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all places give thanks unto thee, O Lord, brought out of darkness and error into • Holy Father, Almighty, Everlasting the clear light and true knowledge of God.
thee, and of thy Son Jesus Christ. There. • These words Holy Father must be omitted on fore with Angels, fc.
Trinity Sunday. | Here shall follow the proper Preface,
Upon the Feast of Trinity only.
Who art one God, one Lord; not one according to the time, if there be any
only Person, but three Persons in one specially appointed : or else immediately
Substance. For that which we believe shall follow,
of the glory of the Father, the same we THEREFORE with Angels and Arch
believe of the Son, and of the Holy angels, and with all the company of hea. ven, we laud and magnify thy glorious lity. Therefore with Angels, &c.*
Ghost, without any difference or inequa. Name; evermore praising thee, and saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, After each of which Prefaces shall ['folheaven and earth are full of thy glory;
THEREFORE with Angels and ArchanGlory be to thec, O Lord most High.
gels, and with all the company of heaven, Amen.
we laud and magnify thy glorious Name ; Proper Prefaces.
evermore praising thee, and saying, Holy, Upon Christmas-day, and seven days after.
holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven BECAUSE thou didst give Jesus Christ
and earth are full of thy glory ; Glory be thine only Son to be born ... * for us :
to thee, O Lord most High. Amen. who, by the operation of the Holy Ghost,
Then shall the [' Presbyter'], kneeling was made very man of the substance of
down at the Lord's table, say in the the Virgin Mary his mother; and that
name of all them that shall receive the without spot of sin, to make us clean
Communion this prayer following. from all sin. Therefore with Angels, fc. Upon Easter-day, and seven days after.
We do not presume to come to this But chiefly are we bound to praise
thy Table, 0 merciful Lord, trusting in
our own righteousness, but in thy mani. thee for the glorious Resurrection of thy
fold and great mercies. We are not worSon Jesus Christ our Lord : for he is the
thy so much as to gather up the crumbs very Paschal Lamb, which was offered
under thy Table. But thou art the same for us, and hath taken away the sin of
Lord, whose property is always to have the world ; who by his death haih de
mercy; Grant us therefore, gracious stroyed death, and by his rising to life again hath restored to us everlasting life.
Lord, so to [' spiritually']f eat the flesh of Therefore with Angels, fc.
• The American Liturgy adds, “Or else this Upon Ascension-day, and seven days after.
may be said, the words, Holy Father, being reTHROUGH thy most dearly beloved Son
tained in the introductory address. For the Jesus Christ our Lord; who after his
precious death and merits of thy Son Jesus most glorious Resnrrection manifestly
Christ our Lord, and for the sending to us of appeared to all his Apostles, and in their
the Holy Ghost, the Comforter; who are one sight ascended up into heaven to prepare
with thee in thy eternal Godhead. Therefore a place for us ; that where he is thither
with angels, &c.” This is not very desirable. we might also ascend, and reign with him in glory. Therefore with Angels, &c.
+ So it was previously to 1661. Upon Whit-sunday, and six days after. I To prevent all mistakes the word "spiritu
THROUGH Jesus Christ our Lord ; ac- ally” is inserted here, and in the prayer of concording to whose most true promise, the secration, and also in the post-communion Holy Ghost came down ... from heaven
thanksgiving, though implied even now. For with a sudden great sound, as it had been a previous exhortation thus runs, “then we a mighty wind, in the likeness of fiery
spiritually eat the flesh of Christ, and drink his tongues, lighting upon the Apostles, to
blood.” And the 28th Article tells us that the tëach them, and to lead them to all truth;
body of Christ is received and eaten "only after giving them both the gift of divers lan
an heavenly and spiritual manner." By “a guages, and also boldness with fervent spiritual reception of the body and blood of zeal, constantly to preach the Gospel
Christ" is meant “a mental reception, in oppounto all nations ; whereby we have been
sition to a bodily reception : a mental reception * It has been deemed expedient to omit "as of Christ, with all His mediatorial excellency, at this time,” in the Christmas and Whitsun as 'spiritual food,' in opposition to a bodily rePrefaces: the time of Christ's birth being uncer- ception of His natural flesh and blood. Everytain, and the Whitsun festival being kept up at thing is presented to us in holy Scripture; and the Jewish “time." Still," as at this time" the receiving act is faith," (Rev. P. Gell's Essay, might be retained.
pp. 98, 99, note). And the Christian beholding
thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink ing ['them') according to thy Son our Sahis blood, that our sinful bodies may be viour Jesus Christ's holy institution, in remade clean by his body, and our souls membrance of his death and passion, may washed through his most precious blood ['spiritually']
be partakers of his most blesand that we may evermore dwell in him, sed Body and Blood: whoin the same night and he in us. Amen.
that he was betrayed, (a) (a) Here the 1 [' Then the Presbyter' (or the Bishop
took Bread; and, when hé Priest is to take had given thanks, (b) he his hands :
the Paten into being present), standing up '] shall say the prayer of Consecration, as fol
brake it, and gave it to (6).... loweth.
his disciples saying, Take, ALMIGHTY God, our heavenly Father,
eat, (c) this is my Body (c).... who of thy tender mercy didst give thine
which is given for you : Do this in reonly Son Jesus Christ to suffer death
membrance of me. Likewise after supper upon the Cross for our redemption ; who he (d) took the Cup: and, (?) Here he is to made there (by his one oblation of himself when he had given thanks take the Cup into
his hand : once offered ) a full, perfect, and sufficient he gave it to them, say. sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for
ing, Drink ye for this (e) is (e).... the sins of the whole world ; and did in
third Persons in the Trinity was left out [i.e. in stitute, and in his holy Gospel command
1552]; it has been wisely restored in the Ame11s to continue, a perpetual memory of
rican Prayer-Book," (s. 745, p. 542, note). In that his precious death, until his coming again ; Hear us, o merciful Father, we
other respects the American Prayer of Consemost humbly beseech thee ; and ('vouch
cration differs widely from ours, being very simi
lar to the Scotch form of 1765. This arises from a safe to bless and sanctify, with thy Word and Holy Spirit, these thy gifts and crea
Concordate made with the first American Bishop, tures of bread and wine; that']t we, receive
Dr. Seabery, on his consecration by Scottish
Bishops in 1784, (See the Scottish Ecclesiastical in the elements the pledges of his redemption,
Journal, for October, 1851, p. 214, &c.) with thankful joy receives them, and thus is quickened to “feed on Christ by faith. And • The Liturgy of 1549 has been followed, in thus “through them, when faithfully received,
the retention of only two of the marginal Ruthe Holy Ghost effectually works,” (Rev. M. brics, viz., those relating to the "taking" of the Brock, p. 21). Thus Sacraments are “not phy- paten and the cup, which are quite sufficient for sical but moral instruments of salvation," &c. the designation of the elements to be conse(Hooker, b. v. c. 57, s. 4).
crated. The others did not exist in our Liturgy • The present rubric is so ambiguous, that
before the last Review. Even these two were the only meaning which can be assigned to it, omitted in 1552, and only then restored. With (See Wheatly, c. i. s. xxii. p. 296, and Bp. Mants respect to the nature of the consecration of the Prayer-book, p. 363), is for the minister to stand elements, Rev. M. Brock truly observes that “ before" the Table to "order" the elements,
"the act of consecration is merely a separation, and then return to the north side to say the or setting apart the elements from profane to Prayer. As all that is necessary for a due or. holy uses," (on the Lord's Supper, p. 8). So dering of the elements may be done when first again Rev. S. Rowe remarks that "by this act placing the elements on the Table, it has been the elements are set apart from all ordinary and deemed desirable here to return to the original common uses, but their nature is not changed. simple form of this Rubric. From 1552 till the In substance they are the same as before conlast Review the Rubric stood thus,“ Then the secration, in purpose totally different," (Appeal Priest standing up shall say as followeth." The to the Rubric, p. 18). In like manner the emiScotch Liturgy runs thus, "Then the Presbyter, nent ritualist Wheatly, speaking of the baptisstanding up, shall say the Prayer of Consecration mal water, says, “not that the water contracts as followeth. But then, during the time of any new quality in its nature or essence, by consecration, he shall stand at such a part of such consecration; but only that it is sanctified the holy Table, where he may with the more or made holy in its use, and separated from ease and decency use both his hands.'
common to sacred purposes," (Illustration of + This alteration is adopted from the Ame- the Common Prayer, c. vii. s. iii. p. 339). So also rican Liturgy. The form of 1549 was adopted Rev. S. Rowe observes that by the act of conse. in an altered form in the Scotch Liturgy of 1637, cration of a church or churchyard, “no indwell. whence it was also adopted in a more modified ing holiness is attributed or superstitious honour form, and in language nearer to our present paid to the building itself, where the living asLiturgy, in the American Liturgy as given semble to worship their Lord, nor to the surabove. Bp. Short says, “ It is difficult to un- rounding cemetery where the dead sleep their derstand why the invocation of the second and last long sleep of the grave,” (Appeal, p. 21).
my blood of the New Testament, which died for thee, and feed on him in thy is shed for you and for many for the re heart by faith with thanksgiving. mission of sins: Do this, as oft as ye | And the Minister that ['receiveth the shall drink it, in remembrance of me, cup himself, or delivereth it to others']* Amen.
Then shall the Minister first receive the The Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, Communion in both kinds himself, and which was shed for thee, preserve thy then proceed to deliver the came to the body and soul unto everlasting life. Bishops, (* Presbyters '], and Deacons, Drink this in remembrance that Christ's in like manner, (if any be present,) ['that Blood was shed for thee, and be thankthey may help him that celebrateth':]* ful. and after that to the people also in order, 1 If the consecrated Bread or Wine be all into their hands, all meekly kneeling: spent before all have communicated, the And when he [' receiveth himself or']t [Presbyter] is to consecrate more acdelivereth the Bread to ['others'], 1 he cording to the Form prescribed ; begin
ing at Our Saviour Christ in the same The Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, night, fc. for the blessing of the which was given for thee, preserve thy Bread ; and at Likewise after Supper, body and soul unto everlasting life. Take fc. for the blessing of the Cup. and eat this in remembrance that Christ When all have communicated, the Mi
nister shall return to the Lord's Table,
and reverently place upon it what re* From the Scotch Liturgy. It does not say
maineth of the consecrated Elements, "must" help him, but only“ may." Until 1661,
covering the same with a fair linen we had “that they may help the chief minister,"
cloth. in our own.
(T Then the Minister shall say, + From the Scotch Liturgy. For the Minister
Let us Pray.t] thus to address himself in the second person, is
I Then shall the [* Minister '] say the in harmony with the Psalmist's example, Psalm
Lord's Prayer, the people repeating ciii. 1-5.
after him every petition.
Our Father, which art in heaven, Hal| From the Scotch Liturgy. This permits the
lowed be thy Name. Thy kingdom use of the words to several together. In the
come. Thy will be done in earth, As it American form this is accomplished by the mere is in heaven. Give us this day our daily omission of the words “to any one," which
bread. And forgive us our trespasses, were only inserted in our own at the last review,
As we forgive them that trespass against a similar direction having been omitted in 1552. And lead us not into temptation ; To address several persons in the singular num: But deliver us from evil : For thine is ber, when necessary to do so, illustrates 1 Cor.
the kingdom, The power, and the glory, x. 17. To the writer however the following For ever and ever. Amen. form would seem preferable.  To word the | After shall be said as followeth. Rubrics thus : “ And, when he receiveth the O Lord and heavenly Father, we thy bread himself, he shall say"_" And, when he humble servants entirely desire thy fareceiveth the cup himself, he shall say," and after therly goodness mercifully to accept this each to give the proper words in the first person our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving ;
given for me,"&c.  Then to give the Rubrics most humbly beseeching thee to grant, and form of words exactly on the present plan, that by the merits and death of thy Son “And when he delivereth the bread to any one, Jesus Christ, and through faith in his he shall say"_" And the Minister that delivereth blood, we and all thy whole Church may the cup to any one shall say"-but to print the obtain remission of our sins, and all words “thee,” “thy,” “body," "soul,” and
other benefits of his passion. And here "heart," in Italics in both prayers, to signify
we offer and present unto thee, O Lord, that they are changeable.  And then to add
ourselves, our souls and bodies to be a after them a Rubric to this effect: " And
reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto here is to be noted that if necessity so require'
thee; humbly beseeching thee, that all when the Minister delivereth the bread' or the
we, who are partakers of this holy Comcup to 'others,' he may use the appointed form munion, may be fulfilled with thy grace of words to several Communicants co
and heavenly benediction. And although
tively, (the words being considered as addressed to them
we be unworthy, through our manifold severally), 'only changing the words' you, your, . From the Scotch Liturgy. bodies, souls, and hearts, for thee, thy, body, + The Scotch Liturgy might be followed in soul, and heart, as occasion requireth.""
the omission of the Lord's prayer in this place.
sins, to ofter unto thee any sacrifice, yet of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord; and we beseech thee to accept this our bounden the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, duty and service ; not weighing our me
the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be ['upon']" rits, but pardoning our offences, through you and remain with you ['for ever 's* Jesus Christ our Lord; by whom, and
Amen. with whom, in the unity of the Holy Collects to be said after the Offertory, Ghost, all honour and glory be unto thee, when there is no Communion, every such O Father Almighty, world without end. day one or more ; and the same may be Amen.
said also, as often as occasion shall On this [ ; or both].
serve, after the Collects either of MornALMIGHTY and everliving God, we most
ing or Evening Prayer, Communion or heartily thank thee, for that thou dost Litany, [or before and after sermons), vouchsafe (spiritually] to feed us, who have by the discretion of the Minister. duly received these holy (symbols) with the Assist us mercifully, O Lord, in these spiritual food of the most precious Body our supplications and prayers, and disand Blood of thy Son our Saviour Jesus pose the way of thy servants towards the Christ; and dost assure us thereby of attainment of everlasting salvation ; that, thy favour and goodness towards us; and among all the changes and chances of that we are very members incorporate in
this mortal life, they may ever be dethe mystical body of thy Son, which is fended by thy most gracious and ready the blessed company of all faithful peo
belp; through Jesus Christ our Lord. ple; and are also heirs through hope of
Amen. thy everlasting kingdom, by the merits
O ALMIGHTY Lord, and everlasting God, of the most precious death and passion of vouchsafe, we beseech thee, to direct, thy dear Son. And we most humbly sanctify, and govern, both our hearts and beseech thee, O heavenly Father, so to
bodies, in the ways of thy laws, and in assist us with thy grace, that we may
the works of thy commandments ; that continue in that holy fellowship, and do
through thy most mighty protection, all such good works as thou hast prepared both here and ever, we may be preserved for us to walk in; through Jesus Christ
in body and soul ; through our Lord and our Lord, to whom, with thee and the
Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory, doings with thy most gracious favour;
[ Direct'lt us, O Lord, in all our world without end. Amen. | Then shall be said or sung ['all stand
and further us with thy continual help: ing '].
that in all our works begun, continued, GLORY be to God on high, and in earth
and ended in thee, we may glorify thy peace, good will towards men. We praise holy. Name, and finally by thy mercy thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we
obtain everlasting life; through Jesus give thanks to thee for thy great glory,
Christ our Lord. Amen. O Lord God, heavenly King, God the
GRANT, we beseech thee, Almighty Father Almighty.
God, that the words, which we have heard O Lord, the only-begotten Son Jesu
this day with our outward ears, may Christ; O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son through thy grace be so grafted inwardly of the Father, that takest away the sins
in our hearts, that they may bring forth of the world, have mercy upon us. Thou
in us the fruit of [holy and religious that takest away the sins of the world, lives), to the honour and praise of thy have mercy upon us.
Thou that takest
Name; through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Amen. away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. Thou that sittest at the right wisdom, who knowest our necessities be
ALMIGHTY God, the fountain of all hand of God the Father, have mercy
fore we ask, and our ignorance in asking ; For thou only art holy; thou only art
• The words “upon and “for ever" the Lord; thou only, O Christ, with the adopted from the parallel form in the ConfirHoly Ghost, art most high in the glory mation Service as more explicit than"amongst" of God the Father. Amen.
and “always”. Of the two, the words "amongst" 1 Then the [' Presbyter '] (or Bishop if and "always,” would be more appropriate in
he he present) shall let them depart with the Confirmation Service and in the lips of the this Blessing
Bishop as a casual visitor in the parish, and The peace of God, which passeth all "amongst” the people, than in the lips of their understanding, keep your hearts and minds regular pastor. in the knowledge and love of God, and
+ From the American Liturgy. The third . From the American Liturgy,
and fourth of these collects are here transposed.
- Easter ...
We beseech thee to have compassion main * of that which was upon our infirmities; and those things, secrated, it shall not be carried out of which for our unworthiness we dare not, the Church, but the [' Presbyter'], and and for our blindness we cannot ask, such other of the Communicants as he vouchsafe to give us, for the worthiness shall then call unto him, shall immediof thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. ately after the Blessing, reverently eat
ALMIGHTY God, who hast promised to and drink the same. hear the petitions of them that ask in thy | The Bread and Wine for the Communion Son's Name ; We beseech thee mercifully shall be provided by the [Minister] and to incline thine ears to us that have made the Churchwardens at the charges of the now our prayers and supplications unto parish. thee ; and grant, that those things, which | And note, that [it is convenient that] we have faithfully asked according to thy every Parishioner shall communicate at will, may effectually be obtained, to the the least three times in the year, of which relief of our necessity, and to the setting
be one. .. + forth of thy glory; through Jesus Christ | After the Divine Service ended, the our Lord. Amen.
money given at the Offertory shall be I Upon the Sundays and other Holy-days disposed of to such pious and charitable,
(if there be no Communion) shall be said uses, the Minister and Churchall that is appointed at the Communion, wardens shall think fit. Wherein if until the end of the general Prayer. For they disagree, it shall be disposed of as the whole state of Christ's Church the Ordinary shall appoint. militant here earth, together with one “ WHEREAS it is ordained in this or more of these Collects last before re- " Office for the Administration of the hearsed, concluding with the Blessing. “ Lord's Supper, that the Communicants (But if there be a Sermon or Homily, “should receive the same kneeling; the Offertory and the Prayer. For the (which order is well meant, for a sig. whole state of Christ's Church militant “nification of our humble and grateful here in earth may be omitted].
“acknowledgment of the benefits of And there shall be no celebration of the “ Christ therein given to all worthy ReLord's Supper, eacept there be a con- “ceivers, and for the avoiding of such venient number to communicate with the profanation and disorder in the huly [' Presbyter'] according to his discre- “Communion, as mightotherwise ensue;) tion.
yet, lest the same kneeling should by And if there be not above twenty persons any persons, either out of ignorance in the parish of discretion to receive the “and infirmity, or out of malice and obCommunion : yet there shall be no Com- “stinacy, be misconstrued and depraved ; munion, except four (or three at the “. It is hereby declared, That thereby no least) communicate with the [' Pres- “Adoration is intended, or ought to be byter'].
done, either unto the Sacramental 1 And in Cathedral and Collegiate Churches,
“ Bread or Wine there bodily received, and Colleges, where there are many or unto any Corporal Presence of ['Presbyters '] and Deacons, [it is ex- " Christ's natural Flesh and Blood. For pedient that] they shall all receive the “ the Sacramental Bread and Wine reCommunion with the [. Presbyter that “main still in their very natural subcelebrates ',]* every Sunday ... , except “stances, and therefore may not be adored; they have a reasonable cause to the con- “ (for that were Idolatry, to be abhorred trary.
“ of all faithful Christians ;) and the naAnd to take away all occasion of dissen- “ tural Body and Blood of our Saviour tion, and superstition, which any person
“Christ are in Heaven, and not here ; it hath or might have concerning the Bread being against the truth of Christ's naand Wine, it shall suffice that the Bread “ tural Body to be at one time in more be such as is usual to be eaten : but the “places than one.” best and purest Wheat Bread that con
• The reference to the unconsecrated wine is veniently may be gotten. And if any of the Bread and Wine re
omitted in the Scotch and American Liturgies.
+ This rubric respecting Easter Dues is . From the Scotch Liturgy.
omitted in the Scotch Liturgy, and American.