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Maroons, without themselves incurring the name of barbarous; but to employ the only resource which they had left to save the country from de. struction, and themselves and families from indiscriminate slaughter, was surely, at least, a pardonable retaliation. And the author does not hesitate to assert, that had the Maroons held out for three or four months longer, Jamaica would have exhibited a scene of general conflagration, havoc, and ruin! In the season of crop, the weather is usually long and excessively dry, and so combustible does the stubble of the cane-fields become in consequence, that a spark of fire communicated to them, would in a few hours consume three or four plantations; and the blaze, if once become general, would be stopped with much difficulty ;-even the grass at this season is so parched by the heat and the drought, that it would assist to propagate the devouring element. Thus then the Maroons would have had it in their power to destroy the property of the country; and many of the slaves, seeing their success and their desperate exploits, would have been tempted, by a view of independence, to have joined their banners, and to have massacred the few whites who had been left in care of the plantations. But for what purpose were these dogs gotten? Was it to tear, devour, and suck the blood of the unhappy Maroons, as was insidiously represented ?. Those who have ever traversed the

interior and mountainous parts of Jamaica, well know that they afford fastnesses to such a people as the Maroons, in which dogs could not be so employed with any chance of success. Of this the whites were fully aware. But, by their keen scent, they might discover the lurking retreats of the enemy, on the approach to them of the parties of the whites, and thus put them on their guard against those ambushes which so often proved fatal to them. But the grand intent of these animals was the terror which the name and the presence of them conveyed to the minds of the Maroons. Negroes are fond of exaggeration, and such of the slaves as had seen them, and afterwards resorted to the Maroons, gave to theas people an appalling description of their size, their fierceness, their strength, their agility, and numbers. This account operated as was expected and desired; the Maroons soon after the introduction of the Spanish dogs, testified a desire to capitulate, which they would not (as they themselves said) otherwise 50 easily have done. And thus was much bloodshed, not to say the absolute destruction of the country, prevented by thesə animals. At the same time not a drop of blood was shed by them, if we except an unfortunate accident, of one getting loose from its keeper, soon after their arrival, and worrying an old negro woman. They were muzzled and held in couples by the Spanish chasseurs.

All the Maroons that remain in the island do not amount to above five or six hundred. The Trelawney town Maroons were by far the most fierce, daring, and warlike of these people.

The Maroons in general lead a wild and roving sort of life. The women are chiefly employed in cultivating the grounds, and attending to the wants of their families; while the men are (or at at least were) in the woods, hunting the wild hog, or shooting the ring-tail pigeon. Their arms were a light fusee and powder-horn, a machetto, or short sabre, sometimes a lance made of the hardest wood, and, in war, a horn directed, by its various modulations, their movements. With these the Maroon climbed with the nimbleness and celerity of the roebuck, the precipitous rocks and rugged mountains of the wild woods, which he traversed in quest of his prey. He patiently explored the deepest retreats of the forest; lived in them for whole weeks ; found every where abundance of materials wherewith to erect his hut, or kindle a fire for the dressing of his game; and, if unsuccessful in procuring it, he could easily subsist upon the mountain cabbage, while he assuaged his thirst with the moisture of the water-withe, or wild pine, should no rivulet be near, nor water remain in the excavations of the rocks. He was wonderfully adroit in the management of his fusee, he could charge and fire in any position, he could toss it high in the air, and, catching it in the descent, instantly present it, with unerring aim, at his object. In short, he was completely adapted for a desultory and skirmishing warfare in a woody and mountainous country, like Jamaica. It is therefore no wonder, that in the contest between this people and the whites, they should avail themselves, so fatally to the latter, of these advantages and qualifications; nor can there be ä doubt, that the terror of the Spanish dogs alone operated more powerfully to induce them to surrender, than all the troops and military talent in the country. Not that there was a deficiency of either ; but what could a body of gallant troops, headed by the bravest and most skil. ful officer, do against an enemy who was invisible to them--who, skulking behind huge trees and imniense rocks, were so placed as completely to enfilade the narrow and rugged defiles through which the former were obliged to pass ? It would be painful to dwell on the various shocking barbarities exercised on the unfortunate white men who fell, in these encounters, alive into the hands of this savage foe, who gloried in having such an opportunity of glutting their bloodthirsty, and vindictive spirit, by nameless insults and protracted tortures! The man' who knows he has a generous enemy to fight with, 'has no presentiment of so horrible a fate, to damp the energy of his spirit; he does not fear becoming the martyr of an unpitying revenge, should the chance of war, some sudden surprise, or anexpected ambush, throw him into the hands of such an enemy. He knows, that if he falls wounded into his power, he will be cherished, respected, consoled, with all that characteristic humanity which ever distinguishes the truly brave. Indeed, generosity and compassion to a vanquished enemy, form perhaps the brightest trait in the character of the soldier--that eye, which flashed fierceness. and defiance in the hour of battle, bedews with the softest tears of a generous sympathy, the wounds of his fallen foe! To preach this doctrine to the vindictive and cowardly savage, is like persuasion to the deaf winds of heaven.

The Maroons, however successful they were in their surprises, skirmishes, and ambuscades, were certainly, as before remarked, deficient in one of the first qualities of a soldier, courage. Confident of their security in the midst of their fastnesses and retreats, the marches and movements of the whites gave them little concern as to their safety; yet in the open field they were perfectly aware they were no match for the regulars and militia ; nor was their mode of warfare at all calculated for a cultivated and champaign country. While they remained in the vicinity of their town, which, as a preliminary to war, they burnt with their own hands, a few shells were thrown, in the evenings, in different directions from the post there, into the surrounding woods, in order to scour them, and preyent night sur

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