Page images
PDF
EPUB

Ber. It would be spoke to.
Mar.

Speak to it, Horatio. Hor. What art thou, that usurp’st this time of

night, Together with that fair and warlike form In which the majesty of buried Denmark Did sometimes march? by heaven I charge thee,

speak. Mar. It is offended. BER.

See! it stalks away. Hor. Stay; speak; speak I charge thee, speak.

[Exit Ġhoft. Mar. 'Tis gone, and will not answer. Ber. How now,

Horatio ? you tremble, and look pale: Is not this something more than fantasy? What think you of it?

Hor. Before my God, I might not this believe,
Without the sensible and true avouch
Of mine own eyes.
Mar.

Is it not like the king?
Hor. As thou art to thyself:
Such was the very armour he had on,
When he the ambitious Norway combated;
So frown'd he once, when, in an angry parle, 4

The word is of Saxon origin. So, in the old bl. 1. romance of Syr Eglamoure of Artoys:

“ He swore by him that barowed hell." Milton has adopted this phrase in his Comus : “ Amaz'd I stood, harrow'd with grief and fear!

STEEVENS. an angry parle,] This is one of the affected words introduced by Lyly. So, in Two Wise Men and all the Reft Fools, 1619:

that you told me at our last parle." STEEVENS.

He smote the sedded s Polack on the ice. 'Tis ftrange. Mar. Thus, twice before, and jump at this dead

hour,

s-fledded-] Afled, or fledge, is a carriage without wheels, made use of in the cold countries. So, in Tamburlaine, or the Scythian Shepherd, 1590:

upon an ivory fled
“ Thou shalt be drawn among the frozen poles.”

STEEVENS, 6 He fmote the fledded Polack on the ite.] Pole-ax in the common editions. He speaks of a prince of Poland whom he few in battle. He uses the word Polack again, Act II. sc. iv. Pope.

Polack was, in that age, the term for an inhabitant of Poland : Polaque, French. As in F. Davison's translation of Pafferatius's epitaph on Henry III. of France, published by Camden:

“ Whether thy chance or choice thee hither brings,
“ Stay, passenger, and wail the hap of kings.
“ This little stone a great king's heart doth hold,
“ Who rul'd the fickle French and Polacks bold:
“ Whom, with a mighty warlike host attended,
“ With trait'rous knife a cowled monfter ended.
“ So frail are even the highest earthly things!

Go, passenger, and wail the hap of kings." Johnson, Again, in The White Devil, or Vittoria Corombona, &c. 1612:

I scorn him “ Like a shav'd Polack." STEEVENS, All the old copies have Polax. Mr. Pope and the subsequent editors read-Palack; but the corrupted word shews, I think, that Shakspeare wrote- Polacks. Malone.

With Polack for Polander, the transcriber, or printer, might have no acquaintance; he therefore fubftituted pole-ax as the only word of like found that was familiar to his ear. Unluckily; however, it happened that the fingular of the latter has the fame found as the plural of the former. Hence it has been supposed that Shakspeare meant to write Polacks. We cannot well suppose that in a parley the King belaboured many, as it is not likely that provocation was given by more than one, or that on such an occasion he would have condescended to strike a meaner person than a prince,

STEVENS, -jump at this dead hour,] So, the 4to. 1604. The folio juft. Steevens. The correction was probably made by the author. JOHNSON,

7

With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch. Hor. In what particular thought to work, I

know not; But, in the gross and scope of mine opinion, This bodes some strange eruption to our state. MAR. Good now, sit down, and tell me, he that

knows, Why this same strict and most observant watch So nightly toils the subject of the land; And why such daily cast of brazen cannon, And foreign mart for implements of war; Why such impress of shipwrights, whose fore talk Does not divide the sunday from the week: What might be toward, that this sweaty hafte Doth make the night joint-labourer with the day; Who is't, that can inform me? Hor.

That can I ; At least, the whisper goes so. Our last king,

In the folio we sometimes find a familiar word subftituted for one more ancient. MALONE.

Jump and just were synonymous in the time of Shakspeare. Ben Jonson speaks of verses made on jump names, i. e. names that suit exactly.' Nath says" and jumpe imitating a verse in As in præsenti.” So, in Chapman's May Day', 1611:

Your appointment was jumpe at three, with me.” Again, in M. Kyffin's translation of the Andria of Terence, 1588: “ Comes he this day so jump in the very time of this

marriage?" STEEVENS. 8 In what particular ibaught to work,] i.e. What particular train of thinking to follow. STEEVENS.

gross and scope -] General thoughts, and tendency at large. JOHNSON.

2 daily caft-] The quartos read-coff. STEEVENS.

3 Why such impress of shipwrights,] Judge Barrington, Ohservations on the more ancient Statutes, p. 300, having observed that Shakspeare gives English manners to every country where his

9

Whose image even but now appear'd to us,
Was, as you know, by Fortinbras of Norway,
Thereto prick'd on by a most emulate pride,
Dar'd to the combat; in which, our valiant Hamlet
(For so this side of our known world esteem'd him,)
Did nay this Fortinbras ; who, by a seal'd com-

páct,
Well ratified by law, and heraldry,4
Did forfeit, with his life, all those his lands,
Which he stood seiz'd of, to the conqueror :
Against the which, a moiety competent
Was gaged by our king; which had return'd
To the inheritance of Fortinbras,
Had he been vanquisher; as, by the same co-mart,
And carriage of the article design'd,

scene lies, infers from this passage, that in the time even of Queen Elizabeth, shipwrights as well as seamen were forced to serve.

WHALLEY. Impress fignifies only the act of retaining shipwrights by giving them what was called Arelt money (from pret, Fr.j for holding thema

Puttenham, in his Art of Poefie, speaks of the Figure of Twynnes, borses and barbes, for barbed horses, venim & dartes, for venimous dartes," &c. FARMER.

law, and heraldry,] That is, according to the forms of law beraldry. When the right of property was to be determined by combat, the rules of heraldry were to be attended to, as well as those of law. M. MASON.

i. e. to be well ratified by the rules of law, and the forms prescribed jure feciali; such as proclamation, &c. MALONE.

-as, by the same co-mart, And carriage of the article defign’d,] Comart fignifies a bargain,

[ocr errors]

His fell to Hamlet: Now, fir, young Fortinbras,
Of unimproved mettle hot and full,
Hath in the skirts of Norway, here and there,
Shark'd up a list of landless resolutes,
For food and diet, to some enterprize
That hath a stomach in't:8 which is no other
(As it doth well appear unto our state,)
But to recover of us, by strong hand,
And terms compulsatory,' those foresaid lands

and carrying of the article, the covenant entered into to confirm that bargain. Hence we fee the common reading (covenant] makes a tautology. WARBURTON.

Thus the quarto, 1604. The folio reads as by the fame covenant: for which the late editions have given us--as by that covenant.

Co-mart is, I suppose, a joint bargain, a word perhaps of our poet's coinage. A mart fignifying a great fair or market, he would not have scrupled to have written to mart, in the senfe of to make a bargain. In the preceding speech we find mart used for bargain or purchase. Malone, He has not scrupled so to write in Cymbeline :

to mart, " As in a Romish ftew,” &c. See Vol. XIII. p. 58. Steevens.

And carriage of the article design’d,) Carriage, is import: design’d, is formed, drawn up between them. JOHNSON.

Cawdrey in his Alphabetical Table, 1604, defines the verb design thus: “ To marke out or appoint for any purpose." See also Minsheu's Dict. 1617: “ To defigne or shew by a token." Designed is yet used in this sense in Scotland. The old copies have dejeigne. The correction was made by the editor of the second folio.

MALONE. 6 Of unimproved &c.] Full of unimproved mettle, is full of spirit not regulated or guided by knowledge or experience. JOHNSON,

7 Shark'd up a lift &c.] I believe, to sbark up means to pick up without distinction, as the shark-fith collects his prey. The quartos read lawless, instead of landless. STEEVENS.

8 That hath a stomach in't:) Stomach, in the time of our author, was used for confiancy, resolution. Johnson.

9 And terms compulsatory,] Thus the quarto, 1604. The folio compulfative. STEVENS,

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »