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rally advantageous customers to the store-keepers ; for, even if they do not give cash for the goods they purchase, the store-keeper may drive an advantageous bargain with them, hy taking in payment the articles they import, such as horses, mules, cattle, and hogs, which they afterwards sell to the planters at a considerable profit; or hides, tortoise-shell, lance-wood spars, mahogany, fustic, &c. which they may export with advantage to Great Britain.
The vendue-masters here are the same as auc: tioneers in Great Britain; goods are placed in their hands to be sold either for what they will fetch at public outcry, or for a certain moderate price fixed by the owner, and disposed of pri: vately. Their profits are six per cent on all sales.
Wharfingers are men who keep public wharves for the shipment and storage of goods : the rates of wharfage are fixed by law, and a wharfinger is answerable for the goods, or for any damage they may suscain, while under his custody. Nevertheless this is considered as a profitable line of life by some, who soon make fortunes by it. There are in the towns, also, various other branches of business, as timber merchants, liquor dealers, &c. &c. But enough has been said of professions and occupations, to convey to the reader an idea of the nature and emoluments of those more particularly deserving of attention.
A considerable share of the mercantile and retail business of this island is engrossed by the Jews; a people who, in every part of the world where traffic exists, ensure to themselves, by their skill, sagacity, and indefatigable diligence, success and profit. They deal here, in the retail way, in almost every kind of merchandize, but particularly in jewelry. By selling cheaply (though it is generally understood of this people, that they do not always ask equitable prices for their goods), they have generally a considerable command of cash, with which they often attend public sales, and, by forming combinations among one another, usually secure to themselves good bargains, to the exclusion of Christian buyers. In the course of ten or, twelve years a Jew generally amasses here a considerable fortune. One of the first mercantile houses of this island has a Jew as the principal of the firm. But nine-tenths of that mation are engaged in the shop-keeping line,
Creoles, or natives.-Men.-Women.
THE white inhabitants of Jamaica consist, as before said, of Creoles, or natives of the island, and Europeans come hither to seek or improve their fortunes. It is impossible to fix the precise proportion of each of these classes to the other; perhaps two Creoles for one European may be pretty near the mark. There are few of the former engaged in mercantile concerns, but they comprise the bulk of the wealthy and respectable of the land-holders,
The Creoles are in their persons generally tall: and well-proportioned, mostly swarthy in their complexions (the men are here spoken of), though those who are sent early to Great Britain retain little of it; and, notwithstanding the climate, have a strength and hardiness, though not robust, which is capable of undergoing the greatest fatigues and privations. They are uncommonly active, and fond of every kind of exercise; they are commonly lively and cheerful, being blessed with an abundant flow of spirits, which has, however, sometimes the appearance of levity and frivolity; they are open, generous, and unsus, pecting in their natures, and hospitable even to
The visit of the stranger, or the call of the acquaintance, is considered by them as a compliment; the best their houses, can afford is poured forth in profusion for his entertainment; and the sincerity of their welcome is pure, unaffected, and spontaneous. Their conduct; in short, would frequently seem to imply, that they regard the maxim, " be just before you are generous," as cold, selfish, and worldly; as many, while they run heedlessly into debts which they have not the present means of paying, will yet continue the undiminished exercise of their generous hospitality, and take a pride and a zeal in entertaining their guests with renewed splendour and profusion. They are, in general, kind and generous friends, affectionate relatives, and many of them are lenient and indulgent masters to their slaves; it were to be wished that this could be said of the whole ; but one thing may, at least, be said, and that is, that they possess, in general, as much humanity as the Europeans in the island. As there never was a people among whose amiable qualities there were not mingled certain characteristic shades, so it is to be lamented that, among the Creoles, are too often to be found individuals, who are by no means the most ex. emplary in their moral conduct. These are men, whose minds are debased, and whose taste and appetites are vitiated, by habitual low gratificanions and despicable indulgencies; who, after having entered into the conjugal state, behave in a manner degrading to themselves, and calculated to wound the tenderest feelings of their faithful unoffending wives. It is by no means unusual for such men to entertain openly their harams of sable and tawny mistresses, without even being at the pains to preserve secrecy and decorum in this shameful dereliction of all that is kind and amiable in a husband. They do not steal with fear and trembling, and secret blushing, from the arms of a virtuous, deserving, and perhaps lovely partner, to bestow their caresses on those wretched companions ; but they fly openly and avowedly, fearless of censure, and unabashed by the baseness of the act. Unhap: pily, such conduct is too prevalent even among men whose situation in life, and even reputa; tion for talents, ought to induce them to hold out other examples ; and yet these men are countenanced, nay, cạressed, because, forsooth, they are men of property.
One cannot so much blame the unhappy man, whose circumstances and situation preclude him from the enjoyment of connubial bliss: one cannot absolutely condemn that person, who, at one moment of his life, looked forward, with young-eyed hope," to the period when he was to enjoy those conjugal sweets ; but who, since that period, has entangled and attached himself, beyond retraction, in more disreputable connections ; but the man