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YonksHIRE described; its principal Rivers; Richmond and the

surrounding Country described ; Swaledale ; Richmond

Castle and its History; Traditions of Prince Arthur ;

Legend of the Sleepers - - - - 8
WHITBY ; Picturesque Appearance from the Sea; Caedmon and
St. Hilda; Curiosities of the Coast; the Penny-Stake-
hedge; Ruins of the Abbey - - . 11
LEEDs AND THE CLothing DISTRICT-Difference of the West
from the East and North Ridings of Yorkshire; Districts
of the West Riding; the Clothing District . . 12
Application of the Term “Clothing District; ” Rivers of the
Clothing District; Situation of Leeds; Progress of Rail-
ways around Leeds; Proposed Central Station at Leeds;
Report of the Board of Trade on a Scheme for Supplying a
Net-work of Railways for the Clothing Towns . 13

Obscurity of the early History of Leeds; Dr. Whitaker's Con-

jecture of the probable Appearance of Leeds at the time of

the Conquest; Leeds Castle; Leland's Mention of Leeds;

Thoresby's Account of the State of Leeds in 1548 . 14

Share taken by Leeds in the Great Rebellion; Story told of the
two Charleses in connection with Leeds; Sufferings of Leeds
from the Great Plague; Gradual Progress of leeds; Pro-
gress made in the Communication between Leeds and
London - - - - - . 15

Comparative Limits of the Town, the Parish, and the Borough

of Leeds; the Townships connected with Leeds; the Two

Aspects presented by Leeds; Character of the Town of

Leeds - - - - - . 16

Sanitarian Efforts of Leeds; New Buildings; Provisions of the
Act for the Improvement of Leeds; the Streets of Leeds;
the Last Census - - - - . 19

St. George's Hall Compared with the Town-Hall; Mr. Wade's

Impressions of Leeds after an Absence of Thirty-five Years;

Thoresby’s Account of the Briggate in 1726; Thoresby's

Account of the Markets of Leeds; Mr. Kohl's Character of

Leeds. - - - - - . 22

Ecclesiastical History of Leeds; Project to sub-divide the

Parish of Leeds; Increase of Churches in Leeds since

1724; Old St. Peter's Church, as described by Thoresby;

New St. Peter's Church; Act passed in 1844 for the sub-

division of the Parish of Leeds; Present Church Accommo-

dation of Leeds; Whitaker's Account of St. John's Church;

the Trinity, St. Paul's, and St. James's Churches; the

Dissenting Chapels of Leeds; the Industrial School; the

Grammar School; the Libraries and Literary Societies of

Leeds; the Leeds Zoological and Botanical Gardens; the

Leeds Gaol; the Leeds Markets - - . 28

The Leeds Commercial Buildings; Suspension Bridge at Huns-
let; the Monk Bridge; the Wellington, Victoria, and
Crown Point Bridges; the Old Bridge; Association formed
at Leeds for the Prevention of Smoke; Professor Fara-
day's Opinion on the Subject of perfect Combustion of
Smoke; the Bramley Stone Quarries; the Engineering
Establishments of Leeds; Sir George Head's Observation
on the Operations of Machinery; Remarks made by Sir
George Head on the Increase of the Demand for Labour
consequent on the Increase of Machinery; Dr. Whitaker's
Account of Kirkstall Abbey; Legend attached to the Rise
of Kirkstall Abbey; Erection of Kirkstall Abbey; the Ruins

of Kirkstall Abbey . - - - . 30

Marshall's Flax Mill; the Factory Room of Marshall's Flax

Mill; the Basement of a Factory; the Roof of a Factory;

the Manufacture of Flax-cloth at and around Barnsley;

Dyer's Verses on the Woollen Manufacture; the Rise and
Progress of the Clothing Manufacture of the West Riding;
the Master Clothier System; the Domestic System; the
Factory System; the Fulling and Scribbling Mills; Cha-
racter of the Company Mill System; Management of the

Company Mills; the Shoddy Mills . - . 34

Sir George Head's Remarks on the Shoddy Mills; Arrange-

ments of a Great Woollen Factory; Different Processes of

the Woollen Manufacture . - - . 35

Various Processes in the Preparation of the Yarn for Weaving;
Finishing Processes required by the Woven Cloth; the
Coloured or Mixed Cloth Hall; Market Day in the Cloth

Hall; the White Cloth Hall; the Yorkshire Dialect;

Stanzas from “An Address to Poverty” - . 38

Bradford; Distinctive Character of the Manufactures of Leeds,

Bradford, Halifax, Huddersfield, Rochdale, Dewsbury,

Heckmondwike, and Saddleworth . - . 40

York AND BEveRLEY—First Glance at York; the Ouse and

the Foss; History of the City; the Yorkshire Society's

Museum; Walls of the City; the Castle . . 44

York Minster: its History; Exterior View ; the Towers and

Windows; Hemmed in by Buildings; the Interior; the

Screen; the Crypt; Monuments; the Chapter House;

the Bells - - - - - . 46

St. Mary's Abbey, Beverley, and its Minster - . 48

don ; Walker's Tomb ; Coniston Old Man ; Ennerdale

Water; Buttermere . - - - . 83

John Ritson and the Excise; Wastwater and Scawfell; Pease
Ghyll; View from Scawfell Pike described; Borrowdale;
Honister Crag; Crummock Water; Derwent Water and

Skiddaw ;. Millbeck and Dungeon Ghyll Force . 96

Patterdale; Grasmere and Dunmail Raise; Ulleswater; Gow-

Barrow Park; Stybarrow Crag ; Helvellyn . 102

Kendal to Penrith, across Shap Fell, and on to Carlisle; the

Carlisle and Newcastle Railway - - 104


The Tyne; various Interests attaching to Newcastle; Rise and

Growth of Newcastle; Visit of the Princess Margaret to

Newcastle in 1503; Wisits of James I. to Newcastle; part

taken by Newcastle in the Civil War; Anecdotes told of
Charles I. in connection with Newcastle; relative Situa-
tions of Newcastle and Gateshead 107
Railways around Newcastle; gigantic Plan for a Central Sta-
tion in Newcastle; Old Bridge at Newcastle; Debt of New-
castle to Mr. Grainger; Newcastle in the early part of the
present Century - - - - . 109
Mr. Grainger's various Building Enterprises in Newcastle;
Grainger's Mode of Proceeding in the Improvement of
Newcastle; rapid Change in the Appearance of Newcastle
produced by Grainger; the Market; Grey Street 111

The Central Exchange; the Theatre; the Stone Staircases of

Newcastle; the Sandhill ; the Old Exchange ; Trollope's

Epitaph in Gateshead Churchyard; the Side; Dean Street;

the Quay Side; Butcher Bank, associated with Akenside;

the Chares of Newcastle; Love Lane, associated with Lord

Eldon and Lord Stowell; Incident Related by Horace

Twiss in connection with the Birth of Lord Stowell; Sand-

gate; the New Road; the Upper Town; the Close; the

County Court; the Castle, and its History . 116

Present Condition of the Castle; Fortifications of Newcastle;

Burghal Halls formed of the old Wall Towers; the Steeple

of St. Nicholas Church; the Forth; the Grammar School;
Anecdotes of Lord Eldon's Schoolboy-days 118

Variety of the Manufactures of Newcastle; Engineering Estab-

lishments of Newcastle; Stephenson's Works; George and

Robert Stephenson; the Glass Manufacture of Newcastle;

the Processes of the various Departments in the Manufac-


The Potteries of Newcastle; the Chemical Works of the Tyne;

the Lead Works of the Tyne; interesting Operations of the

Lead Works . - - - - . 123

Quantity of Refuse Heaps along the Banks of the Tyne; Geology
of the Colliery District; Mr. Buddle's Estimate of the
Number of Persons employed in the Tyne Collieries; Fea.
tures of the Coal District; Transportation of Coal from the
Collieries to the Tyne; Visit to a Coal-mine; Mr. Hol-
land's Remarks on the Horrors of a Coal-mine; different
Modes of Procedure with thin and thick Seams of Coal;
Mode of Ventilating a Coal-mine; the Safety Lamp, or
“Davy;” Relations between a Coal-owner and his Pit-
men; various Classes into which the Persons engaged in a
Colliery are subdivided; Stanzas from the “Collier's Rant;”

various subsidiary Employments in a Coal-mine; Super-

intending Officers Employed in a Coal-mine . 125

Classes of the “Upper Ground” Establishment; a Pitman's

Life half a Century ago; Colliery Willages; Mr. Morri-

son's Remarks on the Personal Appearance of a Pitman 124

Household Duties of a Pitman's Wife; Mr. Morrison's Picture

of the Domestic Life of a Pitman; the Pitmen of Past

Days; Coal Keels and Keelmen - - . 127

Sir George Head's Remarks on the Keels of the Tyne and the

Wear; the Hostmen; use of a Staith in Shipping Coal;

Lord Eldon's Mention of the Keelmen of his early days, 128

Songs of the Keelmen; various Charters agreed upon in refer-
ence to the Tyne; Matters of Interest connected with

Gateshead . - - - - . 129

Jarrow, connected with Bede ; Jarrow Slake; North and South

Shields; the “North and South Shields Ferry Company,”

and the “Tyne Direct Ferry:Company; ” Tynemouth;

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Comparative View of Glasgow with Edinburgh; the Approaches

to the former; a Glance at the City; its Geological Site ;

its Rise and Progress. - - - . 193

The Cathedral; Bishop's Palace; the Barony Kirk; the Free

Church in Glasgow . - . 196

The University; the Andersonian Institution; the Blind Asy-

lum; the Court-house and Municipal Buildings; the Ex-


Extent and Divisions of Ayrshire; Ayrshire in the Time of the

Romans and Saxons; Sir William Wallace, and his con-

nection with Ayrshire; the Battle of Loudoun Hill; Reli-

gious Zeal of the People of Ayrshire; Remarks on the

Capabilities of Ayr in the “New Statistical Account of

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Farewell to Ayr; Ballochmyle; Howford Bridge; the

“Lass of Ballochmyle” - - 231

Catrine; Loch Doon; Dalmellington; Cumnock; Epitaph on
Thomas Richard; Alexander Peden; Auchinlech connected
with Johnson and Boswell; Aird's Moss; the Farmhouse
of Priesthill and John Brown; Loudoun Hill; Wiew from
Loudoun Hill; the Vale of the Irvine; Loudoun Castle;
Galston and its Associations; Kilmarnock; Burns's Tribute

to Tam Samson; Buildings of Kilmarnock; Kilmarnock's

Association with Burns; Dean Castle; Fenwick; Kil-

maurs; Rowallan Castle : the Mures of Rowallan . 236

Stewarton; Dunlop; Dalry; Riccarton; Yardside associated
with Sir William Wallace; Dundonald Castle; Tradition

of the Origin of Dundonald Castle; “Our Lady's Kirk of

Kyle;” Troon; Irvine; Eglintoun Castle; Kilwinning;

Tradition concerning St. Winning's Well; Saltcoats;

Ardrossan; Largs . - - - . 239

Fullarton's Description of the View from Largs; Notabilities

in the Neighbourhood of largs; Memorials of the Battle

of Largs; Appearance of Largs - - . 240

Desirableness of a Tour in Ireland; the First Glimpse of Ire-

land; Dublin Bay; the Dublin Cars and Carmen; general

Character of Dublin; the History of Dublin involved in

the General History of Ireland; the Streets of Dublin;
Sackville Street; the Nelson Column - . .247

The Post-Office: View of Dublin from Carlisle Bridge; College

Green ; the Old Parliament-House, now the Bank;

M“Glashan's Description of the Exterior of the Bank ;

Foundation of Trinity College - - . 248

Architecture and Buildings of Trinity College; the Royal

Irish Academy ; the Royal Dublin Society; Statue of

William III.; the Situation of Dublin Castle; the Present

Castle; the Chapel Royal; the Royal Exchange; Dirt and
Misery of the Old City; St. Patrick's Cathedral; Noticeable
Monuments in St. Patrick's Cathedral; Christ Church
Cathedral; St. Andrew’s, St. Michael's, St. Anne's, and
St. George's Churches - - - . 252

The Roman Catholic Churches; the Church of the Conception;

St. Andrew’s Chapel; an Irish Funeral; the Liffey; the

Custom-House; the Four Courts; Interior of an Irish
Court of Law; the Linen Hall; the King's Inns; the
Dublin Railway-station ; the Royal Hospital; Swift's
Hospital; the Squares of Dnblin . - . 256

Phoenix Park; the Wellington Testimonial; View from Dun-

sink Hill; the Strawberry Beds; the Strawberry Fairs;

Boatmen; Innisfallen; O'Sullivan's Cascade; Indications

of the Ravages of Famine; the “Annals of Innisfallen; ”

O'Donaghue ; the Antiquities of Ireland . . 277

Glena; the Passage round Dinis Island into the Torc Lake;
the Ferns of Dinis; the Torc Lake; the Popular Ballads;
Lover's Lines on the Climate of Ireland; Difference of

Opinion expressed by Tourists of the Gap of Dunloe; Lines
from Shelley's Translation of “Faust;” Gerald Grffiin's

Willages of Clondalkin and Glasnevin; Clontarf and Brian

the Brave; the Hill of Howth ; Howth Harbour; Mala-

hide . - - - - 259

Swords and its Antiquities; Advantages offered by the Dublin
and Kingstown Railway for Pleasure Excursions; Change

of Dunleary into Kingstown; Kingstown Harbour; Ancient

Remains at Dalkey; Dalkey Island; View from Kiliney

Hill; Means of Conveyance in Wicklow; Bray; Principal

Mansions around Bray; the Dargle; the Lover's Leap, 262

Powerscourt; Tinnahinch; the Great Sugar Loaf; the Glen of

the Downs; View from Belle Vue; Delgany; Newtown-

Mount-Kennedy; the Devils Glen - . 264

The Demesne of Rosanna; Wicklow ; Arklow; Historical
Scenes in Arklow ; the Wicklow Gold Mine; Croaghan
Kinsella; Aughrim and its Glen; the Ascent of Lugna-
quillia; Glenmalure; Sheldon Abbey and Ballyarthur;
the Vale of Avoca; the Second Meeting of the Waters;

the Ballymurtagh and Chronbane Mines; the First Meet-

ing of the Waters - - - - 267

The First Glimpse of Glendalough; the Guides to Glendalough;
Glendalough ; the bed of St. Kevin; the Living Kathleen
of St. Kevin's Bed; Sir Walter Scott's Ascent to St. Kevin's
Bed; the Seven Churches; the Round Towers; Question

of the Origin of the Round Towers; Glendalough in the

Dawn; Lough Dan; Lough Tay; the Military Road; the

Lough Brays . - - - - 272

Sir Henry Cristall's Narrative; Sir John Harrington's Mention

of Hugh Tyrone; Inglis's Account of the Killarney Lakes;

Christopher North on the Lakes of Killarney; the Willage

of Killarney; the Killarney Union; Miss Edgeworth's

Description of a Willage of Irish Hovels; the Signs of an

Eviction; the Question of Transforming the Irish Cottiers
into Labourers at Wages; Opinion of the Society of Friends
on the Potato Blight; Count Strzelecki's Account of an
Irishman in Australia; John Mill on the Irish Landlords;
Mucruss Abbey; the Mountain Girls; the Spirit of Emi-
gration among the Irish Women; View of the Atlantic ;
View from Mangerton; the Devil's Punch Bowl 286

Communication between the Coast of Ireland and the Bristol
Channel; A Walk through Bristol; Clare Street; St.

Communications between Bristol and Bath; Early History of
Bath; Tradition concerning the Origin of Bath; Settlement
of the Romans at Bath; Account of the Roman Baths disco-
vered in 1755, given in the “History of Somersetshire,” 329

The Place of the Roman Baths at Bath used by the Saxons as a

Place of Sepulture; Roman Remains found in the Neigh-

bourhood of Bath; Beauty of Aquae Solis in the Time of the

Romans; Means by which Aquae Solis aided in the Sub-

jugation of the Britons; Maintenance of the Splendour of

Aquae Solis by the Britons; Roman Antiquities preserved

in the Literary Institution at Bath; History of Bath after

the Departure of the Romans; Occupation of Bath by the

Saxons; the Name of Aquae Solis changed to “Hat Bathun”
by the Saxons; Prynne's Account of the Surrender of Bath
by the Royalist Commandant during the Great Rebellion;
Battle fought on the Hill of Lansdowne, in 1643; Cart-
wright's Inscription on the Monument erected to the
Memory of Sir Beville Granville; Bath the Seat of an ex-
tensive Woollen Trade; Pepy's Account of Bath in 1668;
Wood's Account of the Condition of Bath up to the 18th
century - - - - - . 331

Modern Bath; Beau Nash; Condition of Bath upon the Advent

of Beau Nash; First Proceedings of Nash on his Arrival at

Bath; Beau Nash's Rules to be observed at Bath; the
Public Balls at Bath under the Management of Nash; Nash
and the Duchess of Queensberry; Duelling at Bath in
Nash's Time; Nash's War against the Boots of the Country
Squires; Prevalence of Obelisks in Bath; Erection of an
Obelisk to Commemorate the Visit of the Prince of Orange
to Bath in 1734; Pope's answer to Nash's Request for an
Inscription on an Obelisk to Commemorate the Prince of
Wales's Visit to Bath in 1738; Magnificnce of Nash in his
Day of Pride; Height to which Gambling was carried at
Bath in Nash's time; Act of Parliament passed to Suppress
all Games of Chance . - - - . 334

Fall of Beau Nash; Instance of the Depravity of Bath in 1760;

Beau Nash the Marplot of Bath; Manner of spending a

Day at Bath in Nash's Time; Great Change in the Appear-

ance of Bath during the 18th century; View of Bath from

the Platform of the Railway-station; Rise of Bath's

Architectural Magnificence under Wood; Civil War con-

light; the New Road to Killarney; Otway's Description
of Glengariff; Otway's Description of the Pass of Cami-

neagh; the Rockites in the Pass of Camineagh; Procession

of Carts with Indian Meal 288

Robert Kane's Account of the Sources of Power in Con-

naught - - - - - 294

Mr. Inglis's Opinion of the Capabilities of the Connamara Dis-
trict; the Killery; Mr. Otway's Mention of Lough Corrib;
Mr. Otway's Description of Cong; Mr. Inglis's Opinion of
the South-west Coast of Connamara; the Twelve Pins;

Discovery of the Marble Quarries of Lough Corrib . 296

The Process of obtaining the Marble from the Lough Corrib

Quarries; Ballinahinch; Evidence of Colonel Archer con-

cerning the Martin Estates; Clifden; Joyce's Country and

the Joyces; Fisheries of Connamara . - . 298

Public Buildings; Post Office; Custom House; Church of St.
Mary Redcliffe 3.18

cerning a Successor to Beau Nash; Change in the Social
Condition of Bath during the present century; Ascendancy
of the Evangelical Church Party at Bath in the present
day; the Hot Baths; the Medicinal Springs of Bath little

known in the 16th century; Filthy Condition of the Baths

during the Reigns of Elizabeth and James; Pepys' Sketch

of the Hot Baths - - - - . 336

Anstey's Fling at the Bathers; a Foreign Traveller's Account

of the Manner of Ladies' Bathing; the King's Bath;

Curious Circumstance mentioned by Stukeley in connection

with the King's Bath; Statue of Bladud in the King's

Bath - - - • - . 338

Swimming Bath in connection with the King's Bath; the Cross
Bath; the Hot Bath; the Abbey Baths; Analysis of the
Gas emitted by the Bath Springs; Ancient Mode of
Accounting for the Hot-springs at Bath; Number of
Treatises on the Efficacy of the Bath Waters; Wretched
Poverty of the Suburbs of Bath; Approach to Bath by the
Old Bridge; the Skew-bridge at Bath; Southgate Street;
the Architectural Beauties in Stall Street; the Pump-room;
Lord Chesterfield's Epigram on the Statue of Nash between

two Busts of Newton and Pope; Queen Charlotte's Visit to

Bath in 1817 - - - - . 339

Ancient Monastery and Church on the Site of the Present Abbey
Church; Union of the Bishoprics of Bath and Wells; Tra-
dition concerning the Commencement of the Abbey Church
by Oliver King; Exterior of the Abbey Church; Con-
version of the Abbey into a Parochial Church; Interior of
the Abbey Church; Monuments in the Abbey Church;
Quin, the Actor; Dryden's Inscription to Mary Frampton;
Monument to the Memory of Lady Jane Waller; Story
told concerning James II. and the Effigy of Waller; Story
respecting James II. and the Abbey, told by Warner in his
“History of Bath;” Prior Bird's Chapel; Exterior of Prior
Bird's Chapel; Bond Street; Milsom Street; Character of

the Shops of Bath; the Assembly-rooms; the Ball-room;

the Octagon-room; Exclusiveness of the Bath Assemblies;

the Circus; Gloominess of the Architectural Portions of

Bath; the Royal Crescent; the Royal Avenue 343

The Victoria Park and Column; Head of Jupiter in the Victoria

Park; the Guildhall; Municipal Privileges of Bath; Balls

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