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LIBRARY OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE.

USEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL

PLANTING,

WITH

AN INDEX.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE

DIFFUSION OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE.

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1891

LIBRARY

Charles Prancis

Adams.

COMMITTEE.

Chairman-The Right Hon. the LORD CHANCELLOR.
Vice-Chairman-The Rt. Hon. LORD JOHN RUSSELL, M.P., Paymaster General.

Treasurer-WILLIAM TOOKE, Esq., F.R.S. W. Allen, Esq., F.R. & R.A.S.Sir T. Denman, M.P., Attor-Edwin Hill, Esq.

W. H. Ord, Esq. Rt. Hon. Visc. Althorp, M.P. ney-General.

Sir J. Cam Hobhouse,Bt.,M.P. Rt. Hon. Sir H. Parnell, Bart. Chancellor of the Exchequer. Rt. Hon. Lord Dover, F.R.S., Secretary at War.

M.P. Rt. Hon. Lord Ashley, M.P. F.S.A.

David Jardine, Esq., A.M. Rt. Hon. T. S. Rice, M.P. F.R.A.S. Lt. Drummond, R.E., F.R.A.S. Henry B. Ker, Es

F.A.S., Sec. to the Treasury. Rt. Hon. Lord Auckland, Presi- Viscount Ebrington, M.P. Th. Hewitt Key, Esq., A.M. Dr. Roget, Sec., R.S., F.R.A.S.

dent of the Board of Trade. T.F. Ellis, Esq., M.A.,F.R.A.S. George C. Lewis, Esq., M.A. Sir M. A. Shee, P.R.A., F.R.S. W. B. Baring, Esq.

John Elliotson, M.D., F.R.S. Elward Lloyd, Esq., M.A. Rev. Richard Sheepshanks, Capt. F. Beaufort, R.N., F.R., How. Elphinstone, Esq., M.A. James Loch, Esq., M.P., F.G.S. M.A.

and R.A.S., Hydrograpber to Thomas Falconer, Esq. George Lony, Esq., A.M. J. Smith, Esq., M.P. the Admiralty.

I. L. Goldsmid, Esq., H.R. and J. W. Lubbock, Esq.,F.R.,R.A. Wm. Sturch, Esq. Sir C. Bell, F.R.S. L. and E. R.A.S.

and L.S.S.

Dr. A. T. Thomson, F.L.S. John Bostock, M.D.F.R.S. B. Gompertz, Esq., F.R. and Zachary Macaulay, Esq. N. A. Vigors, Esq., F.R.S. The Rt. Rev. the Bishop of R.A.S.

H. Malden, Esq, A.M. John Ward, Esq. Chichester.

G. B. Greenough, Esq., F.R. Sir B. H. Malkin, M.A. H. Waymouth, Esq. William Coulson, Esq.

and L.S.

A. T. Malkin, Esq., M.A. J. Whishaw, Esq., M.A,F.R.S. R. D. Craig, Esq.

H. Hallam, Esq., F.R.S,, M.A. James Manninn, Esq. John Wrottesley, Esq., M.A. Wm. Crawford, Esq. M. D. Hill, Esq.

J.Herman Merivale, Esq.,F.A.S. Sec., R.A.S. J. Fred. Daniell, Esq., F.R.S. Rowland Hill, Esq., F.R.A.S. (James Mill, Esq.

Anglesea-Rev. E. Williams.

Carnarvon-R. A. Poole, Esq. Keighley, Yorkshire - Rev. T. Rippon-Rev. H. P. Hamilton, Rev. W. Johnson. William Roberts, Esq.

Dury, M.A.

A.M., F.R.S., and G.S. Mr. Miller. Chester-Hayes Lyon, Esq. Launceston-Rev. J. Barfitt.

Rev. P. Ewart, M.A. Ashburton–J.F.Kingston, Esq. Rev. Mr. Aspland.

Leamington Spa-Dr. Loudon, Ruthen-Rev. the Warden of, Bilston-Rev. W. Leigh. W. Cole, Jun., Esq.

M.D.

Humphreys Jones, Esq. Birmingham.-Rev. John Cor Dr. Cumming

Leeds-J. Marshall, Esq. Sheffield-J. H. Abraham, Esq. rie, F.R.S., Chairman. Dr. Jones.

Benjamin Gott, Esq;

Shrerrsbury - R. A. Slaney
Paul Moon James, Esq.,
Henry Potts, Esq.
J. Marshall, Jum., Esq.

Esq., M.P.
Treasurer.
Dr. Thackery.
Lewes-J. W. Woollgar, E34.

South Petherton-John Nichoos. Parkes, Esq. Hon. Rev. Mr. Thorp.

Liverpool Local Association

letts, Esq. W. Redfern, Esq. Secs. - Wardell, Esq.

Dr. Traill, Chairman.

St. Asaph-Rev. Geo. Strong. Bonn.-Leonard Horner, Esq. - Wedge, Esq.

J. Mulleneux, Esq., Treas.

Stockport-Henry Marsland, F.R.S.L.&E. Chichester-Dr. Forbes, F.R.S. Rev. W. Shepherd.

Esq., Treasurer Bristol-J. N. Sanders, Esq., Dr. Sanden.

J. Ashton Yates, Esq.

Henry Coppock, Esq., Sec. Chairman.

Taristock-Rev. W. Evans. C. C. Dendy, Esq.

Ludlone-T. A. Knighi, Esq.,
J. Reynolds, Esq., Treas.

John Rundle, Esq.
Coventry-Ar. Gregory, Esq.

P.H.S.

Warwick-Dr. Conolly.
J. B. Estlin, Esq., F.L.S., Denbigh-John Madocks, Esq. Maidenhead-R.Goolden, Esq.,
Sec.
Thos. Evans, Esq.

F.L.S.

The Rev. William Field, Bury St. Edmunds.-B. Bevan, Derby-Joseph Struti, Esq. Manchester Local Asociation (Lean.) Esq.

Devonport-Lt.-Col. J. Hamil G.W.Wood, Esq., Chairman. Vaterford-Sir John Newport, Cambridge-Rev. James Bow

Bart., M.P. ton Smith, F.R. & L.S. Benj. Heywood, Esq., Treus. stead, M...

John Coles, Esq.

T. W. Winstanley, Esq., Wolverhampton – J. Pearson, Rev. Prof. Henslow, M.A., Etruria - Jos. Wedgwood, Esq. Hon. Sec.

Esq.
F.L.S. & G.S.
Ereter-Rev. J. P. Jones. Sir G. Philips, Bart., M.P.

Worcester-Dr. Corbett, M.D. Rev. Leonard Jenyns, M.A.,

Dr. Hastings, M.D.
J. Tyrrell, Esq.

Monmouth-J. H. Moggridge,
F.L.S.
Glasgon--K. Finlay, Esq. Esq.

C. H. Hebb, Esq.
Rev. John Lodge, M.A.

Wrexham- Thomas Edgworth, D. Bannatyne, Esq.

Neath-John Rowland, Esq. Rev. Geo. Peacock, M.A., Rt. Grahame, Esq.

Nerdcastle-James Losb, Esq.

Esq.
F.R.S. & G.S.
Professor Mylne.
Rev. W. Turner.

J. E. Rowman, Esq., F.L.S. Rev. Prof. Sedgwick, M.A., Alexander McGrigor, Esq. Neport--Ab. Clarke, Esq.

Treasurer:
P.R.S. & G.S.
Charles Tennant, Esq. T. Cooke, Jun., Esq.

Major William Lloyd. Professor Sinyth, M.A. Mr. T. Atkinson, Hon. Sec. R. G. Kirkpatrick, Esq.

Yarmouth - C. E. Rumbold, Rev. C. Thirlwall, M.A. Glamorganshire

Neroport PagnellJ. Millar, Esq

Esq., M.P.
B. W Rothinan, Esq., M.A. Dr. Malkin, Cowbridge. Neicton, Montgomeryshire-

Dawson Turner, Esq.
F.R.A.S, & G.S.
Rev. B. R. Paul, Lantwit. William Pugh, Esq.

York-Rev. J. Kenrick, A.M. Rev. George Waddington. W. Williams, Esq., Aber- Norwich-Rt.Hon. Ld. Suffield.

John Wood, Esq., M.P. Canterbury.-Alex.B. Higgins, pergwm.

Rich. Bacon, Esq.
Esq.

Holywell-The Rev. J. Black-Plymouth-Geo. Harvey, Esq.,
Canton-J. F. Davis, Esq.,

wall

F.R.S. F.R.S

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CONTENT S.

CHAPTER I.

Of some of the Advantages resulting from judicious Planting

Pag

2

CHAPTER II.

Of the structure of Trees, and of the natural Agents which influence and

govern the growth of the Plants from the period of germination, until the Trees arrive at full maturity

2

CHAPTER III.

Of the different modes of rearing Forest-Trees :—By sowing the seeds on

the spot where they are to remain for Timber. By sowing the seeds on nursery beds, and afterwards transplanting the young trees to their timber sites. Modes of propagating, and of transplanting, preserving, and training proper shoots or suckers produced by coppice roots or stools. Comparative advantages and disadvantages of the different modes; and of simple and mixed Plantations

22

CHAPTER IV.

Of the soils and sites most profitably employed in the Growth of Timber;

intimate nature of different soils peculiarly adapted for the Growth of particular species of Forest-Trees

46

CHAPTER V.

Of the most approved modes of preparing different Soils for the reception

of the Plants--Fencing, Draining, Ploughing, Trenching. Of the formation of rides or carriage-ways into the interior of plantations. Of the best mode of covering these with Herbage

56

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