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chemistry vns revolutionised by a new set of names*, I cannot, therefore, if all this be proper and requisite, see any reason why men and women should not be gratified by a similar processf
Written by a British Fair, doomed to live far frcnt her native Land.
"And now, by Mem'ry's soft enchantment led,
Dear, native Britain, can I e'er forget
Thy smiling landscape must I not regret,
» Thus antimmial powder was called oxidum antimoriii cum fhoifhate calcit; and Ethiop's mineral, sulphuretwu hydrargyn nigrum, &c. &c.
+ The writer of this humorous and satirical essay has, perhaps, not unseasonably, but without doubt elegantly, touched on a fashionable caprice, connected with the everchanging manners of modern times. The folly he has exposed appears, however, to be not absolutely modern, or recent. That, not inconsiderable, part of the public, that are guided by the fashion of the day, must ever be the creatures of whim, fancy, or habit, without a wish to bring their opinions to the test of reason.
Scar'd by the sun of this too-southern coast,
Chill'd by its long and unrelenting frost*.
Mild glows thy sun, a timid virgin's blush,
No storms impetuous thy fair harvests crush,
The hind, laborious, gaily binds his sheaf,
For ev'ning comes, with regular relief,
Thegauntwolf prowling through the shades of night,
Dread bowlings echo'd from the mountain's height, Fall not at eve upon the wounded ear.
• Contrary to the received opinion, it may be asserted with truth, that the winters in France, except altogether in the southern latitudes, are severer, though shorter, than with usj it generally freezes more intensely, and with less interruption.
+ Another unpleasant thing in the climate of France is, the hail storms to which, in summer, it is so exposed, and which usually lay a whole tract of country waste. A gentleman, who was of the late unfortunate French monarch's bodyguard, relates, that he was hunting with him once in the forest of Fontainbleau, when they were surprised by so tremendous a hail storm, that a stone, which was brought to the king, at a farm house where he had taken shelter, being weighed by hii oidcr, was found to weigh above five pounds. This storm cut off a number of trees in the forest, killed men and horses, and did immense damage to the adjacent country.
The mild west, temp'ring every ruder gale,
In the same tender mould their tempers cast,
Nor gentleness than beauty less their pride,
And ductile to the fair or infant guide,
Oh! what are golden fruits and roseat bow'rs,
Oh! what are clamorous mirth, the gayest hours,
Give me again to hail my native shore,
Oh, Albion! might I greet thy cliffs once more,
* The extraordinary gentieness of the animals in this country, is a fact that strikes the observation of all foreigners, particularly the French. they are astonished to see, what is 30 usual here, that no one thinks of remarking it, a fine, showy na; standing with his bridle upon his neck, waiting contentedly - the return of his master from the post-office, perhaps, or some other place of business, in a market town, never offering to move till he feels him on his back, then pricking up his ears, and displaying as much mettle and willingness to go, as he lately had shown patience and docility to stand still. They could not venture to leave a French horse in this manner, our
sa bonne foi, as they call it.
LORD OF MISRULE.
"But Hudibrat, who us'd to ponder
The three festivals of Easter, Whitsuntide, and Christmas were anciently commemorated by the kings and great nobility of England, with the utmost expence and magnificence. Our elder annalists, apparently consider it as one indispensable part of their office, to record where and how the sovereigns of this realm celebrated these periodical seasons of conviviality. One portion of the gaiety and amusement on these occasions, consisted in the exhibition of plays, mummeries, and disguisings. That the convivialities of these important periods might be conducted in a suitable manner, and proceed in uninterrupted succession, it was a frequent practice to appoint a temporary officer to preside over them, who was variously styled the Lord, and the Abbot of Misrule. This mock officer, as might be expected, was looked to rather to increase than to watch over the decorum of the festivalj^jAs lately a? the reign of Edward VI. in the year 1581, this magi*tracy was in so high repute, that George Ferrers, one of the most considerable writers in that celebrated repository of English poetry, 'The Mirror of Magistrates,' was appointed by the privy council to exercise it during the twelve days of Christmas; "who," says the old chronicler, "being of better credit and estima
hon than commonlie his predecessors had beene before, received all his commissions and warrants by the name of the maister of the king's pastime. Which gentleman so well supplied his office both in show of sundrie sights and devices of rare inventions, and in acts of divers interludes, and matters of pastime plaied by persons, as not onelie satisfied the common sort, but ak> were verie well liked and allowed by the councell, and other of skill in the like pastimes: but best of all by the yoong king himselfe, as appeered by his princelie liberalitie in rewarding that service*."
A whimsical account has been preserved of the election and mode of proceeding of an officer bearing the same title, not resident at court, but chosen by persons of inferior rank dwelling in their several parishes. This deserves to be cited, as particularly illustrative of the taste and manners of our ancestors. "First of all," says the author, " the wilde heades of the parish, flocking togither, chuse them a graund captaine of mischiefe, whom they innoble with the title of Lord of Misrule; and him they crowne with great solemnity, and adopt for their king. This king anointed chooseth forth twentie, fourty, threescore, or an hundred, like to himself, to waite upon his lordly majesty, and to guanle his noble person. Then every one of these men he investeth with his liveries of greene, yellow, or some other light, wanton colour; and, as though they were not «rawdy ynough, they bedecke themselves with scarftes, ribbons, and laces, hanged all ov.er with gold ringes, pretious stones, and other jewels. This done, they tie
* Hollingshed, ad arm.