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consecutively, according to their appearance in the 1549 edition, and the main object has been to afford a ready reference to the corresponding rubricks where there are several in one page. But above and beyond this, it has been found of great use in giving cross references, and especially in those cases where the order of a set of rubricks has been re-arranged. This is so especially in the Order for the Administration of the Lord's Supper. In the Book itself, the rubricks of the later editions have been brought into correspondence, as to position, with those of the 1549 edition, so that any alterations in the words (and there are many) can be seen. therefore, only by intervening notes that it was found possible to shew the actual order adopted in each successive revision.

At the same time, to add completeness to the work, it is thought well to print in a tabular form, as an Appendix, a complete list of the Rubricks in their changed orders, so that a comparison of the structure of the service under the different systems might be afforded ; and in this table the same consecutive numbers are still appended to the Rubricks, so that a break in the numbers shews at once a change in the order.

Another advantage has been gained by numbering the rubricks. At the end of this volume will be found an INDEX AND CONCORDANCE, which, without this plan, could not have been compiled. It has often occurred to the Editor that such a Concordance was wanted, but if made simply to apply to our own book, it would have been without much of its value. To understand the exact meaning of a word, it is always useful to see in what sense and in what combination it occurs elsewhere in the same book; but in the case of the PrayerBook it is important to know whether the word occurred in previous revisions of the same, and if so, under what circumstances. It was impossible to draw any line as to what class of words should be included, and what omitted. A word of little importance in itself receives a value sometimes from the different contexts with which it is placed, so that several apparently trivial words have been admitted, rather than omit one which should prove to be of importance.

It is for example important to observe the disuse of the term Altar, and the substitution in the later books of the terms Table, the Holy Table, the Lord's Table, God's board, &c. The two latter were not however new terms, as it will be seen they occur in the Prayer-Book of 1549.

Again, it is not without interest to mark the continuance or disuse of customs, so far as the Prayer-Book enjoins them, e.g. Absolution, Abstinence, Anointing, Anthems, Banns, Benediction, Breaking the bread, Casting earth upon the corpse, bearing the Charges of the Communion, Confession, Consecration of the Bread and Wine, Covering of the same, making the Cross upon the forehead, Daily Communion, Daily Service, Excommunication, finding the Holy loaf, Introits, putting a little Water into the Wine, and such like.

Or to mark the omission or continuance of the appointment of what may be classed generally under the term “Ornaments," e.g. the Albe, the Bell, the Chalice, the Chrisom, the Cope, the Corporal, the Flagons, the Font, the Hoods, the Paten, the Poor-men's-box, the Pulpit or Reading Pew, the Ring, the Surplice, the Tunicle, the Vestment, and the Wafer-bread.

Although occupying a considerable space, it has been thought best to give a complete list of the uses of the words Priest, Minister, and Presbyter. Although a strenuous effort was made by the Puritan party to get rid of the word Priest from the Prayer-Book altogether, it will be seen that the use is quite as frequent in 1662 as in 1549.

Again, as said before, words of little importance by themselves may become of value when grouped. A glance over the Index, for instance, will shew what was considered (so far as the rubricks are concerned) to be accustomed, agreeable, appointed, approved, by authority, commanded, commonly done, convenient, customably due, at discretion, as duties, enjoined, exhorted to, referred to the Ordinary, prescribed, provided, shall suffice, is thought good, is usual, or is used.

Of course, an additional series of words from Injunctions, Canons, &c., would be required in order to supply a complete conspectus of the rules, &c., prescribed by the Church in Liturgical matters; but that is far beyond the scope, if not of the present work, at least of the present volume.

It was intended to prefix to the volume an Introduction, containing some account of the several Revisions, and giving as far as possible the documentary evidence; but it was found that the insertion of the Concordance extended the book to its utmost limits; and the Introduction, therefore, which was to have occupied some 30 or 40 pages, has been allowed to expand itself into 300 or 400 pages, and consequently to make a companion volume.

This unforeseen extension has caused considerable delay, but opportunity has been thereby afforded to the Editor to examine for himself the materials on which such history has to be written.

For the Revisions of 1552, 1559, 1604, and 1637, we are dependent upon a few records preserved in Collections such as Fox, Strype, &c. But for the 1661 revision, we have Cosin's own book (at Durham), the fair transcript by Sancroft (in the Bodleian at Oxford), the final series of corrections, still in Sancroft's handwriting, as agreed upon by the House of Convocation (preserved in the House of Lords), and finally the copy which was annexed to the Act of Uniformity (preserved in the same place). It has been a task of some labour to bring the materials together, coupled with the historical matter which can be gleaned from other sources; but unless any unforeseen accident causes delay, it is hoped that before the close of the year this additional volume will be ready for issue.

TURL, Nov. 6, 1876.

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* Londini in Officina

Edouardi Whitchurche.
Cum privilegio ad imprimendum solum.

Anno Do. 1549, Mense Martii.

Various Imprints. B Same as above, except Anno Do. M.D.XLIX. Mense Martii. 1549, Mense Maii.

E Ditto (but a different book). c Ditto, Anno Do. 1549, Mense Junii. F Ditto (but a different book).

D Londini In Officina Richardi Graf- G Tlligorniæ in Officina Ioannis Ofwani. toni Regii Impressoris. Cum Privilegio. cum privilegio ad imprimendum solum. ad Imprimendum solum. Anno Domini Anno Do. 1549, Mense Julii.

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Various Imprints.
B Londini in Officina Edovardi Whyt-
churche Cum privilegio ad Im Primendum
Solum. Anno 1552.

c Londini in Officina Richardi Graftoni Regii Impressoris Cum privilegio ad imprimendum Solum. Anno 1552.

D Ditto (but a different book).

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