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kiebfour heads are together on each of the bodies of the four living Creatures ; wheras in
St. John's Vision each living Creature hath but one Head. But this difference is of no importance. For the design of the Mystery being to represent by these four Heads the Qualities & the Character of the Gospel-ministry, 'tis of very little importance that the four heads be on the same Bodies, or on different bodies; seeing these four living Creatures represent but only one Ministry & not four different ministries. I will observe by the by that 'tis very strange , that those that are curious search with so much labour & uncertainty what was the figure of the Cherubim's under the Law. For Ezekiel calling the living What was
S the figare Creatures which he describes Cherubims in of meless the tenth Ch. of his Revelations, I think it Cherucan't be doubted but that the figure of Moses's Cherubims was such as Ezekiel resents it . to us. . .
I say, that these four living creatures called Seraphims by Eray, Cherubims by Ezekicl , & only Living Creatures by si John, represent the Ministry & the Ministers of the Gospel. They have four different heads; the First is that of a Lyon , tis the Emblem of Strength & Courage, which the Pastors must have in the Exercise of the Ministry.
The Second is that of an Ox. This is the most profitable & most , laborious Creature; this represents the Profitableness of the Ministry & the laborious & indefatigable Courage of the Pastors. The Third is that of a
mult unrth is that & Penetrappaftors mult
©Man. This is the Emblem of Wisdom & of Reason, this signifies the soveraign Reafon, Prudence & Wisdom of the Pastors, who must' unite that with Wisdom & Courage.
The Fourth is that of an Eagle ; 'tis the emblem of Elevation & Penetration. There's no bird that flies so high. The Pastors must lift up men from Earth to Heaven, & Ay up to. wards divine things : The Eagle sustains the rays of the Light, & looks stedfastly on the Sun : the. Pastors of the Church are called to sustain the sight of the most adorable mysteries. These living creatures are called Sera.
phims, 1. é. Burning , to express the greatKrab in ness of their Zeal. They are called CheruThe Chaldee lanifiesa e bimş a word that in the Syriack & the Chalto labour , dee signifies Labourers. This name is given the true original of them for the same reason as the head of an
Ox, to represent that they ought to labour Cheru
in manuring the field of the Lord incessantly. They have four wings , according to Ezekiel , & six according to Esay & S. John, to represent their Vigilance , & the Swiftness with which they must run to execute the commandments of God. According to Ezekiel. when these living Creatures walk, they turn not, but every one walks to the place with his Face forward. This is to signify that the ministers of the Gospelmust be far removed from all obliquity, & that they must go straight in their ways. One part of their Wings serves them to cover their Bodies, i. e. their less comely parts, as Interpreters Understand it; çis the Emblem of that modesty that must fule in all their words & actions. Acz
fire, wine is a neds light abrkness by, the fire? ligneaching that feattering darmy word as
knowledge Pastors. Is not my pic fire that Ch. 1. 21
According to Ezekiel , the likenesse of the Cap. 1. 13. living Creatures was like burning coals of fire, Es like the appearance of Lamps: It went up and down among the living Creatures ES the fire was bright ; & out of the fire went forth lightning. 'Tis a description of the Word & of Preaching that sheds light abroad, & spreads knowledg, in scattering darkness by the ministry of the Pastors. Is not my word as fire ? Thy word is a Lamp to my feet. 'Tis a fire that Ch. (. 213 sends forth the light of faith , & communi- 22. cates the heat of charity. In Ezekiel, when the living Creatures moved, the wheels also . moved ; Os when the living Creatures Were . lifted up from the Earth , the Wheels also were lifted up. When those went, these went ; & when those stood, these stood. Thele Wheels are the People , the living Creatures , i.e. the pastors are the Spirit of the People. The People do not go , or stand still, or lift up themselves, or fall down, but by the inspiration of the Pastors.
In St. John the living Creatures are in the throne B round about the throne:i.e, immedi. ately near the throne, nearer than the Twenty four elders. 'Tis because the Pastors are the mediators between God & the People. They are nearest to God, & the People draw nigh to God by them. These living Creatures are full of eyes within. 'Tis because they inwardly have the Spirit of Penetration & Discerning; not only like Solomon's Wise Man, that hath his Eyes in his Head, but they have Eyes in their Heart ; !. c. they have a clears
fighted mind, & full of the knowledg of man.
They cease not day nor night saying, Holy, Holy , Holy, &c. 'Tis the office of the Ministry to labour without intermission about the fanctification of God's name & the esta. blishing his glory.
When the living Creatures gave Glory & ha. nour e praise to him that fate on the throne, Ec. the Four and Twenty Elders cast thema felves down before him. This is the same thing that Ezekiel signified by these Wheels, that, went when the living Creatures went; the 1 peoplerepresentend by the Twenty FourElders follow the inspiration of the Pastors represented by the four living creatures. When the living Creatures praise God, the elders cast theme selves down. He that will follow these four living Creatures in the Revelation will see that every where they perform the office of Pastors
& Ministers of the commands of God. The Er- As for the Elders, I don't know how it ders are comes to pass that they have not been taken the Chris
o for the Faithful People from the very name ples of Elders. Some would herein find the Pastors
of the Church. 'Tis true, the Gospel calls Pastors so. But here it should be remembred that the Emblems are borrowed from the Law, & not from the Gospel. 'Tis agreed that in this vision the Prophet hath a respect to the distribution which the ancient Law made of its people. Now we shall no where find that the Elders signify the Levites & Priests. On the contrary they are always distinguisht; yea , & they are opposed to the Priests as
ders are in com the Faithful would herein find cofpel calls
well in the Old as in the New Testament; The Priests @ the Elders of the people. Every where the Elders Gignified the heads of the Tribes and Families, that were consulted with in great affairs ; they were properly the Representatives of the people. So that the Twenty Four Elders are the new people by allusion to ancient people. There is twenty four of them because the ancient Ifrael had twelvo Patriarchs & twelve Tribes ; & the new ifrael hath twelve Apostles which are the twelve Patriarchs & Heads of their Tribes. The twelve Elders of the Jewish Church joined with the twelve Patriarchs of the new covenant make twenty four in all, & these twenty four are the whole Church Representative; į.e. the whole body of the faithfull people. These Elders sit round about the throne as Affeffors, because the Saints shall judg the World faith S!. Paul : They are cloathd in white · Raiment : That is the habit of a Priest. And that signifies, that the Priesthood is no longer confined to one only Tribe, that the eleven tribes are re-entred into their ancient rights. For naturally all the first-born of what tribe foever they were, were Priests. This is what the Holy Spirit means when he calls the faithful ones of the New Testament the first-born, Priests, & a royal Priest-hood. These Elders have on their heads crowns of Gold. 'Tis because every one of the faithfull people is made not only a Priest but also a King. · Wherfore they say in their frong, 7o him that hath made us Kings & Priefts.