Page images
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

intrigue, and Irish acuteness, and va we are now in the humour, for taking rieties of resource, Mademoiselle's plan notice of the other faults of this dewas likely to be defeated, when, to the lightful tale. We shall only observe, great satisfaction of all concerned, that Miss Edgeworth, in this tale, White Connal broke his neck. Every comes forward sometimes too ostentaebstacle seemed now to be removed tiously in propria persona as a moral Corny himself would have been de- teacher, and seems even willing to inlighted to see his daughter united to stitute a comparison to her own adOrmond-but White Connal had a vantage between her mode of pourtraybrother, to whom, if he was now alive, ing characters, and that of other novelKing Cornelius imagined his unfor- ists. Thus, towards the conclusion tunate promise to extend. In conse- of the third chapter, she tells us, quence


a message from his majesty, “ Most heroes are born perfect, --so at the brother, designated Black Connal, least their biographers, or rather their soon appeared in the shape of a dash- panegyrists, would have us believe. ing officer of the Irish brigade. His Qur hero is far from this happy lot ; French habits and manners were quite the readers of his story are in no dandelightful to Mademoiselle; and though ger of being wearied at first setting Dora was at first hurt by his polite in- out, with the list of his merits and difference, the vanity of making such accomplishments, nor will they be a conquest,--the, hope of the unre awed or discouraged by the exhibition strained gayety and freedom which her of virtue above the common standard aunt assured her French wives enjoy- of humanity, beyond the hope of imied,--and above all, the confidence with tation,” &c. We can understand the which Connal had the address to in- moral of representing her hero's imaspire her in the sincerity of his affec- gination as so heated, by the perusal of tion, induced her at length to consent Tom Jones, that he was determined to to the fulfilment of her father's rash distinguish himself as an accomplished promise ; and after a considerable libertine, and of saving him the infastruggle between love and vanity, she my of ruining a lovely and innocent was married to this Frenchified cox, girl, only by the discovery that she comb, and set off with her husband was the lover of his faithful Moriarty. and Mademoiselle to Paris.

But really Miss Edgeworth's descripWhen the kind-hearted Corny saw tion of the dissipation and gayety of that Ormond could not be liis son-in- Parisian society would have satisfied law and heir, he resolved that he us of its temptations without her hero, should no longer lose his time in the (whose mind had now been fortified Black Islands; and though he would by a strong attachment to a most dehave been happy to have kept him while serving object,-by the society of a he lived, and had no one now to supply most exemplary and accomplished cler

the blank which his absence must gyman,--and by a long course of study - make, he had generously undertaken under that worthy gentleman's directo procure a commission for him in tion) being brought to the verge of a the army, for which he had already criminal intimacy with the married lodged money in the bank. Things daughter of his generous and beloved are in this train, when this generous benefactor. There are several marvelmonarch is killed by the bursting of a lous incidents too, which violently fowling-piece. No death (in fiction) stagger belief, particularly the sudever disappointed or vexed us so much den appearance of Moriarty Carroll at

as this, particularly as we see no great Paris, at the very moment when it send which it serves in the narrative. It was necessary to save Ormond from

gives Miss Edgeworth an opportunity, ruin. But we forbear to indulge in tindeed, of describing an Irish wake and the ungrateful task of pointing out funeral; but we should have liked bet- blemishes where there is so much to

ter to see King Corny living to a mac admire. If the extracts which we 1. ture old age, enjoying the happiness of have given, have produced on our seeing his dear prince succeed to an readers the effect which we intended, ample fortune, united with the lovely they will fly with eagerness to the and accomplished Miss Annaly, and perusal of this tale, which, in the varifinally, succeeding his generous pa- ed and interesting delineation of cha-tron in the sovereignty of the Black racter, is inferior to none of Miss

Islands. We have not time, though Edgeworth's productions

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

THE scientific world will rejoice to learn, eter, the heat of the flame be not sufficient that one of the most philosophical chemists to melt a platinum wire, whose diameter of modern times, Dr Thomas Thomson, equals 1-16th of an inch, the operator may has been elected to the chemical chair in the be assured his experiments will not be attend. University of Glasgow. His varied know, ed with accurate results. The melting of ledge, minute as extensive,-his philosophi- the platinum wire ought to be considered cal views, and singular talent for elucidat. as a necessary trial of the intensity of the ing the most abstract points, have long heat ; which should be such, that this wire marked him out as eminently qualified for not only fuses and falls in drops before the a situation like that to which he has been fame, but also exhibits a lively scintillation, just called. His election, honourable as it resembling the combustion of iron wire exis to himself, will, there is little doubt, posed to the same temperature. “ It must,” prove one of the most valuable acts of the he says, “ have appeared very remarkable, learned body to which he now belongs, that while the reduction of the earths to the whether it be regarded with reference to the metallic state, and particulasly of barytes, general interests of physical science, or to was so universally admitted by all who witthe numerous manufactures of Scotland. nessed my experiments with the gas blow. We most cordially trust, that Dr Thomson pipe in Cambridge, the experiments which will long continue to discharge the duties of took place at the Royal Institution for the his chair, with satisfaction to himself and express purpose of obtaining the same readvantage to society.

sults, totally failed. This will, however, We are happy to announce, that Profes appear less remarkable, when it is now auld gor Leslie is at present engaged in a series of ed, that my own experiments began at experiments with some new instruments of length to fail also. During the Easter vahis invention, which will throw much new cation, owing to causes I could not then exand important light on meteorology. plain, the intensity of the heat was so much

Sir Humphrey Davy states, that flame is diminished in the flame of the ignited gas, gaseous matter heated so highly as to be that I was sometimes unable to effect the luminous, and that to a degree of temper- fusion of platinum wire of the thickness of ature beyond the white heat of solid bodies,

a common knitting needle. The blame as is shown by the circumstance, that air was of course imputed to some supposed not luminous will communicate this degree impurity, or want of due proportion, in the of beat. When an attempt is made to pass gaseous mixture ; when, to our great a. Aame through a very fine mesh of wire. mazement, the intensity of the heat was ganze at the cominon temperature, the again restored, simply by removing a quan, gauze cools each portion of the elastic mat- tity of oil which had accumulated in the ter that passes through it, so as to reduce its cap of the safety-cylinder, and which had temperature below that degree at which it acquired a black colour. About this time is luminous, and the diminution of temper. Dr Wollaston arrived in Cambridge, and ature must be proportional to the smallness was present at some experiments, in com, of the mesh and the mass of the metal. pany with the Dean of Carlisle and our

Dr E. D. Clarke, in a letter to Dr Thom- professor of chemistry. Dr Wollaston son, says, that in using the gas blow-pipe, brought with him some pure barytes It two precautions are necessary : First, as a was immediately observed, that with this precaution for his safety, the operator, be- newly-prepared barytes, there was no possi. fore igniting the gas, should apply his ear bility of obtaining any metallic appear. to the apparatus gently turning the stop ance. The barytes deliquesced before the cock of the jet at the saine time), and listen, ignited gas, and drops of a liquid caustic to determine, by the bubbling noise of the matter fell from it. Hence it became evi. oil, whether it be actually within the safety dent, that the failure here, and at the Royal cylinder. The oil may be drawn into the Institution, might be attributed to the same reservoir, whenever the piston is used, if cause, namely, the impurity of the barytes, the stop-cock below the piston be not kept which proved to be, in fact, a hydrate ; and carefully shut, before the handle is raised. its reduction to the metallic state before the If there have been a partial detonation in ignited gas was thereby rendered impractithe safety cylirder, as sometimes happens cable." when the gas is nearly expended, this precaution is doubly necessary, to ascertain Dr Clarke has lately made the following whether the oil have not been driven into experiments :the reservoir, when an explosion of the EXPER. I. Corundum.If, during the whole apparatus would be extremely pro- fusion of this substance, it be allowed to bable. Using this precaution, the diameter fall, while hot, upon a deal board, it will of the jet may be so enlarged as to equal become coated over with a film of carbon, 1-25th of an inch. Second, if, with this diam- exhibiting the highest pseudo-metallic lus

tre, which however disappears upon the ac. great danger, threw off the pillars to get at tion of the file. The same happens in the it, and could not pursue it farther than fusion of rock crystal, of pure alumine, cleared, as they had no method of support. magnesia, and many other refractory bodies. ing the vast mass above it. The stratum of The appearance of this pseudo-metallic lus- coal dips into the land in a southerly directre might deceive any person ; but it is dis- tion ; and, from the altitudes taken, it ap- ; T tinguished from reguline lustre in this cir. pears that it lowers as it approaches to the easts bois cumstance, that the file removes it.

-Several trials at different places have been us EXPER. II. Crystallized Phosphate of made to find coal, but none worth follow-rot Lime, found near Bovey in Devonshire. ing, except under columnar basalt, above :) No decrepitation. Phosphorescence. Fuses which is a stratum of irregular whin-stones & into a black shining slag; depositing on then basalt pillars at the top. The depth in iron forceps a cupreous-coloured powder. of the good seams of coal is from three to sui Scintillation-reddish coloured Aame. Up- five feet; the upper coal, on which the pilen on filing the slag we observed a globule of lars rest, is a soft mossy coal; the wooden white metal, resembling silver, which does coal is in the centre, and the best and more not alter by exposure to air.

solid at the bottom of the pit. The blocks EXPER. III. Crystals deposited during of wooden coal lie nearly horizontal, in an the fusion of Wood Tin.In many recent east and west direction across the face or experiments for the reduction of wood tin the promontory. One of those blocks is so to the metallic state, when fused, per se, large in the east pit, Port Ganneye, that..., before the ignited gas, we have observed a four men with two crow-irons could not deposite of white shining vitreous crystals in turn it out. The land from the precipice, 'w quadrangular tables, the nature of which to the southward falls considerably," has not been ascertained. These crystals Meteorology.--At Tunbridge Wells, on the are formed upon the white oxide which re- night of Wednesday, the 30th of July, about sults from the combustion of the metal. half after eleven o'clock, appeared a beautiful

EXFER. IV. Hydrogen Gas prepared parasalene, or mock moon. It was at the by the action of zinc on water with muriatic distance of about 25 degrees south of the acid, when condensed alone in the reservoir moon, and was highly coloured with red of the gas blow-pipe, and ignited, was found and yellow, and at length had the addition to have heat enough for the fusion of pla- of a projecting and tapering band of light, tinum foil, and for the combustion of iron extending in the direction of the halonic wire.

radius. The phenomenon lasted about three EXPER. V. Protoxide of Chromium minutes. The sky was full of the cirrus Mixed with oil it was easily fused, and or curlcloud, and the wanecloud passed white fumes were disengaged, but the metal over in fine veils, here and there dispersed did not appear to be revived by this pro- in wavy bars. A change had been conspi

cuous in the clouds to-day. The long lines EXPER. VI. Metalloidal Oxide of Man. of cirrus extending to either horizon, large ganese. Admitted of easy fusion. After well-defined twain-clouds to leeward, and wards the file disclosed á metal white as waneclouds in the intermediate region of silver, on which the teeth of the instrument the atmosphere, formed a character of the were visible. This metal proved to be a sky contrasted to the rapid production of conductor of electricity.

rainclouds and showers which had gone

on. EXPER. VII. Alloy of Platinum and almost every day for a week before.--The Gold.When fused in equal parts by bulk, barometer was stationary nearly all day, and a bead was obtained so highly malleable, till midnight, at 29-43. that it was extended by a hammer without Explosion on board a Coal Vessel. On separation at the edges. Colour nearly the Friday night, July 4, as a master of a Scotch same as gold. When two parts of platinum sloop lying in the Tyne, and just laded with were fused with one of gold, the alloy prov. coals, was going to bed, his candle unfor. ed brittle.

tunately ignited a quantity of gas which Ancient Coal Mines.-A Dublin paper had collected in the cabin, and produs gives the following account of the ancient ced a slight explosion, by which his face coal-mines lately discovered at the Giant's and hands were much burnt, and the cur. Causeway -" There were five pits of Coal tains of his bed set on fire, but they were opened in Port Ganneye, west of the Giant's soon extinguished ; another person was alCauseway; the westernmost of which is 244 So, we understand, much burned. What feet above the level of the sea at half tide, renders this circumstance the more curious and from thence to the top of the precipice is, the coals were by no means fresh from 44 feet.In Port Noffer, east of the the pit. Giant's Causeway, there were two pits ; the Coal in Russia.-An attempt to raise coal westernmost 199 feet from the level of the is now about to be made in Russia, under sea, and from the pit to the top 70 feet. the immediate patronage of the Emperor. The distance from the first altitude taken The spot fixed upon for this purpose is in at Port Ganneye to that in Port Noffer, is the vicinity of Tula, celebrated for its ex80 perches. The people, who found the tensive iron-works. Tula is the capital of coal with difficulty, and in some places with the government of that name, distant from


Moscow 115 miles, and situated on the river Yedo in 1785, and was brought to Europe, Upha, in long. 37° 24' E. and lat. 549 10 by M. Titsingh, formerly ambassador to N. All the measures were concerted in China. It is in the Japanese language, and London with his Excellency Count Lieven, accompanied with five maps, drawn with the Russian Ambassador; and on June 20, great care, and having the degrees marked. Mr Longmire, of Whitehaven, came to The first is a general map of the parts ad-, London, with an assistant draughtsman and jacent to Japan, representing Kamschatka, four pitmen belonging to Whitehaven, and Jeso, the island of Tchoka, the coast of two borers previously engaged at Newcastle. Tartary, the peninsula of Corea, the coast They sailed from Gravesend, for St Peters- of China as far as Formosa, the Japan and burgh, on July 1, all their equipments for Lieou-Khieou islands, with another group the voyage being on the most liberal scale. which will be noticed presently. 2. The They are to winter at Moscow, excepting a particular map of Yesoo, with the neighfew occasional visits to Tula, as the season bouring part of the continent, and the normay allow, and to commence operations as thern point of Japan. It furnishes curious early after that as the climate will permit. details respecting the whole southern part

Sir George Cayley has proposed a public of Yesoo, often visited by, and since that subscription for the purpose of ascertaining time subject to, the Japanese. The north how far the principle of balloons, support is not so full of names, and we may pering heavy burdens in the air, may be made ceive the efforts made by the Japanese geouseful as a medium of conveyance. When graphers to reconcile their own information the subscription amounts to £1000, he with the notions derived from Europeans suggests, that an annual committee of seven concerning the island of Tchoka, the mouth members be appointed, and that no experi of Sakhaliyan-Oula, &c. 3. The map of ments be undertaken but by order of this Corea. That which D'Anville introduced committee, with the advice of such civil into his atlas was drawn up by Father Reengineers as they choose to consult. To. gis from the descriptions given to that miswards this object Sir George offers £50, but sionary by Chinese and Mantchous. It is by no means wishes gentlemen disposed to but natural that the two maps should widely forward it to subscribe upon a high scale, differ from one another. That of the Japanas a greater amount may probably be ob ese is very detailed, and seems extremely extained in smaller sums.

act : the distinction of capital and secondary Mr J. Tatum has found, from recent ex towns, villages, fortresses, encampments, periments, that vegetables, like animals, con &c. is carefully marked by particular signs, vert the oxygen of the atmosphere into car and the distance of the principal places from bonic acid gas; and that those very gases the capitals of each province is expressed in which are fatal to animals are equally so to days' journeys. Unluckily the names are vegetables. By observations on the effects written in Chinese only, with the exception of fruits, flowers, new-cut grass, &c, on the of the capitals, to which the Japanese names atmosphere, he has found, that in most cases are added ; hence we have not the native the whole of the oxygen was converted into names, which the Corean pronunciation carbonic acid gas in a few days.

must render very different from the others. It is expected that Mr Abernethy will 4. The map of the islands of Lieou-Khicou, publish his excellent Observations on the Madjikosima, and Thaiwan, with those of discoveries of the late celebrated John Hun. the south-west point of Japan. The numter in Comparative and Human Anatomy, ber of islands composing these different delivered at the College of Surgeons during groups is much more considerable than in his lectures. He has shewn, that we are in our latest maps, and even in that drawn up reality indebted to Hunter for many facts in 1809 from the journal of the Frederic of in natural history and the kindred sciences Calcutta. The distances between the prinappropriated to themselves by the modern cipal and the tracts from Japan to the Chiwriters on physiology.

nese continent are marked in ri, or Japanese miles.

5. Lastly, the map of a small FRANCE.

archipelago which has no name, or rather M. Champollion Figeac has published which has not yet found a place in our maps. the inedited Letters of Fontenelle, from They are called by the Japanese Bo-nin MSS. in the library of Grenoble. A rela. Sima, Uninhabited Islands, not because tion of that celebrated writer lately died in they are at present uninhabited, but bethe department of the Orne, leaving to his cause they were long so to their knowledge,

some valuable manuscripts, among till colonists removed thither from the which is a work by Fontenelle, and a con south-east point of Ni.fon. They lie nearsiderable collection of Memoirs and Letters ly south of the latter, apparently between of Marshal Catinat, who was uncle to the the latitude of 25 and 29 degrees, and ocdeceased.

cupying about 2 degrees of longitude. The M. Abel Remusat has published, in the Japanese description reckons two large, Journal des Savans, some curious particulars four of middling size, and four small ones. relative to a Japanese geographical work in The largest are, respectively, 7 and 71 his possession. It is a description of the leagues in circumference. The rest, 80 parts contiguous to Japan, published at in number, have no particular designation,


and are mere rocks. The author enume- petual secretary, in the place of the late M.
rates the different kinds of trees and ani. Suard.
mals found in these islands. Among the M. de Lalande, one of the directors of
former he mentions the kian-mou, or hard the Museum of Natural History, is prepar-
tree ; this, he says, is the most valuable: ing for a new voyage for the proinotion of
another very high tree, the Japanese name that science. During a short excursion to
of which is unknown to M. Remusat, the Brazil, he collected more than four thousand
areca, the white louan, the katsiyasi, the zoological subjects, which prove how much
sandal, the camphor-tree, a large tree with yet remains to be done before we can ac-
shining leaves as if varnished, and many quire just and sufficiently extensive notions
others. Enjoying a very mild temperature, of those remote regions.
the hills and valleys produce all sorts of French Academy.-M. Roger was, on
pulse and corn, wheat, rye, small rice, &c. the 28th, elected a member of the French
Birds and fish are equally abundant. The Academy, in the room of M. Suard, deceas-
Japanese government has never taken for. ed. On the 29th, Count Maxime de Choi-
mal possession of this group of islands; but, seul d'Aillecourt, Prefect of Orleans, au
as M. Remusat observes, it is more than thor of a work on the spirit and influence
probable that it would take umbrage at the of the Crusades, which obtained the prize
formation of an European settlement upon about seven years ago, was elected a mem-

ber of the Academy of Inscriptions and The French government is proceeding in Belles Lettres, in the room of the Count de a spirited manner with the grand Descrip- Choiseul-Gouffier, his uncle.

M. Auger tion of Egypt, begun by the command of has been appointed successor to the same: Bonaparte. Two livraisons, as it is well person in the Dictionary Committee. The known, have appeared. The third will be candidates were, MM. Roger, Treneuil, divided into two sections, the first of which Benjamin de Constant, Jay, De Wailly, is nearly ready. This section contains 200 and Debrieu. It was not till the seventh plates ; 74 of antiquities, 45 belonging to ballot that the absolute majority of 16 could the modern state, and 81 to natural history. be obtained for any one person : it then fell They are accompanied with four parts of on M. Roger (who had each time the greattext, namely, two of antiquities, one of mo est number of votes). This gentleman, au, dern state, and one of natural history. The thor of a comedy entitled L'Avocat, and price of this section is 800 francs on fine, who is secretary-general to the post-office, and 1200 francs on vellum, paper. The was therefore declared duly elected. second half of the third livraison, which M. Raynouard, the new secretary, read will complete this magnificent work, will a proposition for instituting an annual preappear in the course of the year 1818. mium for the work that should be publishwill contain 200 engravings belonging to the ed most favourable to the improvement of three departments of antiquities, modern the manners of the country. state, and natural history, and a geographical atlas of Egypt, comprising a general map of the country, in 53 plates. The The Emperor of Austria, desirous of ado price of the two papers will be 1200 francs vancing useful knowledge, and transplantand 1800 francs.

ing to his dominions some of the valuable The Academy of Inscriptions and Belles natural productions of the New World, has Lettres has adjudged its prize for the “ His availed himself of the opportunity of the tory of the School of Alexandria, from its marriage and departure of his daughter the commencement to the beginning of the third archduchess Leopoldine, to send to Brazil a century of the vulgar era,” to a memoir number of men of science, who, with the written by M. Matter, of Strasbourg, It permission of the King of Portugal, are dihas also adjudged a prize to a memoir on rected to explore the most remarkable parts the question" Which are the works of of that country, to examine the different the ancient philosophers, and of Aristotle productions of the three kingdoms of nain particular, the knowledge of which was ture, and to enrich the European collections most generally diffused in the west by the with specimens of them.

His imperial Arabs ?”—but the author is not yet known. majesty has granted the sums necessary for

A variety of wheat, indigenous in Egypt, the expedition, and given the chief direction which grows so rapidly, that it is fit to reap

of it to Prince Metternich. The persons three months after sowing, has been for appointed to proceed to Brazil for this pursome years cultivated in Belgium. Several pose are-Dr Mikon, a physician and pro. agriculturists are endeavouring to introduce fessor of botany at Prague ; M. Gatterer, it into France. They assert that the bread belonging to the cabinet of natural history : made with it is of far superior quality to that M. Enders, landscape painter ; M. Schott, of rye. It is obvious that, under various botanical gardener at the palace of Belve. circumstances, this new acquisition may be dere; Professor Pohl, advantageously known a resource of the highest importance. by several works on mineralogy; M. Buch

M. Laya has been elected successor to berger, painter of plants; and M. Schick the Count de Choiseul-Gouffier in the Royal as librarian. The first four sailed from French Academy, and M. Raynouard per. . Trieste in the frigates Austria and Augusp.



[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »