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DEATHS.

riah Cox, Esq. Captain of 238 Lancers, to colonel of the 2d battalion 60th foot, and Louisa Frances, youngest daughter of the great uncle to the present Lord Dorchester. late Tho. Waleston, Esq. of Walton-hall, 3. Sir Isaac Pennington, Knt. M.D. Re. co. York.-22. Thomas Stamford Raffles, gius professor of physic, Cambridge.-4. Mrs Esq. of Berner's-street, to Sophia, daughter Christiana Howell, in her 107th year. She of James Watson Hull, Esq. late of Great was sister to the late Colonel Monro of the Baddow.-27. George Ulric Barlow, Esq. royal marines.—6. The Right Hon. Lady eldest son of Sir George Barlow, Bart. G.C.B. Glenbervic.-7. At the Jews' Hospital, to Hilare, third daughter of Sir R. Barlow. Mile-end, aged 104, Henry Cohen. He was

March 5.-At Albury-vaie, Surrey, Jas. taken ill in the morning, and expired in the Simpson, Esq. advocate, to Eliza, second evening, retaining his faculties to the last.-daughter of the late Jonas Maldin, Esq. of 8. At Pisa, Francis Horner, Esq. M.P. (See Putney.

our first article.)—In her 89th year, the Dowager Lady Carew.--11. Aged 82, Sir

John Palmer, Bart.–14. At Marseilles, Jan. 1.-At Berlin, the celebrated che. Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Sir John Abercromby, mist Klaproth, in the 71st year of his age. G.C.B. and Member of Parliament for the -2. At Foveran-house, Andrew Robertson, county of Clackmannan.—At her hotel, in Esq. of Foveran, aged 86.-In his 66th · Paris, aged 85, the Countess of Coislin, foryear, Sir Martin Stapylton, Bart. of Myton- merly one of the attendants on the Queen of hall, county of York.-4. In the 77th year Louis XV. and grand-aunt of the duchess of of his age, Sir Arthur Owen, Bart. He is Pia of Bavaria.-15. At Edinburgh, Lady succeeded in his title by his nephew, Wil. Miller, wife of Sir William Miller of Glenliam Owen, of the Temple, barrister-at-law. lee, Bart.-17. Aged 80, Rear-Admiral -8. At Hainfield, in Styria, Godfrey Win- Alexander Edgar. He was the last male deceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. only son of scendant of the Edgars of Wedderlic, in Berthe late Winceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. wickshire, one of the oldest families in Scotand of Jane Anne, second daughter of the land, as appears by deeds as far back as 1170. late Hon. George Cranston.-9. At Wells, -19. At Edinburgh, the Lady of Sir AlexTho. Clark, Esq. of Westholme-house. He ander Don of Newton-Don, Bart. M.P.was descended from a branch of the ancient 21. At Stirling, the Rev. John Russel, one and well-known family of his name of Pen- of the ministers of that town, in the 44th nicuick, near Edinburgh.-10. At West year of his ministry. At Little Dunkeld, Ham, Essex, George Anderson, Esq. F.L.S. Perthshire, aged 102, Mr J. Borrie.-23. son of the late Dr James Anderson, author The Right Hon. Lady Amelia Leslie, second of Essays on Agriculture, The Bee, and daughter of the late Earl of Rothes.-21. oth works.-At St Andrews, Rev. Dr Lady Henrietta Cecilia. hnstone. Lately, Robertson, professor of oriental languages. at Rudding Park, in her $3d year, the Dow-11. At Edinburgh, Mr Moss, long the ager Countess of Aberdeen.-At Cammaes, dramatic favourite of the Edinburgh public, in the parish of Llanhadrick, Anglesea, aged and well known for the excellence with 105, Mary Zebulon. At Trawnstynydd, which he pourtrayed Lingo, and many other county of Merioneth, aged 110, Edmund characters of the same stamp.–14. At Clif. Morgan, being, as it is believed, the oldest ton, Lady Miller, widow of the late Sir inhabitant of Wales. He retained his facul. Thomas Miller of Gļenlee, Bart.-15. At ties to the hour of his death.--At Eglinton Dundee, Charles Craig, weaver, at the ad. Castle, aged 74, Eleonora, Countess of Egvanced age of 108.-20. At Edinburgh, linton.-The ci-devant Prince Primate of General Drummond of Strathallan.-21. At the Rhine, and Grand-duke of Frankfort. Johannisberg, aged 76, the Prince Ho- March 2.--At Brighton, in her 74th henloe-Waldenberg-Bartenstein, Bishop of year, Theodosia, Countess of Clanwilliam. Breslau.—23. At Turin, the Count de Bar. Her ladyship was lineally descended from ruel-Bauvert. He was one of the hostages the illustrious Earl of Clarendon.-3. At for Louis XVI.-24. At Warsaw, General Edinburgh, Major-Gen. William Lockhart, Bronickowski, who commanded the Polish late of the 30th regiment.-5. At Gilcomlegion of the Vistula, France.-26. In ston, Aberdeenshire, aged 101, John MacGrosvenor-place, Caroline, Dowager Coun- Bain. He was present at the battle of Cultess of Buckinghamshire.—28. Lieut.-Col.loden, and was attached to the corps brought Norris, of the engineers in the East India into the field by Lady M'Intosh.-9. In Company's service.-Lieut.-Col. Finlayson. Bolton-row, in her 75th year, Jane, Coun--Lately at Aron, Galway, in his 120th tess of Uxbridge, mother of the present Maryear, Mr Dirrane. He retained his facul- quis of Anglesea.-12. In his 84th year, G. ties to the last, could read without spectacles, P. Towry, Esq. commissioner of the Victualand till within the last three or four years, ling-office, father of Lady Ellenborough.would walk some miles a-day.

13. Sir William Innes, Bart. of Balvenie, at Feb. 2.-At Seagrove, near Leith, Dame the age of about 100 years. The title is now Jane Hunter Blair, widow of the late Sir extinct.-15. At the encampment at IlonniJames Hunter Blair of Dunskey and Robert- ton, Mrs Boswill, sister to the Queen of the Jand;. Bart.-Aged 85, General Carleton, Gypsies. She was intcrred with great pomp,

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EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No II.

MAY 1817.

Vol. I.

Contents.

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mainan ib. imagingZO

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

ORIGINAL POETRY. On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal 123 A Last Adieu mina comisinguna 169 Account -of_Mr Ruthven's improved The Pastoman

man Printing Press

125

The Mossy Seat
Account of the Method of Engraving on Stanzas
Stone
m128 A Night Scene

ib.

many Anecdote of the Highlanders in 1745 ; Lines written in Spring.

ib. by Mary Lady Clerk

W129 The Mermaid (From the German of Inscription in the Church of St Hilary.130

Goethe Jamanang

mmm.171 On the Origin of Hospitals for the Sick ib. Greece (From the French of Ardans ju ib. On “ Sitting below the Salt”. „132

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. On the Fall of Volcanic Dust in the Island of Barbadoes aanmana

134

Duchess of Angouleme's Journal.mmm. 172 Anecdotes of Antiquariesmanna 136

Ricardo on the Principles of Political Chemical Process of Combustion memm 138

Economy and Taxation mmarpanamene 175 On the Original of Milton's Satan mmm 140

Bingley's Useful Knowledge mana

aina 178 White's New Invented Horizon mama142 ANALYTICAL NOTICES. Tales and Anecdotes of the Pastoral Life,

Encyclopædia Britannica-Supplement, No II.mod -143 Vol. II. Part I.mn

180 Remarks on Greek Tragedy, No II. Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Vol. XI. ( Æschyli ChæphorimSophocles Elec- Part I.

m186 trajaminamas

mannaa 145

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC Shakspeare Club of Alloa mamman 152

INTELLIGENCE

189 Notices concerning the Scottish Gypsies WORKS PREPARING for PÚBLICATION 194 (continued)

mr...154

MONTHLY LIST QF NEW PUBLICASELECT EXTRACTS.

mw 196 Memorie of the Somervilles mammamama162

MONTHLY REGISTER.

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.agpaqaramain 199 ANTIQUARIAN REPERTORY.

PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT 206 Letter from James IV. to the King of BRITISH CHRONICLE m

211 Denmark, in Favour of Anthony British Legislation..non

1218 Gawino, Earl of Little Egypt, &c. Promotions and Appointmentsman

219 1506 minn 167 Commercial Report

221 Act of the Lords of Council, respecting Agricultural Reportmasamang

224 John Faw, &c. 1541 ib. Meteorological Report.

226 Confessions of Witchcraft, 1623.cap.omna ib. | Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 227

TIONSamanan

EDINBURGH:
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, NO 17, PRINCE'S STREET, EDINBURGH ;
AND T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES, STRAND, LONDON ;

To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed.
SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

(OLIVER & BOYD, Printers, Edinburgh.1

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. The curious “ Antiquarian Notices,” by the learned author of the article “ On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal,”—and the letter relating to the compilation of a Gaelic Dictionary, will appear in our next.

The articles—“On the Utility of studying the Ancient and Foreign Languages"-"On the Origin of Whig and Tory"-" On the Detrition of Mountains, &c.”—and the Review of a recent elegant Poem, transmitted by A. D. are under consideration.

The Review of Dr Irving's Life of Buchanan has been unavoidably postponed.

The continuation of the “ Memorandums of a View-Hunter,”—and the Letter relating to the proposed New Translation of the Psalms, were too late for insertion.

The obliging 'Hints' from N-'s, and the Additional Communications from • Strila,' and from “ An unknown Friend,” have been duly received :--Also, several Gypsey Notices, which will be carefully attended to in our next.

The paper on ‘Craniology,' by Peter Candid,' would have appeared in our present Number if it had not contained some improper personal allusions.

The “ Memoirs of the House of Graham,” in the shape in which they have been sent us, have nothing more to recommend them than the good intentions of the author.

The paper under the title of “ Irish Literature,” which announces the intended early publication of an “ Irish-English Dictionary," in one volume quarto, by Edward O'Reilly," was omitted to be noticed in another place. From the same quarter we have received some extracts from a new work, of which the object seems to be to prove an affinity between the Hebrew and Irish languages; but we know not well what to make of them, and our correspondent has not condescended to assist us.

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No II.]

MAY 1817.

(Vol. I.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

OFFICE

ON THE NATURE OF THE

OF NARESCHAL.

were

66

“ He callit his marschall till him tyt,
And bad him luke on all maner;

That he ma till his gem gud cher ;
The learned Selden has traced the For he wald in his chambre be,

A weill gret quhile in private.” etymology of MARSHAL under all its

BARBOUR, II. 4. MS. variations of Mariscaldus, Marscaldus,

Edward the Second's valet is called and Marscalcus, from the Teutonic

marescallus aule regis.”+ It was “ schalk," a servant, and “

maere," a indiscriminately given to stewards of horse, or rather a mare the mare, it bishops and abbots, † governors of jails seems, being always the better horse*, and prisons, $ and officers attending and therefore very properly used ge- upon courts of law, || &c. &c. nerically to designate the species

These were not unfrequently depuadding, that the term strictly describes ties of the hereditary marshal of the a person who busied himself about kingdom, but most commonly they horses and the manege.

servientes," or functionaries of This popular derivation is, in some

rather a higher order. degree, countenanced by the epithet

There was also an old English office, having been applied to innkeepers, of a singular import to modern ears, grooms, farriers, and horse-doctors, as held heritably by grand sergeantry, is proved by sundry, passages from and attached to a mañor," maresBecanust, the capitularies of Charle- callus de meretricibus in hospitio regis.magne, and other authorities. It is,

An ancient roll of Edward the Third however, at the same time, evinced to indicates, that “ Johannes de Warhave very early received other signifi- blynton, filius et hæres Thomæ de cations, having no reference either to Warblyntone, fecit finem cum rege, the above quadrupeds or to their at- &c. quod dictus Thomas tenuit matendants. Marshal notoriously denoted a civil

* Quoted by Dr Jamieson under this officer whose jurisdiction lay alone word. Vid. also Du Cange, voce Marescal. within the state rooms of a palace lus. marechal de palais”—an adept in + “ Rex concessit valetto Galfrido de the ceremonies and forms of court. Mildenhall, marescallo aule regis, unum

(17 Ed. II. etiquette ; and, at the same time, any messuagium—in Bredon.” superior domestic servant or steward, Abbreviat. Rot. Orig. Scaccar.) in which last sense it is used in this lus Abbatis," with their explanations. Du

“ Marescallus Episcopi,” “ Marescalpassage from Barbour:

Cange.

§ Marescallus Banci Regis," in statuto * “ Marescalcus, equorum minister vel Edwardi III. ar. 5, c. 8. Cui pottissimum potius equarum, quod præstare olim videe incarceratorum incumbebat. Inde “ Ma. batur genus fæemineum, ut apud Græcos in reschalcia," dictus ipse carcer Londoniensis. Jovis Olympiaci certaminibus,” &c. Seld. Ib. Glossar.

n “ Marescallus Curiæ,” in Bulla Aurea + Bec. Lib. Francicorum.

Caroli IV. Imper. cap. 27. Ib. Vol. I.

Q2

nerium de Shirefield, tanquam ma- The said John Warblington must rescallus de meretricibus in hospitio have been as versatile and expansive regis."

as Mercury; for he not only performed Such an establishment was then an the more familiar duties of this deliordinary appendage of court etiquette; cate charge, but also the high legal it was as indispensable as a foreign or office of coroner within the liberties of chestra, or a regiment of grenadiers, to the palace was clerk of the market to any German prince and their imitators the household, or purveyor-general in our own times.

thereof-broke condemned felons upon His most Christian Majesty, how- the wheel-exercised the duties of a eter, was not so very Turkish as to gauger, and enforced the observance permit the superintendence to one of of his self-regulated standard of weights his own sex, as we find from the royal and measures. expenditure of his household at the The etymology, then, of the excelcommencement of the sixteenth cen, lent Selden would appear not to be tury.t

altogether conclusive ; and Wachtert « A Olive Sainte, dame des filles de would seem to be more fortunate, in joye suivant la cour du roy I, 90 livres seducing the term from “ mer, mar," par lettres données a Watteville le 12. major vel princeps, and schalk, as beMay 1535, pour lui aider, et auxdites fore, a servant, i. e. officer of any filles a vivre et supporter les depenses kind—thus making it to signify any qu'il leur convient faire a suivre ordi- considerable officer or superintendent, nairement la cour. Alius, an. 1539.- or, according to Jameson (who seems A Cecile Viefville, dame des filles de rather to incline to this deduction), joye suivant la cour, 90 livres, par upper servant, or steward-not neceslettres du 6. Janv. 1538, tant pour elle, sarily of the crown alone; a much que pour les autres femmes, et filles more extended signification, and one de sa vacation, a departir entr'elles pour which accounts for the term having leur droit, du 1. jour de May dernier characterised so many various and hepassé, qui etoit dû a cause du bouquet terogeneous employments. qu'elles presenterent au roy ledit jour, I have forgot to allude to the more que pour leurs estrains, du 1. Janvier; ordinary sense, indicative of high miainsi qu'il est accoustume de faire de litary command, f either as exercised tout temps.

Eadem occurrunt annis by the marshal of Scotland over the 1540, 41, 42, 44, 40."

royal guards, previous to the union, or The old adage in papal times, “ Ju- by field marshals, or marshals of ardæi vel meretrices, was not always mies, personages familiar to all. An equally vilifying. Carpentier remarks, office of a similar nature,—to com« Quæ (se. meretrices) hic uti infames pare small things with great,-would habentur, de comitatu regio fuerunt, appear formerly to have been common pensionibus etiam donisque clotatæ."$ in the Highlands of Scotland, as we

learn from the following amusing desIt is noticed in Borthwick's Remarks cription in an ancient MS. History of on British Antiquities, but more fully in the Name of Mackenzie, composed beMadoxe's Baronia Anglica, p. 242, note, fore the year 1667, by John Macwhere the office is proved to have existed as kenzie of Applecross, extant in the far back as the time of Henry II.

Advocates' Library. + Comput. ærarii Reg. ap. Carpentier,

“ Alexander M'Kenzie of Coul) was voce. Meretricialis, Vestis. # Hence the origin of courtezan, now

a natural son of Collin, the 12 laird only used in a restricted and bad sense.

of Kintail, gotten wyt Marie M-KenŚ Selden, quoth Lord Lyttelton, (Life of Henry II. vol. iv. p. 50), would not have “ Johannes de Warblington, coro- admitted among the grand sergeantries War- nator mariscalciæ ac clericus mercati hos. blngton's office, “ of the mcanest and most pitii regis ad placitum. dishonourable nature; and he is angry with “ ldem tenet in feodo serjantiam essendi Madox for having so classed it! This is maresealli meretricum in hospitio, et disa good illustration of Chalmer's remark, membrandi malefactores adjudicatos, et (Cal. vol. i. 626), that this lord's “ notions mensurandi galones et bussellos." Rot. and language are altogether more.” In- Pat. 22, Ed. III. dependently of other consideratii

er, Glossar. voc. Marescallus. be stated, that Blount, in his Tenures, has “ Marescalli---postea dicti, qui exerciquoted an old deed, where it is expressly tibus, et copiis militaribus præerant.” Du said to be held by “ grand serjeantry." Cange.

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