Landscapes under Pressure: Theory and Practice of Cultural Heritage Research and Preservation

Front Cover
Ludomir R. Lozny
Springer Science & Business Media, 2006 M03 27 - 259 pages
LUDOMIR R. LOZNY Hunter College This book has a long history. In December 1998 I organized a two-day international symposium at Hunter College, New York to discuss issues related to research and preservation of cultural landscapes. The symposium was sponsored by a grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation, and co-sponsored by the North Atlantic Biocultural Organization and the Department of Anthropology, Hunter College, CUNY, New York. Several scholars from the USA and Europe accepted my invitation to participate. Problems discussed oscillated around the idea of cultural landscapes and issues related to identifying, researching and preserving cultural landscapes. Among most frequently asked questions were: What constitutes cultural landscapes? How do we recognize cultural landscapes? How do we define cultural landscapes? The concept of cultural landscape has been discussed by human geographers, historians, archaeologists, environmentalists, pres- vationists, etc. The consensus was that cultural landscapes are multivocal and incorporate elements which are generally classified in two groups: tangible empirical evidence of human behavior, and intangible, not always recognized symbolic meanings. It is worth keeping in mind that in addition to all material evidence, the most appealing identification of cultural landscapes (or places) includes memories and variety of meanings. “Landscapes under Pressure” presents ideas and pragmatics applied to research and preservation of tangible manifestations of cultural landscapes, but it also points out the significance of their nonmaterial elements. The approach to investigate and preserve cultural resources is known as culture resource management (CRM).
 

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Contents

Place Problem and People Issues in Interdisciplinary Cooperation
5
Place Historical Ecology and Cultural Landscape New Directions for Culture Resource Management
15
The Colonial Southwest Pueblo and Spanish Shared and Separate Landscapes
27
A New Landscape for Cultural Heritage Management Characterisation as a Management Tool
42
The Idea of the Site History Heritage and Locality in Community Archaeology
62
Methodology and Practice
82
Changing Places A Cultural Geography of NineteenthCentury Zuni New Mexico
84
Envisioning Future Landscapes in the Environmentally Sensitive Areas of Scotland An Introduction
102
Alternative Archaeologies of the Cold War The Preliminary Results of Fieldwork at the Greenham and Nevada Peace Camps
136
Building on the Past The Archaeology of LargeScale TransportationRelated Corridors
150
Legal Economic and Political Constrains of Cultural Heritage Preservation Programs
170
Private Sector Archaeology Part of the Problem or Part of the Solution?
172
Protection Maintenance and Enhancement of Cultural Landscapes in Changing Social Political and Economical Reality in Poland
194
Cultural Heritage Preservation and the Legal System With Specific Reference to Landscapes
224
Afterword
236
Index
240

Critical Data for Understanding Early Central European Farmers
122

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