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FUNERAL IN OTAHEITE.
instruments of Europe and the composition of a In the Twenty-fifth Volume of the Family LIBRARY, learned musician, to the simple voice of the savage, the Mutiny of the Bounty, is the following account of and words not indeed harsh in themselves, framed a native funeral, in the Island of Otaheite, which was into verse by the industry and piety of the teachers attended by Sir Joseph Banks, then a private gentle from a remote nation, came upon the ear, it was imman, accompanying the expedition fitted out for the possible not to feel a sensation approaching to awe, main purpose of observing the transit of Venus over
at the marvellous and rapid change a few years have the sun's disc, which happened in the year 1769.
produced." An old woman having died, Mr. Banks, whose pursuit was knowledge of every kind, and who to gain
THE DAY.–Arise early; serve God de: it, made himself one of the people, requested he might outly, and the world busily; do thy work wisely; give attend the ceremony, and witness all the mysteries of the people demurely; go to thy meat appetitely; sit thereat
thine alms secretly; go by thy way sadly (gravely); answer the solemnity of depositing the body in the Morai, 1 discreetly; of thy tongue be not too liberal; arise thereor burying-place. The request was complied with, from temperately. Go to thy supper soberly, and to thy but on no other condition than his taking a part in bed merrily, and sleep surely-DAME JULIA BARNES. it. This was just what was wished. In the evening, he repaired to the house of mourning, where he was
HUMAN HAPPINESS. received by the daughter of the deceased and several
One morning in the month of May others, among whom was a boy, about fourteen years
I wandered o'er the hill; old. One of the chiefs of the district was the prin
Thougé nature all around was gay, cipal mourner, wearing a fantastical dress.
My heart was heavy still. Mr. Banks was stripped entirely of his European
Can God, I thought, the just, the great, clothes, and a small piece of cloth was tied round his
These meaner creatures bless; middle. His face and body were then smeared with
And yet deny to man's estate
The boon of happiness? charcoal and water, as low as the shoulders, till they were as black as those of a Negro: the same operation
Tell me, ye woods, ye smiling plains,
Ye blissful birds around, was performed on the rest, among whom were some
Oh where, in Nature's wide domains, women, who were reduced to a state as near naked.
Can peace for man be found ? ness as himself: the boy was blacked all over : after
The birds wide carolled over head; . which the procession set forward, the chief mourner
The breeze around me blew ; having mumbled something like a prayer over the
And Nature's awful chorus said, body.
No bliss for man she knew. It is the custom of the Indians to fly from these
I asked of Youth, “Could Youth supply processions with the utmost precipitation. On the pre
“The joys I sought to find ?" sent occasion, several large parties of the natives were
Youth paused, and pointed with a sigh
stole on behind. put to flight, all the houses were deserted, and not an Otaheitan was to be seen. The body being deposited
I turned to Love, whose early ray on a stage erected for it, the mourners were dismissed
So goodly bright appears ; to wash themselves in the river, and to resume their
And heard the trembling wanton say,
His light was dimm d with tears. customary dresses, and their usual gaiety.
I turn d to Friendship.-Friendship mourn'd, How striking and interesting a contrast does the
And thus his answer gave;account of the interment of the King and Queen of
“The Friends whom Fortune had not turn'd, the same Islands afford of the triumphs of Christi
“Were vanish'd in the grave." anity, as given by Captain Byron, in his Voyage to the
I asked if Vice would Joy bestow Sandwich Islands, in 1824. He was appointed to convey
Vice boasted loud and well; their bodies from England, where they had died of the
But fading from her pallid brow, measles, whilst on a visit to his Majesty George IV.
The venom'd roses fell. As soon as the coffins were deposited on the plat
I questioned Feeling, if her skill form, the band accompanied some native singers in
Could heal the wounded breast? a funeral hymn, which the missionaries had written,
And found her sorrows streaming still, and taught them to sing to the air of Pleyel's German
For others' grief distrest. Hymn. We could not help reflecting on the strange
I questioned Virtue:-Virtue sigh'd combination of circumstances here before us : every
No boon could she dispense;
“ Nor Virtue, was her name," she cried, thing native-born and ancient in the Isles was passing
“But humble Penitence !"" away. “ The dead chiefs lay there, hidden in more splen
I questioned Death—the grisly shado
Relaxed his brow severe, did cerements than their ancestors had ever dreamed
And “ I am Happiness," he said, of; no bloody sacrifice stained their obsequies, nor
“If Virtue guides thee here !" —R. H. was one obscene memorial made to insult the soul as it left its earthly tenement; but instead, there was I ENVY no quality of the mind, or intellect, in others ; hope held out of a resurrection to happiness, and the not genius, power, wit, or fancy; but if I could choose what doctrines admitted that had put an end to such sacri- would be most delightful, and I believe most useful to me, fice for ever, and pronounced the highest blessing on I should prefer a firm religious belief to every other blessthe highest purity! Where the naked savage only ing; for it makes life a discipline of goodness—creates new had been seen, the decent clothing of a cultivated hopes, when all earthly hopes vanish; and throws over the
decay, the destruction of existence, the most gorgeous of people had succeeded, and its adoption, though now
all lights; awakens life even in death, and from corruption occasional, promises permanency at no distant period. and decay calls up beauty and divinity: makes an instruMingled with these willing disciples, were the warlike ment of torture and of shame the ladder of ascent to Paand noble of a land the most remote on the globe,
radise; and, far above all combinations of earthly hopes, teaching, by their sympathy, the charities that soften,
calls up the most delightful visions of palms and ama
ranths, the gardens of the blest, the security of everlastyet dignify human nature. The savage yells of
ing joys, where the sensualist and the sceptic view only brutal orgies were now silenced ; and as the solemn
gloom, decay, annihilation, and despair I-Sir HUMPHRY sounds were beard, for the first time uniting the Davy.
TIIE BAOBAB TREE.-(Adansonia Digitata.) shape ; sometimes it is found of an oblong form,
pointed at both ends ; at other times, it is said to be perfectly globular; and it often bears a shape in medium between these two. In its size it differs as considerably as in its shape. It is cuvered with a green rind or shell, which, however, as it dries, becomes of a dark fawn colour, and often assumes a deep brown. It is very prettily marked and ornamented with rays, and is suspended from the tree by a pedicle or stalk, the length of which is nearly two feet. The fruit, when broken, exhibits to the eye a spongy substance of a pale chocolate colour, contain. ing much juice. Its seeds are brown, and in shape resemble a kidney-bean. The bark of the tree is nearly an inch in thickness, of an ash-coloured grey, greasy to the touch, and very smooth; the exterior is adorned with a description of varnish; while the inside is of a brilliant green, beautifully speckled with bright red. The wood itself is white, and very soft and penetrable, and is said to possess many very peculiar virtues, which are held in much esteem by the Negroes.
The age of this tree is not the least extraordinary part of its history. From names and dates which appear to have been carved upon some of them by Europeans, we are led to conclude that they were in existence five or six centuries ago. The leaves, when the tree is in its carliest infancy, are of an oblong shape, about four or five inches in length, having several veins running from the middle rib of a beautiful and bright green ; as the plant advances in growth, and increases in height and size, the shape of the leaves alters, and they become divided into
three parts; afterwards, when the trec has attained BRAVE
its complete growth, and become a full-sized and vigorous vegetable, these three divisions increase to five, and the leaf assumes a shape not unlike that of the human hand.
The Negroes of Senegal dry the bark and the Bud, Lens, and Blossom of the Baobab.
leaves in the shade, and then reduce them to a fine Tuis superb tree is a native of the burning climate powder. This powder, which is of a green colour, of Africa. It is supposed, by the inhabitants of they preserve in little linen or cotton bags, and term a shore which abounds with gigantic shrubs, to be it lillo. They use it at their meals and in their the largest and most majestic production of the vege-cookery,-putting a pinch or two into their food, in table kingdom ; and, from its enormous size and the same manner as we do pepper and salt, not so noble appearance, it well merits the title of Monarch much with an idea of giving a relish to the dish, as of the Forest. Its trunk, which is scarcely ever known with a view to preserve their health, to keep up a perto exceed fifteen feet in height, often measures no petual and plentiful perspiration, and to temper the less than eighty in circumference. The lower branches, too great heat of their blood; purposes which, if we which are adorned with tufts of leaves, extend from may credit the reports of several Europeans, it is adits sides horizontally, and bending by their great mirably calculated for. There is an epidemic fever, weight towards the earth, form a mass of verdure no which rages in parts of Africa generally during the less astonishing in size than beautiful in appearance. months of September and October, when the rains The circumference of a full-grown tree, measuring having on a sudden ceased, the sun exhales the water the circle which surrounds the branches, is said in left by them upon the ground, and fills the air with some cases to be as much as four hundred and fifty noxious vapours. During this critical season, a light feet; when of this size, its bulk is so enormous that, decoction, prepared from the leaves of the Baobab at a distance, it bears a greater resemblance to an tree, gathered the preceding year and carefully dried overgrown forest than to a single tree. It is beneath in the shade, is reckoned a most serviceable remedy. the grateful shade of its spreading boughs that the Nor is the fruit less valuable than the leaves or wearied Negroes lie down, when scorched by the bark. The pulp, in which the seeds are enveloped, burning sun of their sultry climate ; and it is the forms a very grateful, cooling, and slightly acid food, friendly shelter of its overhanging branches that the and is often eaten as a treat by the natives: the richer benighted traveller seeks, when overtaken or threat- sort amongst them mix sugar with it to correct its ened with a storm. The countries of Africa which acidity. The woody bark of the fruit, and the fruit are particularly favourable to the production of this itself when spoiled, help to supply the Negroes with an tree, and in which it chiefly flourishes, are those which excellent soap, which they procure by drawing a ley lie along the coast and shores of the Niger, as far from its ashes, and by boiling it with rancid palm-oil. down as the kingdom of Benin.
In Abyssinia, the wild bees penetrate the trunks of i The blossoms are as gigantic in proportion as the the Baobab for the sake of lodging their honey within tree which bears them : they begin usually to appear them. This honey is said to possess a very peculiar about the month of July. The fruit ripens towards and delicious fragrance and a very agreeable flavour, the latter end of the month of October, or in the on which account it is more esteemed and sought early part of November. It differs greatly in its after than any other,
The trunks or sucn of these trees as are decayed | gaze, in a clear evening, on the bright Jupiter, we are serve, when hollowed out, as tombs and burial-places seeing an object that is 487 millions of miles from for the poets, musicians, and buffoons of the tribe. But when we look at the bright Orion, or the Characters of this description are in great esteem Great Bear, we are beholding substances which are ten amongst the Negroes whilst living : they erroneously thousand times that remoteness from us. The idea ascribe to them talents superior to the rest of their frequently overwhelms me, as I stand and view them, fellow-creatures; which peculiar gifts they are sup- and think that I, a petty human being, have the posed to derive from a commerce with demons, sor- faculty, and can exercise the power, of looking through cerers, and bad spirits. This causes them, during millions of millions of miles of extended space, and their life-time, to be much respected and courted by that I am at that moment actually doing so, and that their various and respective tribes; but their bodies, such an amazing expanse is visible to my eye, and after death, are far from being treated with this re- perceptible by my conscious, though, in comparison, spect; on the contrary, they are regarded with so insignificant soul.—The Sacred History of the World. great a horror, that they deny them the rites of burial -neither suffering them to be put beneath the ground, nor to be thrown into the sea or rivers, from a super
ADULTERATION OF BREAD. stitious dread that the water thus dishonoured would Although pure and nutritious bread is so necessary refuse to nourish the fish, and that the earth would to health and life, there is no article in which fraud fail to produce its fruits. The bodies, then, in order and deception are more frequent. The practice of to get rid of them in some manner without degrading mixing potatoes with the dough has been frequently either the sea or land, they enclose in the hollow noticed." Potato-starch is used for adulterating flour. trunks of the trees, where, in the course of ages, they of this I have a positive proof, even in the present and form in that manner a description of mummy showed me a powder which, he said, had been sent without the help of embalmment.
him as a substance which might be mixed with flour without discovery, and requested me to examine it, declaring his intention, at the same time, of publishing the transaction. Inspection alone was sufficient to convince me that the powder was potato-starch, and a few experiments soon decided the point. This fraud has no other bad effect than in lessening the quantity of nutritious matter which a given quantity of the bread should contain ; beside the extortion of charging full price for an article of less value.
Inspection by a high magnifier will detect potatostarch in flour, by its glistening appearance. We have heard of bones burned to whiteness, and ground
to a powder, being used to adulterate thirds flour, ON THE HEAVENLY BODIES.
which, being of a somewhat gritty nature, will disOne of the greatest circumstances which fixes the guise the grittiness which it is almost impossible to attention in the contemplation of the heavenly bodies This fraud is easily detected; for if much dilute that form our system, is the surprising distances at muriatic acid—that is, spirit of salt mixed with which they are placed, and the stupendous amount
water—be poured on such flour, there will be an effer. of space which they occupy by their circuits. Our Earth is above 90 millions of miles from the sun;
vescence, or boiling up; and if the liquid bc thrown Saturn is above 800 more millions further off; the paper will let fall a heavy white deposit if pearl
on a filter of paper, the portion which runs through and the next and most remote tha we know, which
ash be added. Chalk and whiting are also adultera. is connected with us, the URANUS, is twice that mighty distance. The fact is sublime, and vast be- Aour; and, although such admixtures are not noxious
tions which, in small quantity, are often mixed with yond the power of our words to express, or of our
to health directly, they are injurious in many ways. ideas to conceive. This last planet of our system rolls in an oval circuit, of which 1788 millions of They may be readily detected by pouring on a large miles is the diameter; and, therefore, goes round quantity of oil of vitriol mixed with six or seven times an area of 5000 millions of miles. Our system oc
its weight of water ; if an effervescence ensue, it is cupies this amazing portion of space; and yet is but proof that there is adulteration ; and if
, after filtraone small compartment of the indescribable universe. tion, as before directed, the addition of pearl-ash to Immense as is an area of 5000 millions of miles, yet slight degree of it, the presumption is, that the adul
the clear liquid produce no muddiness, or a very it is but a very little part of the incomprehensible teration was chalk or whiting. whole. Above 100,000 stars, apparently suns like our's, shinc above us; and to each of these, that used on account of its quantity, but to disguise a
Alum is a well-known adulteration of bread, not analogy would lead us to assign a similar space : but of such marvellous extent and being, although visibly Aour, and to harden and whiten bread made from
bad quality of four; it is said to whiten ill-coloured real from the existence of the shining orbs that testify Hour' which has been malted. By some respectable its certainty to us, the mind, with all its efforts, can form no distinct idea.
bakers it has formerly been used, and might still be Another consideration is astounding :-when we safety: in so small a quantity as half a pound of
used, if there were not a law against it, with perfect * Mr. Hornsby has made the following calculations of alum to one hundred weight of flour, it could not be the absolute distances of the planets from the sun in Eng- in the least degree injurious ; for this would be but lish miles :
nine thirty-fifths of an ounce to the quartern loaf, Mercury 36,281,700 | Mars. 142,818,000 Venus
When used in double this quantity, as it often is, it be67,795,500 Jupiter 487,472,000 Our Earth 93,726,900 Saturn 894,162,000
comes discoverable to the taste when the bread grows The Uranus is twice that of Saturn,
stale, Be this as it may, we can easily detect alum
in bread, for it is only in bread that it need be sus
COMMERCE. pected, by pouring boiling water on it, letting it cool, There is much useful exchange between different pressing out the water, boiling it away to one-third, nations, which we call Commerce. All countries will allowing it to cool, filtering it through paper, and not produce the same things; but, by means or adding to the clear liquor some solution of muriate Exchanges, each country may enjoy all the produce of lime. If a considerable muddiness now appear, it of the others. Cotton would not grow here, except is proof of adulteration, and none other can well be in a hot-house. It grows in the fields in America; suspected than alum. Muriate of lime can readily but the Americans cannot spin and weave it so be prepared by pouring a little dilute muriatic acid cheaply as we can ; because we have more skill and on more chalk than it can dissolve, and after the better machines. It answers best, therefore, for effervescence ceases, filtering the liquor through paper. them to send us the cotton-wool, and they take in What passes through the filter is ready for use as a exchange part of the cotton made into cloth ; and test.
thus both we and they are best supplied. Salt, which in small quantity is absolutely neces
Tea, again, comes from China, and sugar from the sary to the flavour of bread, is used by fraudulent West Indies ; neither of them could be raised here persons as an adulteration ; for a large quantity of without a hot-house. No more can oranges, which it added to dough, imparts to it the quality of ab
come from Portugal, and other southern countries. sorbing, concealing, and retaining a much greater But we get all these things in exchange for knives, quantity of water than it otherwise would. Bread and scissors, and cloth, which we can make much made from such dough, will, on leaving the oven, better and cheaper than the Chinese, and West Income out much heavier than it ought, and the addi- dians, and Portuguese : and so both parties are bettional weight will be merely water. Fortunately, the
ter off than if they made every thing at home. taste of such bread is a sufficient index to its bad
How useful water is for commerce !
The sea quality; it is rough in its grain, and has this remark
seems to keep different countries separate; but, for able quality, that two adhering loaves will generally the purpose of commerce, it rather brings them toseparate unevenly, one taking from the other more gether. If there were only land between this and than its share.— Treatise on Domestic Economy.
America, we should have no cotton; the carriage of
it would cost more than it is worth, Think how LAVENHAM CHURCH BELLS.
many horses would be wanted to draw such a load as Observing an excellent article, in one of the numbers of this comes in one ship ; and they must eat, and rest, Magazine, on the History of Bells, I beg to send you the fold while they were travelling. But the winds are the lowing account of one of the finest-toned bells in England, horses which carry the ship along; and they cost us if not in Europe. At Lavenham, an obscure little town in Suffolk, (once celebrated for the manufacture of blue cloth, nothing but to spread a sail. and hand-spun yarn,) stands a noble monument of ancient Then, too, the ship moves easily, because it floats munificence, ranked among the most beautiful gothíu fabrics on the water, instead of dragging on the ground like in the kingdom, both for durability and grandeur. In the
a waggon. For this reason, we have made canals in steeple of this church is a bell, weighing only 2576 lbs., with many places, for the sake of bringing goods by ich a melodious note, as to be universally styled The
water. Matchless Tenor,” and Magna Britannia, treating of Laven
One or two horses can easily draw a barge ham Bells, says:
“ The tenor hath such an admirable note, along a canal, with a load which twice as many could as England has none to compare to it.”
not move if it were on the ground. Its weight, its shape, its size, alike admir’d,
What a folly it is, as well as a sin, for different And tone wherewith each ringer is inspir’d;
nations to be jealous of each other, and to go to war, The merry eight with music fill the ear.
instead of trading together peaceably ; by which both Euterpe, too, invites from far and near ;
would be the richer and the better off. But the best And though in floating all sounds slowly die, They're quick revived by Echo's sweet reply;
gifts of God are given in vain to those who are Heard through the woods, their soft melodious ring
perverse. Inspires the warbling feathered tribe to sing ;
Why should people part with their goods in exchange These charming bells are not heard at a very great distance, for little bits of silver, or gold, or copper? If you ask on account of the elevated situation of the steeple. Sound is a man why he does so, he will tell you, it is because heard farther on plains than on hills; and still farther in he finds that when he has these little bits of stamped valleys than on plains : the reason of which will not lie diffi- metal, which are called coins, every one is willing to cult to assign, if it be considered that the higher the sonorous sell him what he wants, for these coins. The baker body is, the rarer is its medium ; consequently, the less im-1 will let him have bread for them, or the tailor a coat, pulse it receives, the less proper vehicle it is to convey it to a distance. Tradition says, that at the time of casting and so of the rest. Then, if you ask him why the this tenor bell at Lavenham, (1625,) some rich wool-staplers baker and the tailor, and the rest, are willing to do there, and other gentlemen in the neighbourhood, contributed this, he will tell you, it is for the same reason. The great quantities of silver, and even gold, to the usual metal, baker and the tailor can buy for money what they which may, perhaps, account for the vast superiority of its want from the shoemaker and the butcher ; and so tone.
of the others. Three roods of land were left to the church by some admirer of ringing, for the repair of the bell-ropes.
But how could this use of coin first begin? How Judge Hale, Sir Simon D’Ewes (one the most learned could men first agree, all of them, to be ready to part antiquaries of his time, and lord of the manor of Lavenham), with food, and cloth, and working tools, and every and William Cecil, lord high-treasurer of England, were thing else, in exchange for little bits of gold and celebrated bell-ringers, and, no doubt, travelled miles to assist silver, which no one makes any use of, except to at the harmless rejoicings of village festivals. Clio.
part with them again for something else? And why
should not pebbles, or bits of wood, or any thing The pleasure of a religious man, is an easy, and a portable else, serve us as well as coins? pleasure, such an one as he carries about in his bosom, without alarming either the eye or the envy of the world.
Some people fancy that coins pass as money,
and A man putting all his pleasures into this one, is like a
are valued, because they are stamped according to traveller putting all his goods into one jewel,--the value is law with the king's head. But this is not so. For the same, and the convenience greater.-South,
if a piece of money were made of copper, and stamped,
and called a shilling, you would never get the same 16 Loins of Mutton, weighing 141 pounds, lost in roastbread for it as you do for a silver shilling. The law ing, 49 pounds 14 ounces. Hence loins of Mutton lose, by might oblige us to call such a bit of copper a shilling; roasting, about 35 pounds and a half in each hundred. but the name would not make it of any greater value; ing, 32 pounds 6 ounces.
10 Necks of Mutton, weighing 100 pounds, lost in roastyou would have to pay three or four of these shil
From the foregoing statement, two practical inferences lings for a two-penny loaf : so that it is not the law may be drawn. ist. In respect of economy, that it is more or the stamp that gives coins their value.
profitable to boil meat, than to roast it. 2dly, Whether we If you were to melt down several shillings into a roast or boil meat, it loses, by being cooked, from one-fifth lump of silver, you might get from the silversmith to one-third of its whole weight.-Philosophical Maga.
zine. very near as much for it as for the shillings themselves; and the same with gold coins; for silver and
CAPTAIN COOK. gold are valued, whether they are in coins, or in spoons, CAPTAIN JAMES Cook, one of the greatest navigators or any kind of ornament. And copper also, though ever produced by Great Britain, or any other country, of much less value, is still of value, whether in pence,
was the son of a farm-servant in Yorkshire, where or in kettles and pans. People would never have he was born on the 27th of October, 1728. He was thought of making coins of either silver or gold, or
one of a family of nine children, and experienced any other metals, if these had been of no value before. great hardships in his early years. He was a comAnd several other things are used for money, in
mon seaman at the age of thirty ; but, as soon as his stead of coins, among some nations. There are some
character and extraordinary capacity came to be tribes of Negroes who are very fond of a kind of noticed, he was rapidly promoted. pretty little shells, called cowries, which their women
In the beginning of the reign of George III. a great string for necklaces; and these shells serve them as
spirit of geographical discovery was excited by the money.
For about sixty of them, you may buy attention paid to the subject by government ; and enough provisions for one day. There are other parts Cook (who was then made a lieutenant) was sent on a of Africa, where pieces of cotton cloth, all of the same
voyage of discovery in 1768. On the 30th of July that kind and of the same size, serve for money ; that is, year, he sailed in the Endeavour, and commenced a these pieces of cloth are taken in exchange for all
course of discoveries, which have not only rendered kinds of goods, even by persons who do not mean to his name, but even those of his vessels, immortal. He wear the cloth themselves, but to pay it away again made three voyages, to which we are indebted for in exchange for something else.
the greatest part of the knowledge which, to this day, But none of these things are so convenient as coins
we possess of the regions scattered through the imof silver and of other metals. These are not liable to
mense Pacific Ocean. Of these, several had been break, or to wear out; and they also take up but previously visited by other navigators ; but it was little room in proportion to their value. But this is
a remarkable circumstance in his voyages, that, chiefly the case with gold and silver. Copper money wherever he touched, every thing relative to the is useful for small payments, but would be very in- place was determined with such accuracy and fulness, convenient for large ones. The price of a horse or
that the comparatively vague and imperfect accounts cow in copper would be a heavy load ; but the price of former discoverers seemed to go for nothing.– of twenty horses, if paid in gold, a man might easily Many places considered as being well known, were carry about him.
thus, in a great measure, discovered by him. A bank-note is still more convenient in this respect;
From his third voyage Captain Cook never rebut, though it is often called paper-money, a bank- turned. The circumstances of his death were of the note is not really money, but a promise to pay money. most tragical kind. When his vessel was on the coast No one would give any thing for a bank-note, if he of the island of Owhyhee, several unfortunate quardid not believe that any one would ever pay gold or rels took place with the natives; and Captain Cook, silver for it. But as long as men are sure of this, in order to compel them to restore some articles of they receive the bank-note instead of money, because which they had plundered the ship, took the impruthey may get money for it whenever they will.
dent resolution of going on shore with a very few
At first, no sign of hostility appeared; but the LOSS OF WEIGHT IN COOKING
natives were soon observed to be gathering in great ANIMAL FOOD. It is well known that, in whatever way the flesh of animals numbers; arming themselves with long spears, clubs, is prepared for food, a considerable diminution takes place and daggers; and putting on their defensive armour in its weight. As it is a subject both curious and useful in of mats. They gradually surrounded the small party, domestic economy, we shall give the result of a set of ex which had now got a considerable way from the periments, which were actually made in a public establish- shore ; and Captain Cook, beginning to think his siment; they were not undertaken from mere curiosity, but tuation dangerous, ordered his men to return to the
28 Pieces of Beef, weighing 280 pounds, lost in boiling, by the hand, whom he intended to take on board, as
28 Pieces of Beef, weighing 280 pounds, lost in boiling, beach, and went along with them, holding the king 73 pounds 14 ounces. Hence the loss by beef in boiling was about 26 pounds and a half, in 100 pounds.
a hostage for the good conduct of his subjects. They 19 Pieces of Beef, weighing 190 pounds, lost in roasting, got without opposition to the place where the boats 61 pounds 2 ounces. The weight of beef lost in roasting were lying, close to the land; but, as they were going appears to be 32 pounds in each hundred.
on board, an Indian threw a stone at the captain, 9 Pieces of Beef, weighing 90 pounds, lost in baking, who returned the insult by firing at the man ;-and, 27 pounds. Weight lost by Beef in baking, 30 pounds in the shot not taking effect, he knocked him down with each hundred.
27 Legs of Mutton, weighing 260 pounds, lost in boil- his musket. A confused scuflle ensued; the men on ing, and by having the shank-bones taken off, 62 pounds board the boats, as well as those on shore, fired 4 ounces. The shank-bones were estimated at 4 ounces each, among the natives ; who, rushing among the latter, therefore, the loss in boiling was 55 pounds 8 ounces. The drove them into the water, from whence they got on loss of weight in legs of Mutton in boiling, is 21 pounds and board one of the boats; the captain alone being left one-third in each hundred.
behind. 35. Shoulders of Mutton, weighing 350 pounds, lost in roasting, 109 pounds 10 ounces. The loss of weight in
He was now observed making for one of the shoulders of Mutton, by roasting, is about 31 pounds and boats, carrying his musket under his arm, and hold-, one-third in each hundred.
ing his other hand behind his head to protect it