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A FATHER'S ADVICE TO HIS SON. shall be counted labes generis, one of the greatest curses

that can happen to man. The following letter was written by Sir Henry Sid- “ Well, my little Philip, this is enough for me, and too ney to his son Philip, then twelve years of age, at much, I fear, for you. But, if I shall find that this light school in Shrewsbury. The original is kept at Pens-meal of digestion nourish any thing the weak stomach of hurst.

your young capacity, I will, as I find the same grow

stronger, feed it with tougher food. “I have received two letters from you; which I take

Your loving father, so long as you live in the fear of in good part; and, since this is my first letter that ever I God.

H. SIDNEY." did write to you, I will not that it be empty of some advices, which my natural care of you provoketh me to

The Little Philip of this beautiful letter was the wish you to follow, as documents to you in this your tender Sir Philip Sidney, of whom we gave a memoir and age.

a portrait in a former number. " Let your first action be the lifting up of your mind to Almighty God by hearty prayer; and feelingly digest

THE WALRUS, the words you speak in prayer, with continual meditation, The WALRUS, (frequently but unmeaningly, called and thinking of him to whom you pray, and of the matter for which you pray; and use this at an ordinary hour, Sea-Horse and Sea-Cow,) formerly resorted to the whereby the time itself will put you in remembrance to do shores of the Gulf of St. Laurence, but is now chiefly that which you are accustomed to do in that time.

seen on the northern coast of Labrador and IIudson's Apply your study to such hours as your discreet mas- Bay, and occasionally at the Magdalen Islands, and ter doth assign you, earnestly; and the time, I know, he

near the Straits of Belle Isle. will so limit as shall be both sufficient for your learning,

They are fond of breeding in herds, and their and safe for your

health. “ And mark the sense and the matter of that you read, affection for each other is very apparent. The form as well as the words ; so shall you both enrich your tongue of the body, and of the head, with the exception of the with words, and your wit with matter; and judgment will nose being broader, and having two tusks from fifteen grow as years groweth in you.

inches to two feet long in the upper jaw, is not very “ Be humble and obedient to your master; for, unless unlike that of the seal. A full-grown Walrus will you frame yourself to obey others, yea, and feel in yourself weigh at least four thousand pounds. The skins are what obedience is, you shall never be able to teach others how to obey you.

valuable, being about an inch in thickness, astonish“ Be cautious of gesture, and affable to all men, with ingly tough, and the Acadian French used to cut diversity of reverence, according to the dignity of the per- them into stripes for traces and other purposes. The son. There is nothing that winneth so much with so little tusks are excellent ivory. The flesh is hard, tough, cost.

and

greasy, and not much relished even by the Esqui“ Use moderate diet, so as, after your meat, you may

They are said to feed on shell-fish, and find your wit fresher and not duller, and your body more

marine plants. They will attack small boats, merely lively, and not more heavy.

“ Seldom drink wine, and yet sometimes do; lest being through wantonness; and, as they generally attempt to enforced to drink upon the sudden, you should find your

stave it, are extremely dangerous. Their blazing eyes, self inflamed.

and their tusks, give them a formidable appearance; “ Use exercise of body, but such as is without peril of but, unless wounded, or any of their number be killed, your joints or bones; it will increase your force and en- they do not seem ever to intend hurting the men. large your

breath. Delight to be cleanly, as well in all parts of your body distance into the woods ;

They have been known at times to enter some

and as in your garments ; it shall make you grateful in each

persons acquainted with company, and, otherwise, loathsome.

the manner of killing them, have got between them “ "Give yourself to be merry; for you degenerate from and the sea, and urged them on with a sharp-pointed your father, if you find not yourself most able in wit and pole, until they got the whole, drove a sufficient body to do any thing when you be most merry. But let distance from the water, when they fell to and killed your mirth be ever void of all scurrility and biting words these immense animals, incapable of resistance out of to any man; for a wound given by a word is oftentimes harder to be cured than that which is given with the

their element. It is said, that on being attacked in sword.

this manner, and finding themselves unable to escape, “ Be you rather a hearer and bearer away of other men's they have set up a most piteous howl and cry. talk, than a beginner or procurer of speech; otherwise you The foregoing account is abridged from Mr. shall be counted to delight to hear yourself speak.

MʻGregor's valuable work on British America, to “ If you hear a wise sentence, or an apt phrase, commit which we add some interesting particulars from it to your memory, with respect to the circumstance when

Brooke's Winter in Lapland. you shall speak it. “ Let never oath be heard to come out of your mouth,

The sea-horse fishery in the north, partly on account nor word of ribaldry; detest it in others, so shall custom of the war, and other causes, among which the make to yourself a law against it in yourself.

increasing scarcity of this animal was a principal one, “ Be modest in each assembly; and rather be rebuked was for some time almost given up by the Russians. of light fellows for maiden-like shamefacedness, than of The respite, however, that the animal obtained in your sad friends for pert boldness. “ Think upon every word that you will speak before you herds of the walrus to Cherie and the Spitzbergen

consequence, for some time, again brought immense atter it, and remember how nature hath rampired up, as it were, the tongue with teeth, lips, yea, and hair without Islands; and this fishery is again prosecuted with spirit the lips, and all betokening reins or bridles for the loose by the Russians, as well as by the people of Finmark. use of that member.

The success of the vessels sent has been great, without “ Above all things, tell no untruth; no, not in trifles. the numbers of the animal being visibly diminished. T'he custom of it is naught; and let it not satisfy you, that,

Mr. Colquhoun, who lately returned from an expefor a time, the hearers take it for a truth; for, after, it will be known as it is, to your shame; for there cannot be a

dition to Spitzbergen and the Finmark coasts, to try greater reproach to a gentleman than to be accounted a the power of the Congreve rocket against the species liar.

of whale, known by the name of the finner,' inforins Study and endeavour yourself to be virtuously occu- me they found the walrus lying in herds of many pied; so shall you make such a habit of well-doing in you, hundreds each, on the shores of Hope and Cherie that you shall not know how to do evil though you would.

Remember, my son, the noble blood you are descended Isles, and took a great quantity of them. The most of hy your mother's side, and think that only by virtuous favourable time for attacking them is when the tide is life and good action, you may be an ornament to that illus- out, and they are reposing on the rocks. In this case, trious family; and otherwise, through vice and sloth, you if the sailors be very alert, and fortunato enough to

COTTON.—The following account of a pound weight of
unmanufactured Cotton strikingly proves the importance of
the trade and employment afforded by this regetable.-
“ The cotton wool came from the East Indies to London;
from London, it went to Manchester, where it was manufac-
tured into yarn ; from Manchester it was sent to Paisley,
where it was woven ; it was then sent to Ayrshire, where
it was tamboured; it came back to Paisley, and was
there veined ; afterwards it was sent to Dumbarton, where it
was hand sewed, and again brought to Paisley; whence it
was sent to Renfrew to be bleached, and was returned to
Paisley, whence it went to Glasgow and was finished, and
from Glasgow was sent, per coach, to London. The time
occupied in bringing this article to market was three years,
from its being packed in India till it arrived in cloth at the
merchant's warehouse in London : it must have been con-
veyed 5000 miles by sea, and about 920 by land ; and contri-
buted to support not less than 150 people, by which the
value had been increased 2000 per cent.
GRASSES.-Grasses are Nature's care. With these God
clothes the earth ; with these He sustains its inhabitants.
Cattle feed upon their leaves, birds upon their smaller
seeds, men upon the larger; for few readers need be told
that the plants which produce our bread-corn belong to
this class. In those tribes, which are more generally con-
sidered as grasses, their extraordinary means and powers

of preservation and increase, their hardiness, their almost The Walrus, or Sen Horse.

unconquerable disposition to spread, their properties of rekill the lower rank of them, which lies nearest the

production, coincide with the intention of Nature concern

ing them. They thrive under a treatment, by which other shore, before the hindmost can pass, they are able to plants are destroyed. The more their leaves are consumed, secure the whole; as the walrus, when on shore, is so the more their roots increase; the more they are trampled unwieldy a creature, that it cannot get over the upon, the thicker they grow. Many of the seemingly dry obstaeles thrown in its way by the dead bodies of its and dead leaves of grasses revive, and renew their verdure companions, and falls in this manner a prey to the in the spring. In lofty mountains, where the summer lance of the seamen.

heats are not sufficient to ripen the seeds, grasses abound, It does not, however, die which are able to propagate themselves without seed. It tamely; and perhaps no animal offers a more de- is an observation, likewise, which has often been made, termined resistance, when attacked on an element that herb-eating animals attach themselves to the leaves of where they are incapable of exerting their prodigious grasses, and, if at liberty in their pastures to range and strength, striking furiously at their enemy, and con- choose, leave untouched the straws which support the tinually turning round to assist their companions in

flowers.-PALEY. distress. When an alarm of the approach of an

PRAYER. enemy is given, the whole herd makes for the sea.

THERE is an eye that nerer sleeps, When they reach the water they tumble in as expe

Beneath the wing of night; ditiously as possible; but the numbers are often so

There is an ear that never shuts, immense, and the size of the animal is so great, that

When sink the beams of light. a short time elapses before they can escape, from

There is an arm that never tires, want of space. In this case, those who happen to be

When human strength gives way ; in the rear, being pressed by the danger behind them,

There is a love that never fails, and finding their way blocked up by their companions

When earthly loves decay. in front, attempt, by means of their tusks, to force

That eye is fix'd on seraph throngs ; their way through the crowd; and several that have

That ear is filled with angels' songs; been taken at the time by means of the boats, have

That arm upholds the world on high;

That love is throned beyond the sky. borne visible proofs of the hurry of their comrades, in the numerous wounds inflicted on their hind quarters.

But there's a power which man can wield

When mortal aid is vain ;The principal use of their tusks is probably to

That eye, that arm, that love to reach, enable them to detach their food from the ground or

That listening ear to gain. rocks. They also employ them to secure themselves

That

power is Prayer, which soars on nigh, to the rocks while they sleep; and it not unfrequently

And feeds on bliss beyond the sky! happens, that during their sleep the tide falls, and leaves them suspended by their tusks, so that they are

LONDON:

PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN MONTHLY Parts, unable to extricate themselves. Though the value of

PRICE SIXPENCE, BY the ivory and oil obtained from the walrus has latterly JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. suffered a considerable fall, the fishery is still a very

Sold by all Booksellers and Newsvenders in the Kingdom. profitable one; and the distance from Finmark to the

Hawkers and Dealers in Periodical Publications supplied on wholesale terms

by ORR, Paternoster-row; BERGER, Holywell-street; DOUGLAS, seat of it not being great, two voyages may be made

Portman-street, London ; sometimes in the course of the season. The oil | Aberdeen, Brown & Co. Durham, Andrews.

And by the Publisher's Agents in the following places :--

Northampton, Birdsall. derived from the animal, as well as the ivory from the Bath, George, Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd. Norwich, Muskett. tusks, is of a very fine quality.

Birmingham, Langbridge. Exeter, Penny & Co. Nottingham, Wright.
Bristol, Westley & Co. Glasgow, Griffin & Co. Orford, Slatter.
Bury, Lankester. Gloucester, Jew,

Paris, Bennis.
Every man hath a kingdom within himself: Reason, as

Cambridge, Stevenson, Hereford, Child.

Plymouth, Nettleton. Carlisle, Thurnam. Hull, Wilson,

Salisbury, Brodie & Co. the princess, dwells in the highest and inwardest room :

Chelmsford, Guy. Ipswich, Deck. Sheffield, Ridge. the senses are the guard and attendants on the court;

Cheltenham, Lovesy. Lancashire and Cheshire, Shrewsbury, Eddowes.

Chester, Seacome; Hard- Bansks & Co., Man-Slatfordshire Potteries, without whose aid, nothing is admitted into the presence :

Chichester, Glover. (ing, the supreme faculties (as will, memory, &c.) are the Peers :

Colchester, Swinborne & Leeds, Robinson. Sunderland, Marwood.)

Leicester, Combe. the outward parts, and inward affections, are the Commons :

Whitby, Rodgers.

Derby, Wilkins & Son. Liverpool, Hughes.' Worcester, Deightons violent passions are rebels, to disturb the common peace.

Devonport, Byers. Afacclesfield, Swinnerton. Yarmouth, Alexander. -Bishop Hall.

Dublin, Curry Jun. & Co. Newcastle-on-Tyne, Fin York, Bellerhy.
Dundee, Shav.

lay & Co.; Empson.

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che. ter.

Watts, Lane End.

Co.

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PRICE ONE PENNY.

UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

JERSEY

[graphic]

View of Mont Orgueil Castle, Jersey. Of the beautiful and interesting cluster of islands fertile, and the deep valleys which cross it abound lying close to the coast of France, in the Bay of La in beauty, though, from the quantity of wood, its Manche, though belonging to England, little more is views are generally too narrow in extent. known to the generality of the English people than To excite an historical interest, it will only be the names of the three principal of them, Jersey, necessary to mention one point. These islands are Guernsey, and Alderney. We are proverbial for our the only remains of all our Norman possessions ; love of travelling, and the reproach is often but too the only portions which have invariably followed the well deserved, that we traverse the remotest parts of fortunes of our own country in all changes of religion the globe, in search of scenes and objects which yet and of government. Long, however, after we had scarcely surpass in splendour, beauty, or interest, ceased to hold any part of Continental France, except those near our own homes. The distance, however, the port of Calais, they continued under the Bishop of these islands from England, is some excuse for the of Coutance, from whom they were only transferred neglect they experience. They are visited chiefly by to the diocese of Winchester about the year 1500, by persons engaged in trade, or by those who, from a bull of Pope Alexander VI. motives of economy, seek a place where the neces Of antiquities, properly speaking, Jersey can boast saries of life are cheap, and its luxuries untaxed. but little. It is a place whose importance was under

These islands, however, deserve to be better known, stood too recently,—the distance from England was both for their beauty, and even for some degree of too great, and the nearness to France too close, to allow historical interest which attaches to them. They are of those enormous expenditures which raised edifices numerous, beautifully grouped, and have a consider to contribute to the splendour and luxury of ages able resemblance to each other in character. Of the long gone by, and to be, even in ruins, the wonder three already mentioned, it is to Jersey that we shall and admiration of our own. But though ornament confine our present observations.

was neglected, all that could contribute to its strength Belted by granite rocks of the boldest character, and security seems to have been sufficiently provided. and worked by the waves into the most fantastic and The castle, of which we give a view, is situated on a picturesque forms, displaying, upon a nearer ap- high rocky promontory, which, (to use the somewhat proach, every variety of shade, from a deep purplish- pompous words of its native historian, Falle,) “proudly black, through the brown and glowing red, till far overlooks and threatens the neighbouring coast of out of reach of the foaming wave, they are bleached France," whence it is distant only about fourteen miles. by the sun and rain to a bright and silvery-grey. It is said to derive its name of Mont Orgueil (Mount With this rugged exterior, the island is singularly Pride) from the Duke of Clarence, brother to Henry VOL. I.

23

V., one of its governors. It is a place of considerable ticular during the reign of Edward the Third, when extent, and, before the perfection of artillery, of vast Philip de Valois made an attempt upon it, hoping to strength. Indeed, it is its great size and strength, its alarm the king and prevent him from pursuing his position, and some historical recollections attached to conquests in France. But the most formidable attack it, that form its chief attractions; for it seems to have was made by the famous Bertrand du Guesclin, the been constructed at the lowest possible expense com- constable of France, accompanied by the Duke de patible with its utility as a fortress. There is a total Bourbon, and the flower of the French chivalry. absence of ornament, and it is built of irregular pieces Some of the outer walls were thrown down without of the stone of the island, without much regard to injuring the body of the place; and at last, an agreebeauty of form or regularity of proportions. But it ment was entered into, that if not reliered before a commands a splendid view of the coast of France for certain day, it should be surrendered. In the mean many leagues, and possesses that peculiar interest time, the English fleet appeared, and Du Guesclin was which belongs to the half-ruinous structures of anti-glad to provide for his own safety. quity:

But the circumstance which most distinguishes The date of its first erection is doubtful, nor is it this island, is its conduct during the trying period of possible even to guess at it with any thing like pro- the civil wars, which terminated in the murder of bability ; though, as in many other places whose Charles the First ; unshaken in their loyalty, devoted origin is wrapped in the obscurity of time, the credit to their religion, decent and orderly in their mode of of the foundation is given to that great castle-builder, life, and withal, brave and enterprising, as were the Julius Cæsar. It is evidently, however, even from people, it formed the last retreat of royalty, the last portions of the present structure, of very great anti-hold of fidelity to its king. quity. War has done its work upon some parts, and In the year 1648, Prince Charles, who had been time has not been idle with others; but still the sent into the west of England by his unhappy father, walls, which are of immense thickness, stand firm, was forced to retire to Jersey, where he landed, April and may still stand for ages.

17, accompanied by the historian Clarendon, and Among the most ancient parts are two chapels, or others of the privy council. After a residence of two crypts, on different elevations, but formerly commu- months in Mont Orgueil, he was induced, contrary nicating, by means of a stair and gallery, now stopped to the remonstrances of his council, to trust himself with rubbish. The lower of these crypts, too, is almost to France, and the power of the crafty Mazarin. choked up, and an entrance is only to be obtained Clarendon remained behind, residing with his friend through the roof. The pillars are short and conical, Carteret, so often and so honourably mentioned in a good deal like the usual stone supports of a corn- his celebrated history. In writing that work, he here stack. The arches are pointed, and the whole is com-employed his leisure ; and thus began a monument posed of very small stones strongly cemented together. to his own fame, which as long as the English lan

Within the outer wall of the fortress the rock guage endures, will remain a lesson and a warning to rises to a considerable height, and its natural form future generations. The house in which he lived, has been taken advantage of to a surprising extent in was ever after called the Chancellor's house. the construction of the different walls, stairs, and A few days after the Prince had landed in Jersey, towers. Upon passing through the first gate-way, Charles the First gave himself up to the Scots at which is possessed of all the usual defences, we pro- | Newark. When he escaped from Hampton Court, ceed through a long narrow passage, between the he seems to have had Jersey in view. outer wall and the rock, to a second gate-way, beyond Charles the Second, after staying some time at the which is a court, and opposite, a curious half-bastion Hague, returned to Jersey in the autumn, and of ancient construction. To the left is a gate-house, remained there till the following spring. He was with detences leading into the centre of the castle, and well acquainted with the island, and even drew a map over the gate are the arms of Edward VI.; the lion, of it; which was long after preserved in the cabinet and the red dragon, with the date of 1553. Within of a collector at Leipsic. this gate on the left is a dark cell-like apartment, and In October, 1651, an armament was fitted out on the right a small gallery raised eight steps, with against Jersey, under the command of Blake. After brick seats on both sides, where it is said that the much opposition, and several days' maneuvring, a court was held in former days, and criminals were landing was effected. The news was received with tried. When sentenced they were put into the cell, great joy in St. Stephen's, and so important was it which is so conveniently near; and that there might deemed, that public thanksgivings were ordered for be no hindrance to the full course of justice, the two the success. Mont Orgueil Castle did not on this ends of a beam are shown just above the entrance, occasion preserve its ancient reputation ; indeed, it on which the final sentence might be executed. seems to have been but indifferently provided for a

Among the prisoners confined in this castle was siege. They had but eighteen guns mounted, many the notorious Prynne, so well known in the history of these unserviceable, and five iron murderers, as of Charles I., for the malice of his writings and the they were then called. severity of his punishment. Beyond the gallery is Sir George Carteret shut himself up in Elizabeth's an open space, now rank with weeds, though formerly castle, another fort of considerable strength, and covered with buildings, underneath which is the crypt, defended it with so much courage and skill, that the or under-ground chapel, before mentioned. It is parliamentary general was glad to enter into a treaty entered, as already described, by a small hole in the with him, by which all who chose were allowed to leave roof, which is at present level with the ground. Ad- the castle with their arms and property, and transport joining is the keep, or main fortress,--an immense themselves to France. The scenes which then followed, round, or rather oval building.

were unhappily too common in those times : 5000 The history of the castle of Mont Orgueil is of republican soldiers were put into free quarters, among course the history of the whole island. D’Argentré the peaceable inhabitants; the churches were turned states, that the English were so jealous of this castle, into stables and guard-houses, and the decent revethat no Frenchman was suffered to come within its rence of the people for sacred things was shocked gates without being blindfolded. It has successfully with all kinds of profanation and impiety. resisted several attacks of the French, One in par- The Restoration brought back to the islanders the free enjoyment of their religion and liberty, and they especially in his own. For the last ten years of his have ever since continued a loyal, contented, and life, he had been much in the habit of seeing similar happy people. We can only recommend those who works; it is not, therefore, owing to any surprise at are disposed to wander abroad in search of objects of the ņovelty of the scene before him, that he has now interest, or scenes of natural beauty, to pay a visit to to mention the astonishment he felt when he arrived these islands; and we think they will not be dis- at the mouth of one of the great Persberg mines; but appointed.

he is fully prepared to say of it, and with truth, there THE WATERS OF THREE RIVERS.-In the year 1801, when

is nothing like it in all that he has beheld elsewhere. an expedition from this country landed in Égypt, under the For grandeur of effect, filling the mind of the spectator command of the gallant and lamented Sir Ralph Aber- with a degree of wonder which amounts to awe, there crombie, it was joined by a British force from India. The is no place where human labour is exhibited under vessels which conveyed the army from England had taken circumstances more tremendously striking. in their provision of water from the Thames; the troops As we drew near to the wide and open abyss, a which came from India had brought with them a supply vast and sudden prospect of yawning caverns, and of from the Ganges. A party of British officers mixed some prodigious machinery, prepared us for the descent. of the water from these two famous rivers together, adding We approached the edge of the dreadful gulf whence some of that of the no less famous Nile ; and with it making the ore is raised, and ventured to look down, standing a bowl of punch, they drank it on the top of one of the pyramids.

upon the verge of a sort of platform (seen in the ac

companying engraving), constructed over it in such CONVERSION OF FORESTS INTO Bogs.-Natural woods

a manner as to command a view into the great openhave long ceased to exist except in a few instances—this ing as far as the eye could penetrate amidst its gloomy has been owing to various causes. pying a long tract of tolerably level ground, have been depths,—for to the sight it is bottomless. Immense gradually destroyed by natural decay, hastened by the buckets, suspended by rattling chains, were passing increase of the bogs. The wood which they might have up and down; and we could perceive ladders scaling produced, was useless to the proprietors; the state of the all the inward precipices, upon which the work-people, roads, as well as of the country in general, not permitting so reduced, by their distance, to pigmies in size, were bulky and weighty an article to be carried from the place ascending and descending. Far below the utmost of where it had grown, however valuable it might have proved these figures, a deep and gaping gulf, the mouth of had it been transported elsewhere. In this situation, the trees of the natural forest pined and withered, and were

the lowermost pits, was, by its darkness, rendered thrown down by the wind; and it often necessarily hap- impervious to the view. From the spot where we pened that they fell into or across some little stream or stood, down to the place where the buckets are filled, rivulet, by the side of which they had tourished and decayed, the distance might be about four hundred and fifty The stream being stopped, the soil around it became soaked feet; and as soon as any of these buckets arose with standing water, and instead of being, as hitherto, the from the gloomy cavity we have mentioned, or until drain of the forest, the stopping of the rivulet turned into a swampwhat its current had formerly rendered dry. The loose they entered into it in their descent, they were visible; bog-earth, and the sour moisture with which it was soaked, but below this point they were hid in darkness. The loosened and poisoned the roots of other neighbouring trees, clanking of the chains, the groaning of the pumps, which, at the next storm, went to the ground in their turn, the hallooing of the miners, the creaking of the blocks and tended to impede still more the current of the water; and wheels, the trampling of horses, the beating of whilst the moss (as the bog-earth is called in Scotland) went the hammers, and the loud and frequent subterraon increasing and heaving up, so as to bury the trunks of the trees which it had destroyed. In the counties of Inver

neous thunders, from the blasting of the rocks by ness and Ross, instances may be seen at the present day gunpowder, in the midst of all this scene of excavawhere this melancholy process of the conversion of a forest tion and uproar, produced an effect which no stranger into a bog is still going forward. (From a most useful and can behold unmoved. entertaining article in the Quarterly Review, Vol. XXXVI., We descended, with two of the miners and our inattributed to Sir WALTER Scott.]

terpreter, into this abyss. The ladders, instead of

being placed, like those in our Cornish mines, upon SOCIAL WORSHIP.

a series of platforms, as so many landing-places, are THERE is a joy, which angels well may prize :

lashed together in one unbroken line, extending many To see, and hear, and aid God's worship, when

fathoms; and, being warped to suit the shape of the Unnumber'd tongues, a host of Christian men, Youths, matrons, maidens, join. Their sounds arise, sides of the precipices, they are not always perpendi“ Like many waters ;' now glad symphonies

calar, but hang over in such a manner that, even if a Of thanks and glory to our God ; and then, person held fast by his hands, and if his feet should Seal of the social pray'r, the loud Amen,

happen to slip, they would fly off from the rock, and Faith's common pledge, contrition's mingled cries.

leave him suspended over the gulf. Yet such ladders Thus, when the Church of Christ was hale and young, She call'd on God, one spirit and one voice;

are the only means of access to the works below; and

as the labourers are not accustomed to receive stranThus from corruption cleans'd, with health new strung, Her sons she nurtur'd. O, be their's, by choice,

gers, they neither use the precautions, nor offer the What duty bills, to worship, heart and tongue ;

assistance, usually afforded in more frequented mines. At once to pray, at once in God rejoice !---D.C. In the principal tin-mines of Cornwall, the staves of

the ladders are alternate bars of wood and iron; here THE IRON-MINES AT PERSBERG IN they were of wood only, and in some parts rotten and SWEDEN.

broken, making us often wish, during our descent, Ar Persberg there are not less than thirteen different that we had never undertaken an exploit so hazardous. mines, all worked for iron, which have no communi

In addition to the danger to be apprehended from cation with each other; and so extensive are they, the damaged state of the ladders, the staves were that to see the whole of them would require at

covered with ice or mud, and thus rendered so cold least three days of active exertion. A careful exami.

and slippery, that we could have no dependence pon nation of one of them may, therefore, serve to afford

our benumbed fingers, if our feet failed us. Then, a tolerably accurate knowledge of the whole.

to complete our apprehensions, as we mentioned this The author's visit to these mines was made after to the miners, they said, “ Have a care! It was just he had personally visited many of the principal

so (talking about the staves) that one of our women works of the same nature in other countries, and * Females, as well as males, work in the Swedish mines.

*

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