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Above all, it is to be regretted that he lived, and died as he lived, a professed atheist; he welcomed death as an unaccountable something that would annihilate his soul forever. At one time in life, he was worth a good interest ; but at the close of it, his propensity to gaming and other concomitant habits, stripped him of bis possessions in a few years. He died of debility, on Sunday, August 13, 1820, in his sixty third year, a pensioner of the United States.

Boston News Leller.

HISTORICAL.

REVOLUTIONARY PAPERS.
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE ARMY,
ON THE DEPRECIATION OF THE CURRENCY.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 235. The two Committees were now at liberty to pursue the business of the settlement, and to state the particular charges against each officer and soldier.

The first article which presented itself to view, as matter of charge, was the amount, in real value, of the continental pay,

which the army bad received; but as previous to the settling the monthly rate of depreciation, the committee from the line bad given in an account of the time when the several payments were made by the Paymaster General, they supposed the only just method to find this amount, would be to value the several sums received by the rate of depreciation at the time of payment, as before given in, all which added together would give the tinal amount. But here some doubts seemed, for the first time, to arise in the minds of the committee of Court, whether the state were obliged to make good the depreciation, any further than at the time, when the continental pay became due, at the close of each month; they therefore referred the matter to council, without any further debate, upon which a committee of council was appointed, and the parties notified to attend them accordingly: here it was urged on the part of the court that the delay of payments was not chargeable to the State, por was it included in the resolve of the 6th of February, and therefore if the army had sustained any loss by that delay, they must look to Congress for redress ; on the part of the committee from the line, it was alledged that Congress had recommended it to the several States in a resolve, passed in August, to make good the losses their respective quotas of the army had sustained by the depreciation of the currency, and as the State had determined

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to take into consideration all advances made the army over and above the original establishment, and had wrote to Congress for an account of all supplies which they had furnished; therefore, the settlement would not be placed on an equal footing, nor would the wages of the establishment of Congress be made good, unless every disadvantage was likewise taken into consideration, which the army had sustained in consequence of the depreciation : the two committees then withdrew, and the committee of council reported as follows, viz.

The committee to whom was referred the representation of the committee of the general assembly, for settling with the army, bav. ing attended that service, heard the committee and the officers of the army, upon the subject matter thereof, and report as their opinion, that the advice of council be to the Court's committee, appointed as aforesaid, that they do not take into consideration any damage arising to the troops of this state, serving in the continental army, on account of any delay that has arisen respecting their monthly pay.

Walter SPOONER, Per order.

In Council, Jan. 22, 1780.
Read and unanimously accepted.
A true copy, Attest.

JOHN AVERY, D. Secretary. The committee from the line being informed that the council had determined so very differently from what they expected, and being persuaded that if the settlement was carried through, agreeable to the above report, and the resolve of Court passed the 6th January, the army would by no means receive so great a balance as was conceived to be their just due, they therefore wrote the following letter to the committee of Court ;

BOSTON, JANUARY 29, 1780. GENTLEMEN It is a matter of very great anxiety to us, that any obstacles should arise in the course of our business with you, wbich may have the least tendency to impede the progress of the present settlement, especially as the interest of the public so much depends on its being brought to a speedy conclusion; yet as we apprehend it to be your determination, in consequence of a late direction of council, to value the pay which the army has received from the continent by the rate of depreciation, settled for those months in which the service was performed, and not at the time, when the general payments were made, which we cannot think founded in justice ; And this, gentlemen, being a matter which very materially affects the army, we would beg leave to observe, that it is the gen

eral sense of the army, as well as our own particular opinion, that
this State in a resolve of the General Court, has promised to make
good to them the wages of the establishment of Congress, where-
on they engaged,” or in other words to indemnify this State's quo-
ta, for every loss they have sustained in their wages, by means of
the depreciation of the continental currency; and unless they are
valued by the rate of depreciation, at the time when the general
payments were actually made, it is evident their wages will not be
made good, and consequently the resolve not complied with; and
as this claim was early stated by us, even a considerable time be-
fore the monthly rate of depreciation was settled, and as the justice
of it both before and since has been fully conceded to on your part;
we cannot then see with what propriety it is now rejected, except
the General Court has, unknown to us, passed a new resolve, and
that it is their final determination to make good our pay only in
part. If this be the case, gentlemen, we would wish to be informed
of it, as it will place the matter in a point of view, upon which we
are not authorised to act, our business being to negotiate a settle-
ment for the whole balance due, on account of the failure of the
currency, which we conceive to be fully promised us in the resolve
of February last; if we are not to proceed upon this footing, we
hope to be enabled as soon as possible to give our constituents the
necessary information, that they may no longer labor under the mis-
take of haring their pay made good, by this State, when no such
thing is intended.
We are, Gentlemen, your obedient and very humble servants.

JOHN POPKINS,
TOBIAS FERNALD,
WILLIAM HULL,

Committee.
SIMON LARNED,

BENJAMIN HEYWOOD, Two days after the foregoing letters were sent, the committee from the line received a letter from the committee of Court, inclosing a letter from them to the Council, and an order of Council in consequence of that letter. Letter from the Committee of Court.

Boston, JANUARY 31, 1780. GENTLEMEN—The letter received from you on Saturday last we have laid before the Hon. Council of this State ; we herewith inclose you a copy of our letter to them, requesting their consideration and advice thereon, also a copy of the order of Council on the same, which we think will be sufficient to convince you that it is

to take into consideration all advances made the army over and above the original establishment, and had wrote to Congress for an account of all supplies which they had furnished; therefore, the settlement would not be placed on an equal footing, nor would the wages of the establishment of Congress be made good, unless every disadvantage was likewise taken into consideration, which the army had sustained in consequence of the depreciation : the two committees then withdrew, and the committee of council reported as follows, viz.

The committee to whom was referred the representation of the committee of the general assembly, for settling with the army, having attended that service, heard the committee and the officers of the army, upon the subject matter thereof, and report as their opinion, that the advice of council be to the Court's committee, appointed as aforesaid, that they do not take into consideration any damage arising to the troops of this state, serving in the continental army, on account of any delay that has arisen respecting their monthly pay.

WALTER SPOONER, Per order.

In Council, Jan. 22, 1780.
Read and unanimously accepted.
A true copy, Attest,

JOHN AVERY, D. Secretary. The committee from the line being informed that the council had determined so very differently from what they expected, and being persuaded that if the settlement was carried through, agreeable to the above report, and the resolve of Court passed the 6th January, the army would by no means receive so great a balance as was conceived to be their just due, they therefore wrote the following letter to the committee of Court;

Boston, JANUARY 29, 1780. GENTLEMEN It is a matter of very great anxiety to us, that any obstacles should arise in the course of our business with you, which may have the least tendency to impede the progress of the present settlement, especially as the interest of the public so much depends on its being brought to a speedy conclusion; yet as we apprehend it to be your determination, in consequence of a late direction of council, to value the pay which the army has received from the continent by the rate of depreciation, settled for those months in which the service was performed, and not at the time, when the general payments were made, which we cannot think founded in justice; And this, gentlemen, being a matter which very materially affects the army, we would beg leave to observe, that it is the genAnd although the deference alone, which is justly due to the judgment of the Honorable Council, might, at first sight, be sufficient to cause a suspicion in our own minds with regard to the recitude of the measures we have taken; yel, upon a re-examination of the subject, and considering it in every point of view, we cannot, upon the whole, find any reason to doubt the real justice of the claim.

And should an appeal, as is intimated, be made to the impartial judgment of the world, respecting the propriety of our conduct in this matter, under all possible consequences, we are so fully convinced of the justice of our claim, that we should be under no apprehension of censure from such an appeal.

And if we have no other appeal with regard to our general endeavours to forward the settlement on just and equitable principles, we feel a consciousness of having done our duty, and having made the necessary exertions to bring it to a speedy conclusion, on these grounds; and as we ever have been, so we are now ready to attend the adjustment of every other matter which concerns the settlement. Yet still holding up our claim, we do insist that there is justly due to each soldier, who has served three years, the sum of three pounds,* agreable to the Monoply act, and to Officers and others in proportion, on account of the depreciation of the currency from the time their monthly pay become due, to the time the general payments were made. And since you, Gentlemen, do not see fit to make that allowance, we have referred the matter to our constituents, and shall in this respect consider ourselves as bound to abide their direction.

We are, Gentlemen, your

Humble Servants.

JOHN POPKIN,
TOBIAS FERNALD,
WILLIAM HULL, Commillee.
BENJ. HEYWOOD,

SIMON LARNED, When this letter was wrote, the above three pounds was found, by a calculation made from the mean rate of depreciation for each year, but the final method adopted by the Court's Committee, is to value the Continental pay received, by the rate of depreciation for each particular month when it became dae; by which method the Soldier will loose six pounds in real vaiue, by not having his Continental pay charged as valuable at the time of payment.

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