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and unqualified exterior respect. It is a passa port into the first circles and the best company; without its merit of any kind is little thought of, except for its utility. This pride of wealth is too often observable both in the natives and Europeans, who have pretensions to opulence and influence. It is a little, short-sighted;, andi illiberal: passion, particularly when isolated from other more estimable qualities, which might rena der it less revolting and unamiable. It is apt to betray its possessor into a thousand absurdities and ridiculous affectations, which are obvious to thinking observers, and are concealed from him. self by an impervious veill of self-love. It is for this reason that in parts distant from the mother country, (as. the East or West Indies), one sol frequently meets with such contradictions to alp reason and nature as your self-exalted nabobs, a. species of the human race who have already been described. Vain empty mortals, who, by various ways, have ascended to the very pinnacle of fortune, a situation which they keow not how to i ebjoy with dignity and taste; who lavish it ini ostentatious display, without public munificence of private; charity. Many of these mighty mortals have an infinite deal more of hauteur and inaccessible pride than the first peers of the British realm, or even the monarch hintself, who, by the byer worthy man ! possesses as little of either as. apy of his subjects, considering he is.

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under a staté-necessity of keeping up suitable appearances of dignity. But one of the most ludicrous affectations of the pride of wealth in the nabob is, the associating with it the pride of birth and family, a pride in which the whole of his family (particularly the female part of it) most naturally and cordially participate. The rationality of this species of pride, which takes to itself merit from the illustrious actions of a long line of ancestors, has indeed been often called in question : such an assumption is, hows ever, natural and excusable ; but what are we to

at least not far distant, progenitors had the honour of wield. ing an awl, brandishing a goose, or adjusting 4. towel under the chin of a customer?, What are we to say to such, when they speak of the dignity of their family, and foolishly deck themselves in borrowed plumes ? Not that it would be either just or generous to reproach any one with the meanness of their origin, or their former poverty, and obscurity, when they bear their honours, meekly;" on the contrary, their having risen to wealth and distinction, by their own efforts, is generally an argument in favour of their merit ; but when they get giddy on the pinnacle of pros perir? all below, however equal or superior to themselves in

every thing but wealth, one cannot but smile at the petty workings of human conceit. In this

case a gentle fillip of satire, like cephalic powder to one troubled with giddiness, has sometimes a very salutary effect." As for this species of pride in many of the females of the opulent families in this country; it is much more pardonable in them than in the other sex. In most countries, as well as Jamaica, this sort of ambition is natural to the fair sex"; they are fond of place and pre-eminence, and eagerly snatch at all accasions of asserting it. - This, however, is only a picture of some which has been drawn. It is pleasing to contemplate the reverse of the medal. It is a pleasing task to have it to say, that if there are some of the natives of distinction who are rendered not so amiable and estimable as they would otherwise be, by this supercilious pride and ungracious conceit, there are also others who, in all respects, would do honour to any country, and to any sphere of life; whose generosity and liberality of soul are free as the winds of heaven; whose minds are expansive as air; their understandings cultivated, and their hearts 'overflowing with the “milk of human kindness.” This is no overstrained eulogium. The author has had the happiness and the honour of being acquainted with some such, whose virtues and liberality he esteems and reveres.

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CHAP. XVIIL

Thoughts on slavery, and on the condition of

the negro slaves of the West Indies.-Remarks on the slave trade.

THE author is now entering upon a subject the most important and interesting—the condition, character, and treatment of the slaves in the West Indies ; a subject which has engaged the attention, and interested the feelings, of a considerable portion of Europe; a subject which has given employment to the ablest pens, and called forth such bursts of indignant oratory, and such glowing pictures of human misery, degradation, and oppression, as were calculated to excite a general sentiment of commiseration and sympathy for the supposed wrongs and sufferings of this injured part of the human race. Humanity is a field which the heart delights to expatiate in; the tribute it pays to it is willing and grateful ; it is a favourite theme, and when seconded and enforced by the powers of an irresistible eloquence, every passion, every affection of the heart, is zealously enlisted in its cause. every attempt to excuse, undeceive, or explain, to rectify misrepresentation, or soften exaggerated

In this case,

pictures, must be a peculiarly unpleasing, as it will generally prove an unsuccessful, task, such attempts being too apt to be construed as perversions and palļiations, originating in selfish and interested motives. What, then, is the author an advocate for the perpetuation of slavery and oppression ? God forbid ! But is there then no possibility of separating the two ideas? This is a large field, which has already been traversed over and over again ; to repeat the arguments which have been exhausted on this subject would, therefore, be superfluous and nugatory, and would rather lead to a suspicion (which he sin. cerely deprecates) of his being a professed advocate for one side of the question, than operate to produce conviction in the minds of those who þave adopted the other. To avert this suspicion as much as possible, he will at once say, that he is unconditionally an advocate for, neither side.

On a broad and philosophical view of the subject, who but must wish that slavery were for ever driven from the face of the earth, and even the very name blotted out from the vocabulary of every free and enlightened nation. But is this, in every situation, safe, practicable, wise, politic, consistent with the security, property, and even existence of one of the parties (which ought to be a primary consideration), or conducive to the peace, welfare, and happiness of the other ? Perhaps there can be little hesitation

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