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* [Their Church Covenant is in these Terms-] In the Name of our Lord God, and in Obedience to his holy Will and divine Ordinance; we whose Names are here written, being by his most wise and good Provi. dence, bro't together, and desirous to unite ourselves into one Congrega a 'tion or Church under our Lord Jesus Christ our Head, in such Sort as becometh all those whom He hath redeemed and sanctified unto Himself ; Do here, solemnly and religiously, as in his most holy Presence, promise and bind ourselves, to walk in all our Ways according to the Rules of the Gospel, and in all sincere Conformity to his holy Ordinances, and in mutual Love and Respect to each other, so near as God shall give us Grace.'

INCREASE Nowell (and 18 more] (ml)



Mr. John Eliot a Member of Boston Congregation, and one whom the Congregation intended presently to call to the Office of Teacher, was call’d to be a Teacher to the Church at Roxbury; and tho’ Boston laboured all they could, both with the Congregation of Roxbury, and with Mr. Eliot himself, alledging their Want of Him and the Covenant between Him and them ; yet he could not be diverted from accepting the Call of Roxbury : so Nov. 5, He was dismiss'd to them] (w) ||


Il [The Roxbury Church Records say]-By that Time the Church at Boston was intended to call Him to Office, his Friends were come over [tis likely among those 123 who arriv'd on Sept. 16] and settled at Rox. bury, to whom he was foreingaged that if he were not call’d to Office before they came, He was to join with them : whereupon the Church at Roxbury callid Him to be Teacher in the End of the Summer (1632] and soon after was ordain'd to that Office in the Church : his intended Wife also coming with the Rest of his Friends, they were soon after their coming married, viz. in Oct. 1632. (rcr) [But he is not ordain'd their Teacher till Nov. 5--perhaps on Friday, Nov. 9.]

Nov. 6. [Tuesday] 18 take their Oath of Freemen, viz. 1 Mr. Thomas Weld,

5 Mr. Thomas Oliver, 2 Mr. Thomas James,

6 John Talcot, 3 Mr. John Coggeshal,

7 William Wadsworth, &c. 4 Mr. Richard Dummer,


Nov. 7. Court at Boston : Present (same as June 5] (1) Order'd that the Captains shall train their Companies


K. of France. 1632 Lewis XIII. ||

K. of Great Britain.

Charles I.

K. of Spain. ll Philip IV.

but once a Month: (2) that Sir R Saltonstall shall give Saggamore John, a Hogshead of Corn, for the Hurt his Cattle did his Corn: (3) that the Neck of Land between Powder-Hill and Pullen-Point, shall belong to Boston, to be enjoy'd by the Inhabitants thereof for ever. (Mor)

Nov. 21. Gov Winthrop receives a Letter from Capt. Neal ; that Dixy Bull and 15 more of the English who kept about the East are turned Pirates, had taken divers Boats, and rifled Pemaquid : hereupon the Gov calls a Council, and tis agreed to send his Bark with 20 Men to join with those of Piscataqua [to] take said Pirate : But Snow, Frost, and contrary Winds prevent them. (6) [The first Pirates on the Coast of N. E.]

Nov. 22. A Fast held by the Congregation of Boston: and Mr. Wilson formerly their Teacher is chosen Pastor, and [Mr. Thomas] Oliver a Ruling Elder, and are both ordain'd by Imposition of Hands : first by the Teacher and the 2 Deacons (in the Name of the Congregation) upon the Elder; and then by the Elder and the Deacons upon the Pastor. (w)

Dec. By Letters from Capt. Neal, Mr. Hilton, &c. [of Piscataqua] it is certified, that they had sent out all the Forces they could make against the Pirates; viz. 4 Pinnaces and Shallops, and 40 Men, who coming to Pemaquid, were there Wind-bound three weeks. (10)*

It is further advertised by some who came from Penobscut ; that the Pirates lost one of their chief Men by a Musket shot from Pemaquid, and that there remain’d but 15, whereof 4 or 5 were detain'd against their Wills; that they had been at some English Plantations and taken nothing but what they paid for ; had given another Pinnace in Exchange for that of Mr. Maverick, and as much Bever and Otter as it was worth more; had made a law against excessive Drinking ; that their Order was, at such Times as other Ships use to have Prayer, they would assemble on the Deck, and one sing a Song or speak a few senseless Sentences : they also send a Writing to all the Governours, signifying their Intent not to do Harm to any more of their Countrymen, but to go to the Southward, and advise then not to send against them, for they were resolved to sink themselves rather than be taken: signed, Fortune le Garr, and no Name to it. (10)


K. of Great Britain.

Charles I.

K. of Spain.

K. of France.
Lewis XIII. 11


Il Philip IV.


Articles of uncertain and various Dates. ' [In the Spring of 1632] Mr. Allerton [being in Eng‘land] hires on his own Account of Mr. Sherley, The •White-Angel again, comes late into the Country, sets up “a Company to run into the River of Kennebeck, to glean ‘away the Trade from the House there [I suppose at Cu‘shenock above Cobbiseconte] about the Patent and Privi‘lege whereof he had dash'd away so much Money : Yea, being depriv’d of Ashley, joins with some Consorts, and sets up a Trading-House beyond Penobscut, to cut off the Trade from thence also : But the French perceiving 'that would be greatly to their Damage likewise, come ‘in their beginning, before they are well settled, and dis“plant them, slay two of their Men, take all the Goods to 'a great Value, send the Rest of their Men into France : And this is the End of that Project. (br) |

Gov Bradford has inisplaced all this in 1631. But tho' Mr. Allerton seems to have set up his new Trading House in the Summer of 1632; yet it seems to be the Summer of 1633, when the French take it. (See Nov. 12. 1633.)'

This Year 1632, the People of [Plimouth] begin to grow in their outward Estates, by the flowing of many · People into the Country, especially into the Mc: By which Means Cattle and Corn rise to a great Price, "Goods grow plentiful, and many are enriched. And now their Stocks encreasing, the Increase vendible; there

is no longer holding them together. They must go to “their great Lots: they can no otherwise keep their Cattle: i ‘and having Oxen grown, they must have more Land ‘for Plowing and Tillage. By this Means they scatter

round the Bay [of Plimouth] quickly, and the Town wherein they liv'd till now compactly, is soon left very 'thin, and in a short Time almost desolate. The Church also comes to be divided : and those who had lived so ‘long together in Christian and comfortable Fellowship, 'must now part. 1st, Those who live on their Lots on the other Side the Bay, call’d Duxberry, can no longer bring


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“their Families to the publick Worship at Plimouth, growing to a competent Number, and suing to be dismiss'd, are about this Time dismiss'd, tho' very unwillingly, and become a Body of themselves. (br) [So that Duxberry seems to be the 2d Town and Church in *Pc: and the next town settled after Newtown, i.e. Cambridge, in N. E.

• To prevent any further scattering from Plymouth, ' and weakening of the same; it is thought best to give W out some good Farms to special Persons that would

'promise to live at Plimouth, and likely to be helpful to It the Church or Common-wealth : and so tye the Lands 2.4. "to Plimouth as Farms for the same ; and there they

might keep their Cattle and Tillage by Servants, and

retain their Dwellings here: and so some Lands are 1. Ógranted at a Place called Green's-Harbour, where no Al

lotments had been, a Place very well medowed, and fit - í to keep and rear Cattle good Store.' (br) [This seems 'to be the Beginning of Marshfield.]

• This Year the General Court of Pc make an Extraordinary Act; That whoever refuses the Office of Gover

'nor, shall pay L.20 Sterling, unless he were chose two 15 Years going; and whoever refuses the Office of Coun'sellor or Magistrate, L.10 Sterling. (ml)

This Year is built the 1st House for publick Worship at Newtown, (after called Cambridge] with a Bell uponit.(ml)

And Capt. Johnson says---] This Year, was the 1st 0 Choice of Magistrates by Freemen ; whose Number was

‘now increased 53, or thereabouts. (j) [By which he means, the Choice of Magistrates in the Mc at the General Court on May 9, last; But by Number of Freemen he means those who were added this whole Year 1632, beginning the Year with March 25, which are 53 ; whereas beginning the Year with Jan. 1, as is the Way of our Annals, their Number added this Year is but 44, as we have accounted already, from the Mcr.]

This Year of sad Distresses ends with a terrible cold Winter; with Weekly Snows, and fierce Frosts between, con



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K. of France. 1632 Lewis XIII. ||

K. of Great-Britain.

Charles I.

K. of Spain.

ll Philip IV.

gealing Charles-River, as well from the Town towards the Sea, as above ; so that Men may frequently pass from one Island to another on the ice. (j)


I. ACCOUNT of the three Ministers who arriv'd this Year.


The Rev. Mr. Stephen Bachilor.

[From Gov. Winslow and Capt. Johnson we learn-Thai] He was an ancient Minister in England; had been a Man of Fame in his Day; was 71 Years of Age when he came over; bro't a Number of People with him ; and soon became the 1st Feeder of the Flock of Christ at Lynn. [And by several original Letters I have seen of his own Writing to the R. Mr. Cotton of Boston, I find he was a Gentleman of Learning and Ingenuity, and wrote a fine and curious Iland.]

2. The Rev. Mr. Thomas Weld.

[From Capt. Johnson and Dr. E. Calamy, we learn]—That he was born and educated in England: had been minister of Terling in Essex ; but not submitting to the Ceremonies, the Place was too hot for him, and he was forc'd to quit it and come over to N E: that upon his Arrival, the Church of Roxbury being a diligent People, early prevented their Brethren of other Churches by calling him to be their 1st Pastor ; that he was valiant in Faith ; both in the Pulpit and by his Pen, maintains the Truth, and clears Christ's Churches here from scandalous Reproaches; and wading through the Cares and Toils of this Wilderness for 7 Years, be with Advice returns to his native Country.

3. The Rev. Mr. Thomas James.

[From Capt. Johnson we also learn, That] he was born and educated in England, and approved by his native Country ; had been a Minister in Lincolnshire, and especially commended by God's People there for his courteous Speech and Work of Christian Love; has learned Skill to un. fold the Mind of God in Scripture; is valiant in Faith ; and arriving here, is soon welcom’d by the People of Christ in Charlestown, and callid to the Office of Pastor of their 2d gathered Church ; where he continues some Years; till some Seed of Prejudice sown by the Enemies of this Work, be for the Love of Peace and to avoid Contention removes to NewHlaven. 6


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