Making Difference in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia
University of Notre Dame Press, 2005 - 218 pages
"This is a book of great importance. Dangler s judicious and complex arguments are exemplary and in many ways the best ever written in this fraught area." Maria Rosa Menocal, Yale University"Using an interesting and diverse assortment of texts from the canonical to little studied 'cutting poems, ' riddles, and medical texts Dangler provides a fresh perspective on a medieval Iberia that sustained a fluid concept of identity and an acceptance of difference that extended even to the level of the deformed monstrous. Her insights enrich our understanding of the texts and of medieval culture." Margaret R. Greer, Duke University"Jean Dangler's book explores new ways to explain the problem of alterity in the medieval and early modern Iberian peninsula. By challenging our preconceived ideas, Dangler gives us a new set of important questions that will lead us to perceive in a different form this essential period: How can we understand alterity in multicultural societies? How can we deal with difference as a cultural category? And, when the construction of difference and alterity changes, how are these changes debated in the 'body' of culture? Her study is not only an extremely original piece of scholarship; it is also a way that can lead scholars to establish a dialogue that is, more than ever, a necessity." Jesus D. Rodriguez-Velasco, University of California, BerkeleyMedieval Iberia was a multicultural territory of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian societies in constant geographic, cultural, political, and economic contact. In this engaging study, Jean Dangler examines the way that ideas of difference were forged in four types of medieval Iberian discourse: "muwashshah/jarcha" poems from al-Andalus, Andalusi "cutting poems," medical literature about the body, and portrayals of the monster. She argues that the texts demonstrate the two fundamental precepts of medieval Iberian alterity: multifaceted subject formation and the embrace of contrasts and the negative. Dangler explores how the four discourses she analyzes changed in the early modern period from an acceptance of difference to more rigid concepts of subjectivity and the marginalization of difference a shift accompanying the rise of the Castilian nation-state and its imposition of static hierarchies of value."
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The Lyric Body
The Divided Body
The Medical Body
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affirmative al-Andalus Al-Jahiz amor Andalusi Andalusi lyric Arabic Avinon beauty beloved blemmye body Cadden Calisto cancionero cancionero poem Castilian Celestina century chapter Christian coition coitus concepts contrast converso converts courtly love cutting poems Deformed Discourse demonstrates denigrated desire dieval diverse divine early mod early modern period female fifteenth gender and sexuality hermaphrodites homoerotic Huarte Ibid Ibn Jatima Ibn Quzman ideal identity Islamic jarcha Jewish Jews Juan late medieval linguistic male maqama margins Maria Rosa Menocal medianeras mediating medical treatises medical writers medicine medieval alterity medieval and early medieval Iberian medieval period Melibea men's Menocal Middle Ages models monstrous Moses Ibn Ezra Muslim mutable muwashshah and zajal mystical nation-state negativa negative negative theology Occitan paradigm paradox physicians poet poetic poetry political Pseudo-Dionysian readers reinforced relation religious Rojas role Romance scissors seed Sevillana shows sixteenth sixteenth-century society soys suggests syphilis tenets tion Translation verse Virgin woman women