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Duke. Her husband, sirrah? Vio.

No, my lord, not I.
Oli. Alas, it is the baseness of thy fear,
That makes thee strangle thy propriety:
Fear not, Cesario, take thy fortunes up;
Be that thou know'st thou art, and then thou art
As great as that thou fear'st.-O, welcome, father!
Re-enter Attendant and Priest.
Father, I charge thee, by thy reverence,
Here to unfold (though lately we intended
To keep in darkness, what occasion now
Reveals before 'tis ripe,) what thou dost know,
Hath newly past between this youth and me.
Priest. A contract of eternal bond of love,
Confirm'd by mutual joinder of your hands,
Attested by the holy close of lips,

Strengthen'd by interchangement of your rings;
And all the ceremony of this compact
Seal'd in my function, by my testimony:

Since when, my watch hath told me, toward my
I have travelled but two hours.

[grave Duke. O, thou dissembling cub! what wilt thou be, When time hath sow'd a grizzle on thy case? Or will not else thy craft so quickly grow, That thine own trip shall be thine overthrow? Farewell, and take her; but direct thy feet, Where thou and I henceforth may never meet. Vio. My lord, I do protest,—

Oh. O, do not swear; Ebid little faith, though thou hast too much fear. Enter Sir ANDREW AGUE-CHEEK, with his head broke.

Sir And. For the love of God, a surgeon; send one presently to sir Toby.

Oli. What's the matter?

Sir And. He has broke my head across, and has ven sir Toby a bloody coxcomb too: for the love of God. your help: I had rather than forty pound I

were at home.

Oli. Who has done this, sir Andrew?

Sir And. The count's gentleman, one Cesario: we took him for a coward, but he's the very devil Duke. My gentleman, Cesario! [incardinate.

Sir And. Od's lifelings, here he is:-You broke my head for nothing; and that that I did, I was set on to do't by sir Toby.

Vio. Why do you speak to me? I never hurt you: You drew your sword upon me, without cause; But I bespake you fair, and hurt you not.

Sir And. If a bloody coxcomb be a hurt, you have hurt me; I think, you set nothing by a bloody


Ester Sir TOBY BELCH, drunk, led by the Clown. Here comes Sir Toby halting, you shall hear more: bat if he had not been in drink, he would have tickled you othergates than he did.

Dake. How now, gentleman? how is't with you? Sir To. That's all one; he has hurt me, and there's the end on't-Sot, did'st see Dick surgeon, sot? Clo. O, he's drunk, sir Toby, an hour agone; his eyes were set at eight i' the morning.

with them?

Sir To. Then he's a rogue. After a passy-measure, or a pavin, I hate a drunken rogue. 9. Away with him: who hath made this havock [be dressed together. Ser And. I'll help you, sir Toby, because we'll Sir To. Will you help an ass-head, and a coxcomb, and a knave? a thin-faced knave, a gull? O Get him to bed, and let his hurt be look'd to. [Exeunt Clown, Sir Toby, and Sir Andreu.

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Duke. One face, one voice, one habit, and two A natural perspective, that is, and is not. [persons; Seb. Antonio, O my dear Antonio! How have the hours rack'd and tortur'd me, Since I have lost thee.

Ant. Sebastian are you?

Seb. Fear'st thou that, Antonio? Ant. How have you made division of yourself?-An apple, cleft in two, is not more twin Than these two creatures. Which is Sebastian? Oli. Most wonderful!

Seb. Do I stand there? I never had a brother:
Nor can there be that deity in my nature,
Of here and every where. I had a sister,
Whom the blind waves and surges have devour'd:-
Of charity, what kin are you to me? (To Viola.)
What countryman? what name? what parentage?
Vio. Of Messaline : Sebastian was my father;
Such a Sebastian was my brother too,
So went he suited to his watery tomb:
If spirits can assume both form and suit,
You come to fright us.

A spirit I am, indeed;
But am in that dimension grossly clad,
Which from the womb I did participate.
Were you a woman, as the rest goes even,
I should my tears let fall upon your cheek,
And say-Thrice welcome, drowned Viola!
Vio. My father had a mole upon his brow.
Seb. And so had mine.

Had number'd thirteen
Vio. And died that day, when Viola from her birth

Seb. O, that record is lively in my soul!
He finished, indeed, his mortal act,
That day that made my sister thirteen years.

Vio. If nothing lets to make us happy both,
But this my masculine usurp'd attire,
Do not embrace me, till each circumstance
Of place, time, fortune, do cohere, and jump,
That I am Viola: which to confirm,
I'll bring you to a captain in this town,
Where lie my maiden weeds; by whose gentle help
I was preserv'd, to serve this noble count:
All the occurrence of my fortune since
Hath been between this lady, and this lord.

Seb. So comes it, lady, you have been mistook : But nature to her bias drew in that. (To Olivia.) You would have been contracted to a maid; Nor are you therein, by my life, deceiv'd, You are betroth'd both to a maid and man.

Duke. Be not amaz'd; right noble is his blood.—
If this be so, as yet the glass seems true,
I shall have share in this most happy wreck:
Boy, thou hast said to me a thousand times, (To Vio)
Thou never should'st love woman like to me.

Vio. And all those sayings will I over-swear;
And all those swearings keep as true in soul,
As doth that orbed continent the fire
That severs day from night.


Give me thy hand; And let me see thee in thy woman's weeds. Vio. The captain, that did bring me first on shore, Hath my maid's garments: he, upon some action, Is now in durance; at Malvolio's suit, A gentleman, and follower of my lady's.

Oli. He shall enlarge him: fetch Malvolio hither:--
And yet, alas, now I remember me,
They say, poor gentleman, he's much distract.

Re-enter Clown, with a letter.
A most extracting frenzy of mine own
From my remembrance clearly banish'd his.-
How does he, sirrah?

Clo. Truly, madam, he holds Belzebub at the stave's end, as well as a man in his case may do: he has here writ a letter to you, I should have given it you to-day morning; but as a madman's epistles are no gospels, so it skills not much, when they are Oli. Open it, and read it. {delivered.


Clo. Look then to be well edified, when the fool delivers the madman:-By the Lord, madam,— Oli. How now! art thou mad?

Clo. No madam, I do but read madness: an your ladyship will have it as it ought to be, you must Oli. Prythee, read i' thy right wits. [allow vox. Clo. So I do, madonna; but to read his right wits, is to read thus: therefore perpend, my princess, and give ear. Oli. Read it you, sirrah. (To Fabian.) Fab. (reads.) By the Lord, madam, you wrong me, and the world shall know it: though you have put me into darkness, and given your drunken cousin rule over me, yet have I the benefit of my senses as well as your ladyship. I have your own letter that induced me to the semblance I put on; with the which I doubt not but to do myself much right or you much shame. Think of me as you please. I leave my duty a little unthought of, and speak out of my injury. The madly-used MALVOLIO.

Oli. Did he write this?
Clo. Ay, madam.

Duke. This savours not much of distraction.
Oli. See him delivered, Fabian; bring him hither.
[Exit Fabian.
My lord, so please you, these things further thought
To think me as well a sister as a wife.
One day shall crown the alliance on't, so please you,
Here at my house, and at my proper cost.
Duke. Madam, I am most apt to embrace your


Your master quits you; (To Viola.) and, for your service done him,

So much against the mettle of your sex,
So far beneath your soft and tender breeding,
And since you call'd me master for so long,
Here is my hand; you shall from this time be

Your master's mistress.

A sister?-you are she.

Re-enter FABIAN, with MALVOLIO. Duke. Is this the madman? Oli.

How now, Malvolio?

Mal. Notorious wrong.


Ay, my lord, the same:

Madam, you have done me wrong,

Have I, Malvolio? no.

Mal. Lady,you have. Pray you, peruse that letter:
You must not now deny it is your hand,
Write from it, if you can, in hand, or phrase;
Or say, 'tis not your seal, nor your invention:
You can say none of this: well, grant it then,
And tell me, in the modesty of honour,
Why you have given me such clear lights of favour;
Bade me come smiling, and cross-garter'd to you,
To put on yellow stockings, and to frown
Upon sir Toby, and the lighter people :
And, acting this in an obedient hope,
Why have you suffer'd me to be imprison'd,
Kept in a dark house, visited by the priest,
And made the most notorious geck, and gull,
That e'er invention play'd on? tell me why.

Oli. Alas, Malvolio, this is not my writing,
Though, I confess, much like the character:
But, out of question, 'tis Maria's hand.
And now I do bethink me, it was she

First told me, thou wast mad; then cam'st in smiling,
And in such forms which here were presuppos'd
Upon thee in the letter. Pry'thee, be content:
This practice hath most shrewdly pass'd upon thee;
But, when we know the grounds and authors of it.
Thou shalt be both the plaintiff and the judge
Of thine own cause.

Good madam, hear me speak; And let no quarrel, nor no brawl to come, Taint the condition of this present hour, Which I have wonder'd at. In hope it shall not, Most freely I confess, myself, and Toby, Set this device against Malvolio here, Upon some stubborn and uncourteous parts We had conceiv'd against him: Maria writ The letter, at sir Toby's great importance; In recompense whereof, he hath married her. How with a sportful malice it was follow'd, May rather pluck on laughter than revenge; If that the injuries be justly weigh'd, That have on both sides past.

Oli. Alas, poor fool! how have they baffled thee! Clo. Why, some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrown upon them. I was one, sir, in this interlude; one sir Topas, sir; but that's all one :-By the Lord, fool, I am not mad;-But do you remember? Madam, why laugh you at such a barren rascal? an you smile not, he's gagg'd: and thus the whirligig of time brings in his revenges.

Mal. I'll be revenged on the whole pack of yon. Exit

Oli. He hath been most notoriously abus'd. Duke. Pursue him, and entreat him to a peace :He hath not told us of the captain yet; When that is known, and golden time convents, A solemn combination shall be made Of our dear souls.-Meantime, sweet sister, We will not part from hence.-Cesario, come; For so you shall be, while you are a man; But, when in other habits you are seen, Orsino's mistress, and his fancy's queen. [Exeunt.


Clo. When that I was and a little tiny boy,
With hey, ho, the wind and the rain,
A foolish thing was but a toy,
For the rain it raineth every day.

But when I came to man's estate,

With hey, ho, the wind and the rain, 'Gainst knave and thief men shut their gate, For the rain it raineth every day.

But when I came, alas! to wive, With hey, ho, the wind and the rain, By swaggering could I never thrive,

For the rain it raineth every day. But when I came unto my bed,

With hey, ho, the wind and the rain, With toss-pots still had drunken head, For the rain it raineth every day. A great while ago the world begun,

With hey, ho, the wind and the rain. But that's all one, our play is done, And we'll strive to please you every da


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P. 83, c. 1, 1. 15. Of what validity and pitch soe
ver. Validity is here used for value. MA-
LONE, who reads soe'er

Id. 1. 18. That it alone is high-fantastical.] High-
fantastical, means fantastical to the height.
Id. 1. 32. The element itself till seven years
heat] Heat for heated. The air, till it shall
have been warmed by seven revolutions of the
sun, shall not, &c.

Id. l. 45. (Her sweet perfections,)] Liver, brain,
and heart, are admitted in poetry as the resi-
dence of passions, judgment, and sentiments.
These are what Shakspeare calls, her sweet
perfections, though he has not very clearly
expressed what he might design to have said.


Id. c. 2, 1. 2. "This is Illyria, lady." MALONE.
P. 84, c. 1, 1. 9. That will allow me-] To allow
is to approve.

Id. l. 69.

a sink-a-pace.] 1. e. a cinque-pace: the name of a dance, the measures whereof are regulated by the number five.

Id. l. 74. -flame-coloured stock.] i. e. stock


Id. 1. 77. Taurus? that's sides and heart] Al

luding to the medical astrology still preserved in almanacks, which refers the affections of particular parts of the body to the predominance of particular constellations. JOHNSON.



85, c. 1, 7. 46. -- a barful strife!) i. e. a contest full of impediments.


Id. l. 58.

lenten anwser] a short and spare


Id. l. 73. - if one (point) break,] Points were metal hooks, fastened to the hose or breeches, (which had then no opening or buttons,) and going into straps or eyes fixed to the doublet, and thereby keeping the hose from falling down. BLACKSTONE.


Id c. 2, l. 64. --no better than the fools' zanies.] i. e. fools' baubles, which had upon the top of them the head of a fool. DOUCE.

-as tall a man-] Tall means stout, Id. 1. 73 Now Mercury endue thee with leasing,

for thou speakest well of fools!] i. e. May
Mercury teach thee to lie, since thou liest in
favour of fools!

P. 86, c. 1, 7. 14. -a most weak pia mater.
The pia mater is the membrane that imme-
diately covers the substance of the brain.
Id. l. 31.

above heat-] i. e. above proper


ld. 1.36.

Id. 1. 42. Viol-de-gamboys." MALONE.
Id. 1.57.
Id. 1.58.
a coystril,] i. e. a coward cock.
-like a parish-top.] A large top was
formerly kept in every village, to be whipped
in frosty weather, that the peasants might be
kept warm by exercise, and out of mischief,
while they could not work.
Id. 1.59.-

Castiliano vulgo;] a cant term, per-
haps expressive of contempt.
Id. c. 2, 1.65mistress Mall's picture?] The
real name of the woman whom I suppose to
have been meant by Sir Toby, was Mary
Frith The appellation by which she was
generally known, was Mall Cutpurse. She
was at once a prostitute, a bawd, a bully, a
thief, a receiver of stolen goods, &c. &c. On
the books of the Stationers' Company, August


1610, is enterred A Booke called the Id. c. 2, 12 I am very comptible,] Comptible

Madde Pranks of Merry Mall of the Bank-
side, with her Walks in Man's Apparel, and
to what Purpose. Written by John Day."


Id. 1. 48.
stand at your door like a sheriff's
] It was the custom for that officer to have
large posts set up at his door, as an indication
of his office: the original of which was, that
the king's proclamation, and other public acts
might be affixed thereon, by way of publica-

Id. l. 58 --or a codling when 'tis almost an apple :] A codling anciently meant an imma.

for submissive.

Id. 1. 28. I am to hull here-] To hull means to drive to and fro upon the water, without sails or rudder.

P. 86, c. 9, 1. 29. --- some mollification for your giant, Ladies, in romance, are guarded by giants, who repel all improper or troublesome advances. Viola may likewise allude to the diminutive size of Maria, who is called, on subsequent occasions, little villain, youngest wren of nine, &c. Id. l. 60 Look you, sir, such a one as I was this present: Is't not well done?] The line should perhaps run thus:

Look you, sir, such as once I was, this presents."

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Id. 1. 63. 'Tis beauty truly blent.] i. e. blended, mixed together.

Id 1. 79. Though your beauty were unparalleled, it would not be more than a just recompense for such love as my master's. MALONE.

P. 87, c. 1, l. 7. In voices well divulg'd,] Well spoken by the world.

Id. l. 18. Write loyal cantons] for cantos. Id. l. 53. The county's man:] County for count. Id. l. 61. Mine eye, &c.] I think the meaning is, I fear that my eyes will seduce my understanding; that I am indulging a passion for this beautiful youth, which my reason cannot approve. MALONE.

Id. l. 62. Ourselves we do not owe;] i. e. we are not our own masters. We cannot govern ourselves.



ld. c. 2, l. 3.

To express myself.] That is, to reveal myself. Id. l. 11. the breach of the sea,] i. e. what we now call the breaking of the sea. Id. l. 15. with such estimable wonder,] wonder and esteem.


Id. 1. 50." She took the ring of me!" MALONE. Id. 1. 67.- the pregnant enemy —] i. e. enemy of mankind.

Id. l. 69. How easy is it for the proper-false

In women's waxen hearts to set their forms!] How easy is it, for those who are at once proper (i. e. fair in their appearance) and false, (i. e. deceitful) to make an impress on on the easy hearts of women? 1d. l. 72. How will this fadge?] To fadge, is to suit, to fit.


P. 88, c. 1, l. 7.

diluculo surgere,] saluber

rinum est: an adage. Id. l. 19. a stoop-] A stoop seems to have been something more than half a gallon. Id. 1. 25. the fool has an excellent breast.] i. e. voice. Id. 1. 31. I sent thee sixpence for thy leman:] i e. mistress.

Id. l. 34. I did impeticos thy gratillity; for Malvolio's nose is no whipstock :] i. e. I did impetticoat or impocket thy gratuity, for Malvolio may smell our connection.

Id. 1. 43. of good life?] i. e. of a moral, or, perhaps, a jovial turn.

Id. l. 65.


make the welkin dance-] That is, drink till the sky seems to turn round. ld. l. 67. draw three souls out of one weaver?] i. e. hale the soul out of a weaver (the warmest lover of a song) thrice over; or, in other words, give him thrice more delight than it would give another man. MALONE.

Id. c. 2, l. 13. Tilly-valley, laay!] Tilly-valley was an interjection of contempt; or as Mr. Douce thinks, is a hunting phrase borrowed from the French.

Id. l. 25. - coziers' catches -] A cozier is tailor, or botcher.


Id. 1. 28. Sneck up!] Mr. Malone and others ob

serve, that from the manner in which this cant phrase is employed in our ancient comedies, it seems to have been synonimous to the modern expression Go hang yourself. STEEVENS. Id. 1. 53. --rub your chain with crums:] Stew

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ards anciently wore a chain as a mark of su-, periority over other servants. And the best method of cleaning any gilt plate, is by rubbing it with crums.

Id. 1. 56. rule; Rule is method of life.
Id. l. 70. -a nayword,] a byeword.
Id. 1. 73. Possess us.] This is, inform us, tell us.
P. 89, c. 1, l. 6. - an affection'd ass,] Affec-
tion'd means affected.
Id. 1. 8. great swarths:] A swarth is as much
grass or corn as a mower cuts down at one
stroke of his scythe.
Id. l. 35.

Penthesilea. i. e. Amazon.
call me Cut.] i. e. call me horse.

Id. l. 45.

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recollected -] Studied, or perhaps

Id. l. 57.
oft repeated.

Id. 1. 77. -favour -] i. e. countenance.
Id. c. 2, 1. 23. -free-] Is, perhaps, artless,

free from art.
Id. 1. 24.

Id. 1. 25. And dallies with the-] Plays or trifles. Id. l. 26. - the old age.] The ages past, times of simplicity.

Id. 1. 31. The cypress wood, of which coffins were


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Id. l. 54. a very opal!] A precious stone of

almost all colours. Id. l. 68. adorns. P. 90, c. 1, l. 32. denial.

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silly sooth,] It is plain, simple

That nature pranks her in,] i. e.

bide no denay.] Denay, is

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Id. l. 51.


nettle of India?] The nettle of India is the plant that produces what is called cow-itch, a substance only used for the purpose of tormenting, by its itching quality. Id. l. 71. -how he jets-1 To jet is to strut. Id. c. 2, l. 2. the lady of the strachy-] No probable meaning has been discovered for this word by the commentators. Id. l. 7. my state,-] A state, in ancient lan guage, signifies a chair with a canopy over it. Id. l. 10. come from a day-bed,] i. e. a

couch. Id. l. 25. Though our silence be drawn from us with cars,] i. e. though it is the greates Id. 1. 68. pain to us to keep silence. tempt. Id. l. 78. stannyel-] The stannyel is the common stone-hawk, which inhabits old buildings and rocks.

brock! i. e. badger; a term of com

P. 91, c. 1, l. 2. -- formal capacity.] i. e. any one whose capacity is not out of form. Id. 1. 9. Sowter - Sowter is here perhaps the Id. 1. of a hound. hostile.

Be opposite-] That is, be adverse, Id. 1. 48. Daylight and champian—] i. e. broad day and an open country.

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P. 91, c. 1,1. 51. —-I will be point-de-vice, i. e. with the utmost possible exactness. Id. 1. 70. - a pension of thousands to be paid from the Sophy.) Alluding, as Dr. Farmer observes, to Sir Robert Shirley, who was just returned in the character of embassador from the Sophy. He boasted of the great rewards he had received, and lived in London with the utmost splendor. Id c. 2, l. 1.—tray-trip? some kind of game. Id. 1. 8. aqua-vitæ ] is the old name of

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P. 94, c. 1, l. 15. midsummer madness] 'Tis midsummer moon with you, is a proverb in Ray's Collection; signifying, you are mad. STEEVENS. Id. 1. 37. I have limed her;] I have entangled or caught her.

1d. I. 39. Fellow!] This word, which originally signified companion, was not yet totally degraded to its present meaning; and Malvolio takes it in the favourable sense. JOHNSON. Id. c. 2, l. 3. cherry-pit-] Cherry-pit is pitching cherry-stones into a little hole. Id. l. 4. - Hang him, foul collier!] Collier was, in our author's time, a term of the highest reproach. Id. t. 27. -a finder of madmen.] Finders of madmen must have been those who acted under the writ De lunatico inquirendo. P. 95, c. 1, l. 44. He is knight, dubbed with unhacked rapier, and on carpet consideration;] That is, he is no soldier by profession, not a knight banneret, dubbed in the field of battle, but, on carpet consideration, at a festivity, or on some peaceable occasion, when knights receive their dignity kneeling, not on the ground, as in war, but on a carpet. Mr. Malone reads unhatch'd.

Id. l. 49. hob, nob,] This adverb is corrupted from hap ne hap; as would ne would, will ne will; that is, let it happen or not; and signifies at random, at the mercy of chance; and is, perhaps, the origin of our hob nob, or challenge to drink a glass of wine at din

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come;] i. e. I Id. l. 50. Nay, I am for all waters.] Shakspeare is supposed to allude to the sense of the word water as used by jewellers, which makes a play of words with Topas.

Id. l. 46. But in very strange manner. possess'd, madam." MALONE.

He is sure

Id. I. 50. Some guard"] Malone prints this speech | Id. I. 78. propertied me ;] They have taken

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possession of me, as of me, as of a man unable to look to himself.

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