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TRENTON FALLS. This beautiful scene is on West Canada creek, about sixteen miles north of Utica. Some estimate may be made of the quantity of water in the stream from its length, which is near sixty miles. It has its source in the same district with Black river, and pursuing a southwesterly direction about twenty five miles, it then turns to the southeast, and after winding its way among the northern Katskills, rushing down numerous precipices, and forming beautiful and romantic cascades, at length joins the waters of the Mohawk three fourths of a mile below the village of Herkimer, and about six miles above Little Falls.

The rock over wbich the water tumbles is a chocolate colored carbonate of lime ; its strata, as at Niagara and throughout the Genesee country, are horizontal and of various thickness. The greatest depth of the channel the water has worn through the rock, is from an hundred and fifty to two hundred feet. There are four principal cascades, all of which are within the space of a mile and a quarter; the first of these is forty feet, the second eight, the third about thirty tive, and the fourth is a succession of falls equal in elevation, perhaps, to the three preceding united. The course of the channel through the rock is serpentine, and the beauty of the scene is heightened from the circumstance that no two of the cascades can be viewed at the same time. The banks are almost, perpendicular, and in some places even projecting over the water; they are covered with a thick growth of cedar, and the view afforded of them from the bed of the river is beautiful and interesting. The chasm is very narrow, so much that in some instances the passage up and down the stream is frightful if not dangerous.A scanty path way has of late been made into the rock by blasting; this, however, is only wide enough for one person, and was it not for a chain securely attached to strong iron bars inserted into the wall rising almost perpendicular above you, the passage would be considered impracticable. The path is elevated from twenty to thirty feet above the stream, and the channel at this place is so extremely narrow, and the descent so great, that the current hurries by with the rapidity of lightning. The view of the water from this spot, dashing from rock to rock, its deafening roar, the stupendous walls that tower above you, the commotion and agony in the gulph beneath, is imposing, grand and terrific.

The descent to the bottom of the chasm is by means of a staircase erected a short distance below the first fall. It is from the

bed of the river only that this most enchanting scenery can be viewed to any advantage. The first object that meets the eye after descending the stair-case is a small cascade, of six or seven feet a little below, on the right. The stream only a few yards in width, pursuing the serpentine and fantastic channel it has worn through the rock, indicates from its wild and agitated appearance the commotion that may be found above. The only route to view the different falls is along the west side of the river on a narrow beach composed of a horizontal bed of lime rock; this varies in width: in some places it may be twenty or thirty feet, others not more than two or three. Pursuing the stream a few rods, the water assumes a quicker and more lively motion, and soon the dull rumbling sound of the cataract strikes the ear. A little further on, and a short turn in the chasm brings in view one of the most delightful and picturesque scenes that can be imagined ; it is the first cascade of forty perpendicular feet. The sudden and unexpected manner in which the spectator comes within sight of it, the brilliant colors of the water, the column of spray banging above it, the rock from which it is precipitated, the branching cedars that shoot out laterally from the giddy cliffs, and the whole surrounding scenery, conspire to make the view romantic and beautiful.

Climbing above this, a second cascade soon presents itself. The rock over which it falls intersecting the stream at right angles, seems a wall of square masonry. The water being shallow and extending over a large surface rolls over the ledge in a smooth and almost unruffled sheet. It is a quiet and peaceful scene, and is happily contrasted with the rage and tumult both above and below. Passing above this, which resembles more the work of art than of nature, still another fall descending about thirty five feet appears. This, in the quantity of water, elevation of the ledge, and character of the accompanying scenery, is so similar to the first as to render a description needless.

The fourth, and last of any note, consists of a mass of cascades, and in the variety of objects and novelty of appearance is not less interesting than those already mentioned. The impetuosity of the current, its ungovernable rage and fury, now leaping wild and delirious among ragged rocks, now plunging headlong down their steep sides, and there boiling and whirling in torture,

"Its darkly dashing stream,

“ Hoarse sounding on the breeze," constitute a view indiscribably beautiful and picturesque.

The falls are not the only entertainment this delightful spot affords. The abundant petrifactions scattered over the rocks constitute a subject of great interest and curiosity. A museum of organic remains collected in the vicinity is already extensive. Many of the articles have been found lying loose on the surface of the rock, while others have been procured by blasting. In some places the number is so great that the whole ledge seems composed almost entirely of once animated beings. They consist exclusively of marine animals of every kind and description, and from their astonishing abundance one would be led to conclude, that this part of the country, at some unknown period in the history of the globe, had been set apart as the grand cemetery for the tenants of the deep. As seen in the rock they occur in every possible shape and attitude ; sometimes the positions of the animals indicate, that at the moment of transformation from flesh to stone, they were moving ; sometimes they appear to have been in search of food; and sometimes in the very act of devouring each other! Several fish are exhibited resembling the eel, containing shell fish nearly as large as themselves. Sometimes a large collection of the same species or genus will be seen within a small circle ; at another time the same group will appear, with the exception of some intruder of a different family who has thrust himself into the company. There are specimens in the museum resembling the cat-fish, which are near three feet in length, and are in a wonderfully perfect state of preservation. The most delicate and tender parts, the fins, scales, eyes, &c. are as well defined as in the living animal. Shells of all sizes, from the pin's head to the oyster, appear in the rock. Worms resembling the common angle-worm are found in great abundance ; some are stretched at full length as if crawling ; others are coiled up. In some instances a miscellaneous group will appear, consisting of snakes, fish, shells, worms, and all the monsters of the deep huddled together.

The reputation this piace enjoys among the travelling public is rapidly increasing. It is but a few years since the axe was first laid to the forest, and the wild and uncultivated condition of the country in the vicinity rendered the place inaccessible except to the hunter and the savage. Until very lately there was no way to approach it but on foot, and the difficulty of descending the bold and precipitous banks compelled the disappointed traveller to view from projecting cliffs the beautiful and interesting scene beneath. The thickly branching firs hanging over the decp chasm, rendered

the objects indistinctly visible, and an imperfect view was afforded. These obstructions, however, are now removed and a convenient and safe staircase has been constructed, by which the descent to the river is easy and secure. The Falls at Trenton are daily increasiog in celebrity, and the number of visiters resorting to them during the travelling season is already so great that they will soon command a crowd of admirers not less formidable than that which performs its annual pilgrimage to the Cataract of Niagara. Many who have visited both are divided in opinion which of the two most excites astonishment and gratifies curiosity. But they are improper objects to compare with each other. The impressions made on viewing the two scenes are totally unlike. Niagara from the im mense volume of its water is inconceivably grand and sublime ; but the extremely romantic and picturesque appearance of the falls at Trenton are finely contrasted with the giant element of the lakes. At Niagara the most bold and terrific objects of the scene may be grouped together from one spot; but here every change of position sets the picture in a new and advantageous light.



CHAPTER FIRST. The present age has been distinguished above all its predecessors for the bold spirit of adventure and the eager zeal of discovery. Both have been fostered and encouraged by the political condition and the social relations of nations. The march of the vast arinies of princes and the visits of the numerous ships of merchants, bare equally contributed to furnish knowledge of the regions desolated by the scourge of warsare or enriched by the peaceful interchange of the productions of the earth. The advances of the sciences and the progress of the arts have removed the obstructions formerly operating to prevent or restrain the gratification of the desire to survey other climes and note the manners of their inhabitants. The extent of commercial intercourse and the improvements of modern invention have facilitated communication between the most distant regions. In former times, the voyage across the Atlantic was preceded by months of preparation, by the making, signing, and sealing of wills, the arrangement of all temporal concerns, and the tearful farewells of friends, who parted as if never to meet again, or if the perils of the deep were fortunately passed, to rejoin each other only after the weary lapse of years. Now, the voyager only informs his acquaintances he is going to Europe, embarks on board a vessel adorned like a floating palace, and in a few days is on a foreign shore. A little time, and he re-appears at his customed place of business, as if no remarkable event had occurred. The conveniences for traversing the solid portion of our globe are not less increased and multiplied, and many are those who improve them. The voice of the Traveller is heard in the tent of the Arab and the hut of the Esquimaux: the snowy wastes of the frozen north, and the desert fields of the sultry equator, are not barriers to his enterprising disposition. The Indian, even in the western wilderness, where he yet is free to chase the deer and bow to the Great Spirit in the manner of his fathers, is no longer safe from the incursions of the white man : the proverbial hospitality of the roving hordes of the East has been almost exhausted by the successive bands of guests who have come to devour their substance. The hosts of explorers have gone forth to every quarter of the globe where man has a home or the wild beast a den. It is not enough that earth is plundered, that mountains are climbed and caves explored, the elements have not escaped from the daring adventurers of this period. The silken ships of aerial navigation float on high, and the clouds are subjected to examination. Diving bells sink beneath the waves to ransack the green recesses of the sea, and bring their secrets to light. Curiosity has almost exhausted the fields of its researches, and projectors, sighing like the conqueror of old for other worlds to subdue, propose to dig up new territories from the interior regions of our planet.

The travelling mania has not been confined to the book makers by profession, or to the natives of foreign lands. In our own country the epidemic has prevailed to an alarming extent. The whole race of Editors have been itinerants. When the summer sun brings forth the butterflies of fashion from their winter retreats, when the crowds of the gay, and the idle pour out from the cities, to drain health from the fountains of bitter waters, to revel in the halls around their sources, or to chase pleasure over the mountain heights, down the mighty rivers, and through all the vicissitudes of a tedious pilgrimage, then these ingenious gentlemen have mingled with the busy and the indolent, the wise and the merry. They have been seen noting the changing tints painted by the sun beam on the spray of the cataract, gathering up the mouldering bones from the battle fields of other days, scrutinizing the lovely features,

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