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according to the Act of Parliament of the first of King Wm. and Queen Mary, exempting her Majty's Protestant subjects from certain penaltys, &c.

“Signed per order W. BLADEN, CI. Councell." This decision of the Governor led the Court to enter the following record :-“This day appeared Mr. John Hampton and Mr. George McNish, exhibited an order from his Excellency the Governor and honorable Councill for their Qualification to preach in this county, in obedience thereunto this Court did administer the oaths appointed per Act of Parliament, to the said Hampton and McNish, who did comply therewith, and did likewise subscribe the Declaration, whereupon this Court did allow that the aforesaid Hampton and McNish should preach att the meeting house near Mr. Edgar's, the meeting house att the head of Monocan, the meeting house att Snowhill, and the meeting house on Mr. Joseph Venable's land, as per the Desenting preachers required.”

As Mr. Joseph Venable sat on the bench, and one of the meeting houses stood “on Mr. Joseph Venable's land,” it was well that the Court referred the petitions to the Governor, and waited patiently for his decision. Governor Seymour was greatly grieved at the conduct of the beneficed clergy, and proposed that the Governor and Council should have power to oversee and discipline the ministers of the established church, in the total want of a church judicatory in the province. This plan of the Governor was defeated on the pretence that it was an attempt covertly to introduce Presbyterian forms. The clergy never forgave him, and triumphing in his defeat and their security, grew worse and worse. Tradition says, that at Wicomico, the rector, while administering the Lord's Supper, upon tasting the bread, cried out to the church warden, “George—this bread is not fit for a dog.” The condition of the clergy was such that a bishop of the Episcopal Church, now living, expressed amazement that God spared a church under such teachers to have any existence at all.

Some time after the return of Mr. Makemie from Europe, the Presbytery of Philadelphia was formed. The day of its formation will, probably, never be known, as the first leaf of their book of records is missing. It is not probable that it was formed till after the licensure or qualification of the ministers, Messrs. McNish and Hampton, who came over in 1705, and were qualified on the 12th of June 1706. It may however have been formed in the latter part of the year 1705. The records commence in the middle of a sentence. The business on hand, the trials of Mr. John Boyd; these were finished the next session of the Presbytery.—which was on the 27th of December. The year of this meeting is supposed to be 1706. as the next meeting took place in March 1707. It is not known that there is any matter of importance depending on the decision respecting either the year or the month on which the Presbytery was formed, farther, than it must have been formed previously to the close of the year 1706, and after the commencement of the year 1705.

The ministers that formed this Presbytery, or were united with it previously to December 27th, 1706, were Francis Makemie, George McNish, John Hampton, Samuel Davis, John Wilson, Nathaniel Taylor, and Jedediah Andrews. Makemie's residence was Ononcock, in Accomack county, Virginia. Messrs. Hampton, McNish, and Davis, preached on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Mr. Taylor was settled on the Patuxent. Mr. Wilson resided in Newcastle. Mr. Andrews in Philadelphia. This last mentioned gentleman became the Stated Clerk of Presbytery and filled the office for many years. A Mr. John Macky is mentioned in the minutes of Presbytery, for 1712, as living on Elizabeth river. He never became a member of the Presbytery.

Mr. Makemie was Moderator of the Presbytery in December, 1706. During the sessions of Presbytery, in March, 1707, he, together with Mr. John Wilson, preached, according to appointment, on Hebrews, 1st chapter, 1st and 2d verses. Between these two meetings, Mr. Makemie, on his way to Boston, in Massachusetts, stopped in New York_city; and suffered imprisonment for preaching a sermon. Being permitted to give bail, he returned home, attended the meeting of Presbytery in March, returned to New York and stood trial for the offence of preaching a sermon without leave of the Deputy Governor. At the next meeting which took place in Philadelphia, May 1708, Mr. Makemie was not present. But the record states that he had complied with the order made the year previous requiring him to—“write to Scotland to Mr. Alex. Coldin, minister of Oxam,-and to give an account of the state and circumstances of the dissenting Presbyterian interest among the people in, and about, Lewistown, and to signify the earnest desires of the people, for the said Mr. Coldin's coming over to be their minister; and that Mr. Makemie make report of his diligence herein against the next Presbytery.” His absence from this Presbytery may have had connexion with his death. Before the next meeting Mr. Makemie had gone to the general assembly and church of the first born whose names are written on high.

The immediate cause of his death, and the manner, are equally unknown. His will bears date April 27th, 1708.' It was proved, according to law, on the 4th of August, of the same year. Some parts of his will are of permanent interest. Extracts shall be given from an attested copy by the Deputy Clerk of Accomack county.

1st. After giving to his wife and two daughters, each, forty volumes of English books, to be chosen by them from his whole liberary,—the will adds—"and the rest of my library of Books of all sorts, I give and bequeath unto Mr. Jedediah Andrews minister at Philadelphia, excepting my law books, and after his decease or removal from Philadelphia, I give and bequeath said Liberary to such minister or ministers as shall succeed him in that place and office, and to such only as shall be of the Presbyterian or Independent persuasion and none else. My will is, that as soon as said Books are remitted to Philadelphia, the number and names of said Liberary may be put upon record, to be preserved there, as a constant Liberary for the use of foresaid minister or ministers successively, forever. I give, will, and bequeath unto Mr. Andrew Hamilton and his heirs forever, all my law books to be found among my liberary Books, and thoes he already hath in possession. Do you know law ? was the sneering inquiry put to him in New York on his trial.

2d. As a farther expression of kind feelings to Mr. Andrews—“I give and bequeath unto Mr. Jedediah Andrews, minister at Philadelphia, and his heirs forever, my black camlet cloak, and my new cane, bought and fixed at Boston;"-probably, when he fled from the attempt at a second arrest by the Deputy Governor of New York.

3d. In the further disposition of property, he empowers his Executrix-" to sell, dispose of and alien my house and lott at the new towne in Princess Anne county, on the Eastern Branch of Elizabeth River, as also my lott and house or frame of house in the new towne on Wormlye’s creek, called Urbana, as also my lot Joyning to the new meeting House Lott, in Pocomoke town.” The disposition of the meeting house lot has already been quoted.

4th. He provides residuary legatees. “And if my daughters aforesaid, die without issue of their natural Bodyes, their parts of all Estate reall and personall given by this will, I give and bequeath to my youngest sister Anne Makemie of the Kingdom of Ireland, and the two eldest sons of my brother John and Robert Makemie, both of the name of Francis Makemie, and their heirs forever."

5th. His disposition of his children. After naming his wife as Executrix, he proceeds—“committing to her and her only, the guardianship and the tutorship of my aforesaid children, whilst in minority, during her natural life, and in case of the death of my deare wife, Naomie Makemie, before this my will is proved and executed, or the arrival of my said daughters, Elizabeth and Anne Makemie, at age, I do constitute, appoint and ordaine the Honorable Colonel Francis Jenkins of Somerset county, in Maryland, and Mary Jenkins, his Lady, and beloved Consort, Executors of this my last Will and Testament, and guardians to my said children during their minority, and till marriage, charging all persons concerned in the presence of Almighty and Omniscient God, to give and allow my said children a sober, virtuous Education, either here or else where, as in Britain, New England, or Philadelphia.

His daughter Elizabeth soon followed her father to the grave. The records of the court say that Mrs. Naomi Makemie applied for administration on the estate of her daughter Elizabeth, on the 6th of October, 1708.

His daughter Anne married a gentleman by the name of Holden. She lived to a great age, passing many years as a widow, and died possessed of a large estate. In her will, which bears date November 15th, 1787, she bequeathed one hundred pounds to the Pitt's Creek Congregation, the one that worshipped—“in the Meeting house near Mr. Edgar's,-to be disposed of by the Sessions for the support of a minister.' This fund is still in existence. She made a donation of twenty pounds to the Rev. Jacob Ker. To the Rev. Samuel McMasters she gave-“forty six pounds, a mahogany desk, a bed and furniture, and a Negro woman called Keziah and her children."

Col. Jenkins who is named with such marked confidence in the will, died soon after Mr. Makemie, and left no children. He bequeathed a great estate to his wife.

Mr. John Henry, the successor of Mr. Makemie at Rehoboth, came, in year 1710, an ordained minister, from the Presbytery of Dublin, and was installed pastor the same year. At the meeting of the Presbytery, Sept. 20th, 1710, in which Mr. Henry was received, three other ministers were also united with the judicatory, James Anderson from the Presbytery of Irvine in Scotland, Joseph Morgan from New England, and Paulus Van Vleek from the Dutch Reformed. After their admission there is the following—“Memorandum; Upon the admission of these ministers above mentioned; three Elders more sat in Presbytery, namely, Mr. Peerce Bray, Mr. John Foord and Mr. Lenard Van Degrift.” Mr. Henry was at the meeting of the Presbytery in 1716. His death is recorded on the minutes of Synod in 1717. Of him Mr. Spence says—“I remember to have seen, seventeen years ago, a manuscript strongly bound octavo volume, of from three to five hundred pages, entitled-Common Place. It was a mass of religious instructions prepared by Mr. Henry for his descendants. From my recollections of the book it enforced the prominent

doctrines of the Confession of Faith, in their length and breadth, urged upon those who should inherit his name or blood, the faithful performance of the duties which result from them,—with his advice as to the best manner of performing those duties.” He left two sons.

Rev. John Hampton came to America in 1705, was regularly invited to the congregation at Snow Hill in 1707, but was not installed till 1708. The services of his installation were performed by Rev. Mr. McNish alone; the other member of committee, Mr. Davis, having failed to attend on the occasion. After the death of Mr. Henry, Mr. Hampton was united in marriage with the widow. He was present at the Synod in Sept. 1720. His will was admitted to record Feb. 2đ, 1721. His death was reported to Synod Sept. 1721, but the day of his decease is not mentioned.

Mrs. Mary Hampton, who had been connected in marriage, successively, with Colonel Jenkins, Rev. John Henry, and Rev. John Hampton, departed this life 1744. “Her maiden name"-says Mr. Spence—“was King. She was the daughter of an Irish Baronet. She was a distinguished woman, or as I have heard her called

a great woman. She is uniformly called on the public records—madam. She left two sons, the only descendants of herself, or Mr. Henry; they both attained manhood; were married, and their descendants may be found in Dorchester, Somerset, and Worcester Counties."

Rev. George McNish, the other “assistance" of Mr. Makemie, after declining calls from Monocan, Wicomoco—"the meeting house on Mr. Venable's land”—or Salisbury and Upper Marlborough, removed to Long Island in New York and became pastor of Jamaica in 1712. He resided in that place till his death in 1726. “By his exertions principally, ' says Mr. Webster, “the Presbytery of Long Island was formed consisting, besides himself, of the Rev. Samuel Pumry (or Pomroy) of Newtown, Rev. George Phillips of Setauket, and the Church in Southampton over which they ordained Rev. Samuel Gelston at their first meeting.” Mr. McNish died in 1726.

Rev. Samuel Davis was a member of the Presbytery when the records commence, and was probably an original member. He was from Ireland. He preached in different places on the Eastern Shore and died in 1725.

Rev. John Wilson, another of the original members of Presbytery, was from Scotland. As early as 1704 was minister of New Castle on the Delaware. He died in 1712. .

Rev. Nathaniel Taylor, another of the ministers that united to form the Presbytery, lived on the Patuxent. Dr. Balch of Georgetown gives a tradition that a colony of Scotch came to

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