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DUKE of Venice.
Brabantio, a noble Venetian.
Gratiano, Brother to Brabantio.
Lodovico; Kinsman to Brabantio and Gratiano.
Othello, the Moor.
lago, Standard-bearer to Othello.
Rodorigo, a Gentleman.
Montano, the Moor's Predecessor in the Government of

Clown, Servant to the Moor.

Desdemona, Wife to Othello.
Æmilia, Wife to lago.
Bianca, Mistress to Cafio.

Officers, Gentlemen, Messengers, Musicians, Sailors, and


SCENE; for the First Ait, in Venice ; during the

rest of the Play, in Cyprus.

1. Quarto,

Of this Play the Editions are,

Preface by Thomas Walkely.
1622. N. O, for Thomas Walkely.
1630. A. M. for Richard Hawkins.
1650. for William Lenk.

5. Folio,

I have the folio, and the third Quarto collated with the second,

and the fourth.


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EVER tell me. I take it much unkindly,
That thou, Iago, who hast had my purse,
As if the strings were thine, shouldst know

this. Iago. But you'll not hear me. If ever I did dream of such a matter, abhor me. - Rod. Thou toldst me, thou didst hold him in thy

hate. Iago. Despise me, If I do not.

Three Great ones of the city, In personal suit to make me his lieutenant,

Orbello, the Moor of Venice.] The story is taken from Cyrthio's Novels.


Off-capp'd to him; and, by the faith of man,
I know my price, I'm worth no worse a Place:
But he, as loving his own pride and purpose ;
Evades them with a bombast circumstance,
Horribly stuft with epithets of war,
And, in conclusion,
Non-suits my mediators.

mediators. , “ Certes, says he, “ I have already chose my

And what was he?
Forsooth, a great arithmetician,
One Michael Casio, "a Florentine,
A fellow almoft damn’d 3 in a fair wife ;


La Florentine,] It ap. These are the words of Othelle, pears

from many pasiages of this (which lago in this relation replav, (rightly understood) that peats), and signify, that a FlorenCasio was a Florentine, and lago iine was an unfit person for coma Venetian.

HANMER. mand, as being always a slave to 3-in a fair wife;] In the a fair wife; which was the case of former editions this hath been lago. The Oxford Editor, supprinted, a fair wife; but surely poing this was said by lago of it must from the beginning have Caffio, will have Cafio to be the been a mistake, because it ap. Forentine ; which, he says, is pears from a following part of plain from many passages in the the play, that. Caffio was an un- Play, rightly understood. But bemarried man: On the other cause Caffio was no married man, hand, his beauty is often hinted (tho’ I wonder it did not appear al, which it is natural enough for he was, from some palages rough soldiers to treat with scorn rightly understood) he alters the and ridicule. I read therefore, line thus, A fellow almoji domn'd in a A fellow almoft damnd in a fair phyz. HANMER. fuir Phyz.

a Florentine, A White-friers' phrafe. WARB. A follow almost damu'd in a fair This is one of the passages

wife;] But it was laço, and which must for the present be renot Caffio, who was the Florentine, signed to corruption and obfcu!ias appears from net 3. Scene i. ty. I have nothing that I can, The paliage therefore should be with any approach to confidence, read thus,

propose. I cannot think it very - la Florentire's plain from Act III. Scene 1, that A fellow almost damn'd in a fair Casio was or was not a Florentine.

wife ;-)


That never set a squadron in the field,
Nor the division of a battle knows
More than a spinster ; but the bookish theorick,
+ Wherein the toged consuls can propose
As masterly as he. Meer prattle, without practice,
Is all his soldiership. He had th’ election;
And I, of whom his eyes had seen the proof
At Rhodes, at Cyprus, and on other grounds
Christian and heathen; s must be belee'd and calm'd
By Debitor and Creditor. This Counter-caster
He, in good time, must his lieutenant be,
And I, Sir, (bless the mark !) his Moor-ship's An..

cient. Rod. By heav'n, I rather would have been his hang


Iago. But there's no remedy; 'tis the curse of ser

vice! Preferment goes by letter and affection, ? And not by old gradation, where each second


4 Wherein the tongued Con- abrogated, since Doges have been fuls -) So the generality elected.

THEOBALD. of the impressions read; but the Wherein the toged Confuls-] oldest quarto has it toged; the Se. Confuls, for couns’lors. WARB. nators, that affifted the Duke in s-must be led and calm’d] Council, in their proper Gowns. So the old Quarto. The first

But let me explain, why I Folio reads beleed: but that spoils have ventured to subititute Coune the measure. I read let, hinfillors in the room of Confuls : dered.

WARBURTON. The Venetian nobility constitute Beleid suits to calmed, and the the great Council of the Senate, measure is not less perfe& than and are a part of the administra- in many other places. tion; and summon'd to allift and 6 by letter--] By recounsel the Doge, who is Prince commendation from powerful of the Senate. So that they may friends. Very properly be called Counsel. 7 And not by old gradation,-) lors. Tho' the Government of What is old gradation ? He im. Venice was democratick at first, mediately explains gradation very under Consuls and Tribunes ; that properly. But the idea of old form of power has been totally does not come into it, VOL. VIII.



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