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practical manner; that on Anatomy and Physiology by Dissections and Preparations; that on Materia Medica by requiring candidates to describe specimens of Drugs, and Pharmaceutical Preparations; that on Chemistry by the application of tests and other modes of analysis ; and in the Examinations on Medicine and Surgery practical knowledge is tested in the Wards of an Hospital, and the candidates are required to describe morbid specimens and microscopic preparations.

HENRY A. PITMAN,

Registrar.

(1867.)

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF LONDON.

BYE-LAWS RELATING TO MEMBERS,

I.

The Members of the College, present and future, shall be alone eligible to the Fellowship. They shall have the use of the Library and Museum, subject to the Regulations relating thereto, and shall be admitted to all Lectures, and shall enjoy such further privileges as may from time to time be defined by the Bye-Laws; but they shall not be entitled to any share in the government, or to attend or vote at General Meetings, of the Corporation.

All persons who have been admitted before February 16th, 1859, Licentiates of the College, shall be entitled to be admitted Members of the College, provided that they have, since their admission as Licentiates, obeyed the Bye-Laws, and do accept such Membership, and engagé henceforth to obey the Bye-Laws of the College.

II.

III.

Any Extra-Licentiate who shall have produced Testimonials as to character satisfactory to the Censors, and shall have assured the said Censors that he is not engaged in the practice of Pharmacy, and who shall comply with such other Regulations as are required by the ByeLaws of the said Corporation, may be proposed to the College to be admitted a Member of the College.

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IV.

Any person who shall have satisfied the College touching his acquirements in general Science and Literature, and his knowledge of Medicine, Surgery, and Midwifery, and who shall comply with the Bye-Laws and Regulations of the College, may be proposed to the College to be admitted a Member of the College.

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Every candidate for the Membership of the College, under the last Bye-Law, who shall have commenced his Professional Studies after September 1861, shall satisfy the Censors' Board that previously to the commencement of his Professional Studies he has obtained a Degree in Arts from some University of the United Kingdom or of the Colonies, or from some other University specially recognized by the Medical Council, or that he has passed Examinations equivalent to those required for a Degree in Arts. All other candidates for Membership shall be examined on the subjects of General Education by the President and Censors of the College.

Every candidate for Membership shall furnish proof that he has attained the age of twenty-five years.

VI.

VII.

Every candidate shall produce a Testimonial from a Fellow or Member

the College, satisfactory to the Censors' Board, to the effect that, as regards moral character and conduct, he is a fit and proper person to be admitted a Member of the College.

VIII.

Every candidate (except such as shall be admissible under the provisions of Sections XV. and XVI.) shall produce proof of his having been engaged in Professional Studies during a period of five years, of which four years at least shall have been passed at a Medical School or Schools, recognized by the College.

IX.

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Every candidate (except such as shall be admissible under the provisions of Sections XV. and XVI.) shall produce evidence, satisfactory to the Čensors' Board, of his having studied the following subjects :

ANATOMY (WITH DISSECTIONS). During Two Winter Sessions.* PHYSIOLOGY

Two Winter Sessions. CHEMISTRY

Six Months. PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY

Three Months. MATERIA MEDICA

Three Months. PRACTICAL PHARMACY

Three Months. By Practical Pharmacy is meant Instruction in the Laboratory of a Registered Medical Practitioner, or of a Member of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, or of a Public Hos

pital or Dispensary recognized by the College. BOTANY

Three Months. This Course of Lectures may be attended prior to the commencement of Professional Studies; and any candidate producing satisfactory evidence that Botany formed one of the subjects of his Preliminary Examination will be exempt

from attendance on this Course. MORBID ANATOMY .

Six Months.
This includes attendance and Instruction in the
Post-Mortem Room during the period of Clini-

cal Study.
PRINCIPLES & PRACTICE OF MEDICINE Two Winter Sessions.
It is required that the Principles of Public Health
should be comprised in this Course of Lectures,
or in the Course of Lectures on Forensic
Medicine.
The attendance on these Lectures must not
commence earlier than the second Winter

Session at a recognized Medical School.
PRINCIPLES & PRACTICE OF SURGERY Two Winter Sessions.
The attendance on these Lectures must not
commence earlier than the second Winter
Session at a recognized Medical School.

Three Winter Sessions and
CLINICAL MEDICINE
The attendance on these Lectures must not
commence earlier than the second Winter

Session at a recogi.ized Medical School. CLINICAL SURGERY

Two Summer Sessions. The attendance on these Lectures must not commence earlier than the second Winter

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Session at a recognized Medical School. By Clinical Medicine and Clinical Surgery are meant special Study and Instruction at the

bed-side, with Lectures on Cases. MIDWIFERY & THE DISEASES PECULIAR)

Three Months.
TO WOMEN
Certificates must also be produced of attendance

on not less than twenty Labours, and of In

struction and Proficiency in Vaccination. FORENSIC MEDICINE

Three Months.

* The Winter Session comprises a period of six months, and the Summer Session

a period of three months.

of having attended diligently during three Winter Sessions and three Summer Sessions the Medical Practice, and during three Winter Sessions and two Summer Sessions the Surgical Practice, of an Hospital containing at least 100 beds; of having been engaged during six months in the Clinical Study of Diseases peculiar to Women; and of having served the office of Clinical Clerk in the Medical Wards during at least six months.

[The requirements printed in italics apply to candidates who commenced their Professional Education in the United Kingdom on or after October 1st, 1867 ; and to candidates who commenced their Professional Education at a recognized Foreign or Colonial School on or after October 1st, 1868.]

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Every candidate who has prosecuted his studies abroad, whether in part or to the full extent required by the preceding Bye-Law (except such as shall be admissible under the provisions of Section XVI.), shall

, nevertheless, bring proof of his having attended during at least twelve months, the Medical Practice of an Hospital in the United Kingdom containing at least 100 beds.

XI.

If the Censors Board doubt the sufficiency of the Certificates and Testimonials produced by any candidate, or his fitness, in any respect, for admission to Examination, they may submit the case to a General Meeting of the Fellows.

XII.

No canaidate shall be admitted to Examination who is engaged in trade; or who dispenses medicine, or makes any engagement with a Chemist, or any other person, for the supply of medicines; or who practises Medicine or Surgery in partnership, by deed or otherwise, so long as that partnership continues.

XIII. No candidate shall be admitted to Examination who refuses to make known, when required by the President and Censors, the nature and composition of any remedy he uses.

XIV.

Every candidate (except in cases specially exempted), under Sections XV. & XVI., shall give proof of his acquirements by written answers to questions placed before him, and shall be examined vivâ voce at three separate Examinations, and shall be approved by the President and Censors, or by the major part of them.

XV.

Any candidate who has already obtained the Degree of Doctor or Bachelor of Medicine at a University in the United Kingdom, wherein the Courses of Study, and the Examinations to be undergone by the Students previously to graduation, shall have been adjudged by the Censors' Board to be entirely satisfactory, shall be exempt. (if the Censors shall think fit) from all or any parts of the Examinations hereinbefore described, except such as relate to the Third or Pass Examination ; the nature and extent of which Examination shall, in the case of each candidate, be determined by the Censors' Board. Every candidate for the Membership will, however, be required to translate into

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English a passage from a Latin author, and he will have the opportunity of showing a knowledge of Greek, or of one or more of the modern European languages.

XVI.

If any candidate who has attained the age of forty years shall produce Testimonials not merely satisfactory as to his moral character and conduct, and his general and professional acquirements, but further showing that he has improved the art or extended the science of Médicine, or has at least distinguished himself highly as a Medical Practitioner; the Censors' Board, having well weighed and considered these Testimonials, may, if they see fit, submit them to the Fellows at a General Meeting, and it shall be determined by the votes of the Fellows present, or of the majority of them, taken by ballot, whether the candidate shall be admitted to Examination, which shall, in every such case, be as full and complete as the Censors may deem sufficient.

XVII.

Any candidate who shall produce satisfactory evidence of having passed an Examination on Anatomy and Physiology, conducted by any of the Bodies named in Schedule (A) to the Medical Act, and recognized by the College as requiring a Course of Study and an Examination satisfactory to the College, will be exempt from re-examination on the subjects of the Primary Examination.

XVIII.

Any candidate who shall have obtained a Degree in Surgery, at a University in the United Kingdom, after a course of Study and an Examination satisfactory to the College, will be exempt from re-examination on Surgical Anatomy, and the Principles and Practice of Surgery.

XIX.

Any candidate who shall have passed the Examination on Surgery conducted by the Royal College of Surgeons of England, or the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, or the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, after a Course of Study and an Examination satisfactory to the College, will be exempt from re-examination on Surgical Anatomy, and on the Principles and Practice of Surgery.

XX.

Every candidate approved by the Censors' Board shall be proposed, at the next General Meeting of Fellows, as qualified to become a Member of the College; and if the majority of the Fellows present shall consent, he shall, on complying with the Regulations prescribed by the ByeLaws, be admitted a Member of the College.

XXI,

No one shall be admitted (except such as shall be admissible under the provisions of Sections II. & III.) a Member of the College, unless he shall give his assent to the following words, addressed to him by the President in the presence of the Fellows : You give your faith that you will observe and obey the Statutes, Bye-Laws, and Regulations of this

* See Regulations relating to the Examinations.

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