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Even so late as the reign of Henry the Eighth, the

THE BIBLE. reciters of verses, or moral speeches learnt by heart, LORD BACON. “ There never was found in any age intruded without ceremony into all companies ; not of the world either philosopher, or sect, or law, or disonly in tayerns, but in the houses of the nobility cipline, which did so highly exalt the public good as themselves. The Minstrels continued down to the the Christian faith." reign of Elizabeth; in whose time they had lost JOHN SELDEN, (called by Grotius) The Gory of much of their dignity, and were sinking into contempt England. -“There is no book upon which we can and neglect. Yet still they sustained a character far

rest in a dying moment but the Bible." superior to any thing we can conceive at present of JOHN MILTON, the immortal Poet.-" There are no the singers of the old ballads.

songs comparable to the Songs of Sion; no orations

equal to those of the Prophets, and no politics like When Queen Elizabeth was entertained at Kenil

those which the Scriptures teach." worth Castle, by the Earl of Leicester, in 1575, among

-" There is no book like the many devices and pageants which were exhibited SIR MATTHEW HALE.

the Bible for excellent wisdom, learning, and use." for her entertainment, one of the personages intro

HONOURABLE ROBERT BOYLE.

“ It is a duced, was an ancient Minstrel, whose appearance

matchless volume, it is impossible we can study it too and dress are minutely described by a writer present,

much, or esteem it too highly." in the following passage :

JOHN LOCKE.-To a person who asked this pro“A person, very meet seemed he for the purpose,

found thinker which was the shortest and surest way of about forty years old, apparelled partly as he for a young gentleman to attain to the true knowledge would himself. His off: his head seemly rounded of the Christian religion, in the full and just extent of tonster-wise : fair kembed, that with

a sponge

it, he replied,—“Let him study the Holy Scriptures, daintily dipt in a little capon's grease, was finely

especially the New Testament; therein are contained

the words of eternal life. It hath God for its Author, snoothed, to make it shine like a mallard's wing.

Salvation for its End; and Truth, without any mixHis beard smugly shaven : and yet his shirt after the

ture of Error, for its matter." new trink, with ruffs fair starched, sleeked and glister- SIR WILLIAM JONES.—“ I have carefully and reing like a pair of new shoes, marshalled in good order

gularly perused the Holy Scriptures, and am of opinion with a setting-stick, and strut, that every ruff stood that the volume contains more sublimity, purer moup like a wafer. A long gown of Kendale green, rality, more important history, and finer strains of after the freshness of the year now, gathered at the eloquence, than can be collected from all other books, neck with yellow gorget, fastened afore with a white in whatever language they may have been written." clasp and a keeper-close up to the chin ; but easily,

READER! for heat to undo when he list. Seemly begirt in a Oppose these deliberate and disinterested opinions of real caddis girdle ; from that a pair of capped Shef

some of the greatest men that ever lived, to the flipfield knives hanging a' two sides. Out of his bosom, pant sarcasms of free-thinkers, or rather non-thinkers, drawn forth a lappet of his napkin edged with blue Clasp the Bible to your heart, believe its holy truths, lace, and marked with D for Damian, for he was yet obey its sacred commands, regulate your lives by its but a batchelor. His gown had long sleeves down to precepts, and die, resting on that Saviour whom the the mid-leg, slit from the shoulders to the hand, and Scriptures reveal, as having "brought life and imlined with white cotton. His doublet-sleeves of black mortality to light through the Gospel." worsted: upon them a pair of points of tawny chamlet, laced along the wrist with blue threaden UPON THE SIGHT OF A TREE FULL-BLOSSOMED.-Here poinents, a wealt towards the hands of fustian-a- is a tree overlaid with blossoms; it is not possible that all napes. A pair of red neather stocks, a pair of pumps these should prosper; one of them must needs rob the on his feet, with a cross cut at his toes for corns ; other of moisture and growth. I do not love to see an not new indeed, yet cleanly blackt with soot, and infancy over-hopeful; in these pregnant beginnings one shining as a shoeing-horn. About his neck, a red faculty starves another, and, at last, leaves the mind sapless

and barren. As, therefore, we are wont to pull off some of ribband suitable to his girdle. His harp in good the too-frequent blossoms, that the rest may thrive, so it is grace dependent before him. His wrest tyed to a good wisdom to moderate the early excess of the parts or green lace and hanging by : under the gorget of his progress of overforward childhood. Neither is it otherwise gown, a fair flaggon chain, pewter for silver, as a in our Christian profession : a sudden and lavish ostentasquire minstrel of Middlesex, that travelled the coun tion of grace may fill the eye with wonder, and the mouth try the summer-season, unto fair and worshipful men's

with talk, but will not at the last fill the lap with fruit. houses. From his chain hung a scutcheon, with metal tations of my undertakings; I had rather men should com

Let me not promise too much, nor raise too high expec and colour, resplendent upon his breast, of the plain of my small hopes, than of my short performances. ancient arms of Islington.". The Minstrel, the -BISHOP HALL. author tells us, “after three lowly courtesies, cleared his voice with a hem; wiped his lips with the hollow A FULL and clear river is, in my opinion, the most poetical of his hand, for 'filling his napkin, tempered a string object in nature. Pliny has, as well as I recollect, compared or two with his wrest, and after a little warbling on his

a river to human life. I have never read the passage in harp for a prelude, came forth with a solemn song, the analogy, particularly amidst mountain scenery. The

his works, but I have been a hundred times struck with warranted for story out of King Arthur's acts."

river, small and clear in its origin, gushes forth from rocks, Towards the end of the sixteenth century, this class falls into deep glens, and wantons and meanders through a of men had lost all credit, and were sunk so low in wild and picturesque country, nourishing only the uncultithe public opinion, that in the thirty-ninth year vated tree or flower by its dew or spray. In this, its state of Elizabeth's reign, a statute was passed by which of infancy and youth, it may be compared to the human “Minstrels wandering abroad,” were included among dominant-it is more beautiful than useful. When the

mind, in which fancy and strength of imagination are prerogues, vagabonds and sturdy beggars," and were

different rills or torrents join, and descend into the plain, adjudged to be punished as such. This act seems to it becomes slow and stately in its motions; it is applied to have put an end to the profession.

move machinery, to water meadows, and to bear upon [Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry.]

its bosom the stately barge ;-in this mature state, it is

deep, strong, and useful. As it flows on towards the sea, It is with flowers as with moral qualities; the bright-it loses its force and its motion, and at last, as it were, coloured are sometimes poisonous, but, I believe, never the becomes lost, and mingled with the mighty abyss of waters. sweet-smelling. Guesses at Truth.

-SIR H. Davy.

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WILLIAM COLLINS, THE POET.

But thou, O Hope! with eyes so fair,

What was thy delighted measure ?

Still it whisperd, promised pleasure, And bade the lovely scenes at distance hail ! COLLINS was acquainted not only with the learned languages, but with Italian, French, and Spanish. He was fond of popular traditions; he delighted to take those flights of imagination which pass the bounds of nature, to gaze on the splendour of fictitious palaces, and to repose in Elysian gardens of his own creation.

The latter part of his short life cannot be remembered but with pity and sadness. He languished for some years under that depression of mind which clogs the faculties without destroying them. He was for some time confined in a house for lunatics, and afterwards retired to the care of his sister in Chichester, where he died in 1756.

After his return from France, whither he had gone hoping to recover from his malady, a friend paid him a visit at Islington : there was then no wandering of mind discernible by any but himself ; but he had withdrawn from study, and travelled with

no other book than an English Testament, such as WILLIAM COLLINS.

children carry to school. His friend took it into his hand, out of curiosity to sec what companion a man of letters and a poet had chosen. "I have but one

book,said Collins, “but THAT IS THE BEST.” This A MONUMENT of exquisite workmanship, from which interesting fact supplied Flaxman with the subject of the above is taken, was erected by public subscrip- the monument above. tion in Chichester cathedral, to the memory of WilLIAM Collins. The poet is represented as just EGYPT IN CONNEXION WITH SACRED recovered from a fit of phrensy, to which he was un

HISTORY AND PROPHECY. happily subject, and in a calm, reclining posture, seeking refuge from his misfortunes in the consola

THERE are few countries in the world which have tions of the Gospel, while his lyre and one of the

excited greater interest than Egypt; but, amongst best of his poems lie neglected on the ground. Above the many claims which it possesses to our attention are two beautiful figures of Love and Pity entwined and regard, there is none more powerful than that in each other's arms.

derived from its connexion with sacred history. As after his return from Rome. Mr. Hayley, in speak- of God, it deserves, and will abundantly repay, The monument was executed by FLAXMAN, shortly the cradle of the Jewish nation, and the scene of some

of the most remarkable events recorded in the Word of the deceased, thus concludes his epitaph :

laborious investigation and research which are now Who join'd pure faith to strong poetic pow'rs, Who, in reviving Reason's lucid hours,

necessary for tracing its rise, progress, and decline, Sought on ONE BOOK his troubled mind to rest,

or drawing out the particulars of its early annals. And rightly deem'd the Book of God the best.

These inquiries, we have said, will amply recom

pense those who are disposed to pursue them, for it William Collins was born at Chichester on is almost impossible to move forward a single step Christmas-day, 1720. His father was a respectable in our researches, without discovering the most strik hatter. He was admitted a scholar of Winchester ing coincidences between the testimony of sacred and College in 1733, but although he stood first in the profane writers, and the singular confirmation offered list of scholars to be received in succession at New by existing facts to the minutest details of Scripture, College, Oxford, in 1740, he lost his election, there

as regards the aspect, manners, customs, and phy. being no vacancy. This he considered the first mis- sical character of this astonishing country. fortune of his life. He suddenly left the University If, for example, we require a warrant for the asserafter becoming a Demy of Magdalen College. He tion of Moses, that Egypt brought forth“ by handcame to London about 1744, with many projects in fuls” in her seasons of plenty, and supplied its nuhis head, but possessed of very little money. He

merous population with treasures of corn that could planned many works, but he pursued no settled not be gathered nor numbered for multitude, we have purpose.

His odes, some of which were composed it on the united testimony of ancient and modern at this time, particularly “ The Passions," exhibit writers, and even in the present features of the land. vast powers of poetry. There is an expression in the "wounded and wasted though it be by the eternal latter ode, which at once strikes to the heart. Though hand of Heaven." If we would know how a country, the measure is the same in which the characteristics naturally so fertile, could be subject to the famine of Fear, Anger, and Despair, are described, yet, by under which it groaned in the days of Joseph, we the judicious variation of the cadence, each has an

have only to consult the same authority, and we shall expression appropriate to itself. Thus, after the find that its prcducts are so far dependent on the image of Despair,

annual overflow of the Nile, that a failure of this With woful measures wan Despair,

event would inevitably produce the greatest distress Low, sullen sounds his grief beguiled ; A solemn, strange, and mingled air;

and misery. If we would know why the Israelites, 'Twas sad by fits, by starts 'twas wild !

during their affliction, could not make bricks without

straw, we have only to inspect a fragment of the va How beautiful beyond imitation is the animated rious structures of that material still existing, and we picture of Hope :

shall see the very “ stubble" which cost them sc

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much anxiety and labour, and be furnished with a he proclaims that "Memphis shall bury them," we reason for its use, in the light loose nature of the have only to visit the pyramids of Djiza, and in the earth of which it is composed*.

gloom of their sepulchral chambers we shall have a
If we wish to know what is meant by the
balming” of Joseph and his venerable father, we have

only to explore the mummy pits of
Egypt, and we shall find not only men,
but the inferior animals, preserved with
the most pious care, and retaining, after
the lapse of ages, the fragrance of that

spicery, and balm, and myrrh," with
which they were prepared for interment.
Some curious relics of this description
may be seen in the British Museum :
two of the human form, three mummy
cats, an embalmed ibis, a jar containing

another (see cut), and the bones of a third. The cat and the ibis were held in extreme veneration by the Egyptians, the former being considered

Supposed Funereal Figures. sacred to the moon, and the other celebrated for its fitting emblem of that“ land of darkness, as darkness propensity to destroy serpents.

itself," where even hope cannot enter. The mystic paintings, pourtrayed around its chambers of imagery, realize something of the spiritual darkness which hung over its inhabitants, when they groped at noonday after that God whose candle had, at one time, shined upon their land.

Even the slight and incidental notices of this country which occur in the Books of the Chronicles, are borne out by existing documents. Some of the Jews, we are told, were potters," and we read of “the families of them that wrought fine linen, of the house of Ashbea." The ibis-jars to which we have before referred, and which are still found in almost exhaustless numbers, are monuments of the skill of the potters; and evidences of the labours of the workers in fine linen present themselves in the wrappers of Egypt's departed potentates. And if we wish to know why these “workers in linen” were of one house," or family, we have only to consult Herodotus, or his follower Diodorus, and we shall see that the division of castes existed very early in Egypt, and that trades and professions were generally hereditary.

If we need a commentary on the common sin of paganism, when men “professing themselves wise,

became fools, and changed the glory of God into an The Sacred Ibrs.

image made like unto corruptible man and to fourIf we would find an answer to those who ques- footed beasts and creeping things," where can we find tion the narrative of Moses, with regard to any of it better than in the pantheism of Egypt, where every the products which he mentions as peculiar to Egypt, creature in which was the breath of life became an we may find the sycamore, the corn, and the fax, idol, and the vital principle was adored under the in the mummy and its appendages : the first, in its varied forms which it animated, from the beetle of outer case ; the second, buried with it as the type the dust to the lordly ox that fattened in the fresh of a looked-for resurrection ; and the third, manu and luxuriant herbage of the Delta. factured into the bandages that enfold the shrivelled, And, if example be wanting to enforce the needbut apparently imperishable, body.

ful caution of Holy Writ, “ We ought to give If we be asked the import of the "great and sore earnest heed to the things of God, lest at any time lamentation" at Abel Misraim, we have only to direct we should let them slip,"—can we find one more forthe inquirer for his answer to the walls of some Egyp- cible or appropriate than that set before us in the tian temple, or the ruder sketches of many a papyrus destinies of this mightiest but" basest of kingdoms )" roll, where the uplifted hands and the frantic actions

D. A. of those who compose the long and solemn pageant, bear witness to the extravagantly splendid rites at I HAVE passed through many places of honour and trust, tendant upon Egyptian funerals.

both in church and state, more than any of my order in The three following figures are considered by Denon England these seventy years before. But were I but

assured that by my preaching I had converted but one soul to form part of a funeral ceremony. He describes

unto God, I should take therein more spiritual joy and them as priests, with their arms raised in the attitude comfort than in all the honours and offices which have been of exclamation.

bestowed on me. -ARCHBISHOP WILLIAMS. If we would understand the full meaning of that prophetic denouncement against the workers of abo- Though we cannot comprehend the Christian mysteries, mination, which the sacred writer pours forth, when

we can judge of their fitness and adequacy to work certain

beneficial effects in ourselves. Religion, like the heathen * There is a fragment of brick, from the pyramid at poet's fame, hides her head among the clouds ; but we may Daghous, in the small room of Egyptian antiquities, at the behold her footsteps upon earth, and observe the blessings British Museum, in one of the glass cases.

that are strewed for us in her path.

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LANDER'S COMMERCIAL EXPEDITION TO The command of the expedition had been very AFRICA.

properly invested in Mr. Lander, whose experience Perhaps no enterprise of modern times has excited and local knowledge eminently qualify him for the a greater share of public attention than the late expe- charge. dition to the Interior of Africa, undertaken by the The expedition is composed of two steamers, and brothers Lander. It was a long, lingering and perilous one sailing vessel of 150 tons burthen. The Quórra, adventure, but it led to the discovery of the course which is the largest of the steam-vessels, is a noble and termination of the celebrated river Niger, which, vessel, built under the inspection of Mr. Laird. Her till the result of their almost hopeless enterprise was burden is little short of 150 tons, and her engine is known, had been matter of controversy and dispute of fifty-horse power. She is well manned, and is for several centuries.

furnished with every means of defence which the The whole of that undertaking derives a romantic judgment and ingenuity of her proprietors could character from its magnitude and danger, no less than devise. Her internal arrangements are judicious; from the humble and apparently inadequate means the cabin is constructed with great skill, and the which were employed in its accomplishment. Yet it vessel is, altogether, well adapted for the service in does not seem, after ah, that the scantiness of their which she is engaged, and the country in which she means was in itself so great an evil as many people is employed. The Quðrra is commanded by Mr. imagined; for, from the account of the travellers Herries, who has an able coadjutor in Lieut. Allen, themselves, it appears pretty evident that had they, also of the Royal Navy. Both these officers have like their unfortunate predecessors in the same pur- been amply supplied by the Admiralty with chronosuit, possessed more abundant and costly resources, meters and other instruments, to enable them to not only would their progress through the country make the necessary scientific observations and surhave been more difficult, but their lives would have veys; and, as they are very competent to the task, been in constant jeopardy. At the same time, the much useful geographical information may be exsuccess of the travellers must not be attributed to the pected from them. Mr. Brigg, a surgeon, well scantiness of their resources; for it is evident from acquainted with botany, and other branches of na their artless, though clever, narrative of their journey, tural history, is also attached to the Expedition. that to their own courage, perseverance, and address, The other steamer is of wrought iron, and is called supported by an humble and unshaken confidence in the Alburkah, (an Arabic word, signifying Blessing.) the protection and blessing of Almighty God, their She draws but two feet of water, and carries fifty success is to be ascribed. This steady reliance upon tons. From her small size and lightness, she will be the power of Him“ who is mighty to save," inspired capable of ascending the Niger much farther than them with hope and courage, and enabled them to her more formidable companion; and if, moreover, rely with calmness and resignation, upon a happy advantage be taken of the state of the river, it is deliverance from the most distressing emergencies. probable that she will surmount those difficulties of The almost miraculous manner in which the tra- rocks, currents, and flats, that would effectually arrest vellers were preserved at the close of their lahours, the progress of the Quôrra. This curious iron steamshows, that the God in whom they trusted did not vessel may thus become the principal, if not the only, desert them in the hour of need,

means of communication between the more interior These remarks have been called forth by a notice parts and the coast, along which the sailing vessel of the New African Expedition, which lately left will be continually cruising. This latter, which is our shores, under the command of Mr. Richard called the Columbine, will furnish the steamers, as LANDER. It is nearly twelve months since a occasion may require, with the necessary fuel, and commercial speculation of this kind was first con with the British-manufactured goods with which she templated by Mr. Sterling, of Sheffield. This gentle- is laden, for the purpose of carrying on the trade man made a visit to London to consult Mr. Lander with the natives. on the subject; and with his friend Mr. Huntley Should the Expedition succeed, it is intended to Gordon, late of the Treasury, intimated to the tra- form a settlement at PatashIE, a large and beautiful veller the probability of his embarking in an expedi- island in the Niger, one day's journey below Boussà. tion to the Niger, the nature and objects of which he It belongs to the King of Wowwow, who has frealso briefly explained. Mr. Sterling was so entirely quently expressed his earnest wishes that our coundevoted to this scheme, that his delicate and declining trymen would come and trade with his people. From health alone prevented him from taking an active him our adventurers would receive encouragement share in it.

and indulgence. But, notwithstanding his enthusiasm, it is more From its central situation and natural advantages, than likely that the project would have been aban- Patàshie would afford every facility for trading; the doned, if he had not some months afterwards fallen natives are hospitable and obliging, and all the necesin with Mr. Laird, of Liverpool, who, by a singular saries of life are in great abundance. In the course coincidence, had entertained similar views to himself, of time, this delightful island may become a central and had also travelled to London for the purpose of market for the sale of British manufactures; and the obtaining from Mr. Lander some particulars con native African trader, from Bornou on the one side, cerning the newly-discovered river, and the coun and Timbuctoo on the other, may hereafter resort to tries through which it flows. These gentlemen soon it to supply their respective countries with the cottons induced a number of merchants at Liverpool to join of Manchester and the cutlery of Sheffield. them in the scheme. The necessary capital was Mr. Lander has been supplied by the Secretary of speedily invested, a committee was formed, and in State for the Colonial Department, with a variety of a remarkably short space of time three splendid presents for the Rulers of the Nun, or Brass River, vessels, completely equipped, were floating on the to repay them for the losses they incurred in procurbosom of the Mersey, laden with British productions ing his brother's freedom and his own, when they and manufactures, and ready for sea. The ships had were made prisoners in the Eboe country. It will be been purchased and fitted out (principally under the remembered, that though they were conducted to a direction of Mr. Laird,) with such secrecy and de British vessel by the natives, on the promise of immespatch as to excite a degree of surprise approaching diate reward, they were not only refused an advance to wonder.

.

SIGMA.

of the promised ransom, but subjected to treatment to each other, and many are highly social, flocking more unfeeling than that which they had experienced peaceably together in shoals. among the uncivilized natives of Africa.

They have no organ of voice, nor lungs—yet a few It is not generally known that those portions of emit sounds. As the Tunnies sail in their vast the Landers' journals which were supposed to have shoals, they utter a very loud hissing noise. The been lost in the Niger, when they were captured by Ground Ling makes a similar sound when he is the natives, are still in existence. A short time since | handled. The Scieria Stridens gives a small shriek they were offered for sale by King Boy, to the master when first taken out of water. The great Morse of a Liverpool vessel at the Bonny River, but the roars like a bull when he is disturbed, and snores purchase was refused on account of the extravagant while asleep. The common Seal moans piteously price demanded for them. Fortunately, Mr. Lander when pursued on land, as it is hurrying to the sea. will now be enabled, with the gifts he has it in his The Ursine kind low like an ox, and the Leonine one power to present, to redeem his own property, and both grunts 'and snorts. The Ursine Seal is said to thus make his late narrative more complete.

have been observed, when vexed, to shed tears. Before his departure from England, the First Lord Fish appear capable of pleasurable feelings. of the Admiralty honoured him with several inter- No bird or quadruped seems happier. They appear views, and amongst other favours furnished him with to be easily satisfied with food, not to suffer from in letters to the Commanders of His Majesty's vessels clemency of weather or variations of the seasons. on the African station, requesting them to forward They are always in one even temperature—they his designs to the utmost of their ability, and to appear to enjoy a longer continuity of health and render every assistance to the interesting expedition strength than most other animals. They possess a of which he has the command.

natural longevity, which in some of their classes sur

passes that of man. Like the vegetable, and other ON FISHES.

animal tribes, they have been made useful to man, THEIR FORMS AND COLORS, GENERAL CHARACTER, &c. both in contributing to his sustenance, and in supply. The Fishes which are most abundant, and most ing him with many important conveniences (as foi frequent in our sight, have pleasing forms. Many instance, the Whale supplies us with oil and whaleare eminently beautiful in their colours, and in the bone). But independently of the human race, they general appearance of their neat and glossy skin and have been created to be happy beings in themselves. scales. Several have a golden hue or spots difficult They display to us our Creator's power; enlarge to account for; and many a silvery gloss, as though our knowlege of his omnipotence, and give us ocular the particles of these two metals were diffused among evidence of its multifarious application. their skin. Others display a fine tinge of blue; some [Abridged from Turner's Sacred History of the World.] very pleasing tints of green. The effect of the whole is, that the general appearance of the fish creation in

VEGETABLE FLY-TRAPS. their forms, colours, brilliancy, gliding movement,

Dionæa Muscipula, &c. rapid and changeful activity, and universal anima Certain plants, such as Sarracenia and Nepenthes, tion and vigour, excites sentiments of pleasure and known familiarly as Pitcher-Plants and Monkeyadmiration.

Cups, have their foliage so curiously formed, that To us, with the exception of a few, they are wholly they are enabled to hold a considerable quantity of inoffensive. Not many, even in their own domain, fluid in these leafy receptacles, to which it is said that would molest us; but all, even the most hostile, monkeys resort, when thirsty, and hence their name. remain there, helpless and indefensible against our A further circumstance, however, requires attenpower, however great their magnitude may be.

tion. In these receptacles are generally (almost The general character of fishes is not that of voracity | invariably) found flies and many small insects, which, and hostility. It is gentleness, harmlessness, sociality, tempted to enter, either by the fluid itself, or the and animation. They are peaceful animals; happy excretions from the plant, often of a sugary nature, in themselves, and for the most part harmonizing with which it becomes mixed, are unable to get out. together, without any general display of savage They are shut up either by the closing lid, its vaulted cruelty or malignant passions. Such as are appointed form, the narrow throat, or a bristly barrier, with to be the food of others, die in that way, and are which the throat of the pitcher is furnished, the hairs sought and taken for that purpose, when the appe- of which being all pointed inwards, like the entrance tite actuates, but no further. They cannot be justly to an eel-weir, or the wires of a mouse-trap, may easily stigmatized as voracious for this habit, more than be passed in one direction, but not in the other. The ourselves for taking and eating them and cattle, prey is thus entrapped, and held, just as by the teeth sheep, fowls, game, and other living creatures. of fish and other animals, which are frequently situated

The mild and harmless character of the fish class not only on the tongue and palate, but also in the is impressively shown by most of its largest tribes. throat and stomach; being, like the hairs in these The great Greenland Whale pursues no other ani- plants, organs for holding, not chewing, their food. mal, leads an inoffensive life, and is harmless in It has often been objected to as an act of cruel proportion to its strength The Sturgeon, with a form amusement, if not of sheer malevolence, on the part as terrible and a body as large as the shark, is yet of nature, to set these vegetable fly-traps, as in harmless. The great Narwhal, one of the largest and Dionæa, Sarracenia, Drosera, &c., to insnare and destrongest, is one of the most harmless and peaceable stroy the heedless flies, shortening their already inhabitants of the ocean. It is seen constantly brief existence; but observation and experiment sporting among the other great monsters of the deep, would rather lead to the conclusion that such sacrino way attempting to injure them.

fices of the smaller insects form no unimportant items The ocean, indeed, contains some of a different in the food of certain plants. In the pouch of one humour-as the woods and mountains have the wolf small Sarracenia, examined a few days ago, I found and the tiger—but their object seems chiefly food. twelve common flies, and two wood-lice; and the Fish which devour others for their subsistence, act multitudes imprisoned and destroyed by the Apocynum, only as the other carnivorous animals of nature, but Dionæa, and other plants, would lead one to believe, they are for the most part indifferent or inoffensive were it from their number only, that nature could

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