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THE

LIVES

OF

CELEBRATED TRAVELLERS.

.BY.
JAMES AUGUSTUS::Sr. Jai

Wand'ring from clime to clime, observaħtostray'd,
Their manners noted and their states gurvegd.

Pipes Hiner.

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PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. & J. HARPER,

NO. 82 CLIFF-STREET,
AND SOLD BY THE PRINCIPAL BOOKSELLERS THROUGHOUT

THE UNITED STATES.

CONTENTS.

JOSEPH PITTON DE TOURNE FORT.

Born 1656.-Died 1708. Born at Aix-Education-Early passion for botany-Philosophy of

Descartes-Aversion for the study of theology--Travels in France, Spain- The Pyrenees-Taken for a robber-Publishes his first work --Commanded to travel in the East-Candia-Mount Ida-Constantinople-Black Sea - Erzeroom-Georgia - Returns to SmyrnaFrance-Death

7

DR. THOMAS, SHAW.
Born 1892.- Died

121 Born at Kendal-Educated at Oxford-Appointed chaplain of Algiers

Arrives in Africa-Environs of Algiers-Lena its-for Egypt-Alexandria-Cairo-Site of Memphis-Origin anil destination of the Pyramids--Animals of Egypi -- Danciog Serpenis-Carbalg, Visit to Mount Sinai-Hospitality of the Arabs-Route of the Israelites-- Is plundered by the Arabs--Curiosities or the desert-Wars of Marah -Returns to Egypt-Descends the Mit-Sails :0. Syria-'s taken prisoner and ransomed - Extraordinary gris' latins-Prodigious flights of storks-Water-spouts-- Returns to Algiers-Arabs of Africa - Marries-Earthquakes-Visits the kingdom of Tunis–Ruins of Carthage-Lake of Tunis-Cty of Tunis-Roman ruins- Virgil's Nympharum Domus—The Leser syrtis-Lake of Marks-Yellowhaired Kabyli-Natural history of Barbary-Locust clouds—MusicEating of lions-Complexion of the Moors-Superstition-Returns to England-Dies..

19

FREDERIC HASSELQUIST.

Born 1722.-Died 1752. Born in Eastern Gothland-Studies at Upsal-Acquires the friendship

of Linnæus-('onceives he design of travelling in the East-Mode of raising travelling funds-Studies the oriental languages-Enharks at Stockholm-Arrives in the Grecian Archipelago-Harbour of MiloStrange costume of the women-Island of Scio-State of medical science in the East-Smyrna—The Frank carnival-Dances--Beginning of Spring-Beautiful flowers and plants - Turkish_cemet: ryExcursion to Magnesia-Impregnation of figs-Sails for Egypt-Gardens of Alexandria-Asses of Egypt-Rosetta-Women hatching

JOHN BELL.

Born 1600.- Died 1780.

Born at Antermony-Embarks for Petersburg-Sets out for Persia-

Descends the Volga-The Caspian-Falcons-Extraordinary incident
Skamakia-Tabriz-Koom-Kashan-Scorpions - Ispahan-Returns to Petersburg-Departs for China-Arrives at Kazan-Beehives Fogs and frosts of Siberia-Asbestos-- Tobolsk-Swedish prisoners-Game-Singular manuscripts-Ancient tombs or barrows-Curious antiquities-White hares-Sable-hunters—The Baikal Lake-Mongolia-Great wall of China-Pekin-Character of the Chinese-Fine arts

- Population-Imperial hunt-Departs from China-Returns to Petersburg - Journey to Derbend-And to Constantinople-Returns to Scotland - Dies

125

JOHN LED YARD.

Born 1751.-Died 1788. Born at Groton in North America-Early studies--Intends becoming a

missionary-Escapes from college to the woods--Returns-Again leaves college-Soils down the Connecticut alone in a canoe-Studies theology-Becomes a common sailor-Sails for Gibraltar-Enlists as a soldier-Ts released-Returns to America-Sails for England - Arrives at Plym uti-Begs his way to London-Enters into the marine corps, and accompanies Captain Cook on his last voyage-The Cape -New-Holland-New-Zealand cove adventure- Watteeoo - Tongataboo-Simple manners-Quarrels with the natives - Tahiti-Discovery of the Sandwich Islands-Nootka Sound -Behring's StraitsAdventure on Onalaska-Return to the Sandwich Islands-Death of Cook · Returns to England-Sails for America-Leaves the English Service - Sails for France-Stay at Paris-Proceeds to London - Disappointments - Undertakes a journey across Sib: ria-Sweden-Trav. els round the Gulf of Finland-Petersburg-Sets out for SiberiaTobolsk - Irkutsk-Yakutsk-Is arrested -- Returns to Europe-Engages to travel for the African Association-Sails to Egypt-Dies. 163

GEORGE FORSTER.

Born 1750.-Died 1791. Birth and parentage not exactly known-Enters the civil service of the

East India Company - Madras- Calcutta -- Benares - Mythology of the Ilindoos - Assumes the Mohammedan character-Sails up the Ganges -Cosses the southern ridge of the Himalaya- Arrives in Kashmere -Richness and beauty of the landscape-Lake-Gardens of the Shalimar- Rose of Kashmere-Shawl manufacture-Imitations-Wool -Numher manufactured - Departs from Kashmere-Crosses the Indus-Sleeps in a mosque, where the moollah endeavours to rob himAfghan cavalry-Arrives at Pashawer— Intense heat-Joins a kafilah - Travels by night-Mountain torrent-Drowning of a lady-Kabul --ls seized by a sever-Recovers-Reassumes his character of Christian - Quickly repents this step-Insults and difficulties--GhizniMahmoud--Kandahar-Proceeds to Herat-Once more assumes the Mohammedan character-Joins a caravan - Eniers Khorasan-Tremendous cold - Poetry supplies the place of food— A conjurer-Host of pilgrims--Descendant of Mohammed-Anecdote-MazenderanCaspian Sea-Baku-Astrakhan-Petersburg-Arrives in EnglandReturns to India - Dies....

198

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