Page images

No princely pompe, nor welthie store,

No force to winne the victorie, No wylie wit lo salve a sore,

No shape to winne a lover's eye ; To none of these I yeeld as thrall, For why my mind despiseth all.

Some have too much, yet still they crave,

I little have, yet seek no more : They are but poore, tho' much they have;

And I am rich with little store: They poor, I rich; they beg, I give; They lacke, I lend ; they pine, I live.

I laugh not at another's losse,

I grudge not at another's gaine ; No worldly wave my mind can tosse,

I brooke that is another's bane : I feare no foe, nor fawne on friend ; I lothe not life, nor dread mine end.

I joy not in no earthly blisse ;

I weigh not Cresus' welth a straw; For care, I care not what it is ;

I feare not fortune's fatall law: My mind is such as may not move For beautie bright or force of love.

I wish but what I have at will;

I wander not to seeke for more; I like the plaine, I clime no hill ;

In greatest stormes I sitte on shore, And laugh at them that toile in vaine To get what must be lost againe.

I kisse not where I wish to kill ;

I feigne not love where most I hate ; I breake no sleep to winne my will;

I wayte not at the mighties gate ;
I scorne no poore, I feare no rich;
I feele no want, nor have too much.

The court, ne cart, I like, ne loath;

Extreames are counted worst of all: The golden meane betwixt them both

Doth surest sit, and fears no fall: This is my choyce, for why I finde, No wealth is like a quiet minde.

My welth is health, and perfect ease ;

My conscience clere my chiefe defence :
I never seeke by brybes to please,

Nor by desert to give offence :
Thus do I live, thus will I die ;
Would all did so as well as I !

[ocr errors]


IN LONDON. The Royal Society was established at London by King Charles II. in the year 1662. The following Americans have, at different periods, been elected Fellows of the Society : Cotton Mather, Paul Dudley, John Winthrop, Benjamin Franklin, James Bowdoin, Joha Leverett and Nathaniel Bowditch, of Massachusetts ; John Winthrop, Fitz John Winthrop and David Humphreys, of Connecticut; James Morgan and David Ritten house, of Pennsylvania ; William Byrd and Silas Taylor, of Virginia ; and David Hosack, of New York.

John Winthrop was the son of Gov. Winthrop. He arrived in Boston from England in October, 1635; was several years governor of Connecticut; died at Boston, April 5, 1676, in his 71st year.

Fitz John Winthrop, the first governor of Connecticut, was born in Ipswich, Mass. 1638. He died at Boston, Nov. 27, 1707, aged 69.

John Winthrop, was son of Adam Winthrop; graduated at Harvard college in 1732; was a professor of mathematics and natural philosophy. He died May 3, 1779, in bis 65th year.

John Leverett was grandson of governor Leverett ; graduated at Harvard College in 1680; was afterwards its President. He died May 3, 1724.

Cotton Mather, well known as the author of the Magnalia, was son of Dr. Increase Mather, was born in Boston, Feb. 12, 1663, graduated at Harrard College, 1678 ; died at Boston, Feb. 13, 1728, aged 65 years. His publications amounted to 382, besides several large works left prepared for the press.

Paul Dudley, chief justice of Massachusetts, graduated at Har. vard College 1690; died at Roxbury, Jan. 21, 1751.

David Rittenhouse, was born in Germantown, Penn. April 8, 1732 ; died June 26, 1796, in bis 65th year.

James Bowdoin, governor of Massachusetts, was born in Boston,



FINANCES OF THE UNITED STATES. The receipts into the public treasury from all sources during the year 1824, amounted inclusive of a loan of tive millions, to the sum of $24,381,212 79. The balance in the treasury on the 1st of January, 1824, was $9,463,922 81. The whole resources of the Government in that year amounted to the sum of $33,845,135 60.

The actual expenditures for defraying the expenses of Govero. ment, Domestic and Foreign, Civil, Military, and Naval, as well as for the payment of the interest and the reduction of the principal of the public debt, were $31,898,538 47, leaving a balance in the treasury, on the 1st of January 1825, of $1,946,597 13.

The receipts of the past year are not yet ascertained, but are estimated at $26,781,444 56, with the unexpended balance, making the aggregate of resources, $28,728,041 69. The expenditures of the nation, during 1825, are estimated at $23,443,979 91, leaving a balance on the 1st of January, 1826, of $5,284,061 78 in the purse of the nation.

The total amount of public funded debt due on the 1st of Oct. 1825, was $80,985,537 72.


IN DECEMBER—1825. For the purpose of furnishing a record for illustrating the events in our owi County, we propose to furnish a list of the deaths occurring within its limits, in each month. We hope in future to present a list more complete and full. : * Worcester-230-Mrs. Eliza T. Knox-_41. 27th-Thomas Knowles-=-32. 2015-Benjamin Palmer Swett-24. !. Southbridge-21st-Benjamin F. Shumway-33. : Westborough-24th-Miss Susan W. Brigham--27. • Boylston—27th-Sally Andrews Davenport-19. 1. Royalston–22d-Mr. Silas Heywood__79...!! · Princeton-4th-Hapnalı Sawin_61. ::

Lancaster-19th-Widow Ruth Townsend 50. I Berlin__7th-Mrs. Hannah Park—39. .

Leicester Timothy P, Bridges-20. . i Hölden -- 18th-Dr. Aaron Holbrook-43.. ", Oxford19th Mrs. Eunice Turner--75. - 9th-Lieut. Jonas Ed. dy-78.***...

Millbury-14th---Mrs. Sally Mann--24.




HISTORY CONTINUED. IN 1702, hostilities again commenced between England and France. This noted conflict in which so many distinguished heroes acquired their fame, is known by the name of Queen Anne's war, which continued eleven years. The subjects of the Gallic monarch in Canada again 5 let slip the dogs of war” upon our frontiers. During this period but little progress was made, in settling the waste lands of the interior. The few planters that were fixed here were called again to drink deeply of the cup of misery. This year (1702) the town of Worcester was entirely depopulated, and continued desolate until after the peace, when a single family took up its residence here. They were not joined by other settlers until 1715. Lancaster was once more doomed to feel the united vengeance of French and savage ferocity, in the death and captivity of many valued citizens, and in the burning of their meeting house and many dwelling houses. In this war as well as the last, they were called to lament the loss of a beloved Clergyman. Brookfield likewise again suffered, but the year 1710 is the latest date when this barbarous warfare was carried home to either of those ancient settlements. In this war settlements at Westborough and Northborough, that then constituted parts of Marlborough, were visited by like calamities. Two of the principal settlers were carried captive into Canada. The year 1707 is rendered memorable by a savage incursion in what is now Northborough, from whence the Indians were pursued, and a bloody battle was fought in the westerly part of Lancaster, now Sterling : the spot has ever since borne the name of the “ Indian fight.”

The peace of Utrecht in 1713, caused a cessation of hostilities. There had been little progress made in the plantations for many years. All was trepidation and alarm. The colonists were called upon to partake largely of the sufferings of the war. They were loaded with a heavy debt occasioned by acquiring their country and maintaining their possessions. The mother country afforded them no relief. It was computed that the losses of the Colonies from 1675 to the peace of 1713, amounted to nearly 6000 men.*

During this peace, Sutton, Westborough, and Leicester, were incorporated into towns. In 1722, the eastern Indians, exasperated

* Hutchinson Il-183.

by some supposed encroachments upon their lands, again took up the tomahawk. The war was carried on in a manner peculiarly bloody in the settlements within New Hampshire and Maine. It is known by the name of Lovewell's war, from the circumstance of the famous battle between the Indians and the heroic Captain of that name, near the Saco river. This was one of the most fierce and obstinate battles ever fought with the savages. Our men were overpowered by superior numbers, but the survivors maintained the fight with such fury that their opponents left the field. Such 'is the peculiar characteristic of the savage temper, that neither time por distance mitigates the spirit of revenge for supposed wrongs. Rutland, in this County, although far removed from the scene of action, felt the fury of their vengeance. In the two succeeding years, they continued to receive the most violent assaults from the barbarians. Several of the inhabitants were killed or captured, and among the former their minister. Oxford was also attacked, but the enemy were vigorously repulsed by the enterprise of a courageous female.*

This war is also identified with the history of Father Ralle, a noted French Jesuit, and for nearly forty years a missionary among the Indians, submitting to an unrepining conformity to all their privations, hardships and wanderings. He was a learned scholar, and a sensible man. There is some evidence that he countenanced, if he did not instigate the savages to many of their barbarities - upon our settlers. He was slain by our men, in their attack upon

the Indians at Norridgewock, August 23, 1724. Among many other interesting documents belonging to this learned man, that fell into the possession of our soldiers, there was found a voluminous Dictionary of the Abenaki language, translated with unwearied perseverance into Latin. It is now in the Library of Harvard College. Whatever may have been the demerits of this interesting man, his self immolation and devotedness to the cause of his religion and his country, ought to shield his memory from a multitude of reproaches. In 1726, the war was closed by an honorable and equitable

* Hutchinson II--279. + Ibid II—282. Belknap's New Hampshire 11–50. The elegant writer of Father Ralle's panegyric, Hist. Col. VIII-250, is referred to Capt. Harman's testimony on oath, for the evidence of the base act charged upon the Priest, in the last moments of his life. Is it right to reject the testimony of Capt. Harman and Moulton, who were eye witnesses of the facts, and to receive that of Charlevoix, with all its ornaments, or that of Pere de la Chasse, with all his indignation?

« PreviousContinue »