« PreviousContinue »
rentur, nihil illum commotum: sed factum risu et ludibrio prosequentem dixisse, Nullius hoc esse momenti: corporis enim hanc esse necessitatem.' S. Basnage Ann. ii. 861.
Observe that the testimonies of Epiphanius and of Theodoret; concerning the form of Eunomian baptism, contradict each other. We may suppose that the Eunomians used only one immersion, or rather superinfusion, and that they baptized in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, as they were plainly directed to do by the Scriptures, to which they paid as much regard as the Consubstantialists.
“When Epiphanius says of their baptism, sunt qui narrent, we may be sure that proofs ran very low with him.
“ The Eunomians seem to have been of opinion that it was not necessary for persons to be plunged all over in water, and that it was not decent for them to be stripped at the performance of this religious rite. They therefore only uncovered them to the breast, and then poured water upon their heads. This was enough to give their adversaries a pretext, though a poor one, to calumniate them, and to call them Manichæans, and to charge them with holding that the lower parts of the body were made by the Devil.”
Henry IV. Part I. p. 13;
“Of the dreamer Merlin and his prophecies.” [As I may in some measure consider myself as classed among the commentators on Shakspeare, however humble may be my rank, I am proud to announce that the following note will enable us to enroll my friend Sir Walter Scott in our fraternity.
“The supposed prophecies of Merlin formed the stock upon which those who undertook alterations in the state, usually founded the predictions which they circulated amongst the people, to prepare men's minds for the intended change. The most complete account of those to which Hotspur alludes in the text, occurs in a manuscript of those historical documents usually called, Caxton's Chronicles, because first printed by the father of the English press. It is well known to antiquaries, that manuscripts of these Chronicles are not unfrequent, and that they differ in tenor and in date, some coming as far down as the reign of Henry V.; others stopping much earlier. The copy which will be presently alluded to, breaks off immediately after the deposition of Richard II. and concludes with a survey of prophecies obviously designed to favour the alliance of Glendower with Mortimer and Percy, and their plan of dividing the kingdom into three parts. Edward III. is shadowed forth as the boar of righteousness; Richard II. as the lambe; Henry as the Moldwarp; and the three conspirators, to whose insurrection success is predicted, as the lyon, wolf, and dragon. The following extract will probably be sufficient to satisfy the reader with this “ skimble scamble stuff,” as Hotspur terms it.
“ And after thys Goote Seyde Merlyon shall com a boore out of Wyndesere that shall be called the Myldyste and the fayriste and most mercyfull Prynce borne and he shall correcte hem that ben untreue and in hys tyme shall thys londe be fullfylled with
and this boore shall make wolves to becom lambys, and he shall be called throrough oute the worlde the boore of holynes, of nobley of fyersnes, and of mercy, and he shall mesurably do all that he hath to don anone to the burgh of Jerlin. And alse he shall whette hys teethe upon the gatis of Paris, and Spaigne shall tremble for drede of hym. And he shall make Gascoigne for to quake and he shall make medowris rede and he shall gete as much as his ancetryes ded afore hym. Andor that he bedede he shall were III crownes and he shall put one londe in subjection and afterwarde hitt shall releved be but not in hys tyme; for his doughtynis he shall be entyred at Coleyne and than shall this londe be fullfilled with all maner of good.and after thys Boor (Seyde Merlyon) shall come a lambe that shall have feete of lede and an hede of brass, and an herte of a foxsse and a suynnys skynne and the most party of his reyne the lond shall be in peas. And in the fyrste yere of his regne he shall do make a citte that all the worlde shall spoke therof. And also thys lambe shall lose in his tyme a grete party of his lond thorough an hydeous woolff but he shall recover hitt agen: he shall take his lordschippes to an egle of his londe wondir welle and worthyly unto the tyme that pryde shall him overcom & he shall dye thoroughe his brothers sworde and afterward shall hys londe be in pes and fullfilled with all manner of gode. And after thys lambe seyed Merlyon shall com a Molwerp accursed of Goddis mouthe a caytiff a coward and he shall have an eldryche skynne as a goote and vengeance shall com upon hym for synne that he shall use and hys londe shall be fullfylled with all manner of goodnes unto tyme that he shall suffir hys people to lyve in gret pryde without chastysynge in gret displesaunce to God and therefore vengeance shall com unto hym. For a dragon shall com oute of the Northe and wer agaynste the foresayde Moldwerp uppon a stone. And thys Dragon shall gadir into his cumpanye a wolffe that shall com oute of the weste, and so shall the dragon and the wolff bynde hir VOL. XXI.
taylis togidir. Than shall a lyon com oute of Irelonde that shall be in companye with hem and than shall the lond tremble that shall be called Inglonde. And alse in that tyme shall many castels falle by the Temys bank and hit shall Teme shall be drye with the bodies that shall fall therin and also the chyff floodis of Inglonde renne with blood and the Moldwerpe shall fle for drede for the Dragon the Lyon and the woolf shall dryve him oute of the londe and the Molwarpe shall have no power save only a shyppe whereto he shall wende and he shall go to londe whan the see is drye and com ageyne and gef the III partyes of his londe for to have the fourthe parte and after that shall the Moldwarpe be drowned in the flood of the see and his seed shall be fadirles for evermore. And than shall the londe be departyed into III partyes oone to the woolf another to the Dragen and the IIId to the Lyon and so shall hitt be for ever. And then shall this londe be called the londe of conqueste and so shall the ryghtful eyris of Inglond be diseryted.”
The Manuscript Chronicle from which the above extract was written many years since, was then the property of John Clarke, Esquire, of Eldin, and was afterwards, I believe, presented by him to the present Duke of Hamilton. WALTER SCOTT.
Henry IV. P. I. p. 359 :
“ All plumed like estridges that with the wind.” When I attempted to defend the original text, I could not recollect at that time a passage in which the conjunction with was used without a verb in the sense of to go with. I have since found one in Massinger :
“ Be not so short, sweet lady, I must with you.”
Henry IV. P. II. vol. xvii. p. 220:
“ Do me right,
“ Samingo." Why St. Domingo should have been considered as the patron of topers I know not ; but he seems to have been regarded in this light by Gonzalo Berceo, an old Castilian poet, who flourished in 1211. He was a monk, much of the same cast with our facetious Arch-deacon Walter de Mapes. In writing the life of the saint, he seeks inspiration in a glass of good wine.
De un confessor sancto quiero fer una prosa
Henry IV. Part II. vol. xvii. p. 25:
The following communication was transmitted to me by Messrs Longman and Co. I have not the honour of knowing the gentleman who wrote it, but beg leave to return him my thanks for his courtesy. BOSWELL.
Tewkesbury, April 5th, 1821. Observing an inaccuracy in the notes to the last edition of Shakspeare, in 21 vols. I thought it might be acceptable to you to be enabled to set the matter right in the new edition. Mr. Steevens is in error, where he says that