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And that god-making power that is in the Pope and his cardinals to canonize any deceased person

they were quartered, and set upon stakes all along the way for the space of thirty miles.

In the valley of Loyse all the inhabitants, being about thirty thousand, fled, upon the approach of the Papifts, to the clifts and caves of the rocks and mountains, whither their enemies pursued them, and set on fire great quantities of wood at the mouth of the caves ; some were forced io leap out, and were broken to pieces falling over the precipice ; the rest were ftifled, among

whom were found four hundred infants, In the maffacre of Ireland there perished above 150,000, some say, 154,000 Protestants, in a few montlas, men, women, and children. Some they buried alive, with their heads a. bove the ground. Others they ripped up, tied the end of their guts to trees, and forced then round about till their guts were fo drawn out of bodies. Infants were held up on their fwords and daggers to fprawl there. Children were forced to murder their parents, women to hang their own husbands, and mothers to drown their own children; and when they had so far satisfied the bloody beasts, they were murdered themselves. The posterity of these murderers still sublift, and may be got over, if an occasion offer liere.

But if ye will believe our Jacobites, the French are a more civil fort of Papifts. O horrible civility! Are not the galleys a civilfort of bufiness, the breaking on the wheel, and the dragooning, all uted by this present tyrant? Can we reflect without horror on their blowing up men and women with bel. loss till they be ready to burst, pulling off the nails of fingers and toes, sticking them with pins from head to foot, &c. beating twelve drums about the beds of the fick, &c. till they thould change their religion? It is not many years since a company of these poor people being mer in a barn, the barn was beset by soldiers, and set on fire; and when any put out a hand to escape, the soldiers were ready to cut it off, till they were consumed.

In the Netherlands 18,000 were dispatched. The laws of the inquisition there were, that if they recanted, women were to be buried alive, and men killed with the sword. If they would not recant, they were to be burnt. . So that denying the faith will not always do with them. So in Ireland ihey murdered them after they had got them to abjure.

What should I speak of their cruel.ics? Death is terrible ; Lug they think worthy, may fill the world with them, Gods they have almost for every disease. What wonder then that the command is lo particular?

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a simple death will not satisfy them, but barbarous cruelty, yea and villanies worse than death, as binding husbands and fathers to bed-polts till they abused their wives and daughters before them, which was done in the dragooning under this present tyrang in France, and in the massacre.in Ireland. Now, upon all this let me notice a fourfold infatuation.

1. Are not those infatuated, who being Protestants are for bringing a Popish pretender to the throne, or are indifferent about it? Will the laws bind him, and secure us? But had not the Protestants in France such a security, when thirty thousand of them were mafficred in thirty days ? and the Protestants in Ireland too. Will we bind him with terms? Had not the Suffolk men Queen Mary's promise ere she came to the ihrone ? Had not the church of Scotland King Charles II: by folemn oath of the covenant? Will we flatter ourselves with hopes of his becoming Protestant ? Is it not known that a little before his pretended father came to the crown, some yere put to trouble for saying he was a Papift? Look to the fames of martyrs in England in Queen Mary's days, in whose reign, and her father's, cighe thousand were put to death. Let us call to mind the cruelty of our own Queen Mary, and with what fatisfaction fhe beheld trom the cattle of Edinburgh the dead bodies of her Protestant subjects laid out by the French on the walls of Leith.

2. Is not that averfion to thc Hanover, fucceffion an ipfa. țuation, while no other way under heaven appears for our pil. fervation and that of the Protestant religion? They will teil you, What is Hanover better than a Papist, and what is the difference betwixt consubftantiation and tranfubftantiation ? Papifts and Jacobites have spread this. But Protestants ought to honour that tamily, feeing it was but the present Duchess: dowager's father and mother that lost the kingdom of Bohe, mia for the Proteftanț religion, with whose loss of that king.. dom the Protestant religion was lost there, and for them many a prayer was long put up by the church of Scotland in pur forefathers days. And thould we grudge God's giving that family a kingd, un, that lost one for his caufe ? As for the difference betwixt confubftantiation and tranfubftantiation, there is one, that the Lutherans do not worship the lacrament, And seeing it was an error in whịch the Lord Jeft Luther

Lastly, Because the Lord has (so to speak) a particular zeal for his own worship, and againit' idolatry.

himself, the great instrument of the reformation, it becomes men to be more modest, than to reckon one no better than a Papist on that head.

3. Are not our present divisions an infatuation ? Must Prelbyterians be worrying one another, while the common enemy is at our doors, that will make no difference betwixt us? Must we be breaking with one another, while we are in such hazard to be all broken together? Are we not all together weak enough for our enemies ? must one party stand at a fide till they have devoured another? Herod and Pontius Pilate are become friends. The mass and the English service are contributing joint endeavours to ruin the church of Scotland. Papists and malignants agree together against us; and some of them will tell you, that they would rather be Papifts than Presbyterians, Some of thim acknowledge the church of Rome a true

church, but not the church of Scotland. They will have us is to be no ministers, because we want Episcopal ordination, and you no

Christians because ye are unbaptized in their account, as not being bapiized by ininisters having such ordination, And ver we must be breaking more and more among ourselves? Learn from the beasts in the ark to lay by your antipathies, They were buc in hazard of drowning in a sea of water, bụt we in a fea of blood. I am not bidding you quit or deny any truth for peace; only do not think that it will absolve you

from what is required in the fixth commandment, that ye cans not get others racked your length, who agree with you in the

main.

4. Is not our present security an infatuation ?'Is it not time now for sleepers to awake? is it not time now to be beftirring

ourselves in our several stations for the preservation of religion, Just and the getting it felt in power in our own hearts? For a bare 12 profeffion will expofe you.

IV., Unless the Lord give up his turtle to the multitude, all their

power and force shall not be able to hurt her. However we are beset with enemies this day, our God must give us up ere they can reach us. This is comfortable. Therefore 1.t me fay,

1. Let us make up our peace with heaven :-for if God be for

us, who thall be against us ?.0 that the nations were now fo wile aś to repent and reform, and renew their covenant with God. We would then have ground to hope, that the

Thus he pursues them out of all their starting-boles

. He will not allow them an image of any thing in the heaven above, of any thing under heaven, or in the earth, or of any thing in the waters under the earth. Where then thall they have them but from hell, where the devil and damned spirits are?

Secondly, The worshipping of them is forbidden.

1. The very bowing to them is forbidden, whether ić be the bowing of the whole body, bowing the knee, or bowing

the head, and much more proftrating ourselves before them, and fo consequently un. covering of the head. Men may think it a small thing to use such a gesture before them, if they do not pray to them, &c.; but our jealous God forbids the lowest degree of religious worship to them, and for civil worthip they are not capable of it, as Gen. xxiii. 7.

2. The serving of them. This implies whatsoever service the true God required of his worshippers, or

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Lord would not give them up. But if this cannot be had, be ye fo wife each of you for yourselves, as to lay yold on the covenant and Mediátor of peace, repent and reform ; and let there be no ftanding controversy betwixt God and you, come

what will. rrir 174 22. Let us pray much for the church of God. In the year

1588, when the Spanish armado fet off to fink England, and ruin the Proteftant religion in Britain, great was the copfter nation on the spirits of Protestants then; but there were wrestlers then in Scotland and England, and God armed the winds and waves against them, and made that proud monarch fee that his armado was not invincible. The outpouring of the Spirit of prayer would do more this day against our enemies, an all the power of France is able to do for them.'s

3. Lastly, Let us encourage ourselves in the Lord; prepare for the worst,' yet hope that God will piead the cause that is his We have a good cause, and a good God to look to, who keeps the balance in his own hand. And we have the sworn enemy of Christ, even Antichrist, to oppofe ; and better die in Christ's cause than live on Antichrift's fide ; for the day is hafting on when the Roman beast and its adherents shall get blood to drink for the blood they have thed, Rev. xix. 17. 18. 19. 20.

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the Pagans gave to their idols. So the serving them 1. lies in these things, setting them up on high, carry.

ing thëm in proceffions, erecting temples, chapels, altars to them, making vows to them, praying to them, offering incense to them, and dedicating days to them. All which the Papifts do' to their idols.

The Papists' will tell you, they do not worship them abfolutely, but relatively, not ultimately, but mediately, whereby they beguile unstable fouls. But the command strikes through all these fig-leaf covers, and fays, Abfolutely we must not worship them, nor give them the lowest degree of worship, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, &c.--thou shalt not bow unto them, nor serve them.

But we have not yet the full meaning of the negative part of this command. Does it only forbid the making and worshipping of images ? No: Remember the rule, That where one sort of fin is expressed in a command, all others of that kind are included. When in the seventh command adultery is forbidden, all manner of uncleannets is forbidden, though one of the groffeft fort only is named. So here, when the corrupting of the worship of God by images is forbidden, all other corruptions whatsoever of God's worship are included.

The matter of this command is the worship of God and his ordinances; and it says to every man, Thou fhalt not make any thing whereby thou wilt worship God. And as the seventh command ineets him that defiles his neighbour's wife, faying, Thou shalt not commit adultery; fo this meets the church of Rome; and says, Thou shalt not make any graven image, &c. But as the seventh fays also to the fornicator, Thou ihalt not commit uncleanness; fo this says ało to the church of England, Thou shalt not make crossing in Lawitim, kneeling, bowing to the altarı Testivai days, &c. And to every fort of people, and to every particular person it fays, Thon thalt not medale to make any VOL. II.

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