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they sow their rice at the beginning of the rainy season.
In many places they do not even give themselves the
trouble of sowing. They leave some ears standing, the
grains of which fall, and sow themselves.

Physicians enjoy great respect in this country, though
their science is confined to the knowledge of a few aroa,
matic plants. They are never sent for, however, till the
illness becomes serious; and a plaister, made of a very
large kind of peas, mixed with lime, has been applied
to the part affected, which is their universal remedy.
When a person is extremely ill, they suspend the branch
of a tree over the door, as a signal that no one will be
admitted but the physician, and those whose attend-
ance is necessary.

Sometimes, as a last resource, the doctor has recourse
to bleeding, which he performs in a singular manner:
he first applies the large end of an ox horn to the part
wbich he supposes to be the seat of the malady; he
then, by means of a bole bored in the small end, ex-
hausts the air with his mouth, which attracts the blood
to the part; after this he takes a blunt knife, the point
of which is bent back, makes several scarifications, and
puts on the horn a second time.

The island of Madagascar is divided into a multitude of petty sovereignties; each village has its chief, who is independent, and whose dignity is hereditary. .

The dian, or chief, can do nothing without assembling a council, at which strangers, and even enemies, may assist. Every one gives his opinion, speaking according to order of rank, and never are two voices heard together. :

If this country were inhabited by Europeans it would,

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pes, Tize rice; and

parts, is hey nere sh plante

· perhaps, be the finest, richest, and most powerful in

the world. Mountains are found in it of quartz and rock crystal; mines of gold, silver, copper, precious stones, and amber; and many beasts, birds, and reptiles, little known to us, as well as vegetable productions, which might be of the greatest service to mankind.



A leap into salt waters very often gives a new motion to the

spirits, and a new turn to the blood.--ADDISON,

ABOUT sixty years ago, Brighton consisted of a few thatched, fishermen's huts, a considerable number of which were in ruins. A Sussex farmer, now living, who at that time had never seen the sea, remembers his journcy thither; when his breakfast came only to three pence, an excellent dinner of beef-steaks to sixpence, and the remainder of the shilling went to pay for his horse and the ostler: to use his own expression, “they were so unaccustomed to the sight of a stranger, that they made, Sir, as great to do with me as if I had been the king's son.”

The first patron of Brighton was Dr. Russėl, who then resided at Malling, near Lewes; and one of the first patients whom he sent to bathe, was the wife of the late Rev. William Clarke, residentiary of Chichester. A letter, descriptive of Brighton at that time, by that learned divine, has been preserved by Nicholls, in his Miscellaneous Tracts, relative to Mr. Bowyer and his friends. Mr. Clarke had the best house in Brighton at the rate of five shillings per week.

The toivn of Brighton is built on what is called the waste, and its inhabitants acknowledge theniselves to be a lawless set, since they have no act under which any magistrate can think himself sufficiently protected, should he attempt to enforce a little more decorum than at present is observed. The only act they have was passed about forty years ago, when Brighton was little better than a village of fishermen, and, I believe, was principally drawn by Mr. Scrase. Owing to this circumstance the limits of male and female bathing have got strangely blended together; and many other abuses are tolerated, of which all complain, though no one has sufficient courage to oppose them. The late Sir Godfrey Webster endeavoured to remedy some of these evils, and experienced not only opposition, but the grossest abuse. · The natives of Sussex, as they have been termed by . one of their noble magistrates, have a wonderful antipathy to all improvement*; and I really knew a patriotic and zealous country gentleman, whose soul was deliberately sent into the hottest regions of the Enfers, because he attempted to have the children of his parish instructed at his own expence:“it was very hard," they exclaimed, “ to have their children obliged to go

to school whether they liked it or not:"-while others ,,affirm, “ that it was solely done, in order to bring up

girls for the squire, and that the boys might be sent to Botany Bay.” Not long since some of the Sussex county bankers, wishing to remit a large quantity of bank notes to town, they very wisely cut them in halves, and then sent them by the same post: unfortunately the mail was robbed, and the poor bankers in jeopardy, resolved to procure wisdom by experience.


* When the turnpikes, for instance, were first introduced, they met in Sussex with a long and decided opposition.

The ignorance and selfishness which pervade the greater portion of this part of Sussex has appeared continually in the manners of the inhabitants of Brighton. The country swarms with attorneys (one small town in the vicinity of Brighton, containing fifteen); it also abounds with democrats*, with opulent, petty shopkeepers, and would-be gemmen. In the Weald hardly a scholar or a man of science is to be found, even among the clergy.

It was the observation of my predecessor, Le Rèveur, “ that a celebrated prelate, returning one morning from his usual ride to see what was passing upon the Steine, a gentleman accosted him, and asked what he had seen at Brighton. «Seen!” exclaimed the prelate, “ what one always sees there; a number of men looking at their watches and talking about the weather!"

One of the great blessings with those who resort to Brighton, is to be occupied without any determined object of employment. It is contrary to marine ton, to have made the smallest arrangement for the ensuing morning, but to be prepared for any pursuit the vis in-' ertiæ of the moment may dictate. These busy bodies, (for, in proportion as a man has nothing to do, he ale

* Their prevalence in a village not from Brighton was lately mentioned to the lord lieutenant of the county, at one of their public meetings respecting the military.



Detty shoy
tid hardlya /

even among

Le Rèveur,

corning from

en halves ways appears most busy), accordingly dresses in trow

sers, to be ready for a sailing party; put on gaiters, that Geopards, the dust may not prove troublesome, should a walk be

i proposed ; and are seldom without their spurs, in case trade the an equestrian lounge should seem preferable. cared on I remember the time when the library at the end of

the Steine was kept in such order, that none of what mall town

are now termed Ladies of Fashion were even suffered to 51); it also

subscribe;, or, if at any time their names, through in,
advertency, had got on the list, their money was imme-
diately returned. I do not mean to assume a sternness
inconsistent with the sentimental laxity of the age;
but I think these ladies might be kept in a little better
order, and not swarm, as they do at present, like the
flies with which the place abounds. They even begin
to appear in the public ball-rooms, and throng in num-
bers to the fire-works and dances at the Promenade
grove. Venus certainly reigns with too despotic a sway
at Brighton....
. ... Every one who has attended it, must remember
the harper who formerly resided in the small house at

the end of the south Parade. As I had often been deirine ton, to

lighted with his minstrelsy, I one day enquired for my
old acquaintance; and found that, after having carried
on a traile in Tunbridge ware in the inland part of the
country, by means of a caravan, he next year employed
the same caravan to carry off all his effects; leaving his
creditors completely in the lurch: however, during a
subsequent excursion on the continent, this son of Apollo,
or Mercury, met with his deserts, and is now lying
peaceably with his wife at the bottom of one of the fords
la Holland, in crossing which they were drowned.....

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