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Hath done this deed on Cæsar. For your part,
To you our swords have leaden points, Mark Antony:
Our arms, in strength of malice, and our hearts,
Of brothers' temper, do receive you in
With all kind love, good thoughts, and reverence.1
Cas. Your voice shall be as strong as any man's
In the disposing of new dignities.
Bru. Only be patient, till we have appeas'd
The multitude, beside themselves with fear;
And then we will deliver you the cause,
Why I, that did love Cæsar when I struck him,
Have thus proceeded.
I doubt not of your wisdom.
Let each man render me his bloody hand :
First, Marcus Brutus, will I shake with you ;
Next, Caius Cassius, do I take your hand;
Now, Decius Brutus, yours ;now yours, Metellus;
Yours, Cinna ;-And my valliant Casca, yours;-
Though last, not least in love, yours, good Trebonius..
Gentlemen all,—alas! what shall I say?
My credit now stands on such slippery ground,
That one of two bad ways you must conceit me,
Either a coward or a flatterer.-
That I did love thee Cæsar, oh, 'tis true:
If ther. thy spirit look upon us now,
Shall it not grieve thee, dearer than thy death,
To see thy Antony making his peace,
Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,
Most noble ! in the presence of thy corse?
Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds,
Weeping as fast as they stream forth thy blood,
It would become me better than to close
In terms of friendship with thine enemies.
Pardon me, Julius!-Here wast thou bay'd, brave hart;
Here didst thou fall, and here thy hunters stand,
Sign'd in thy spoil, and crimson'd in thy lethe.
O world! thou wast the forest to this hart;
And this, indeed, O world, the heart of thee.-
How like a deer, stricken by many princes,
Dost thou here lie!
Cas. Mark Antony,
Pardon me, Caius Cassius;
The enemies of Cæsar shall say this;
Then in a friend it is cold modesty.
(1) Our arms, strong in deeds of malice towards Cæsar, and on that head united like brothers, yet receive you with all possible regard.
Cas. I blame you not for praising Cæsar so;
But what compact mean you to have with us?
Will you be prick'd in number of our friends,
Or shall we on, and not depend on you?
Ant. Therefore I took your hands ; but was, indeed,
Sway'd from the point, by looking down on Cæsar,
Friends am I with you all, and love you all;
Upon this hope, that you shall give me reasons
Why and wherein Cæsar was dangerous.
Bru. Or else were this a savage spectacle.
Our reasons are so full of good regard,
That were you, Antony, the son of Cæsar,
You should be satisfied.
That's all I seek :
And am moreover suitor that I may
Produce his body to the market-place;
And in the pulpit, as becomes a friend,
Speak in the order of his funeral.
Bru. You shall, Mark Antony.
Brutus, a word with you. You know not what you do: do not consent
That Antony speak in his funeral:
Know you how much the people may be mov'd
By that which he will utter?
By your pardon;
I will myself into the pulpit first,
And show the reason of our Cæsar's death :
What Antony shall speak, I will protest
He speaks by leave and by permission;
And that we are contented Cæsar shall
Have all true rites and lawful ceremonies.
It shall advantage more than do us wrong.
Cas. I know not what may fall : I like it not.
Bru. Mark Antony, here, take you Cæsar's body.
You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,
But speak all good you can devise of Cæsar;
And say you do't by our permission;
Else shall you not have any hand at all
About his funeral : And you shall speak
In the same pulpit whereto I am going,
After my speech is ended.
Be it so;
I do desire no more.
Bru. Prepare the body, then, and follow us.
[Exeunt all but ANTONY.
(1) Will you be set down in the number of our friends.
Ant. 0, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,
That I am meek and gentle with these butchers !
Thou art the ruins of the noblest man
That ever lived in the tide of times.
Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood !
Over thy wounds now do I prophesy,
Which, like dumb mouths, do ope their ruby lips,
To beg the voice and utterance of my tongue,
A curse shall light upon the limbs of men :
Domestic fury, and fierce civil strife,
Shall cumber all the parts of Italy :
Blood and destruction shall be so in use,
And dreadful objects so familiar,
That mothers shall but smile when they behold
Their infants quarter'd with the hands of war;
All pity chok'd with custom of fell deeds :
And Cæsar's spirit, ranging for revenge,
With Atél by his side, come hot from hell,
Shall in these confines, with a monarch's voice,
Cry “Havock," and let slip the dogs of war;2
That this foul deed shall smell above the earth
With carrion men groaning for burial.
Enter a Servant.
You serve Octavius Cæsar, do you not ?
Serv. I do, Mark Antony.
Ant. Cæsar did write for him to come to Rome. "
Serv. He did receive his letters, and is coming ;
And bid me say to you by word of mouth,
[Seeing the bod.
Ant. Thy heart is big; get thee apart and weep.
Passion, I see, is catching; for mine eyes,
Seeing those beads of sorrow stand in thine,
Began to water. Is thy master coming?
Serv. He lies to-night within seven leagues of Rome.
Ant. Post back with speed, and tell him what hath chanc'd : Here is a mourning Rome, a dangerous Rome, No Rome of safety for Octavius yet; Hie hence, and tell him so. Yet stay awhile ; Thou shalt not back till I have borne this corse Into the market-place: there shall I try, In my oration, how the people take The cruel issue of these bloody men; According to the which thou shalt discourse
(1) Até was the goddess of discord. (2) Some suppose that by the dogs of war are meant, sword, fire, and famine.
To young Octavius of the state of things.
Lend me your hand.
(Exeunt with CESAR's body.
SCENE II.—The same. The Forum.
Enter BRUTUS and CASSICS, and a throng of Citizens.
Cit. We will be satisfied ; let us be satisfied.
Bru. Then follow me, and give audience, friends.-
Cassius, go you into the other street,
And part the numbers. .
Those that will hear me speak, let them stay here;
Those that will follow Cassius, go with him ;
And public reasons shall be rendered
Of Cæsar's death.
I will hear Brutus speak.
2 Cit. I will hear Cassius ; and compare their reasons,
When severally we hear them rendered.
[Exit Cassius, with some of the Citizens.
BRUTUS goes into the Rostrum. 3 Cit. The noble Brutus is ascended : Silence !
Bru. Be patient till the last. Romans, countrymen, and lovers! hear me for my cause; and be silent, that you may hear : believe me for mine honour; and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe: censure me in your wisdom; and awake your senses, that you may the better judge. If there be any in this assembly, any dear friend of Crusar's, to him I say, that Brutus' love to Cæsar was no loss than his. If then that friend demand why Brutus rose against Cxsar, this is my answer,-Not that I loved Cæsar lons, but that I lov'd Rome more. Had you rather Cæsar were living, and die all slaves ; than that Cæsar were dead, to live all tree men As Cæsar lov'd me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him : but, as he was ambitious, I slew him: There is tears, for his love; joy, for his fortune; honour, for his valour; and death, for his ambition. Who is here so base that would be a bondman! If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here NO rude that would not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so vile that will not love his country If any, speak; for him have I offended. I pause for a reply. Ct, None, Brutus, none.
[Several speaking at once. Bru. Then none have I offended. I have done no more to Cæsar than you shall do to Brutus. The question of his death is enrolled in the Capitol ; his glory not extenuated, wherein he was worthy; nor his offences enforced, for which he suffered death.
Enter Antony and others, with CÆSAR's body. Here comes his body, mourned by Mark Antony: who though he had no hand in his death, shall receive the benefit of his dying, a place in the commonwealth : as which of you shall not? With this I depart: That, as I slew my best lover for the good of Rome, I have the same dagger for myself, when it shall please my country to need my death.
Cit. Live, Brutus, live! live!
1 Cit. Bring him with triumph home unto his house.
2 Cit. Give him a statue with his ancestors.
3 Cit. Let him be Cæsar.
Cæsar's better parts
Shall be crown'd in Brutus.
i Cit. We'll bring him to his house with shouts and clamours. Bru. My countrymen,2 Cit.
Peace; silence! Brutus speaks. 1 Cit. Peace, ho!
Bru. Good countrymen, let me depart alone,
And, for my sake, stay here with Antony:
Do grace to Cæsar's corpse, and grace his speech
Tending to Cæsar's glories; which Mark Antony,
By our permission, is allow'd to make.
I do entreat you not a man depart,
Save I alone, till Antony have spoke.
[Exit. 1 Cit. Stay, ho! and let us hear Mark Antony.
3 Cit. Let him go up into the public chair; We'll hear him : noble Antony, go up.
Ant. For Brutus' sake, I am beholding to you.
4 Cit. What does he say of Brutus ?
He says for Brutus’ sake, He finds himself beholding to us all.
4 Cit. 'Twere best he speak no harm of Brutus here.
1 Cit. This Cæsar was a tyrant.
Nay, that's certain :.
We are bless'd that Rome is rid of him.
2 Cit. Peace; let us hear what Antony can say.
Ant. You gentle Romans,
Peace, ho! let us hear.
Ant. Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears ;
I come to bury Cæsar, not to praise him.
The evil that men do lives after them;
The good is oft interred with their bones;
So let it be with Cæsar. The noble Brutus
Hath told you Cæsar was ambitious :
If it were so, it was a grievous fault ;
And grievously hath Cæsar answer'd it.