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that it may be considered as a dramatic verely from storms and tempests; and entertainment on the stage of the ocean. the shipping-trade, which was once The fare being only five shillings for pretty confiderable, is now dwindled the common cabin, and half a-guines away to a few colliers, and timber thips for the best, is a strong inducement.for from the Baltic, and some coafting vernumbers to prefer this mode of travel sels, among which the hovs or packet. ling, though it cannot be recommend. boats are the molt productive, it being ed to persons of nice delicacy.

computed that not less than 20,000 perHere the high and the low, the rich sons annually fail to and from this port. and the poor, the sick and the found, Hence, with great truth, live-flock may the gentleman and the blackguard, be regarded as the principal and molt are all jumbled together; and though lucrative branch of commerce in which there is much for the humourist to the people of Margate are engaged. laugh at, there is more to offend the A description of the principal imdecent and well-bred. From Peter

provements in buildings, such Pindar's Ode to this vehicle take the squares, crescents, &c.; of the prome. following lines: the whole is a just nades; bathing-rooms and machines; picture of the voyage:

assembly-rooms; of the rules and Go, beauteous Hoy, in safety every orders for admislion; of the terms for

(Heaven forbid? bathing; of the theatre; libraries ; That storms should wreck thee, gracious bowling-green ; religious and charitaWhether commanded by brave Captain ble etablishments; together with the Finch,

rides and walks in the vicinity; comOr equally tremendous Captain Kidd. plete the succession of objects and scenes Go with thy cargo Margate town amuse, in this resort of motley company, where And God preferve thy Christians and thy his Lordship or his Honour, perchance, Jews 1

may go down a dance with the wife of Soon as thou gett'st within the pier, his taylor, or the daughter of his lhoeAll Margate will be out, I trow,

maker. And people rush from far and near,

The modeft, concise advertisement, As if thou hadît wild beasts to thew.'s announcing that “notices of errors, The following is part of the history additional drawings, will be thankfully

or omiffions, or the communication of and description of the town : “ Mars gate lies on the ascent of a bill

, on the received,” will induce the writer of top of which stands the church. It correction of tome misinformation he,

this review to send to the Editor a was formerly called St. John's town, from the parish in which it lies; but it

must have received respecting lifrahas changed its name fince it ceased to

combe, in North Devon, nearly oppolite be a little dirty fishing town, as if it

to Fishkard, on the coast of Wales, were alhamed, 'in its very enlarged and landed, and were fiain, or captured,

where a despicable band of Frenchmen improved state, to be known by its old acquaintances.

by the country people, some three The appellation Margate, or rather year's fince; also very near the Island Meregate, is derived from an opening chased by Government for the purpose

of Lundy, lately proposed to be puror gate through which there was a small mere, or fream, running into the foners. Jifracombe is at fo great a

of building a receptacle fo: French prisea. It contains nearly 5ooo inhabitants, distance from London, that it is but besides the many hundreds who are brought hither by all kinds of convey.. chiefly visited as a moft wild, romantic

little known to its inhabitants, and is ances from different parts of the king. spot, by the inhabitants of North Der doni, particularly from London, for the benefit of bathing:

von, Wales, and Bristol, to whom it is Whate'er from dirty Thames to Margate venient by land, on account of the

easily accesible by sea; but very incongoes,

rocky and ill-managed roads. Having However foul, immediately turns fair ; lately had occafion to visit it, the writer Whatever filth offends the London nose, found it one of the most rude, fingular, Acquires a fragrance foon from Mar. and obscure spots, that could be con

ceived for the purposes of recovering Margate being much exposed to the health, or of amusement. north and cast, has often suffered se


gate air.



Female Biography; or, Memoirs of illustrious and celebrated Women of all

Ages and Countries. Alphabetically arranged by Mary Hays. Six Volumes. 13mo.

(Coxcluded from Page 44.) Our duty now enjoins us to scrutinize a well known fact, that the only histo

the two remaining volumes of this ries of the reign of Mary which were instructive compilation : and, it is with suffered to be publiwned in the lanfatisfaction we notice the well-written guage of the country, and allowed to life of the unfortunate Mary Queen of circulate among the people, the Scots. If accuracy, candour, and a penned by her avowed and open enedisposition to place in the most favour. mies. The frantic zeal of Knox in the able light, in consideration of the frailty cause of the reformation rendered him of our nature, those transactions over at once the easy dupe and the powerful which a veil of obscurity and uncer tool of an artful and politic faction, tainty has been thrown by time and which made successful use of his popuadventitious circumstances, are recom lar talents In times of fanaticiim and mendations of an historian, Mıs. Hays faction, religious zeal and political opiannot fail of acquiring the eiteem of nions are almost always infeparably fenfible readers for this portion of her connected; and super-bumar indeca muit useful labours.

be the ftrength that thould succeed in The fifth volume extends to 527 dissevering them. While the lowerclalles pages, 206 of which are dedicated to of the Scots were the implicit disciples of the curious memoirs of this celebrated. Knox, the Detection of Mary by Bucbanas victim to state policy, or what our mo had its effect among the learned. This, dern Ministers, and their scribbling work, patronised by Queen Elizabeti agents, would call political necessity. As and the regency of Scotland, spread our liinits will by no means admit of through the realnı, and was dittributed entering into the body of this ample among foreign Princes. His Latin birlife of Mary, we fubititute, as ttrong tory was taught in the Ichools, and made inducements to the perufal of it, the a ltudy at Univerfities. While these following extracts from the judicious writings were thus favoured, those notes of the Author :

compoled by the opposite party, whose “ In the course of this narrative, credit and popularity were ruined and it has been Itudiouliy avoided to pro. funk, either remained unpubliined, nounce any actual decision respecting were supprefied by the arm of power, the real guilt cr criminality of Mary, or were written in languages not unin those two important tranfactions of derstood by the people.” Mrs. Hays her reign, the murder of Darnly, and then brings, in proof of this aficcion, the subsequent marriage of his widow the arbitrary suppreslion of Bishop with the murderer. Still farther to op- Leily's Vindication of Mary--the can pose to the circumstances which may celling a leaf in the continuation of seem to tend to the crimination of Hollinjbed's Hiltory (or Chronicles of Mary, justice and candour demand, England, Ireland, and Scotland) “for that a brief abstract could be given of a fingle insinuation in favour of Mary.” the arguments alledged in her vindica- The Annals of Camden, written in Latin, tion. The reader will then be left to were not printed for nearly a century, forin bis own conclusions on the evi- after. Neither were the Memoirs of dence presented to him.

Crawford published till their anony“ If by the (Roman) Catholics Marymous author had lain in the grave near was held up as a model of perfection, a hundred and fifty years. These were and by the Calvinists represented as a the principal works written in favour monster of wickedneís, this, by every of Mary, whose caufe circumstances tad mind that has attended to the history combined to render unpopular. A of party-bigotry,even in ages of boasted long and general acquiescence in the civilization and refinement, was neces. truth of the fieverations of the adverse farily to be expected. But why, it may party gradually filenced every doubt ; be asked, do we see the same divilion, while one historian copied another, and the same prejudices, for nearly two and every one thole which had precenturies after there iei vours have sub ceded him. lided, and a general indifference has “ At lengti, a finall number of -fpe* taken place of the enthufiafı and vio culative persons began to examine the Jence which they produced ? To this nature of the evidence produced against queition it has been an{wered, that it is Mary; and as the age became more en


lightened and sceptical, the historic a warm female friend of the late Mrs. doubt arose. Mr. Goodall, lare Keeper C. M. Graham. of the Advocate's Library at Edin. Short memoirs of Julia Moésa and burg!, whole office gave him access her daughter Mammea, celebrated Roto original records, was the first mo. man Ladies, collated from Gibbon's dern champion in the cause of Mary History of the Decline of the Roman his work, which was ingenious and Empire, intervene between the inteacute, laid the foundation for those resting life of the Queen of the Scots who came after him. Tytler followed and the very entertaining and expanded the same path, but took a wider cir- narrative of the life and character of euit. Stuart succeeded, but without a the celebrated Madame de Maintenon. perfect developement of his plan"-the Born in the dungeons of a 'prison, chief aim of this writer was to contro. in which her father was confined for vert the opinion of the respectable Dr. a state crime ; reduced by poverty to Robertson; and we were surpriied to the alternative of taking the veil in a find that Mrs. Hays has passed over in convent of nuns, or of beconing the bience his History of Scotland, whici wife of Scarron, the celebrated French is a production as modern, and as de- comic Poet and Satirift, at the age of ferving of credit on the other side of fixteen, the preferred the latter, though the question, as the compilations of the he was deformed in his figure, deprived champions before mentioned for the of the use of his limbs, tortured with Queen of Scots in this enlightened age. the gout, and laden with infirmities; Whitaker next, hy connecting incidents, left a widow at the age of twenty-seven, and contratting different accounts of with scanty means of fupport, but enthe same transaction, illustrated many riched by the instructions of her hus. events, and threw a light on what had band with every mental accomplimbefore sppeared obscure." Here let a ment, and by nature with personal private opinion be introduced with re- beauty; the rose, by degrees, to the fpect to the last-mentioned author- elevated station of confort (being pria bis principal design is to accuse the vately married) to Louis the Fourillustrious Elizabeth of the fouleft teenth, at that time the most renowned crimes, to fully her immortal reputa Monarch in Europe. In this, and in tion by the following groundless aller all other situations, from the loweit to tion :--- Refpecting ihe real history of the highest, the purity of her manners, the murder of Darnly; the whole plan the rectitude of her conduct, her fcruappears, after a long and minute exami- pulous discharge of what the conceived mation of circumstances and facts, with to be the duti's of religion, and her trong presumption, to have originated charitable institutions in the zenith of between Elizabeth, Cecil, Morton, and her prosperity, altogether furnith. a Murray, while the former (viz. Eliza- bright example to her fex of perse. beth) was to defend the conspirators vering virtue amidst the viciffitudes in charging the crime on Mary, for of a life extended to an extraordinary The purpole of giving credit to which period. The following was an aphoMhe was to be betrayed into a marriage rilin of this Lady-"Begin early, as I with Bothwell, the perpetrator." Is have done, to live like an old woman, there an intelligent Englishman who and you may live as long." A steady can read this abominable libel on the adherence to this principle prolonged memory of an illustrious Sovereign, her life to the age of eighty-three years, who saved his country from the bloody with some infirmity, but without any fcourge of papal jurisdiction by the serious disease. willoin of her councils, and her own Of the remaining lives in this volume, personal fortitude, without reprobating those of Margaret de Valois, 'fitter to the writer, and wishing to consign his Francis the First, King of France, and work to eternal oblivion.

Queen of Naples by marrying Henry The life of Mrs. Catharine Macauly d'Albert, King of that country, and of Graham follows next, in the alphabeti. Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcal order of this volume, a life of litule cattle, are the most confpicuous. We conleqnence to the public, to whom have no exceptions to take against any Me exhibited inconsistency of character, of the lives contained in this volumé, both as an historian and a woman; but were furprized to find the letter M and in this instance, Mrs. Hays, in our closed without any notice taken of Lady opinion, has facrificed her own judg: Mary Wortley Montagu, so cele. ment to the partial communications of brated for her letters on Turkey, whose



ether literary compositions, together ter of Thomas Lord Coventry, Keeper with those letters, if we are not miss of the Great Seal of England in the informed, will soon make their appear. reign of James the Firit, and the wife of ance from the press, under the direc- Sir John Pakington, Bait. “ By the nution and care of the indefatigable Phil- thor of The English Baronetage,' lips, the publisher of the work now Me is spoken of as a bright example to before us.' The omission, therefore, he her age, and one of the most learned will have a fair opportunity of rectify and accomplished of her fex.” ing in a future edition of the “ Female Palling over a few lives of less confeBiography."

quence, we come to that of the untorThe sixth volume opens with memoirs tunate Madame Roland, the wife of of Ottavia, the fecond wife of Mark Montieur Roland, a short time Minifter Antony, and the tister of Augustus of the Finances to Louis the Sixteenth, Cæsar, not very intereiting, but otter- and the victim of the French Revolua ing a lesson of patience and fortitude to tion. It is written in a matterly Ityle married women, under the severe trial of elegance, in molt parts acknowof infidelity and unkindneis on the ledged by Mrs. Hays to be the lania part of their husbands. Another Octa. guage of Madame Roland, whenever via also, the wife of the tyrant Nero, it was practicable in an Englil drets. by whose order she was cruelly put to The variety of incidents, tbeir importdeath, tills a few pages; “ her life was ance, and the strong interelt which the a series of calamities; a dark and deep reader is excited to take in them by cloud obscured her fare, through which the pleasing and affecting manner of a beam of joy scarcely ever penetrated relating them, l'ender thele memoirs by -yet, to perfonal charms, the added far the most entertaining of any in the modeity, lweetness, beneficence, purity whole performance. The viciffitudes of manners, talents, and an irreproach- of fortune this unfortunate couple uno able conduét.” Learn, ye fair ones, to derwent, the delineation of the characavoid repining at small misfortunes, ters of Mirabeau, Brislot, Dumourier., and to be content with the itation in Marat, Robespierre, and other princiwhich it has pleased God to place you! pal leaders of the republican party, To the lite of Mrs. Oldfield, the next prior to and after the French revoluin order, we (trongly object; though a tion, throws a curious and clear light celebrated actress, the ought not to have on that grand era in the political bilbeen found in a work composed for the tory of France; and the following ob. use and entertainment of modest wo fervation refpecting the last King of men; and to avoid further trouble on France contains a Itriking illustration this heart, we here enter the same pro- of the delicacy of his lituation : “I test against the memoirs of Mademoiselle never," says the, “ could bring myself de la Valliere, one of the mistrelies of to believe in the conftitutional voc.?-Louis the Fourteenth, in the courte of tion of a King, born and brought up in which anecdotes of two more are intro- despotism, and accustomed to arbitrary duced. The simple question between sway. Had Louis the Sixteenth been us and the enterpriting publisher is sincerely the friend of a conititution this-Having a race of lovely girls, that would have restrained his power, advancing annually to years of un he must have been a man above the deritanding, would he with to have common race of mortals; and had he them find this work, in its present been such a man, he would never have Itace, in his private book-case? If not fuffered those events to occur that pro-let him feel the force of our admoni- duced the Revolution." tion, for the sake of the parents of Roland dismissed from the Ministry, grown-up daughters; and as speedily first by the King, and after his execuas poffible produce a chalte edition. tion recalled, and dismissed again by There are loose readers enough in our Robespierre's faction, was in continual corrupt metropolis to take off the pre- apprehension of being arrested by the fent edition, through the medium of Convention, totally under the controul multiplying circulating libraries. of that bloody demagogue.

The life of Lady Pakington, the “ To-day on a throne, to-inorrow reputed author of The Whole Duty of in a prison"-"Such," observes Ma. Man, and of several other religious and dame Roland, “is the fate of virtue moral tracis, cannot fail of being bene in revolutionary times. Enlightened ficially interesting to all pious and well men who have pointed out its rights difpoled readers. She was the daugh- are, by a nation weary of oppression,

forft called into authority:. But it is bloody revolutionary tribunal as an pot posible that they fiould long keep insane woman. She was afterwards their places: the ambitious, eager to protected and sheltered by the daughtake advantage ofcircumstances, millead ter of Madame Roland, with whom ihe the people by flattery, and, to acquire mingled her tears and her regrets." confidence and power, prejudice ihein The life of our celebrated English against their real friends. Men of poetess and moral profe writer, Mrs. principle, who de spise adulation and Elizabeth Rowe, is the next in succession. conremn intrigue, meet not their op The diftinguishing characteriitic of this polers on equal terms; their fall is lady, belides her literary fame, was, therefore certain: the itill voice of fober “ her poileffing a command over her reason, amidst the tumults of the paf: passions, and a comiant terenity and fons, is Palily overpowered."-Can Tweetnels of temper, which neither there be a more inftrucrive lesson held age nor misfortune could rufile. It is forth to fentible men, to true patriots questioned whether the had ever been Jamenting the abuleș which time and angry in her life: a proof that the tendegeneracy of manners may have intro- der and gentle fentibilities nay exist duced into monarchical governments; independent of the irascible partions. but, for which, they will seek for milder Her fervant, who lived with her near semedies than revolutions, if they are twenty years, gave a testimony to the not milled by tuch men as Madame kind and even tenor of her mitreis's Roland so accurately pourtrays! The temper." May this bright example narrative of the sufferings, and fatal have its due effect on such of the cataltrophe, of the honest Ex-Minister female readers of those memoirs as are and his virtuous wife, is uncommonly miltiesies of families, and induce them afecting, and cannot be read without a to treat their servants with less hauteur tear.

and indignity than is generally to be The following character is given of met with in the bigher claties of society. Madame Roland, by M. Champagneux, The life of Lady Rachel Rufjel, daughter the intimate friend of her husband : of Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of SouthDuring the first twenty-five years of ampton, in the reign of Charles the her lite, the had read and studied with Firit, and the wife of that illustrious attention every' work of celebrity, both patriot Lord Ruffel, who was unjustly ancient and modern; from the greater condemned and executed for high treapumber of which the bad made ex ton against Charles de Secord, is pecutracts. She wrote with ease and Jarly interesting, and furnithes another grace, both in English and Italian, instance of female conjugal affection, her tboughts always outfripping ler and of pious relignauon to the will pen and her words. She was mistress of God, under the fevereit mjals--the of several sciences, and particularly legal murder of her husband the death killed in botany. By her travels the of their only son, the first Duke of Bedhad acquired experience and improve. ford, in the thirty-first year of his age, meni. 'he wis remarkable for her and of the Duchess of Rutland, one of penetration, her fagacity, and her judg. her daughters, in child-bed. ment. In private and domestic lite The other remark:ble lives in this the practifed every virtie; hier filial volume are thole of Laura Sede, inpiety was exemplary; and united to a cluding memoirs of Petrarch; of Anna min twenty years older than herlelt, Aicario Schurman, a learned German Lame made his coutant happiness. Aia dv; of Niadelene de Scudery, a celebrated mother she was exquisitely tender. French Poctels and writer of Romances, Order, economy, and foresight, pre- who, it is allerted, composed eighty vokided over her dometic management; lunes, and died at the great age of her lervants feemed to partake of her ninety-four ; of the Marchione's de excellencies, and served her from at Sevigué, whole letters are lo generally tachinent rather than from interett : known and eiteemed, that they alone this was manifefted by their affection are sufficient recommendations to the and courage at the time of her appre- perufal of her life.. henfion. The worthy Lecoq, (her Curious and highly entertaining mevalet,) the faithful fleury, were an bi. moii's of Zenobia, the celebrated Queen tious of following her to the scaffold: of Palmyra, clole the work, and will Lecoq fucceeiled; but Fleury failing, be read with great pleasure by the grief for the loss of her mistress threw bvers of ancient literature, and the her into a state of mental derangement: adınirers of heroic fortitude in the Be was dismiled from the bar of the female breaft.


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