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By this

Well worthy the best heir o'the world, should not
Be gladded in’t by me: Then follows, that
I weigh'd the danger which my realms stood in


issue's fail; and that gave to me
Many a groaning throe. Thus hulling 18 in
The wild sea of my conscience, I did steer
Toward this remedy, whereupon we are
Now present here together; that's to say,
I meant to rectify my conscience, which
I then did feel full sick, and yet not well,
By all the reverend fathers of the land,
And doctors learn'd,-First, I began in private
With you, my lord of Lincoln; you remember
How under my oppression I did reek 19,
When I first mov'd


Very well, my liege.
K. Hen. I have spoke long; be pleas'd yourself

to say

How far


satisfied me. Lin.

So please your highness, The question did at first so stagger me,Bearing a state of mighty moment in't, And consequence of dread, that I committed The daring'st counsel which I had, to doubt; And did entreat your highness to this course, Which you are running here. K. Hen.

I then mov'd

My lord of Canterbury; and got your leave
To make this present summons :-

I left no reverend person in this court;
But by particular consent proceeded,

18 The phrase belongs to navigation. A ship is said to hull when she is dismasted, and only her hull or hulk is left at the direction and mercy of the waves. Thus in The Alarm for London, 1602:

* And they lye hulling up and down the stream.' 19 Waste, or wear away.

Under your hands and seals. Therefore, go on:
For no dislike i' the world against the person
Of the good queen, but the sharp thorny points
Of my alleged reasons, drive this forward :
Prove but our marriage lawful, by my life,
And kingly dignity, we are contented
To wear our mortal state to come, with her,
Katharine our queen,

before the primest creature
That’s paragon'd 20 o'the world.

So please your highness, The queen being absent, 'tis a needful fitness That we adjourn this court till further day: Mean while must be an earnest motion Made to the queen, to call back her appeal She intends unto his holiness. [They rise to depart. K. Hen.

I may perceive, [Aside. These cardinals trifle with me: I abhor This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome. My learn’d and well beloved servant, Cranmer, Pr’ythee return 21 ! with thy approach, I know, My comfort comes along. Break up

the court: I say, set on. [Exeunt, in manner as they entered.

20 Shakspeare uses the verb to paragon both in Antony and Cleopatra and Othello :

• If thou with Cæsar paragon again
My man of men.'

a maid That paragons description and wild fame.' 21 This is only an apostrophe to the absent bishop of that




Palace at Bridewell.

A Room in the Queen's Apartment.

The Queen, and some of her Women, at work. Q. Kath. Take thy lute, wench: my soul grows

sad with troubles ; Sing, and disperse them, if thou canst: leave working.


Orpheus with his lute made trees,
And the mountain tops, that freeze,

Bow themselves, when he did sing
To his musick, plants, and flowers,
Ever sprung; as sun, and showers,

There had been a lasting spring.
Every thing that heard him play,
Even the billows of the sea,

Hung their heads, and then lay by.
In sweet musick is such art;
Killing care, and grief of heart,

Fall asleep, or, hearing, die.

Enter a Gentleman. Q. Kath. How now?

1 Cavendish, who appears to have been present at this interview of the cardinal's with the queen, says— She came out of ber privy chamber with a skein of white thread about her neck into the chamber of presence.' A subsequent speech of the queen's is nearly conformable to what is related in Cavendish, and copied by Holinshed.

Gent. An't please your grace, the two great car

dinals Wait in the presence?. Q. Kath.

Would they speak with me? Gent. They will’d me say so, madam. Q. Kath.

Pray their graces To come near. [Exit Gent.] What can be their

With me, a poor weak woman, fallen from favour?
I do not like their coming, now I think on't.
They should be good men; their affairs 3 as righteous :
But all hoods make not monks.


Peace to your highness!
Q. Kath. Your graces find me here part of a

housewife; I would be all, against the worst may happen. What are your pleasures with me, reverend lords?

Wol. May it please you, noble madam, to withdraw Into your private chamber, we shall give you The full cause of our coming. Q. Kath.

Speak it here; There's nothing I have done yet, o'my conscience, Deserves a corner: 'Would, all other women Could speak this with as free a soul as I do! My lords, I care not (so much I am happy Above a number), if my actions Were tried by every tongue, every eye saw them,

2 Presence chamber.

3 • Being churchmen they should be virtuous, and every business they undertake as righteous as their sacred office: but all hoods make not monks.' In allusion to the Latin proverbCucullus non facit monachum, to which Chaucer also alludes :

· Habite ne muketh monke ne frere;
But a clene life and devotion,
Maketh gode men of religion.'

Envy and base opinion set against them*,
I know my life so even: If your business
Seek me out, and that way I am wife in”,
Out with it boldly; Truth loves open dealing.
Wol. Tanta est ergd te mentis integritas, regina

Q. Kath. O, good my lord, no Latino;
I am not such a truant since my coming,
As not to know the language I have liv'd in:
A strange tongue makes my cause more strange,

Pray, speak in English: here are some will thank you,
If you speak truth, for their poor mistress' sake;
Believe me, she has had much wrong: Lord car-

The willing'st sin I ever yet committed,
May be absolv'd in English.

Noble lady,
I am sorry, my integrity should breed
(And service to his majesty and you)
So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant.
We come not by the way of accusation,
To taint that honour every good tongue blesses ;
Nor to betray you any way to sorrow;

4 I would be glad that my conduct were in some public trial confronted with mine enemies, that malice and corrupt judgment might try their utmost power against me.

5 This is obscurely expressed, but seems to mean, business is with me, and relates to the question of my marriage, out with it boldly.'.

6 « Then began my lord to speak to her in Latin." Nay, good my lord (quoth she), speak to me in English, I. beseech you, though I understand Latin”!:-Cavendish.

7 This line stands so awkwardly, and out of its place, that Mr. Edwards's proposition to transpose it should be adopted,

• If your

thus :

• I am sorry my integrity should breed
So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant,
And service to his majesty and you.'

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