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Second. At said election the constitution framed and adopted by this convention shall be submitted to the people of the territory for their ratification or rejection, and all persons who are then qualified electors under the laws of this Territory, shall be qualified to vote for the ratification or rejection thereof.

Third. Said elections shall be held at the several polling places and precincts throughout the Territory appointed for the holding of elections under the laws of the Territory, and shall be conducted in the manner prescribed by the laws of the territory regulating elections. The boards of county commissioners of the several counties of the territory shall appoint judges and clerks of such election in each of said polling places and precincts in the same manner as is now required by law for the appointment of judges and clerks of general elections in the territory.

Fourth. Each elector voting at said election shall have written or printed upon the ticket he may deposit in the ballot box, the words “For the Constitution” or “Against the Constitution."

Fifth. The votes cast at said election for the adoption or rejection of said constitution shall be canvassed by the canvassing boards of the respective counties not later than fifteen days after said election, or sooner, if the returns from all of the precincts shall have been received and in the manner prescribed by the laws of the Territory of Montana for canvassing the votes at general elections in said territory, and the returns of said election shall be made to the Secretary of the Territory, who with the Governor, and the Chief Justice of the Territory, or any two of them shall constitute a board of canvassers who shall meet at the office of the Secretary of the Territory on, or before, the thirtieth day after the election, and canvass the votes so cast and declare the result.

Sixth. That on the First Tuesday in October, 1889, there shall be elected by the qualified electors of Montana, a Governor, a Lieutenant-Governor, a Secretary of State, an Attorney General, a State Treasurer, à State Auditor, a State Superintendent of Public Instruction, one Chief Justice, and two Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, a Judge for each of the Judicial districts established by this Constitution, a Clerk of the Supreme Court, and a Clerk of the District Court in and for each county of the State, and the members of the Legislative Assembly provided for in this constitution. The terms of officers so elected shall begin when the State shall be admitted into the Union and shall end on the first Monday in January, 1893, except as otherwise provided.

Seventh. There shall be elected at the same time one Representative in the fifty-first congress of the United States.

Eighth. The votes for the above officers shall be returned and canvassed as is provided by law, and returns shall be made to the Secretary of the Territory and canvassed in the same manner and by the same board as is the vote upon the constitution, except as to Clerk of the District Court.


Ninth. There shall also be elected at the same time the following county and township officers: Three County Commissioners, one Clerk of the Board of Commissioners, and ex-officio Recorder, one Sheriff, one County Treasurer, one County Superintendent of Common Schools, one County Surveyor, one County Assessor, one Coronor, one Public Administrator, one County Attorney, two Justices of the Peace, and two Constables for each township. The terms of office for the above named officers shall begin upon the admission of the State and end upon the first Monday of January, A. D. 1893, except, as to County Treasurer whose term shall begin on the first Monday in March succeeding his election, and end on the first Monday of March, A. D. 1893, and also, as to county commissioners whose terms are otherwise provided for in this constitution.


Tenth. The voters for the above county and township officers and for, Clerk of the District Court, shall be returned and canvassed and certificates of election to said officers issued as is now provided by law.

Eleventh. Notice of the election for the adoption or rejection of this Constitution and for State, District, County and township officers shall be given by the clerks of the several boards of county commissioners in the same manner as notice of general elections for delegate to congress and county officers is required to be given by the existing laws of the territory.

Twelfth. That the provisions of this ordinance shall apply only to the election and to the officers elected on the first Tuesday of October, 1889.


To the People of the Territory of Montana :

The Constitutional Convention after a continuous session of forty-five days, has completed its labors and submits the accompanying Constitution of the State of Montana, to the. qualified electors for their ratification or rejection.

We do not claim that it is a perfect instrument. No constitution ever reflected the concensus of public opinion upon all questions. All constitutions are the result of compromises. The Constitution of the United States, cherished above all other instruments, was far from perfect when adopted, but time and the light of experience exposed its imperfections, and the fifteen amendments which were subsequently proposed and adopted, demonstrated that the power of government lodged with the people, may be safely relied upon to correct inequalities and provide new safeguards when required. So it will be with this constitution.

The usual provision for the submission and adoption of amendments is made. On the first day of October next, a general election will be had at which you will be called upon to ratify or reject the work of this convention. Each elector, voting at said election, shall have written or printed upon the ticket he may deposit in the ballot box, the words "For the Constitution” or “Against the Constitu: tion."

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The Constitution now proposed is similar in all its fundamental provisions to the Constitution of 1884, which was ratified by a large majority; yet we think in this the judiciary system is better suited to the wants and interests of our people.

We submit it in convenient form for your careful consideration, and commend it as worthy of your unanimous approval. The adoption of the Constitution will secure our admission upon an equal footing with the original States; it will give us adequate Courts for the administration of justice; it will permit us to tax large quantities of land now exempt from taxation; it will give us the immediate benefit of school and other lands donated by the United States; it will relieve us of that unjust inhibition by which we are prohibited from selling our mines in foreign markets; it will give us a representative in Congress and two United States Senators to represent us in Washington; it will give us the right of suffrage in national elections; it will give us a stable government; it will invite capital and emigration, in short it will break the shackles of territorial bondage and elevate us to the full dignity of American citizenship.

Our population represents individuals who have enjoyed constitutional government in different States of the Union, and those whose lives and aspirations have been circumscribed within the narrow limits of Territorial vassalage. To neither of these is it necessary to address an argument in favor of our speedy admission into the Union. Let every citizen who deserves well of his State, of his country, and of mankind, promote in every honorable way the ratification of this Constitution.

We point with pride to the fact that no shadow of repudiation found its way into our Constitution. That important point is well and safely guarded. Experience has taught the people of the United States that capital and emigration seek a stable and safe government. If Montana were a State to-day the capital that would seek investment, and the immigrant who would seek homes in this, our favored land of Montana, would be increased in an immense ratio.

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