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continued to be the agent and mu. The hopes which this intelligence nicipal magistrate of the Levant excited were greatly damped by a Company, for the regulation of the letter from Mr. Spencer Smythe, factories, and in the exercise of con. dated Constantinople, 15th April, sular powers, as to trade, navigation, 1801, and addressed to Francis &c. This station he held till Janua. Tweddell, Esq. He assures Mr. ry, 1801, when Lord Elgin was Tweddell, that such a change of recommended by the Crown. But circumstances had taken place, as Mr. T'weddell's effects, sent from not only rendered his good offices Athens, arrived at Constantinople in touching the affairs in question use1799 : it belonged therefore to Mr. less, but doomed him to become an. Smythe immediately and officially to impotent spectator of so much missuperintend their management, and management as made the topic very Lord Elgin had no right to interfere. ungrateful.. He complains in strong This assumption of power was irre. terms of Lord Elgin's encroachgular and unauthorized. It is fur- ments, and laments that “ an inter. ther obvious, that he had no right to ference, which he must reprobate as touch the property left with Mr. highly officious and indelicate (to Thornton : Mr. Thornton seems to apply no other epithel), should have have given it up under an appre. made all his regard for the memory hension of his lordship's power, at of the deceased, as well as his own least equal to bis conviction, that the zeal for the same literary pursuits, ambassarlor had a right to take it. of no avail towards a proper and ad
6. Ar the time we are speaking of," vantageous management of his afhe observes, " I was only a merchant fairs, at Constantinople ; and as such was dependent in a great degree on the s To a person of your undoubted expe. ambassador's good pleasure for the rience and sagacity, I must have expressed protection, and consequently for the enough for my meaning to be comprehendsuccess of my business.” See pp. good when I may be enabled viva voce to
ed ; or if not, the deficiency can be made 379 and 462.
assure you of my being with perfect truth Let us now examine what means and regard,” &c. &c.---p. 413. were adopted to recover these effects.
Application was in the first in. Letters were sent from England stance made to the noble lord by the to Dr. Clarke, then on his travels venerable father of the deceased : in the East, soliciting his good offices to that gentleman* no answer was in this mysterious business: and all returned; but some intimations, of a other likely methods of access were satisfactory nature, were transmitted l'esorted to; but in vain. With , in December, 1799, by his lordship respect to Dr. Clarke, the Editor to a particular friend.
says: * In a letter to Mr. Smythe, dated Gala. “Let the accomplished traveller, to ta, May 29,1809, Mr. Thornton observes- whom I confidently refer, correct me, if I
Although I delivered Mr. Tweddell's am wrong in asserting, that his representa. letters some time since into Lord Elgin's tions at the English palace in Constantino. hands, he never mentioned the subject but 'ple, though addressed in the most respect. once, and then so slightly, that I could not ful and earnest manner, were met with continue it. The fin mot of the business rudeness and rebuke; with a pointed is this the whole hive (I shall not deler. refusal to enter into the particulars which mine whether wasps or bees) are extract. formed the subject of inquiry; and with a ing from poor Tweddell's papers whatever general, but positive, declaration, that the is worthy of his lordship's patronage; and property bad been sent bome in compli. the petilion of Mr. Tweddiell, the faiher, ance with the instructions of Mr. Twed. 'will lie on the table sine die."-p. 466, dell's father; and that the interference of
the gentleman referred to was equally su. the Duncan, and that Mr. Thornton perfluous and unauthorized.”-pp.357, 358.
was consulied on the subject.
What then is the opposing evidence? The hope was, however,, still in. dulged, that on account of Lord El-,
1. The ship Duncan sailed from gin's attachment to the antiquities
of Constantinople, on the 5th of Octo
ber,* 1800: and it has been ascertainGreece, and the high value which he would, therefore, probably affix to
ed by the most patient and diligent Mr. T'weddell’s manuscripts, &c. he
inquiry of Custom house books, &c.
&c. that there is not the slightest might have taken some of the most important into his own peculiar care, ing been put on board that ship.
trace of any part of the property have with a view to transmit them to the family on his return. Unhappily his though in Constantinople at the time
2. Mr. Thornton's statement, that lordship was detained for some years when Professor Carlyle was return. rived in England, appeared incompe. ing to England, and in the habit of tent to tell any thing about the proper- he never heard that he had any thiog
communicating with that gentleman, ty, except that it had been sent home.
to do with the shipping of the propNow, when and by whom was it
erty in question: on the contrary, Prosent to England ?
fessor Carlyle expressed his readi. In reply to a letter of the editor,
ness to Mr. Thornton to convey to urging the importance of clearing up Mr. Tweddell's family any intellithis mysterious affair, an answer was received from Lord Elgin ; the pur. gence he might wish to convey to port of which was, that his memory
them respecting his papers, proper. did not supply him with recollection's ly, &c. &c.
3. Professor Carlyle, had frequent sufficiently precise for that purpose :
conversations with Mr. Losh, after that his impression was, that the property had been sent home, either his return, from which it would apby the late Professor Carlyle, or in a pear that no part of Mr. Tweddell's merchantman called the Duncan; but property had been entrusted to his that he is unable to discover, either
care. He is stated, however, to have in his mind, or among his
expressed an opinion, that “ his lord.
papers, any memorandum alluding to the ship would noi take the property in any memorandum alluding to the question, because he did not see how transaction ; and in conclusion,
he could convert it into money.” p. “he insists on the length of the interval 460. which has elapsed since the date of the trans. 4. The alleged fact, that some of actions; and, having intimated how very the drawings in question were actual. transiently the matters in debate originally ly in the possession of Lord Elgin came before him, and how anxiously he has availed himself of his fading impressions long after the specified time. If ihe to give all possible information on a subject editor be correct in his authorities, so extremely interesting, the noble earl takes his account is decisive. After stat. his leave, by expressing a general persua. ing that his lordship had transferred sion, that every thing relating to Mr. Twed. Mr. Tweddell's property to his own dell's concerns must have been sufficiently explained at the time in one way or other residence, he proceeds thus : -pp. 364, 365.
“It is an undeniable fact, that Mr. Twed. The account of the noble lord cor. dell's Athenian effects were not only transresponds in some degree with that offerred at that time in the mode described, his chaplain, Dr. Hunt. The doctor believes that the papers, &c. were *Ten months after Lord Elgin had obtain. shipped by Professor Carlyle on board ed possession of Mr. Tweddell's effects.
but that very shortly afterwards they un- it is difficult to say how far a man derwent a second removal, and the whole may be deceived. We think it not of the property was then taken by his lord.
improbable, that he may find it ex. ship to his private villa in the village of Belgrad, at the distance of about twelve pedient to confirm or to contradict miles from Constantinople; and if I am to
several of the statements which are credit information, which rests on authority here produced. We must frankly the most respectable, derived on the spot confess, that we consider him as a and in circulation at the time, my brother's
ght to be able to throw journals and various collections were accessible to the eyes of all visiters at the villa, light upon the subject: and if we and to the hands of certain individuals," stood in the same relation to the &c.--pp. 367, 368.
ambassador with himself, we should,
for many reasons, lose no time in " It is ascertained from positive testimo. furnishing the world with a full and ny, that so late as the end of 1801, whichi
clear account. 'was nearly two years from the arrival of the effects from Athens, his lordship being
We conclude by observing, that if then at Bouyukdéré, and walking there on the impression which will be felt by the quay, entered into familiar conversation all the readers of this work be unjust with the late Mr. Thornton ; with feelings and unfounded, seldom has it fallen of evident vexation, he expressed the severe
to the lot of a human being to be disappointment le har just experienced, in the refusal of one of his retinue to proceed placed in a more cruel situation than to Athens, for the superintendence of his the noble lord. It appears upon the
pursuits in Greece'-' particularly after I most respeciable evidence, that his had prepared him for the purpose, by allow; lordship possessed himself of all the ing him the use of Tweddell’s papers and packages, belonging to Mr. Twedcollections.
dell, that came from Greece, al“ A single additional circumstance shall though consigned to another person : close the present account. A quantity of that he took them, not to the official drawings, known to have formed part of place the British Chancery_but to Mr. Tweddell's collection, and exhibiting his own dwelling house : that he costume in singular beauty, were seen in ordered likewise to his own house Lord Elgin's possession at different tiines, and at distant periods from the date of the all the property, which had been left original transaction ; they were kept by his at Constantinople under the care of lordship with the avowed intention of hav. Mr. Thornton : that he suffered the ing them copied, and with a farther view of
packages which had been under their being taken home by himself, or, on
water to remain several weeks in his own account, by a confidential person.”
his cellar before they were exposed -pp. 368, 369.
to the light, although urged to open The case is now before our read- them without delay: that he openers,
and we have little inclination to 'ed, without authoriiy, the trunks add any observations of our left at Mr. Thornton's; that all upon this extraordinary subject. the several articles were laid If the statements of this work be chairs and tables în a room of his correct, and we see no reason to own house, of which his lordship doubt their correctness, the inference took the key : that in a few week's is inevitable. What the opinion of the trunks, lef originally with Mr. Mr. Thornton was, so late as the Thornton, were sent back to the year 1813, may be seen by his let. warehouse, without the manuscripts, ters, p. 376: and till some very drawings, &c. which they had conpowerful evidence shall be adduced tained : that the manuscripts and on the opposite side of the question, drawings of Mr. Tweddeil were the same also is likely to be the im- taken to his lordship's countrypression of the public.
house, and were in the hands of We abstain from any reflections the gentlemen of the embassy : that upon the explicitness or consistency the application of Mr. Tweddell's of the letters from Dr. Hunt; for venerable father for the recovery of
his son's property was neglected, under Queen Elizabeth, to the and deemed unworthy of an answer: Passing of the Act of Uniformity that the interference of Mr. Smythe in 1662 : by the Rev. BENJAMIN and Dr. Clarke was treated by his BROOK, 3 vols. 8vo. 11. 169. 1813. lordship in a way not calculated to invite a repetition of it: that there The work we here present to the is no document of any sort, either acquaintance of our readers, is one at Constantinople (where it would deserving of no ordinary consideracertainly have existed) or else- lion. To say the truth, we have where, to prove that the property watched it for some length of time was ever shipped by Professor Car- lying upon our table, under a degree lyle or Mr. Thornton on board the of painful suspense, as to whal manDuncan, or any other vessel : that ner we might adopt, so as, with the Professor Carlyle, in faci, had no greatest propriety and the least of knowledge of any such transaction: fence, to bring it into notice. On the that Mr. Thornton believed not one hand, we perceive in it marks of one word of it: that a part of the very uncommon labour and inde fati. property was seen in the possession gable research, to which the short of Lord Elgin long after the Duncan limits of a review can do but very un. had sailed : and finally, that the equal justice: and on the other, we no whole of it, prehaps the most valu. less easily discover qualities which able literary property which any will demand the severer exercise of traveller has collected in modern our critical powers. As a memorial tines, has totally disappeared. of times and persons to which we are
Such is, in few words, the sum of under the greatest obligation, we the chief items in the appendix : if owe it the most serious attention ; these treasures should ever come to as not an impartial memorial, we light, we confess that to us it will be cannot withhold much, in our opi. an event beyond all our expectations. nion, merited censure. It will be It cannot, however, be doubted that impossible for us, as sincere church. his lordship, and perhaps Dr. Hunt, men, not to animadvert strongly on will, for their own sakes, set about a the principles on which the whole most diligent inquiry; and that we work is constructed; though, we shall soon hear something fariher trust, as equally sincere Christians, upon the subject.
we shall feel every disposition to The whole of this detail may, in afford them the most candid exami. the eyes of some of our readers, nation. Assuming our right, as im• seem foreign to the objecis of the partial critics, to speak fully to these Christian Observer ; but surely it several points (and without such a is impossible for any one who feels right we should not speak at all,) we for the general interests of litera- shall proceed to our critical underture, or who is actuated by a love of taking, not courting the favour nor justice, to be indifferent to the pro. fearing the frown, we trust, of any gress and issue of such a discussion; class of religious profession, whether and we regard it even as a duty to within the pale of the church or do what in us lies to bring it fairly beyond it. before the public.
We cannot but consider this work as by far the fullest and most
complete memorial of Puritanical The Lives of the Puritan: ; contain. worthies, of any that has ever yet ing a Biographical Account of those appeared. It seems to be written Divines who distinguished them. with the express view of perpetuat. selves in the Cause of Religious ing the memory of every Puritan Liberiy, from the Reformation divine of note, from the earliest
dawn of the Reformation, to the but in days of greater Christian freeAct of Uniformity in 1662 : and as dom”-adding, “ Shall we not be such, we presume, will be esteemed constrained to exclaim, the lines are a valuable possession by every per- fallen to us in pleasant places; yea, son, who, either by descent, by Lord, thou hast given us a goodly reading, or any other means, should heritage?" Pref. p. xxiii. feel himself interested in any single We must own this very exclama. divine of that large school. The in. tion of our memorialist leads us to dustrious reader will form one very plain and obvious question, idea, perhaps feel some jealousy, which may equally apply to all works of the labours of a compilation of a similar tendency in the present which professes to have been drawn age, viz. : What is the necessity from authorities contained in 55 now existing for their publication ! works in folio, 26 works in quarto, 36 And is not the emission of such works in octavo, besides various statements as those of Mr. Brook at MSS. yielding “a great variety of a time when confessedly the ends most interesting and curious informa. of Christian freedom are mainly tion never before printed.” It is im- obtained, likely to ope rather possible to doubt that “the author unfavourably than favourably on the of these volumes has spared no minds both of those who have grantlabour nor expense in the collection ed, and those who have received, the of materials;'' and when we find in boon? May not the giver complain, his pages an authentic biographical that past ills are somewhat peevishly memoir, of nearly 500 persons, in thrown in his teeth, when all grounds many cases very full, and, subjoined for present complaint have been long to alí, a correct list of their respec- studiously removed? And may not tive works (an undertaking itself of the receiver be apt to imagine by considerable labour), we cannot but these reiterated calls to religious consider this persevering biographer, patriotism, that all is not yet obtained as having carried away the prize of which he has a right to expect? We intense application from all histo. look in vain for an answer to these rians of the same times.
questions, in the spirited dedication It would be superfluous to add, of this work, “ to the rising generathat a zeal well proportioned to the tion among the various denomina. industry with which these volumes tions of Protestants." We observe have been compiled, appears through nothing that is to operate favourably out them-a most ardent zeal in the upon the menibers of the Establishcause of what the author strongly ment, on the one hand, by being told feels to have been injured innocence thal of the rulers of these times pere --and a most unquestioned and un- secured the Puritans with wanton bound ed allachment to the cause of cruelty, in total contempt of every religious liberty. It may be deemed sacred law, of every just principle, still higher praise to say of such a and of every humane feeling :' nor writer, that he withholds himself on the other, upon the rising generafrom any strong reflections on those tion of the various denominations of of his own contemporaries, who Protestants, by being asked, “ With might be supposed to inherit some. what feelings will you receive the thing of the zeal of their fore- precious inheritance ? fathers, against the innovations of lightly esteem what they so highly the Puritans; and that he even valued? Will you stand aloof from prompts us “10 contrast our own the cause which they watched with circumstances with theirs, and to be jealous vigilance, and defended with exciled to the "warmest thankfulness, invincible courage? If the blood of that we live not in the puritanic age, these men run in your veins, if the