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experienced no further interruption. I indulge the hope, that such of my deluded subjects as have swerved from their allegiance, are now convinced of their error; and that, having compared the advantages they derive from the protection of a free constitution, with the condition of those countries which are under the dominion of the French government, they will cordially and zealously concur in resisting any attempt that may be made against the security and independence of my United Kingdom.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons, I have a perfect reliance on your public spirit for making such provision as may be necessary for the service of the year. The progressive improvement of the revenue cannot fail to encourage you to persevere in the system which has been adopted, of defraying the expenccs of the war, with as little addition as possible to the public debt, and to the permanent burthens of the state.
I lament the heavy pressure which, under the present circumstances, must unavoidably be experienced by my people; but I am persuaded that they will meet it with the good sense and fortitude which so eminently distinguish their character, under a conviction of the indispensible importance of upholding the dignity, and of providing effectually for the saJcty of the empire. My Lordij and Gentlemen, I have concluded a convention with the King of Sweden, for the purpose of adjusting all the differences which have arisen on the subject of the eleventh article of the treaty of 1661. I have directed that a copy of this convention should be laid before you; and you will, I trust, be of opinion that the arrangment, whilst it upholds our maritime rights, is founded on those principles of reciprocal advantage which are best calculated to maintain and improve the good understanding which happily subsists between the two countries.
In the prosecution of the contest in which we are engaged, it shall be, as it has ever been, my first object to execute, as becomes me, the great trust committed to my charge. Embarked with my brave and loyal people in one common cause, it is my fixed determination, if the occasion should arise, to share their exertions and their dangers in the defence of our constitution, our religion, our laws, and independence. To the activity and valour of my fleets and armies, to the zeal and unconquerable spirit of my faithful subjects, I confide tffe honour of my crown, and all those valuable interests which are involved in the issue of this momentous contest.
Actuated by these sentiments, and humbly imploring the blessing of Divine Providence, I look forward with a firm conviction, that if, contrary toall just expectation, the enemy should elude the vigilance of my numerous fleets and cruizers, and attempt to execute their presumptuous threat of invading our coasts, the consequence will be to them, discomfiture, confusion, and disgrace; and thatour's will not only fee the glory of surmounting present difficulties, and repelling immediate danger, but the solid and permanent advantage of fixing the safety and independence of the kingdom, on the basis of acknowledged strength, the result of its own tried energy and resources.
Private advices state Bonaparte's arrival on the coast. A few days previous thereto, he went on board a gun-boat on the Seine, and exercised the men in the manoeuvres of invasion; they had, as usual, their knapsacks ou their backs, and their muskets slung to their sides, It appears, however, that the Consul has at length consented not to risk " his person and fortune" in the hopeless expedition against this country. According to private letters, the farcical ceremony of entreaty took place on the 27th ult. The hour of three, on the 28th, was appointed for the deputation from all the constituted authorities to wait on him, and beseech bim not to hazard their prosperity, and the welfare of the state, by exposing himself to the perils of the expedition. The eagerness and impatience of his friends and the legislative bodies, however, precipitated the affecting scene, and at two o'clock there was posted on the walls of the Palais Royal the following placard: "St. Cloud, Oct. 27. six o'clock in the evening. "The country is saved once more—Bonaparte will not leave it." "The orators of the Senate and the Tribunate attempted in vain to address the First Consul; their agitation, gentle souls! overcame them. One of these, (M. De Jancourt) incapable of giving expression to his feelings, threw himself at the feet of the Consul, and extended his arms towards him. Bonaparte sprung forward, and folded him in his arms. A mixture of prayers, tears, and embraces, succeeded. The First Consul began to be affected, and the scene terminated by his concession to the wishes of the French nation! Such is said to have been the farcical scene exhibited on that truly ridiculous occasion. What an insulting mockery!
Elfi Bey.—Mahommed Elfi, the Mameluke chief lately arrived in this country, was born in Georgia, and purchased, when a child, by Murad Bey, for one thousand sequens. He was uncommonly beautiful, and got the surname of Elfi, which, in the Turkish language, signifies one thousand sequens. At (he age of fifteen, he was made an Aga, for the extraordinary bravery he displayed against some of the rebel Beys. In consequence of an insult offered him by Murad, he deserted from that chief, and joined the insurgents. Murad, however, repenting of what he had done, recalled Elfi, and loaded him with fresh favours. Passing over the intermediate rank of Kiaschief, he raised him to a rank equal to his own.—Elfi Bey is remarkable for his courage, agility, and uncommon address and prowess on horseback. He has repeatedly cut off the head of a buffalo, at full gallop, with one stroke of his sabre. He is forty-three or forty-four years old, about five feet eight inches high, and very corpulent. His countenance is open, and his manners arc affable. He is a man of strong natural abilities, but his mind is uncultivated. He can read and write, which is a very uncommon thing among the Mamelukes, He never was brought to terms by th« French, during the whole time of their continuance in Egypt; but constantly remained in the desart, (on which account he called himself the antelope,) and baffled five divisions of Bonaparte's army, who were in constant pursuit of him. Elfi Bey, we understand, is not to be presented at court. He cannot be recognised as the representative of any potentate, whilst he and his fellow Beys ar« actually in rebellion against their lawful sovereign, the Grand Seignior, vritik whom we are engaged in alliance, and the integrity of whose territories they are bound to guarantee. The Corps Diplomatique has made a formal stir on the occasion, but their apprehensions of irregularity were done away by an official notice from the Right Hon. Mr. Yorke, to the Bey, intimating, that, though he might avail himself of private hospitalities, he could not formally be received at the levee.
It has been proved, by a recent experiment, that the communications bysignal can be made known from the various points of the coast to fifty miles inland, within a quarter of an hour.
It having been stated, that twelve of the homeward-bound Jamaica fleet, under convoy of the Leviathan, had been captured, we are happy to correct this mis-sfatement by the following authentic accounts of the ships which are not yet arrived, but of whose arrival no apprehension appears to be entertained: The Actaeon, Drysdale, for London; Diana, Richardson, for Liverpool i Caledonia,
Mair; Elisabeth, ;and Fortune, Alexander, for Clyde i Lady Kenmare,
Smith ; and Lady Boyle, , for Cork.
An alteration is to take place in the mode of executing criminals in the Old Bailey. In lieu of the cumbrous machine brought on these occasions before the debtor's door, a platform is to drop from the front, and through a new door the culprit will pass immediately from the chapel gallery to the place of execution.
The public will rejoice to hear that the corps of riflemen are daily augmenting, and as the principles and objects of this species of warfare come to be more known, there is no doubt but that similar bodies will be formed all over the country. It is true that a rifleman fights always in ambush; instead of presenting himself openly to his adversary, he seeks shelter behind every bush, hillock, and tree ^ but his adversary does the same, and it is an incessant trial of skill, vigilance, and activity between them. No man is so obnoxious to danger; for an unguarded exposure of the person for a single instant is almost certain death. Itis, therefore, a gallant and hazardous, as well as "a most useful service. Since it is admitted into legitimate war, we must resort to it; and certainly no country is so peculiarly adapted to this species of annoyance as Great Britain, where every hedge,'ditch, bush, imd briar, will be the means of stopping the progress of an invading enemy.
Of the Divine Mission of Buonaparte the following proofs are taken from his own assertions, in his address to the chieks in Egypt:—
"Destiny itself directs all my operations*
"Every thing in this vast universe is subject to the empire of destiny.
u 1 am terrible as the Jfre of Heaven.
"The period will arrive, whe"h the whole world shall have evidence that / am conducted by the orders of the Most High, and that all human efforts against me must be ineffectual.
"Those who declare against me shall have no refuge either in this or the next world.
"It is right you should be informed that all human efforts are useless against me ; for every thing I undertake must succeed.
"Such as avow themselves my friends, prosper; whilst those who declare themselves my enemies, perish.**
PROM THE GAZETTE.
Horse Guards, October 29, 1803.—His Royal Highness the Commander in Chief has received the King's command to convey to the several volunteer and associated corps, which were reviewed in Hyde Park on the 26th and 28th inst. His Majesty's highest approbation of their appearance, which has equalled! His Majesty's utmost expectation.
His Majesty perceives, with heartfelt satisfaction, that the spirit of loyalty ind patriotism, on which the system of the armed volunteers throughout the kingdom was originally founded, has risen with the exigencies of the times, and at this moment forms such a bulwark to the constitution and liberties of the country, as will enable us, under the protection of providence, to bid defiance to the unprovoked malice of our enemies, and to hurl lack, with becoming indignation, the threats which they have presumed to vent against our independence, and even our existence as a nation. *'
"His Majesty has observed with peculiar pleasure, that, amongst the unprecedented exertions which the present circumstances of the country have called forth, those of the capital of his united kingdom have been eminently conspicuous: the appearance of its numerous and well-regulated volunteer corps, which were reviewed on the 26th and the 28th instant, indicates a degree of attention and emulation, both in officers and men, which can proceed only from a deep sense of the important objects for which they have enrolled themselves, a just estimation of the blessings we have so long enjoyed, and a firm and manly determination to defend them like Britons, and transmit them unimpaired to our posterity.
The Commander in Chief has the highest satisfaction in discharging his duty, by communicating these His Majesty's most gracious sentiments, and requests ♦hat the commanding officers will have recourse to the readiest means of making the same known to their respective corps.
(Signed) Frederick, Commander in Chief.
Total effective in the field, fourteen thousand six hundred and seventy-six.
Harry Calvert. Adj. Gen.
His Majesty was accompanied by all the Royal Family, with the exception of the Prince of Wales, and attended by a great number of general officers, as well as by the Foreign Ambassadors, the French Princes, Monsieur (Count D'Artois), Prince of Coude, Duke of Bourbon, Duke of Berri, and Duke of Montpensier, with Generals Pichegru and Dumourier, all in their national uniform, with their stars of honour, &c.
We m*y fairly caculate that about one eighth of the volunteers actually enrolled were absent, from necessary business, or other impediments; so that, on the whole, it is not an unreasonable estimate to calculate the London army, which is now ready to take the field, at less than thirty thousand effective men. The corps also in the vicinity of the metropolis, already trained, may be calculated at about eight thousand more ; so that a small comparative district can send out, at almost an hour's notice, a body of about forty thousand to meet the invader, besides considerable corps of pikemen, pioneers, &c.
The wives and families of volunteers called out into actual service, who are left unable to support themselves, will be entitled to such and the bike relief, and
under such and the like circumstances, as the wives and families of militia men, under the acts of 43 Geo. III. ch. 47 and 89.
The following official return of our Volunteer force has been made at the War Office: Infantry, 297,502; Cavalry, 31,600; Artillery, 6,207. Total,
3:35/209. If we add to these our regulars and militia, we too may boast our 500,000 fighting men.
A passage in the speech of the Lord Chief Baron, addressed to the Lord Mayor, on his being sworn into office, is particularly interesting. In congratulating the city of London on having entrusted its keys to a person of so much worth and consideration, his Lordship said, " An attempt will infallibly be made to wrest them from you."
'The following pleasant sally, in ridicule of original correspondence, will afford some amusement to our readers:
"Dunkirk, Friday, Nov. 4, 1803, one o'clock, 30 min. 15 sec. A. M.
"Bonaparte is just arrived in a balloon, and all his generals are expected in an hour with the telegraph. Sixty thousand cavalry, under General Davoust, are ordered to man sixty ships of the line. Thirty regiments of dragoons, thirty frigates, and one hundred regiments of Hussars, are in requisition to manoeuvre four thousand gun boats. The fiat-bottomed boats are to be carried over to England by the light infantry, and the grenadiers are to fix the floating batteries to protect the passage. Telegraphs are ordered to be erected in the middle of the British Channel, and in the German Sea, half May between France and England. All the guides are ready ballooned, and a parachute is attached to Bonaparte's wooden house. The First Consul's bed is fixed in a life boat. Madame Bonaparte, and her maids of honour, are all full dressed in cork jackets; and the Senate, Council of State, Legislative Body, the Tribunate, with all the Ministers, Prefects, Bishops, Cardinals, and the whole Legion of Honour, have put on jack boots, lined with cork.—The flying artillery is ready, and wail* anly for a fair wind to blow it over to England.
"Health and fraternity,
P. S. Two o'clock, A. M. "The Council of State are now deliberating whether it will be safer to carry the gun boats in balloons, or the balloons in the gun boats; to send the tlat.lx>ttomcd boats with the telegraphs, or the telegraphs with the flat-bottomed boats."
Advertisement stuck up at Charlestown, Carolina, by a German, who had lost his horse:
He is run avay agen, mine little pack horse; I rite him two tays en midle te nite, and ven he not viil sec shumpting, he shumps as if te divel was int, and he trows me town ; I not have sich fall since pefore I vas pornt. I buy him top on Jacob Shintcl Clymer j he hav five white feet pefore, mit von plack snip on his nose, von eye vill look plue like glass. He is pranded mit John Keisler Stanger, on his pchind tide, py his tail.
Whoever vill take up de said horse, and pring him to me, top of mine house, near Congaree, shall pay me two tollars revard, en if dey vill not pring me mine horse agen, I vill put de law in force ginst all de peoples.
The following singular circumstance lately occurred at Beenstan, in York