

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ON THE FITNESS OF THE FORMS OF ANI- and the other beneath it ; that one, also, should feed

while on land as well as on water, but the other in the

water exclusively. There are few things more worthy of observation, or ever well it can swim ; and, in consequence, it can

Now the gull cannot dive, howmore pleasing and instructive, than the way in which only obtain such prey, or eatable substances, as are to different animals are fitted for their appointed modes of life. We see in the management of them all such a depth of knowledge, such a wisdom of design, such a power of accomplishment, as is truly worthy of our highest admiration and most serious reflection. Let us even consider so simple a subject as the foot of a bird, and we shall find it full of contrivance and fitness for its purpose. Every part of nature is peopled with inhabitants. The bosom of the sea abounds with the finny tribes, and its surface forms a resting place for many families of the feathered creation. The numerous


The Black-backed Gull.

Common Cormorant. species of gülls, many of the duck tribe, the auks, the be found floating on or near the surface; but the corguillemots, the petrels, the divers, the cormorants, the morant feeds on fishes, which it pursues under goosanders, and various others, people the rocks and water; and the backward position of the legs, it precipices, obtain their food in the ever restless waves, will be evident, must assist it most materially in and many may in truth be said to have "their home diving after them. You will observe a difference, too, upon the deep."

in the manner in which the foot is webbed in the two Now the foot of a bird is always adapted to its mode species ; in the gull, the back-toe is very small, and of life. If any of these sea birds bad a foot like that of not connected with the others; while in the cormoa common fowl, a crow, a magpie, or a pigeon, it rant it is not only of considerable length, but is united would not have served well for swimming; and hence by a membrane to the other three, (as you may obwe see that they are web-footed, like the duck or serve in the off foot of the figure) so that, in this bird, the goose. Their mode of living, however, is not in all the whole four toes are webbed and connected tocases the same, and in order to meet their different gether,—a circumstance which tends to give it great circumstances in this respect, there are corresponding velocity, when diying in pursuit of prey. Montagu, variations in the foot; relating to its form, the degree speaking of a tame cormorant, observes, that, “it is in which it is webbed, the comparative length of the almost incredible, to see with what dexterity this bird leg, or some other particular ; for example, we have dives and seizes its prey : knowing its own powers here represented the black-backed gull, and the com- under water, if a fish is thrown in at a great distance, mon cormorant. Both swim, and both have webbed it frequently dives immediately, and pursues its course feet, yet there are several points of difference between under water, in a line to the spot : it is observed to them.

fall with vast celerity; and, if the water is clear, takes Why are the feet placed so much further back in the fish with certainty, and frequently before it falls the cormorant? they are so far behind, that the bird, to the bottom." But, in the natural state, how does as you sce, stands nearly erect. The reason is this : the cormorant know where the prey is ? If

you the Creator has determined, in his wisdom, that the one in a boat, even on the calmest day, you could not see bird should seek its food on the surface of the water, I a fish from a distance of twenty or thirty feet, at ten


find any

or twelve below the surface, and still less if there were you a visit to-day or to-morrow. Consider, Sir, if any breeze or ripple. Now how does the bird manage? you have actually written any thing; that an innoThe author just quoted states, that, when fishing, it cent line, if misinterpreted. may cost you your life. always keeps its head under water, in order that it That is all I have to say, and I now take my leave. may the more clearly and certainly discover the prey. The only recompense which I ask for a service which

There is still something more in the foot of the cor- I think of some importance, is, that if you meet me morant : but I must first explain to you what I mean in the streets you will not recognize me; and that in by the foot of a bird; for, anatomically speaking, it case it is too late to save you from being taken, you consists of more than the part merely on which the will not inform against me." So saying he disapbird rests. Observe a common fowl walking about, peared, leaving the poor President in great alarm. which is its leg? You point to the pillar covered by His first movement was to run to his secretary, snatch 2 scaly skin, which stands between the toes and the the papers, and throw them into the fire. feathers, Now suppose that this fowl submits to the Scarcely was that done, when in came Lord Ches. usual fate of its race ; that it is killed and dressed, terfield. He soon saw that his friend was in trouble, and that I request you to help me to a leg. Do you and asked him what could have happened. The pre

difference in the part you send me, from what sident related what had happened ; said, that he had you considered as the leg in the living fowl? In fact, burnt his papers, and ordered a post-chaise to be ready you help me not to the leg only, but also to the thigh; at three o'clock in the morning, that he might quickly while the naked part, which you considered as the leg leave a place where a few moments longer stay might in the living bird, is wanting altogether. From this be fatal. Lord Chesterfield listened calmly to all this, you will see, that what you had considered as the knee and then said : "this is all very well, my dear presiis in reality the ankle or heel ; that what is commonly dent, but let us sit down and examine your adventure called the drumstick is the leg, and the portion above with our heads cool and calm."—"You are joking," it, which is attached to the side bone by the round said the President, “it is impossible for one's head to ball, or head of the thigh bone, is the thigh. be at ease when it hangs only by a thread."-"But,

If you examine, then, the leg of a duck or goose, pray,” said the earl, “who is this man who has so you will find, that though it is compressed at the sides, generously exposed himself to danger to save you from still it has considerable thickness in front. These it? This seems not very natural: he may be a birds, however, do not require to swim with great ve- Frenchman ; but the love of one's country does not locity; and, in fact, a slow and deliberate examina- lead men to travel into dangers which lie out of tion and search with their bills is the most usual way their way, especially for the sake of a person who is of obtaining their subsistence. But we may readily unknown to them. This man was not a friend of conceive that in a bird, which, like the cormorant, yours?"-"No!"-"Was he badly dressed?"_“Yes; depends chiefly for its success in capturing its prey very badly."-"Did he ask you for money?"-"Not on the rapidity with which the latter can be followed, a farthing."—"Why that is still more extraordinary: such a leg would be less properly fitted, since it would but whence did he learn all that he told you!"-"Oh! offer considerable resistance and retard the velocity. I don't know at all; perhaps from the inquisitors Now here again we have an example of that wisdom themselves.”. -“ Absurd," said the earl," that counwhich pervades every thing, whether the revolutions cil is the most secret in the world, and he is not the of worlds, the motions of a fly, or the structure of a man to get near them."-" Perhaps he is one of their bird. The cormorant's leg is so flattened on the sides, spies,” said the President.-—" Perhaps not,” said the that the front edge, which cuts the water, is not earl : can one suppose a foreigner to be a spy, and thicker than the blade of a carving-knife.--Letters to that spy clad like a beggar while he is employed in a a young Naturalist,

calling for which he must be well paid; and, again,

that spy betrays his masters to you at the bazard of FRENCH WIT AND ENGLISH SENSE.

being strangled if you inform against him, or if he is

suspected of having assisted you to escape! It's all The President Montesquieu and Lord Chesterfield a joke, depend upon it, my friend, "-"What can it became acquainted as they were travelling to Italy. be, then?" said the President."I am thinking On the road they began to dispute about the merits about it,” said the earl. of their two nations. My lord allowed that the French Having puzzled themselves to no purpose, the had more wit than the English, but said they had no president still persisted in leaving the place imme

The president agreed to this, but diately: when Lord Chesterfield, after walking about they could not settle the difference between wit and the room, apparently in a deep study, stopped common sense. Before the dispute was ended, they short, and putting his hand to his forehead, as arrived at Venice. Here the president went about if a sudden thought had struok him, said, very every where-saw every thing-asked questions—and gravely: “President, listen to me: an idea has just talked to every body; and at night noted down his come into my head. Yes! that must be the man : I observations.

have not the least doubt of it!"-"What man!" said An hour or two after, a Frenchman, shabbily dress- the President; “ if you know who he is, pray tell me ed, came into his room, and addressed him thus : quickly.”—Oh! yes," was the answer ; "I know “Sir, I am a countryman of yours. I have lived here him well enough: he was sent by one Lord Chesterthese twenty years, but I have always kept up my friend field, who wished to prove to you by experience, that ship towards my countrymen ; and I always think an ounce of common sense is worth a hundred weight myself too happy when I have an opportunity of of wit." - The president never forgave him for the serving them, as I have you to day. You may do joke.-DIDEROT's Memoirs. any thing in this country, except meddle with affairs of state. One thoughtless word costs a person his head; and you have already spoken a thousand. The

A TRUE STORY. State Inquisitors have their eyes upon you ; their spies Yes! I remember him well, though more than twenty are following you every where : they note down your years have elapsed. I had many opportunities of obplans, and they know that you are going to write a serving his short, neat figure ; his small regular feabook. To my certain knowledge they intend to pay | tures; his dark complexion, and thick black hair,

common sense.

appearance was on the whole prepossessing; but 'thie next day poison was found in the cup of the there was something in the eye that marked conscious master. He always endeavoured to throw the blame ness of guilt: he could not look me in the face. I of this act on another ; but circumstances, which he know not whether he be now living, but you shall admitted to be true, led me decidedly to infer that he hear his story, as I received it from himself. had meditated murder. Besides, there were other

His mother was of good family. She was still a girl at cases in which he was strongly suspected to have a boarding school, when she became an object of atten availed himself of his medical knowledge to do serious tion to a man of property, who cruelly deceived injtıry to those who had offended him. When a man and deşerted her. The man, he told me, was a noble-has once given way to his passions, how hard is it for man; but I have some doubts on the subject : for, him to regain the mastery! When he has neglected though often pressed, he would never communicate God once, how soon does he set all God's laws at to me the name. And, indeed, I confess that I am defiance ! not one of those who consider vice to be more pre How truly has it been said by the Apostle, that valent among our peers than our peasants ; nor though he who “offends in one point is guilty of all." He I do not regard a coronet as a test of moral excellence, filed immediately on the discovery of the attempt to do I attributę every kind of profligacy and immorality poison, but was soon overtaken by the officers of to its possessor. But I heartily wish that religious justice. The evidence, however, addaced before principles were more deeply impressed upon all boys the magistrates, being too slight to establish a conand girls by their tutors and governesses : were that viction, after two or three examinations he was done, we should at least find fewer men so wicked as set at liberty. But what could he now do? A sus. to seduce, and the voice of seduction would more fre-pected thief-a suspected murderer-he had not the quently fail of success. Be the man, however, peer or courage to apply again to the members of his own commoner, the poor girl was disowned by her friends, profession. Sometimes he procured support by honest lived miserable until her child was born, and soon means, writing for law-siationers ; but more freafter died in despair, not knowing, or not finding quently were his necessities supplied by fraud. the way of repentance ; nor having the courage to At length he answered an advertisement for a footseek consolation where alone it is to be found. man ; recommended himself by his address; ruceived

The father took charge of the child, or rather he in person a letter sent by the post to solicit informa: entrusted his son to nurses and teachers, who tion respecting him; answered the enquiries in his paid as much attention as could reasonably be ex own hand, and was accepted. He was now in a new pected, where no parental eye watched the progress situation ; but he was clever, and soon learned how of the infant, or the deficiencies of the instruction to please. He never stirred out: in fact, he was given. In time the boy had received what was called afraid to appear; because of the frauds of which he an education, and qualified with a certain quantity of had been guilty. But this was not known to his medical knowledge, was sent as a surgeon to join a master; and so regular a servant was considered a regiment serving in India.

most unexceptionable person to be left in charge of I know little of his conduct in India, nor do I re- his master's house, when the family removed for the collect the reason which he gave for quitting his season into the country. But the moment that the regiment; but, whatever it was, he came to London coast was clear, keys were. procured of all the with letters of recommendation, and some money in closets, cellars, and drawers; another marriage was his pocket. Here, wholly unprepared to resist tempt-contracted with a female servant, and a scheme had ation, he became dissipated, neglected all who been formed for a general and extensive robbery of might have been of service to him, keeping back all that was in the house. The master, however, the letters which he brought with him, until he was had now returned, and a key was accidentally ham. ashamed to produce them at all : he exhausted every pered in a lock, too prominently in sight to escape farthing, incurred great debts, and was as miser detection. able as man could be who saw no hope of recovering Intent was too visibly displayed to admit of palliathe ground which he had lost, and felt himself com tion by the most artful lie : he knew it, and left the pletely ruined in character as well as fortune. house : none but the basest of the base, forgers and

A violent illness at length seized him, and he was swindlers, could now receive him. Wihin a few conveyed in almost a hopeless state to a hospital. weeks he committed a forgery, which was detected The surgeon who attended him, moved with compas- and proved against him at the Old Bailey. Sentence sion, invited him to become his assistant, as soon as of death followed, but was commuted for transportahis health permitted him to exert himself. Here was tion. a providential opportunity of repentance, and had I visited him several times in Newgate, and still feel there been in him any seed of religion, doubtless would an involuntary shudder whenever I reflect on the horit have sprung up. And, indeed, so painful had been rors which I witnessed in that prison under the old his existence, even when it was most joyous, during system. I believe much has been done of late years his profligate career, that he rejoiced in the tranquil- to improve the moral condition of its inmates; but lity of a regular family, and for a time derived a I never pass its walls without thanking God that I was degree of happiness from living again an honest and blessed with honest and religious parents, who took a useful life. But this calm lasted not long, for there care of me in my childhood, and taught me something was no religious principle in his heart; he could not more than mere professional knowledge; nor without resist temptation. A connection with fraudulent a hearty prayer that my own children may be enabled money-lenders induced him to quit his benefactor, and by the grace of God, to resist temptation, to grow up to set up an establishment of his own. Pressed by useful members of society, and finally may receive his new friends for money, which he could not pro- the blessings which God has promised to those who cure for them, he again became bankrupt, in charac- obey his commandments.

R. ter and fortune. But he was now more daring, and scrupled not to forge a recommendation, which intro Let grace and goodness be the principal loadstono duced him to the house of another surgeon. He soon of thy affections. For love which hath ends, will have begau to purloin the property of his new master; he an end; whereas that which is founded on true virtue, was suspected, and the suspicions were expressed: will always continue.-DRYDEN.


THE WATER BOTTLES OF THE EAST. In the Book of Joshua there is a very interesting ac- In making the bottles here described, the hide is count of the wily artifice by which the Gibeonites stripped off entire, except at the openings where the prevailed upon Joshua to make a covenant of peace head and feet of the animal have been cut off : these with them, when he was draying near to their coun- openings are sewed up, except one which is left for a try in the course of subduing the lands in which the spout and secured by a string removable at pleasure, people of Israel were to be settled. A party of While the skin is being prepared, it is filled with hot Gibeonites were sent to meet Joshua, pretending sand to stretch it to its proper size, and the hides that they had come from a far distant land as of different animals being used, as the kid, the sheep ambassadors, on behalf of their countrymen. They or goat, and the ox, the bottles or bags are of various took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles old sizes, some scarcely larger than our ordinary bottles. and rent and bound up. They had also old shoes

Our plate represents the water carrier of India who and garments, and a few remains of stale and dry loads his bullock with a large skinful at the well, either provisions, to give the appearance of having just to accompany travellers, or to sell the water to those finished a long journey. When they came before who live at a distance. Whenever troops or other large Joshua, they informed him that their home was far bodies of people proceed upon a march into the interior distant, and that having heard of his great victories, of the country, a number of water carriers of this desthey had been sent to entreat that he would make a cription accompany them, league with them. “Wherefore our elders and all the Bags of skin are also used in Spain to carry wine inhabitants of our country spake unto us saying, take from the vineyards to the places where it is sold, and victuals with you for your journey, and go to meet sherry wine is very often observed to retain the flathem, and say unto them, We are your servants, vour of the hides in which it has been transported. wherefore now make a league with us.

This our

Such bottles as those which have now been des. bread we took hot for our provisions out of our houses cribed were of course strongest when they were new. on the day we came forth to go unto you, but now Our Saviour says to his disciples, no man putteth behold it is dry and it is mouldy-and these bottles new wine into old bottles, else the new wine will of wine which were filled were new and behold they burst the bottles and be spilled, and the bottles perish; be rent—and these our garments and our shoes are but new wine must be put into new bottles and both become old by reason of the very long journey." are preserved.” He meant leathern bottles.

The bottles here spoken of were not like those now There is a passage in the hundred and nineteenth used in European countries, but were bags made of Psalm, which becomes peculiarly and powerfully beauthe skin of animals. The same kind of bottle is fre- tiful to the reader who clearly understands what sort quently referred to in Scripture, both literally and of “ bottles" were used in the East. The Psalmist is figuratively, but the mention of it occurs with pecu- describing the depth of his tribulation and grief-and liar interest in the three following instances. A bottle the comfort he derives from reflecting on the certainty filled with water was given by Abraham to Hagar, of God's promises. He likens his outward appearwhen he sent her away from his house, (Genesis xxi.) ance to that of a skin bottle or bag, which, when not When “Sisera took shelter in the tent of Jael, she in use, is hung up near the fire, and becomes withopened a bottle of milk and gave him drink. (Judges ered and blackened by the smoke. I am become iv.)” And in I Samuel xvi, we are told that “ Jesse like a bottle in the smoke, yet do I not forget thy took an ass laden with bread and a bottle of wine and commandments." a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul." In the East, water and other liquors are to this day

The master-piece of knowledge, is to know carried and kept in skin bags, of which the con- But what is good, from what is good in show. struction is exceedingly simple, and thus we are en

F. QUARLES. abled to illustrate, by the present practices of a people Knowledge descries alone; wisdom applies.-Id. in our own day, one of the customs so frequently referred to in the clear and familiar language of Holy Brave minds, opprest, should in despight of fate, Writ.

Look greatest, like the sune, in lowest state.-ID.

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