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101 EXPLANATORY NOTES ON TWELFTH-NIGHT: OR, WHAT YOU WILL. P. 97. c. 2, 1. 10. I am shent, &c.) i. e. scolded, | Id. l. 17. - interchangement of your ring;l la reproved.

our ancient marriage ceremony, the man reId. I. 30. Like to the old vice,] The rice was the ceived as well as gave a ring. fool of the old moralities.

Id. I. 23. -- case ?] Case is a word used con

temptuously for skin.

Id. 1. 62. Then he's a rogue. After a passy-meaSCENE III.

sure, or a pavin , I hate a drunken rogue. Id. l. 45. Yet there he was, and there I found

i. e. next to a passy-measure or a pavin, &e. this credit,) i. e. account, information.

It is in character, that sir Toby should ex. Id. l. 51. all instance, all discourse.) Dis- press a strong dislike of serious dances, such course, for reason. Instance is example.

as the passamezzo and the paran are desId. l. 60. deceivable.] For deceptions.

cribed to be. TYRWHITT. Mr. Malone reads, Id. l. 69. Whiles-] is until, and still so used

" and a passy measures pavin." in the northern counties.

Id. l. 67. - Will you help? An ass-head, &c."

MALONE.

Id. c. 2, l. 2. A natural perspective.] A glass ACT V.

used for optical deception.

Id. I. 16. Of 'charity,] i. e. out of charity, tell SCENB I.

Id. l. 78. A most extracting frenzy - ] i. e. & P. 98, c. 1, l. 58. scathful,-) i. e. mischie- frenzy that drew me away from every thing but vous, destructive.

its own object. Id. c. 2, l. 37. -- as fat and fulsome-) Fat P. 100. c. 1, 1.7.-- you must allow yox.) i.e. means dull.

my tone or voice. Id. l. 48. Like to the Egyptian thief, &c.] This Id. l. 61. geck,) A fool.

Egyptian thief was Thyamis, recorded in He- Id. c. 2, l. 16. — at sir Toby's great imporliodorus' Æthiopics.

tance ;) importunacy. P. 99, c. 1, 1.4.-strangle thy propriety : j Sup- la. l. 36. — convents, l' i. e. shall serve, agree, be press, or disown thy property.

me, &c.

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convenient.

2. TERMS

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The story is taken from Cinthio's Novels, omissions (however trifling) cannot be made lecad. 8, Novel 5. Pope.

without constant notice of them; and such notices, We are sent to Cinthio for the plot of Measure in the present instance, would so frequently > Measure, and Shakspeare's judgment hath occur, as to become equally tiresome to the comeen attacked for some deviations from him in mentator and the reader. le conduct of it, when probably all he knew of Shakspeare took the fable of this play from the le matter was from Madam Isabella, in The Promos and Cassandra of George Whetstone, leptameron of Whetstone, Lond. 4to. 1582.- published in 1578. be reports, in the fourth dayes Exercise, the A hint, like a seed, is more or less prolific, re Historie of Promos and Cassandra. A according to the qualities of the soil on which arginal note informs us, that Whetstone was it is thrown. This story, which in the hands of le author of the Comedie on that subject; which Whetstone produced little more than barren kewise had probably fallen into the hands of insipidity, under the culture of Shakspeare behakspeare. FARMER.

came fertile of entertainment. The curious There is perhaps not one of Shakspeare's plays reader will find that the old play of Promos and ore darkened than this by the peculiarities of Cassandra exhibits an almost complete embryo s author, and the unskilfulness of its editors, of Measure for Measure; yet the hints on which

distortions of phrase, or negligence of tran- it is formed are so slight, that it is nearly as ription. JOHNSON.

impossible to detect them, as it is to point out Dr. Johnson's remark is so just respecting the in the acorn the future ramifications of the Truptions of this play, that I shall not attempt oak. och reformation in its metre, which is too often Measure for Measure was, I believe, written ingh, redundant, and irregular Additions and in 1603. MALONE.

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MEASURE FOR MEASURE.

The novel of Giraldi Cinthio, from which Shakspeare is supposed to have borrowed this fable, may be read in $4 tsprare Illustrated, elegantly translated, with remarks which will assist the inquirer to discover how much abundy Shakspeare bas admitted or avoided.

I cannot but suspect that some other had new-modelled the novel of Cinthio, or written a story which in some per colars resembled it, and that Cinthio was not the author whom Shakspeare immediately followed. The emperor IsCabin is panied Maximine: the duke, in Shakspeare's enumeration of the persons of the drama, is called VinPAThis appears a very slight remark; but since the duke has no name in the play, nor is ever mentioned but by atlik”, why should be be called Vincentio among the persons, but because the name was copied from the story, nad seed supertuously at the bead of the list, by the mere habit of trauscription? It is therefore likely that there was ten a story of Vincentio duke of Vienna, different from that of Maximine emperor of the Romans. of this play, the light or comic part is very natural and pleasing, but the grave scenes, if a few passages be traxed, have more labour than elegance. The plot is rather intricate than artful. The time of the action is inde

son time, we know not how much, must have elapsed between the recess of the duke and the imprisonment Cdo, for be must bave learned the story of Mariana in his disguise, or he delegated his power to a man already move to be corrupted. The unities of action and place are sufficiently preserved.

Johnson.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

TVCENTIO, Duke of Vienna.

FROTH, a foolish Gentleman. NGELO, Lord Deputy in the Duke's absence,

Cloun, Serwant to Mrs. Over-done. SLALCS, an ancient Lord, joined with Angelo in the ABHORSON, an Executioner. deputation

BARNARDINE, a dissolute Prisoner. LAIDIO, a young Gentleman. (010, a Fixtastic

ISABELLA, Sister to Claudio. ther hike Gentlemen.

MARIANA, betrothed to Angelo. ARKICS, a Gentleman, Servant to the Dute.

JULIET, beloved by Claudio.

FRANCISCA, a Nun. BOYAS -PETER,-two Friars.

Mistress OVER DONE, a Bawd.

Lords, Gentlemen, Guards, Officers, and other LBUW, a simple Constable.

Attendants.
SCENE,- Vienna.

To one,

ACT I.

But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines ENE I.--An Apartment in the Duke's Palace.

Herself the glory of a creditor,

Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speecha inder Duke, Escalus, Lords, and Attendants. that can my part in hin advertise ; Duke. Escalas,

Hold therefore, Angelo; Escal. My lord.

In our remove, be thou at full ourself: Duke. Of government the properties to unfold, Mortality and mercy in Vienna wald seemn in me to affect speech and discourse; Live in thy tongue and heart: Old Escalus, ke I am put to know, that your own science Thongh first in question, is thy secondary : iceeds, in that, the lists of all advice

Take thy commission. strength can give you : then no more remains Ang.

Now, good my lord, & that to your sufficiency, as your worth is able, Let there be some more test made of my metal, od let them work. The nature of our people,

Before so noble and so great a figure Ir city's institutions, and the terms

Be stamp'd upon it. r common justice, you are as pregnant in,

Duke.

No more evasion : art and practice hath enriched any

We have, with a leaven'd and prepared choice, at we remember: there is onr commission, Proceeded to you; therefore take your honours. on which we would not have you warp:--Call Our haste from hence is of so quick condition, ay, bid come before us Angelo.- *{bither, That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd

(Exit an Attendant. Matters of needful value. We shall write to you, hat figure of us, think you, he will bear? As time and our concernings shall importune, I va must know, we have with special soul How it goes with us; and do look to kuow reted him our absence to supply;

What doth befall you here. So, fare you well: nt him our terror, drest him with our love ; To the hopeful execution do I leave you d given his deputation all the organs

Of your commissions. pur own power: what think you of it?

Ang.

Yet, give leave, my lord, Escal. If any iv Vienna be of worth

That we may bring you something on the way. undergo sach ample grace and hour,

Duke. My baste may not admit it; s kord Angelo

Nor need you, on mine bonour, have to do
Enter ANCELO.

With any scruple: your scope is as wine own;

So to enforce, or qualify the laws,
Look, where he comes.

As to your soul seems good. Give me yonr band; Ang. Always obedient to your grace's will, I'll privily away: I love the people, se to know your pleasure.

Bat do not like to stage me to their eyes :
Angelo,

Though it do well, I do not relish well bente is a kind of character in thy life,

Their loud applause, and aves vehement: lat, to the observer, doth thy history

Nor do I think the map of safe discretion, dy anfold : thyself and thy belongings

That does affect it. Once more, fare you well. e not thine own so proper, as to waste

Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes. julf npon thy virtues, them on thee.

Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happi. aven doth with ng, as we with torches do; ught thein for themselves: for if our virtues Duke. I thank you: fare you well. [Exit. sx go forth of us, 'twere all alike

Escal. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave if we had them not Spirits are not finely touch'd, To have free speech with you, and it coucerns me I to fipe issues : nor nature never lends

To look into the bottom of my place: e smallest scruple of her excellence,

A power I have; but of what strengti and nature

Duke.

Duke.

ness.

I am not yet instructed.

Lucio. Believe me, this may be; he promised to Ang. 'f'is so with me :-Let us withdraw toge- meet me two hours since; and he was ever precise And we may soon our satisfaction have (ther, in promise-keeping. Touching that point.

2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws soinething Escal. I'll wait upon your honour. (Exeunt. near to the speech we had to such a purpose. SCENE II.--A Street.

1 Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the pro

clamation. Enter Lucio and two Gentlemen.

Lucio. Away; let's go learn the truth of it. Lucio. If the duke, with the other dakes, come

[Exeunt Lucio and Gentlemen. not to composition with the king of Hungary, why, Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the then all the dukes fall upon the king.

sweat, what with the gallows, and what with pa 1 Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the verty, I am custom-shrunk. How now? what's the king of Hungary's!

news with you ? 2 Gent. Amen. Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimonious

Enter Clown. pirate, that went to sea with the ten commandments, Clo. Yonder man is carried to prison. but scraped one out of the table.

Bawd. Well; what has he done ? 2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal ?

Clo. A woman. Lucio. Ay, that he razed.

Bawd. But

what's his offence ? 1 Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to command Clo. Groping for troots in a peculiar river. the captain and all the rest from their functions ; Bawd. What is there a maid with child by bia' they put forth to steal : there's not a soldier of us all, Clo. No; but there is a woman with maid by his that, in the thanksgiving before meat, doth relish the you have not heard of the proclamation, have you petition well, that prays for peace.

Bawd. What proclamation, man? 2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it. Clo. All houses in the suburbs of Vienda must be

Lucio. I believe thee ; for, I think, thou never pluck'd down. wast where grace was said.

Bawd. And what shall become of those in the city 2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least.

Clo. They shall stand for seed: they had gee I Gent. What? in metre?

down too, but

that a wise burgher put in for then. Lucio. In any proportion, or in any language. Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the 1 Gent. I think, or in any religion.

suburbs be pulled down? Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite of Clo. To the ground, mistress. all controversy : as for example; Thou thyself art Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the com a wicked villain, despite of all grace.

monwealth! What shall become of me? I Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers Clo. Come ; fear not you: good counsellors back between us.

no clients : though you change your place, you need Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists not change your trade; I'll be your tapster sti

. and the velvet: thou art the list.

Courage; there will be pity taken on you: yon, that 1 Gent. And thou the velvet: thou art good vel- have worn your eyes almost out in the service, we vet; thou art a three-pil'd piece. I warrant thee: will be considered. I had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster? IA pild, as thou art pild, for a French velvet. Do I Clo. Here comes signior Claudio, led by the park speak feelingly now?

vost to prison; and there's madam Juliet. (Eseunt Lucio. I think thon dost; and, indeed, with most

SCENE III.—The same. painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thine own confession, learn to begin thy health ; but, whilst Enter Provost, CLAUDIO, JULIET, and from I live, forget to drink after thee.

Lucio, and two Gentlemen. 1 Gent. I think, I have done myself wrong ; have Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show me thas to I pot ?

[tainted or free.

the world? 2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art Bear me to prison, where I am committed.

Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Mitigation Pro. I do it not in evil disposition, comes! I have purchased as many diseases under But from lord Angelo by special charge. her roof, as come to

Claud. Thus can the demi-god, Authority, 2 Gent. To what, I pray?

Make us pay down for our offence by weight1 Gent. Judge.

The words of heaven ;-00 whom it will

, it will: 2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a-year. On whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis just. 1 Gent. Ay, and more.

Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio ? whence com Lucio. A French crown more.

this restraint ? I Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in me: Claud. From too much liberty, my Lacio, liberty but thou art full of error ; 'I am sound.

As surfeit is the father of much fast, Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy; but So every scope by the immoderate use so sound, as things that are hollow: thy bones are Turns to restraint: our natures do pursue, hollow : impiety has made a feast of thee. (Like rats that ravin down their proper bane,) Enter Bawd.

À thirsty evil; and when we drink, we die.

Lucio. If I could speak so wisely under an arres 1 Gent. How now? which of your hips has the I would send for certain of my creditors: and se most profound sciatica?

t say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery i Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, freedom, as the morality of imprisonment. We and carried to prison, was worth five thousand of thy offence, Claudio?

Claud. What, but to speak of would offend agait 1 Gent. Who's that, I pray thee?

Lucio. What is it ? murder ? Bawd. Marry, sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio. Claud. No. 1 Gent. Claudio to prison ! 'tis not so.

Lucio. Lechery? Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis so : I saw him ar- Claud. Call it so. rested; saw him carried away; and, which is more, Prov. Away, sir ; you must go. within these three days his head's to be chopped off. Claud. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a word Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not have

with you. it so: art thou sure of this ?

Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting Is lechery so look'd after ? madam Julietta with child.

Claud. Thas stands it with me :-Upon a trus

(withdras

you all.

(Takes him asal

contract

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