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nation of judicatories, Acts xv. which is the governments we call Presbyterial.... testino de *: 8,1 Instructing and teaching in the ways of the Hord, not only by ministers, but by masters of families, who are to teach their families, Gen. xviii. 19. Deut. vi. 6. 7.

9. Lastly, Spiritual conference, Mal. iii. 16. Deut. vi. 7. and swearing, of which we shall treat in the third commandment. ball. I shall thew what is our duty with reference to thefe ordinances. It is fourfold.

9. We must receive them in our principles and profeffion. We mult carry them as the badge of our subjeétion to our God, Micah iv. 5. innen 1.3. We must observe them in our practice, Matth. xviï. 20. For what end do we receive these ordinances, if we make no conscience of the practice of thein? We will be in that cafe as the servant that knew his master's will, out did it not. So here there ista number of duties laid on us by this command. It requires us all to pray, ministers to pray publicly, and the people to join; masters of families to pray in their families, and the family to join with them, and each of us to pray in secret. It requires all of us to ding the Lord's praises, privately and publicly. It requiresi church-officers to exercife church-discipline, and offenders to submit thereunto, &c. &C...! -59301 We mast do our duty to keep them pure, that sobhing of mens inventions be added to them, and that whatever others mix with them, we adhere to the puring of ordinances, 1 Cor. xi. 2.-..::rige OV. We must do our duty to keep them entire, that -nothing be taken from them, Deut. xii. ult.; for both adding and paring in these matters are abominable to the Lord. :) salonally, It requires us, in consequence of this, to difipprove, deteft, and oppose, according to our sevethat places and stations, all worship that is not appointed of God, whether fuperstitious or idolatrous, acd, according to our several places and stations, to endeavour the removal of the fame, Acts xvii. 16. 17. Deut. vii. 5.

I proceed to consider what is forbidden in the fe. cond commandment. Anf. 66 The second command. “ ment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by ima

ges, or any other way not appointed in his word.” The sum of the second commandment is, That we worship God according as he has appointed in his word, and no otherwise. Hence there are two ways in the general whereby this command is broken, viz. by irreligion and false worship.

FIRST, Irreligion is the not shewing a due regard to, and not duly complying with the worship and ordinances appointed by God in his word, Job xv. 4. It is a fin against this command in defect, as false worThip is in excess. It is a not worshipping of God with external worship and by means appointed, as falfe worship is worshipping in a way not appointed. And it is as much forbidden in this command, as to have no God at all is in the first. There are feveral forts of that irreligion, all here forbidden.

1. The not receiving, but rejecting the worshiip and ordinances of God, Hof. viii. 12. This is the fin, (1.) Of Atheists, who as they have no reverence for God, seeing they deny him, do also reject his worship. (2.) Of Quakers, who throw off almost the whole external worthip and ordinances of God, under the pretence of worshipping him in fpirit. '(3.) Of all thofe who do not receive, but reject any one ordinance of God whatsoever, as some do singing of psalms, others the facraments, others the governinent inttituted by Cbrift, c.

2. All neglect of God's worship and ordinances, in rot observing them in their practice. The neglect of these, though men do not professedly reject them, is very offcntive, Exod. iv. 24. 25. So in this commardis forbidden,

reglect of prayer, Pfal. xivi 4. How can


they read or hear this command without a check, who do not bow a knee to God? This command forbids,

(1.). The neglect of public prayer in the congrega: tion; whereof people are guilty when they unnecesfarily abfent themselves from the public ordinances, or, through laziness or carelessness, the prayers are o. ver ere they come; or unneceffarily go away and leave public prayers; or do not in their hearts join and go along with the speaker in them.

(3.) The neglect of family-worship, and prayers particularly, Jer. 8. ult. Christian families should be churches, wherein God should be worshipped. It is the fin of the whole family, especially of the heads thereof, when it is neglected. I say the whole, because it must needs be offensive to God, that while his worslaip lies neglected in a family, there is none there willing to take

it up, and supply the defect. Besides, there is a neglect of it where it is performed, viz. when ady, members of the family neglect to join therein, but unnecessarily absent themselves, or being present do not join in their hearts with the speaker. ibido

(3.) The neglect of secret prayer. It is a positive ordinance of God, Matth. vi. 6. and the neglect of it, as it will not readily be the fin of those exercised ito godliness, Cant. vii. 11. so it is a sad figa of little defire of communion with God in London primar

- 2dly The neglect of finging the Lord's praises, whether in public or in private. There are fome who fit mute like fishes in the congregation praising God, who are ready enough to rant in the congregation of drunkards. ! There are no psalms fung in their families, for they are itrangers to fpiritual mirth; but they can laugh and sing to express their carnal mirth.c,

3dly, The neglect of reading and hearing the word read in public, private, or fecret. Has God com manded to search the scriptures, and will men be such neglecters of it? What irreligion is it thus to neglect the word of lite, our Father's teftament, the book of God that teaches the way to eternal happiness?


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4thly, The neglect of preaching the word is the fin of ininisters, 2 Tim. vi. 1. 2. This is to starve fouls, in. tead of feeding them, which will make a dreadful account. So this command condemns, (1.) The practice of the lordly prelates, the lealt of whose work is preaching the golpel. They will needs bave Timo- b thy a bishop: with what face can they read then that solemn charge, 2 Tim. iv. 1. 2. I charge thee befur

?! God, and the Lord Jesus Christ ;-preach the word ; be insiant in season and out of season, &c. who (as if they th would give us the perfect reverse of John Baptist's character) are found more in the palace than the pulpit, Matth. xi. 7. 8. (2.) Their devolving this work upon their curates and parsons, who often devolve it again upon their hirelings, Ezek. xliv. 8. (3-) Minifters having plurality of benefices and charges, whereby it is L rendered impossible for them to feed them as is necessa: 1 ry, unlefs they could be in several parishes at once. f (4.) The non-relidence of ministers, whereby they are under the same incapacity. (5.) All negligence of ministers, whereby they lightly and without weighty f. grounds leave their flocks deititute of the preaching of the word fhorter or longer time.

5thly, The neglect of hearing of the word. People are thus guilty when they totally absent themselves from the public ordinances, Heb. X. 25. It is lamec! able to think how God is dishonoured, and graceles! people hardened, by the prevailing of this among us Whatever religion men place in this, this command makes it irreligion. If we be in our duty to preach, people are out of their duty that neglect to hear. Thus are people also guilty, when without any necesity they do at any time abient themselves; and when they rove and wander, and do not attend to the word preached when present.

6thly, Ministers neglecting the administration of the facralients. God has joined them together with the word in their commiffion, and therefore the neglect of any of them must be their fin. Christ has ordered

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the facrament of his fupper to be often celebrated, I Cor. xi. 26. though he has not determined how often. I know no church so guilty in this point as

7thly, People's neglecting of the sacraments, to receive them. Thus people bring guilt on themselves by fighting and neglecting the ordinance of baptism, Luke vii. 30. unduly delaying the baptism of their children. And also in flighting the facrament of the Lord's supper, 2 Chron, xxx. 10. Is it not a strange thing how men get their conscientes satisfied, while they neglect one opportunity after another, and live in the avowed neglect of an uncontroverted ordinance!

8thly, The neglect of the duty of fasting and prayer, when the Lord by his providence calls for it, whether public, or private, or fecret. The neglect of public fasting and prayer is the sin of the church of Scotland at this day, feeing that our melancholy circumftances do evidently hold forth the call of providence thereto. And for family-fafts, how is that duty ab. folutely neglected in moit families, though there is no family but fo:netimes has a private call thereto, by some stroke threatened or lying on them, &c.? And how many are absolute strangers to secret personal fafting and prayer, though they want not calls thereto either from their temporal or spiritual cafe? Matth.

Thus may the church, families, and particular persons be guilty in the neglect of thanksgiving for mercies.

9thly, The neglect of the exercise of church-discipline by church-judicatories, greater or lesier, in order to the purging of the church of scandalous memters, Rev. ii. 14. This has been and is the lin of the church of Scotland, for which God may juftly take his keys out of our hand, And now matters are come to that país in most congregations through the land, and has ever so been in this congregation since I knew it, that the vigorous exercise of dilcipline can:

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xvii. 21.


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