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nothing remained to us but a watery Bumby was not forgotten ; but, trusting grave. I am not sure but our perils in God, we launched forth, and in about by water were quite as great as those of nine hours reached the head of the river the mountain woods and passes, although Taheke, and proceeded over land to the they were of shorter duration. When I Waikato. The population was very thin got in safety to Mr. Addeman's, I was and scattered; but all the people that we quite prepared to inscribe another line in met with possessed and read the New my “book of mercies,” saying, “ Bless Testament, and called on the name of the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all the Lord. his benefits.” This reflection, too, was 2 2d.-I entered the fine river of Waifixed upon my mind : “I have now had kato, and in a canoe proceeded up its a taste only of what my brethren, the powerful stream, a journey of four days. Missionaries throughout New-Zealand, The native villages were more numerous have to pass through from year to year, on the banks of the river than in the infor life! Surely they should have an land districts. The soil from the har. interest in the prayers and Christian bour of Auckland to the Waikato is by sympathy of God's people in all lands.” no means unfit for agricultural purposes ;
12th. I landed at Auckland, where and on the river-banks the many thousands many things called for my attention, be- of acres of rich alluvial soil invite the hand cause a few days only remained before I of industry, and promise an ample bounty. was again to start for my long journey to After hard pulling all the day, our cheermeet the brethren of the southern division ful natives would land us among the of the District at Kawhia. Having seen fern, prepare the food, in general potathe most unquestionable proofs of a work toes, and then lie down around our tent, of God among the natives, I am well having first sung a hymn, read the Scripsatisfied, and even delighted, in the re tures, and prayed. I certainly never was view of my northern journey ; but no more delighted with any set of men than thing less than this could satisfy me, with these strong, cheerful, kind-hearted, and no earthly consideration would in and intelligent natives. What a triumph duce me, at my time of life, to engage in of Christianity have we in these Chrissuch violent and wasting travels.
tian New Zealanders! I must not, how18th.--I preached to a full chapel of ever, omit one circumstance in connexion very attentive hearers in the morning; with these people, and my journey with and in the evening Mr. Buddle and I them for eight or nine days. Mr. Buddle set apart, by the imposition of hands and was their Pastor, and by his general exby prayer, the Rev. J. Aldred, whose pertness in native affairs, and great readi. testimony before the congregation was ness in speaking their language, beside received with delight, as it well might be, being their spiritual father, had acquired for it exhibited one 6 called, and chosen, corresponding influence with them, and and faithful.”
indeed could do anything he desired; for 19th. The Rev. Thomas Buddle and “the art of governing," we know, “is I started with six natives for the south, governing by love." each man loaded with a full burden, 23d.- While at our first meal, (for we carrying tent, food, blankets, and changes generally took one about two hours after of clothes. The first night we were lost our journey commenced, and the other at on the banks of the Tamaki ; but all was the close of day,) our seven natives were right after a night in the ferns. The relating portions of their own history, next day we were overtaken by a torrent when we found that every one of them of rain, but reached a native Pa, and was an orphan; two of them had their stayed there till three in the morning. fathers eaten by the men of Waikato, At this place Mr. Buddle preached and and two others were slaves, or men taken catechised till a very late hour; the na- in war : but, what is best of all, they tives, in their usual way, bringing their all read the Scriptures, and are men of New Testaments and asking for expla- prayer. nation where they found any difficulty. 24th. We landed at Wakapaku for our
20th. At three o'clock in the morn- first meal, and found that the Romish ing, the tide serving, we left Pukaki in a Bishop and one of his Priests were there, native canoe, which I very much dis. They soon got into their canoe, having liked, as the mere hollow tree is easily saluted us from a distance as they emupset, having no keel; and we had to barked. Our people of the Pa told us cross a part of Manukau just after a they were frightened when they saw the storm, when the agitation was very con- men of a strange face come among them; siderable. The morning was dark and but our arrival cheered them again. In dismal, and the fate of the lamented reply to a question from the natives, how
there came to be two roads to the Chris- my tent, and to the occasional cry of tian home, the Priests replied, that about some night-birds. But while all around three hundred years ago Martin Luther was gloom, all was light and peace withcommitted adultery, and the Roman in. For what is conscience ? Church turned him out, and he began a
“ The mildest balsam, or the sharpest steel, religion for himself; since which there
That wounds can wish, or the unwounded feel; had been two roads; but theirs was the
The softest pillow, or the sharpest rod; true road. This story is told wherever
The balm of blessing, or the scourge of God." they go; and I was surprised to find that the natives were no ways staggered by 29th.-We arrived at Kawhia, the this falsehood. Probably they had learnt residence of Mr. Whiteley, by whom the truth of the case from their Pastors. and by Mrs. Whiteley we were cordially We had now entered the waters of the received. The station is situated at the Waipa, and were nearing our Mission- head of a large sheet of water, opening station on this river.
into the ocean over a bar, and looks well 26th.-Having spent the Sabbath at at high water ; but at other times the Watawata, and held five services with mud-fats are unsightly objects. The the natives, we came, late on Monday aspect of the country is generally that of evening, to Mr. Buddle's station at Ko high, broken hills, partially covered with pua, and found ourselves thoroughly at wood; but near the house I saw, for the home, after travelling eight days in the first time during a journey of several bush or on the rivers, through bogs and hundreds of miles, an acre or two of swamps, sleeping on a bed of ferns each beautiful English clover and other night. But there is not so much suf grasses, green and flourishing, notwithfered as some might suppose, the climate standing the very depth of winter. A being very agreeable.
horse and cow, with a few goats and The natives here showed that they sheep, were grazing here, and may be had been well instructed in Gospel truths. reckoned among the blessings which The chapel and Mission-house are built follow the Gospel ; for the native wars of mere flags and small cane; but such did not allow of such things till they houses only last about four or five years, gave way before the Gospel of peace. and then are by no means wind-tight, and 31st. — The canoes and boats apare very liable to be burnt down in a few proached the station from many a creek minutes of time.
and river, preparatory to the Sunday serWe have here about one hundred and vices : they have their small huts, ready sixty members, and a large chapel, filled for their few wants, in a reserve near the with serious hearers. The soil about large weather-boarded chapel. this station is very good, but the clim Sunday, September ist. At early mate is not so healthy as on the coast : dawn the bell rung, and the muster was being near the centre of the island, and strong at the prayer-meeting. At ten on the banks of a river, the fogs lie long o'clock the chapel was full, mostly of and heavy in this neighbourhood. I was natives; but there were a few Europeans. surprised to find that water freezes even Mr. Wallis preached in the native in the bed-rooms. Mr. Buddle has suc- tongue, and I followed in English. In ceeded in making a deep impression the afternoon we held a baptismal serduring the three years of his stay here. vice, when seventeen persons were pubAlmost all the natives keep the Sabbath. licly baptized, and the service closed day holy; possess the New Testament, with a love-feast. There were a goodly which they read and study very atten. number present, who behaved in the tively; and some of them are consistent most proper and solemn manner. The Teachers of their less-instructed bre- spirit of Christian devotion was present thren.
among these tatooed men, clothed with 28th.--I started for Kawhia, accom- mats, blankets, and dogs' skins. At my panied by Mr. Buddle and a few natives : request, Mr. Whiteley wrote down some the journey was a day and a half long, of their testimonies, which were to the and one of the most disagreeable I have following effect :had during this trip. In the night I Paul. “I only was the man pursued slept but little, on my scanty bed of fern; by sin : long, long was I pursued by all and, owing to the violent perspiration sorts of evil. At length I heard of the caused by the excessive toil of the pre- things of God : then I thought, “This is ceding day, my thirst was intense: but the side on which I shall find life, this is in the mountain-wood there was no water salvation's side,' I yielded to the Gosavailable ; so I lay there listening to the pel, and began to pray. I prayed to drops as they fell from the forest-irees on God, and pleaded his Son, his baptism, his death, his merit: I prayed, and Thaka (Isaac).-_“From the field of found liberty in believing : let me be blood and sin and death I came. The faithful, and I shall live."
fight came, and I was made captive, and Te Kanawa (The Governor).—“ The brought to bondage ; but the Gospel evil of our hearts cleaves to us, and there came, and I lived. You all know where is no shaking off sin. I remember, I am from ” (Taranaki); “but I am however, that the Apostle Paul said, now happy, looking unto Jesus, the
Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you author and finisher of our faith ; who, the Gospel which I preached unto you, for the joy that was set before him, enwhich also ye have received, and where dured the cross, despising the shame, in ye stand; by which also ye are saved, and is set down at the right hand of the if ye keep in memory what I preached throne of God.' In this I rejoice.” unto you, unless ye have believed in Nathaniel.-“In my former days, I yain.'” (1 Cor. xv. 1, 2.)
saw dancing, and heard native singing, Matin. " It is not for us to judge obscene songs, and witnessed much iniwho are believing men, and who are not : quity. I approved of it all, and learnt we cannot see into each other's hearts; it all, and delighted in it all, till, by and but when a man professes to be a Chris- by, the Preachers of the Gospel came. tian, he must show the fruit. It is not. I listened, and heard my practices conin our power to destroy sin ; but when demned. I heard that the end of these God begins, he makes perfect work. I things is death ;' but still I held them know this, I have found this out. I fast. Then the book was laid before know but little about the things of this me: I learned to read it, and I found world ; but if I cleave to faith and god. this word there also, and I found that liness, I shall be saved."
there would be no end to the pain of Clarke.“ When I was in my mo. this death. I saw also the word, 'De. ther's womb, I knew not sin, I knew part, ye cursed, into everlasting fire.' I not that there was sin. After I was thought, “This will be my lot. I cried born, I still was ignorant of sin ; but I and prayed, and was dark indeed. I was born in sin, and in sin grew up, and cried, and cried to God. I thought on in sin I delighted. Sin was my work, Christ, the payment for my sin ; and and sin was my food. "The wages of then there came a light heart into me, sin is death ; ' and in death and blood I and then I was happy; and that is the delighted. But I could not be happy; reason why I am happy now. It is not the good news' came, the Preachers of food merely that has kept me alive till the Gospel urged us to leave off our now : I should have been dead long ago, wicked ways, and now I am resolved to but for this : this I rejoice in, and you be a Christian.”
will all know that this is my life.” Arona (Aaron). _“I was long held Apairama.“ Hear, O Israel ! hear, halting between two opinions : one 0 Israel !' was the word in former thought came into my heart, and said, days: "The Lord our God is one
Do not turn to that religion : it is a Lord.' And now God's Ministers are new upstart.' Another came, and said, saying to us, Hear, O Israel : The "Adam got wrong, and all have been Lord our God is one Lord ;' and we wrong ever since.' There have been believe that he is the only God. But great doings in the world, and in this what are we? Who knows our hearts ? land, by sin; but now the Gospel bas The word of God exhibits the tares and come, and I am resolved to be a Chris- the wheat growing together. But who tian.'
of us are wheat ? Who of us are tares ? Hall.--" I look round about me, and Good and evil are struggling together in I see this man and that man all for sin the same heart. Let our hearts decide and for the devil; but let me not say to for good. Let us look to Christ, and he any one, “Let me pull out the splinter will save us.” out of thine eye,' while the beam is in Waterhouse. -- " The Missionaries mine own eye. I see it is of no use to have come among us, and we live. If apply to man for deliverance from sin; they had not come, and we had gone but the Holy Ghost can destroy it. I on in our old ways, we should all have have learnt from the Catechism, that this been dead long ago. Now we have enis the work of the Holy Ghost, and I gaged to leave all the evil of the world ; give my heart to him. What shall we and let this be our riches, the riches of say then ? Shall we continue in sin, godliness. I was a dead man belonging that grace may abound? God forbid. to sin; but God has sent his Son to seek How shall we, that are dead to sin, live and to save that which was lost. He has any longer therein ? '»
sent his Gospel to us, and I am resolved day : and a good day it was ; for the to be on the Lord's side.”
Master was present with his servants. Maunsell." Yes, we have all seen In our congregations at home, I have the evils of Heathenism ; we have all witnessed some touching scenes at the seen the consequences of sin ; and now departure of a Christian Minister, or at we all turn; but it is for this man, and the return of one whose labour had been that man, each one for himself, to pray greatly owned of the Lord; scenes and believe. This man does not see the where all eyes and hearts were filled to faith of that man's heart, whether it be overflowing, and such speaking eyes as strong or weak. I feel that I must look might well call up the Apostle's questo my own heart, and take care of my tion, “ What mean ye to weep and to own soul. Well, why should we not break mine heart ? ” But never did I pray to God, and put our trust in him ? see, even in my old and Christian fatherCan this new religion, can faith and god. land, more glowing countenances, filled liness, can Christianity, be overturned ? with benevolence, and often swimming Our religion has been set aside and de- with the tear of joy, than the congregastroyed; but this will remain for ever. tion after the service that evening, when Let us cleave to it. That is all my they crowded round us, each individual
greeting with a cordial shaking of hands, Jabez.-“ Sin is not of to-day, nor and the salutations of respect and peace, yesterday: it is of old growth, and can Te na iako coe. Their daily walk, and not be destroyed by us. It is deep- every part of their conduct, especially rooted, and cannot be torn up. But let their love of the Scriptures, evince the us pray to God. I pray for its destruc- true Christian character of these people. tion ; but it is not dead yet. The But much remains to be done. natural man receiveth not the things of 20. - Our District-Meeting began, the Spirit of God; for they are foolish and ended the following Saturday, the ness unto him ; neither can he know whole of the time being fully occupied them, because they are spiritually dis- therein, save the short intervals for sleep cerned.' That is all.”
and meals. It was truly cheering to John Egglestone._“I will not talk witness the very hearty greetings of the the thoughts of others, but will tell you brethren, some of whom had travelled my own. When the Gospel came, I eight hundred miles to be present. was in the house of bondage. I lis. Their spirit was excellent throughout tened, and heard that the new religion the sittings of this weighty and importwas a good thing. I received this as ant District-Meeting. truth, and consented to Christianity, and Sunday, 8th.-The brethren accombegan to worship. Then I thought, panied me to the opposite shores of 'This is life and salvation.' But, no. Í Kawhia-Bay, where we opened a neat went to the class-meeting, and thought, chapel. I preached to the English, and “This will save me.' But, no.. Then I collected £10 from about thirty persons. sought for baptism, and supposed that Mr. Ironsides then preached to the nawould save me. But, no; though I tives, while I proceeded on foot to thought I should now be delivered from Aotea, distant about twelve miles, acsin, and be happy. I hoped now all companied by Messrs. Turton and was right, but found I was still wrong. Smales. About five o'clock we reached I went away to Hokianga, and came the station ; and, having taken nothing, back, but was still ignorant. Then I were ready for our dinner, which Mrs. saw by the book, and the teaching of Smales had kindly prepared for us. But the Spirit, that a man is not to be saved first we had to shake hands with a mul. by outward ceremonies, but by heart titude of natives, drawn up in a long work. Great has been my wickedness. line to receive us, which they did with My sins would fill this chapel quite floods of tears : some sobbed aloud, and full; and if there were many large ships all shook hands in right good earnest, in the harbour, they would all be filled bidding us a cordial welcome. I was and sunk by the number and weight of both weary and hungry; but this extra my sins. But I believe God can par. work was so heartily gone through, that don and wash them all away ; and I must say the whole scene was not a though he has not done so yet, I believe little refreshing to me. As Mr. Turton he will do so very soon. Finished here had formerly occupied the Aotea station, is my talk.”
and was now for the first time come to In the evening I preached to them, see them since his removal to Taranaki, Mr. Whiteley interpreting; and the it is fair to conclude that a large amount Lord's supper closed the services of the of the excitement and synipathy was owing to this circumstance. His la among the first of his class. I brought bours here had been crowned with God's with me his son, who also is a Local blessing, and many call him their spi. Preacher, to enter the Native Institution ritual father. He whom the Master at Auckland. owns and honours thus may well afford 12th.--Leaving this interesting stato be told by certain of his fellow tion, we journeyed over the most fearful servants that he is not in the apostolical hills it ever fell to my lot to ascend and succession. At six o'clock the chapel descend; but there was no escaping was crowded with blanket-clad worship- them ; so we girded on our travelling pers, who appeared earnest and devout. costume, and, dispensing with coats and After a short sermon from Mr. Turton, many other things, passed on very I baptized fifteen persons, whose answers slowly over those awful precipices, the to the searching questions put to them careful natives placing themselves in by Mr. Wallis showed that they were situations where they might be most expert in the Scriptures: many, both useful. Every now and then we were male and female, repeated, in the full at a full stop, on the edge of a great congregation, by the request of Mr. gulf. The guides, under these circumWallis, the first chapter of the Epistle stances, would give directions in this to the Hebrews, with remarkable accu. way : “ Hold fast by that bush; fix racy and readiness.
your staff here; put your right foot Aotea is an interesting station, rather there ; now leap; try again : there are more densely peopled than any place I much worse places yet to be encounhave yet seen on the west coast : the tered.” Having succeeded in getting land is fertile, and the native cultiva. over one mountain, nothing remained tions rather extensive : the wheat looked but to cross the river or bog below, green, and the flax luxuriant.
and immediately ascend the next cloud9th.-Mr. Wallis and I set out for capped hill. This is the general characWaingaroa, and were surprised to meet ter of many hundreds of miles in Newtwo good horses, with bridles, saddles, Zealand. Wild goats might " walk up and two careful natives, sent from four and down” these places, but surely they days' journey by the Chief, Jabez Bun are ill-adapted for the path of men. ting. This was designed by him to And yet these hills are securely held by ease my fatiguing journey to his Pa, or parchment-deeds, and the money paid native fortress. Jabez is considered, for them, or for others like them, by and I believe justly considered, to stand some of my countrymen, who have acted among the first and most civilized of upon the representations of the Comour New Zealand Chiefs ; and, what is pany,” and of other land-jobbers, but far better, he is a man of decided piety. who never saw New Zealand, where In the evening we reached Waingaroa, their lands are as firmly secured as the having passed over the only land-jour- hills which cannot be moved nor imney made by the late excellent Mr. proved. This, however, must not be Waterhouse, and one of the most easy taken as a fair representation of all the to travel over, because much has been land in New Zealand, far from it: done in clearing a path, and making there are many places where the English temporary bridges, by Mr. Wallis, farmer would succeed admirably well, whose cheerful and energetic wife, and both the soil and climate being very a fine, healthy, clean family of children, met us at the door with many a smile 13th.-Having crossed the Waikato and a good old English welcome. If river yesterday in a native canoe, we any one wishes to judge of the fine cli- pitched our tent upon the sand of the mate of New Zealand, let him only see sea-shore near the mouth ; but in the the Mission family at Waingaroa, and night the rains fell and the winds blew, all further inquiry will be unnecessary. and the tent came down about our ears. The blooming faces here will soon put Both Mr. Wallis and I were fully aware doubt to flight.
of our situation : such, however, was our The chapel is large, but not quite fatigue, that we took things as they finished. In the evening we held ser- came until the dawn of day, when we vice with the natives, and administered started on the sandy beach towards the sacrament of the Lord's supper to Manukau ; and while we were preparing the church members. The head Chief our wood, and boiling the kettle, a little of this place is called William Naylor : distance from the rolling waves of the I suppose after my old friend of that ocean, up came Jabez, well-mounted and name at home. For general information well-dressed. He was to be our escort and weight of character, William stands to his Pa, about four hours' journey ;