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P R E F A C E.
NO Cross, No Crown, should have ended here ; but that the power which examples and authorities have put upon the minds of the people, above the most reasonable and pressing arguments, inclined me to present my readers with some of those many instances that might be given, in favour of the virtuous life recommended in our discourse. I chose to cast them into three forts of testimonies, not after the threefold subject of the book, but, fuitable to the times, qualities, and circumstances of the persons that gave them forth; whose divers excellencies and stations have transmitted their names with reputation to our own times. The first testimony comes from those called Heathens; the second from professed Christians; and the last, from retired, aged, and dying men ; being their last and serious reAléations, to which no oftentation or worldly interests could induce them. Where it will be easy for the considerate reader to observe, how much the pride, avarice, and luxury of the world, stood reprehended in the judgments of persons of great credit amongst men; and what was that life and conduct, that in their most retired meditations, when their fight was clearest, and judgment most free and disabused, they thought would give peace here, and lay foundations of eternal bleffeduefs.
The Testimonies of several great, learned, and
virtuous personages among the Gentiles, urged against the excesses of the age, in favour of the Self-denial, temperance, and piety recommended in the first part of this discourse.
1. Among the GREEKS, viz.
$. 1. Cyrus. §. 2. Artaxerxes. $. 3. Aga
thocles. $. 4. Philip. S. 5. Alexander. §. 6. Ptolemy. §. 7. Xenophanes. $. 8. Antigonus. S. 9. Themistocles. S. 10. Aristides. f. 11. Pericles. f. 12. Phocion. S. 13. Clitomachus.
f. 14. Epaminondas. . 15.
Demosthenes. §. 16. Agaficles. f. 17. Agesilaus. §. 18. Agis. §. 19. Alcamenes. $. 20. Alexandrides. $. 21. Anaxilas. $. 22. Ariston. $. 23. Archidamus. §. 24. Cleomenes. S. 25. Dersyllidas.
f. 26. Hippodamus. S. 27. Leonidas. $. 28. Lyfinder. 5. 29. Paulanias. $. 3o. Theopompus, &c. 31. The manner of life and governinent of the Lacedæmonians in ge. neral. $. 32. Lycurgus their lawgiver.
8. I. CYRUS, than whom a greater monarch
we hardly find in story, is more famous for his virtue than his power; God calls him his shepherd.
Now let us fee the principles of his conduct and life. So temperate was he in his youth, that when Altyages urged him to drink wine, he answered, "I am afraid left there should be poison in it, having seen thee reel and sottish after having drank thereof." And so careful was he to keep the Persians from corruption of manners, that he would not suffer them to leave their rude and mountainous country, for one more pleafant and fruitful, left through plenty, and ease, luxury at last might debase their fpirits. And so very chaite was he, that having taken a lady of quality, à most beautiful woman his prisoner, he refused to see her, saying,
I have no mind to be a captive to my captive.' . It seems, he claimed no such
propriety; but shunned the occasion of evil. The comptroller of his houshold asking him one day what he would please to have for his dinner;
Bread,' said he ; for I intend to encamp nigh the water :' a short and easy bill of fare: but this shews the power' he had over his appetite as well as his foldiers; and that he was fit to command others, that could command himself: according to another saying of his, No man,' faith he, ' is worthy to coinmand, who is not better than those who are to obey.' And when he came to die, he
gave this reason of his belief of immortality; I cannot,' said he, persuade - myself to think that the soul of man, after having sustained itself in a mortal body, should perish when delivered out of it, for want of it:' a faying of perhaps as great weight, as may be ad. vanced against Atheism, from more enlightened times.
$. II. Artaxerxes Mnemon, being upon an extraordinary occasion reduced to eat barley bread, and dried figs, and drink water, • What pleasure,' faith he, have I loft till Dow, through my delicacies and excefs!'
$. III. Agathocles becoming king of Sicily, from being the fon of a potter, always to hum. ble his mind to his original, would be daily ferved in earthen vessels upon his table : an ex. ample of humility and plainness.
S. IV. Philip king of Macedon, upon three forts of good news, arrived in one day, feared too much fuccess might transport him immoderately; and therefore prayed for some disappointments to season his prosperity, and caution his mind under the enjoyment of it. He refused to oppress the Greeks with his garrisons, saying, “I had rather retain them by kind. pefs than fear, and to be always beloved, than for a while terrible. One of his mini. ons persuading him to decline hearing of a cause, wherein a particular friend was interested, • I had much rather' says he, 'thy friend should