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as before mentioned; that his, viz. Stephen's “. Allegation was utterly false, he could have

no such Tradition from those Apostles (1.2. “ St. Peter and St. Paul) from whom he pre“ tended to have it and that for this very good “ reafon,that in their Days there were no He“ retical Communions, by consequence, no “ Heretical Baptisms, no Baptisms out of the

true Communion of the Church Catholick, “ and that therefore he flander'd them by fa: “ thering such a Tradition on them, seeing it

was certain that they taught the quite con

trary in their Epistles; that St. Paul (Acts “ 19 ) re-baptized those who had been bapti“ zed by John the Baptist, ought not we then “ (says he) to baptize those who come from “ Heresy to the Church? Will any Man say “ that the Bishops now a days are greater

than St. Paul was? which they must needs “ be,if they are able to do that which he could

not, if they by Imposition of Hands only,can « give the Holy Ghost to Hereticks when they "come to them.” St. Cyprian in his Letter to Jubaianus reasons to this purpose against the Validity of such Baptisms. "'Tis evident “where and by whom the REMISSION OF “ SINS (which is given in Baptism) can be

given ; for our Lord gaye first to Peter, &c. « tlat Power, that whatsoever he should loose

on Earth, should be looded in Heaven; then, " after his Resurrection, he gave it to all the “ A postles, when he said (John 20. 21, 22,

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23.) As my Father hath sent me, &c. Wlience “ we learn, that none have Authority to 6 BAPTIZE and REMIT SINS but the 6 BISHOPS, and those who are founded in “ the Evangelical Law, and our Lord's Insti« tution, and that nothing can be bound or “ loosed out of the Church, leeing there is none " there who has the Power of Binding and “ Loosing. Jesus Christ (says Fortunatus in the “Venerable Council of Carthage, Anro. 256)

our Lord and God, the Son of God the Father and Creator, built his Church upon a “ Rock, and not upon Heresy, and he gave the Power of Baptizing to BISHOPS, and 6 not to Hereticks. Thole therefore who are

out of the Church, and stand against Christ, $6 and scatter his Flock, cannot baptize, being

out of the Church."

It would be endless to mention all the Te, stimonies and Arguments brought in that Age against the Validity of such Baptisms, I shall therefore name but one more, which seems to be of great moment for the Discovery of what was meant by Hereticks and Schismaticks in those Days; and that is Fir, milian, who in one of his Letters says, “That

hę, and all the Bishops who met with him " in the Synod of Iconium, decreed that all " those should be holden as Unbaptized, who

were Baptized by such as had once been “ Bishops in the Catholick Church, if they were Baptized by them after they had ŞE.

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« PARATED from the Church.” By which, and the other Monuments of that Age, it is evident, they held, that even Bishops, and all other lawful Ministers, loft their VERY AU THORITY to do any thing more in the Ministerial Functions, when they either Schifmatically or Heretically separated themselves from the Church of Christ. Hence doubtless it came to pass that St. Cyprian and his Colleguès esteemed all their Ministerial Adts, done while in Schism or Heresy, to be Null and Void, and consequently that the supposed Sacraments adminiftred by them, and those whom they ordained, were no trúe Christian Sacraments, and therefore Invalid and Ineffec tual. This, I say, appears to me to be the true Foundation of that great Dispute concerning the Validity of Heretical and Schisma tical Baptisms, and which "St. Cyprian mana“ ged with so much Christian Humility and

Charity, that tho' Stephen Bishop of Rome

was so far from agreeing to the Reafons of " the Africans (whether because he imagin'd " they had a Design to condemn the Roman « Church, or because he thought this Que«ftion was of too great consequence) that « he was enrag?d against St. Cyprian and his “ Collegues, and used their Deputies ill; nay, She prohibited all Christians belonging to “ his Church to receive or lodge them, de. “ priving them not only of Ecclesiastical " Communion, but also refusing them the

66 common

common Civilities of Hospitality ; yet he " [is é. St. Cyprian] could not think of break,

ing Peace with them, of giving up Com• niunion with them, of Abstaining or Ex

communicating them; notwithstanding Stephen had taken upon him to excommunicate

those who oppos’d the Ratification of Here“ tical and Schismatical Baptisms. Upon the 6 whole, the Persecution of the Church by

Valerian, Anno 257. put an end to this Controversy. St. Cyprian NEVER alter'd his Opinion , the Greek Churches were, for

a long time after hin, divided upon this " Question: The Council of Arles first de“ cided it in the West; St. Austin followed its 9. Decision ; the Western Church has embrac’d " this Opinion ; viz. That Baptism by Here« ticks, in the Name of the Trinity, is Valid: "And tho' the Eastern Churches have not a$ greed with her absolutely in this point, yet

they always made á Distinction between Hereticks; and differently receiv'd them,

In the Canons that are call’d Apoftolical, we have these Remarkable Canons, according to the Division of Cotelerius.

Canon 38. “ We order, that a Bishop, “ Priest or Deacon, who has receiv'd Bap“ tism, 80 c. from an Heretick, be depo

;

- or, as the Learned Author of the Clergy-man's Vade-Mecum observes, " The Bi

shop, Priest of Deacon, who allows the Baptism, &c. of Hereticks.

Canon

ç sed

Canon 39.

“ If a Bishop or Priest do again Pro

Baptize one who HAS REALLY receiv'd “ Baptism before; or if he do not Baptize one " that has been polluted by Wicked Men, (i, e. Baptized by Hereticks, See Canon 38.) “ Let him be depos'd, as one that makes NO 6 DISTINCTION betwixt. PRIESTS and “ PRETENDERS,

“ In the 4th Century, St. Athanafius rex jęcts the Baptism of Hereticks. Pacianus says, Thạt Baptism purifies from Sins, and “ Unction brings down the Holy Spirit ; and

both the One and the Other are apply'd by the Hand and the Mouth of the Bishop. Opiatus, " That the Donatists (who, by the way, were çe Schismaticks) “ committed a great Crime « in Reiterating Baptifm: (Where 'tis to be noted, That they Re-baptized the very Cathoticks mbo came over to them.) “ That 'tis not he

who gives tủis Sacrament of Baptism, that “ confers the Graces ; but the Faith of him " that receives it, and the Virtue of the Tri “ nity. We ask (says he) if it be Lawful to “ repeat Baptism given in the Name of the

Trinity ? Ye maintain that it is Lawful; “ We say that it is forbidden : The People

in Suspence. Let us therefore search after " the Will of our Father, in the Gospel; which

will inform us, That he who hath been once washed, needs not to be washed as

gain: Wherefore (adds he ) We do not • Re-baptize those who have been Baptizedy

are

«* when

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