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CALDWELL'S MANUAL OF ELOCUTION.
From the Methodist Quarterly Review. clusively than in other parts of the vo
This valuable and eminently practical lume. work supplies a want which has long ex In part second, the author treats ou isted in the American community, and Gesture. His object is not only to assist especially in literary institutions of all the learner in correcting the awkwardgrades. It is the only book we have seen ness of careless habits, and in acquiring which treats of both branches of the such command over his muscles that he speaker's art, utterance and action; and may take easy attitudes and make gracethough the size of the volume is mo- ful movements; but also to teach him derate, these subjects are discussed and how to adapt his action to the illustraillustrated with sufficient fullness to meet tion, embellishment, and enforcement of the necessities of the learner, and with a his subject, and to the significant expresseientific precision which shows the hand sion of every species of emotion. This of a master. It is also equally adapted portion of the work contains numerous to the wants of the private learner, and wood cuts designed to illustrate those atof the student in a public seminary; and titudes and gestures which ought to be will be found as beneficial to him who avoided, as well as those which are apwishes to read well, as to him who as- propriate. pires to be an orator.
The appendix contains some excellent The work consists of two parts and an hints on the elocution adapted to the appendix. Part first treats of the Voice, pulpit, and on the action suited to the The author begins with an analysis of imitative representation of human pasthe vocal sounds of our language, and sions. The minister of the gospel who then proceeds to a full and perspicuous desires to be “a workman that needeth exposition of the functions of the human not to be ashamed,” can hardly fail to voice. In this chapter the learner will derive benefits from the careful perusal find all the information he may need on of the first chapter of the appendix; and articulation, on the different kinds of among these benefits, an inducement to stress, and on the pitch, slides, waves, study the entire work will not be the force, quality, and melodies of the voice. least valuable. The author next applies the principles which he has established to a great variety of practical examples, and treats of
From the Philadelphia Inquirer. accent, emphasis, drifts, expression, tran “Is a good Elocution of sufficient imsition, and cadence. The section on Em- portance to deserve the attention of the phasis is a precise and clear analysis of American scholar? And can the prinThat important subject, with appropriate ciples of Elocution be so taught as to examples of several kinds. The same become practically useful ?" The author may be said of the section on Expression, of the book before us commences his inwhich teaches the application of the vocal troduction with these questions. The principles to the language of sentiment first of them any man can answer for and feeling. This subject is new in works himself. The second must be answered, of this kind, and is treated with the co- if at all, by such books as the one before piousness and accuracy which its import- us. Many have doubts upon the subance demands. This portion of the book ject; but we think they generally arise will be found none the less instructive from imperfect conceptions of the nature because the author was compelled, in its of elocution itself. Of course, any merely preparation, to draw from the resources artificial elocution must be false; bui the of his own mind, and to be guided by his true design of the art is to develope and own experience and judgment, more ex- employ properly the means with which na
ture has endowed men for the expression preacher who is not too old to learn, and of their thoughts, feelings, and passions. who is desirous of becoming an effective Professor Caldwell has evidently formed speaker, and at the same time of so a just idea of the functions and limits of training his voice that he may speak elocution; and presents it both as a sci- with ease to himself, should at once proence and an art, in the work before us, cure this volume, and give to its practi. with admirable clearness. The proper cal lessons diligent attention. method of training the voice is a subject rarely or never treated in elementary books of Elocution, which are generally From Wiley and Putnam's Lilerary News mere compilations of rules more or less
Letter, Feb. 1845. valuable, but unconnected by any philo Merritt Caldwell, Esq., A. M., Professophical principles. In Professor Cald- sor of Elocution in Dickinson college, has well's book, the elementary sounds of the just published, “A Practical Manual of language are anaiysed with rigid accu- Elocution: embracing Voice and Gese racy, and the whole theory of their ut- ture. Designed for Schools, Academies, erance, and the various modifications of and Colleges, as well as for Private emphasis, stress, pitch, tone, and quality, Learners," This valuable work, the represented with admirable clearness and sult of sixteen years successful practice, method. The principles thus developed will be found to supply an obvious want, are there applied in a series of practical at the present time, of a suitable text book exercises, which cannot fail, if fairly pur- in Elocution, This work possesses a sued, to insure every excellence in vocal great advantage over others that of preexpression that can be desired. The se- senting both branches of the subject in cond part of the work takes up the sub- the same volume, which must prove a ject of Gesture, which is treated in the great convenience to the teacher, as same way, both theoretically and practi- well as the learner. The section on Excally. A tone of excellent practical sense pression, it is believed, is a more full at. pervades the treatise throughout. It does tempt to present the vocal “language of not make vague promises never to be ful- the passions," in intelligible terms, than filled, but leads the pupil on, by a progres- has ever before been made. We confisive and connected series of exercises, to dently recommend the work. the highest attainments of the art. We could wish that all elementary books From the Baltimore American. were distinguished by as scholarly a tone
This is a new work on Elocution, by and as skiltul an arrangement as this work. The book is got up in excellent It is designed for instruction and disci
Professor Caldwell, of Dickinson college. style and illustrated by a large number of wood cuts. The publishers, Messrs. Sorin pline in the use, management, and moduand Ball, seem determined to get the
sation of the voice, and for facilitating
the other requisitions necessary to make good will of the community, by publish, ing good books and no others. They de- work seems to have been prepared with
an accomplished reader or speaker. The serve every encouragement.
great care and labor. The analysis of
the elements of vocal utterance and From the Christian Advocate and Journal, power, is minute, and is in accordance New York.
with the principles laid down by Dr.
Rush, in his “Philosophy of the tuman Professor Ca!dwell has given us, in the Voice." The student will find in Profespreparation of this Manual, satisfactory sor Caldwell's volume a valuable assistevidence of his qualifications as a teacher ant and guide, in a department of educaof elocution. Acknowledging his indebt- tion generally too much neglected. edness to the standard philosophical work of Rush, and to Austin's “ Chironomia,” the author has at the same time thought
From the Albany Daily Advertiser. for himself, and prepared a work not only
The author of this work is no tyro on adapted for the use of students in colleges the subject of which he treats.
He has and academies, but most especially, a mind not only adapted, but trained, lo and this we deem its chief excellence, physical analysis, and familiar with the of those who are engaged in the active science of Elocution in all its progressive duties of the ministry.
stages. It is a work to be studied careAs a practical work, we have no hesita- fully rather than read cursorily-a work tion to commend it as superior to any for those who teach Elocution as well as thing of the kind we have ever seen. for those who learn it; and, we cannot We doubt not, that a discerning public doubt, that it is destined to perform an will agree with us in opinion. Every essential service in leading to a more
general, intimate, and philosophical ac- are valuable indeed, and would be of service quaintance with this highly important to all our preachers.” branch of learning.-S.
From the Southern Christian Advocate, From the Albany Evening Atlas.
Charleston, S. C. This treatise is constructed throughout lieve that this is a valuable manual, in
A cursory examination leads us to beupon philosophical principles, and is evi. dently the result of much profound re- which the reader or student will find all flection and laborious search. We doubt
the important principles embodied, which not, that it is destined to be adopted in relate to the management of the voice our higher literary institutions, and we
in reading or publie speaking, and a full trust it may contribute not a little to analysis of the elements of gesture in an elevate the standard of public speaking confessedly of the highest importance in
accomplished Elocution. The subject is throughout the land. especially interested in the chapter on this country; and we commend to the the eloquence of the pulpit, which brings favorable notice of Teachers and Profesmuch sound and excellent thought with-sors, this publication. in very narrow limits; and we are quite sure, that if our clergymen generally From Zion's Herald and Wesleyan Jourwould study it, and would reduce to
nal, Boston. practice the rules which it contains, it The chief excellencies of this work would be found an important auxiliary are, first, It embraces the two subjects of both to their popularity and usefulness.- voice and gesture; and, secondly, These E.
are thoroughly and minutely developed.
It makes a practical application of the From the Western Christian Advocate, principles of Rush, in regard to the Cincinnati.
former, and draws amply from the “ChiThis work comes before the public, in ronomia” of Austin for the latter. It is our opinion, with considerable claims for a critical and technical text book, adapted very general use in colleges and acade- for the thorough drilling of the student. mies. We cannot, however, claim much He cannot pass through it without bevalue for our opinion in regard to the coming master of the iwo great implebest use of voice and gesture, unskilled ments of Elocution-voice and gesture. as we are in both these very important parts of public speaking. Nevertheless,
From the Christian Mirror, Portland. unless we are mistaken, Mr. Caldwell's The author of this Manual, who is well book will be well and generally re- known in this State as a faithful and exceived.
perienced teacher, remarks that, “the We cannot withhold the following ex- question was once asked by the Bishop tract of a letter from Dr. Durbin, to our- of Cloyne, in relation to Great Britain, self, in which he mentions Mr. Caldwell's whether half the learning of the kingdom book, in the following terms. President was not lost for want of having a proper Durbin's opinion is of great value in this delivery taught in our schools and colcase, as he has had much opportunity of leges ?" And, he adds, “a similar inwitnessing the practical utility of the quiry cannot but force itself on any book, and is withal, a master in the very thoughtful observer, in regard to our own department treated on. The annexed is country.” Permit a correspondent, Mr. the extract:
Editor, to suggest, that if he has formed “ The Manual of Elocution, by Professor any correct estimate of this book, all Caldwell, of Dickinson college, has just apology for the future neglect to teach been published by Sorin and Ball, of Phila- Elocution in our schools and colleges, is delphia. I have been intimately acquainted removed. Having some slight familiarity with the principles laid down and illus- with other works on Elocution, I think I trated by Professor Caldwell, and am satis- cannot be mistaken in giving the decided fied that they are the true principles of Elo- preference to this over any other I have cution. I have seen theín upplied and illus- met with. It is simple in its plan, comtrated in practical instruction in this college prehensive in the views it takes of the during the last ten years; and the success requisites to a perfect orator, and is full attending their application has fully esta- of precepts and lessons for practice, blished their value. I am persuaded that which cannot be studied in vain. you will find the book exceedingly well Altogether, it appears to be a scholaradapted to instruction in colleges and aca- like production; is remarkably neat and demies, and of great service to private accurate in its typography; and though learners. The pages on pulpit elocution modestly dedicated by the author, to
" those who have during the last sixteen, it would seem that not only the young years, from time to time, been his pupils,' can improve and strengthen his it is to be hoped, that it will soon find its vocal organs, as a preparatory training way into the highest institutions of learn- for his future work; but even the man ing in our State. That Elocution can be who is actively engaged in the business learned, no longer admits of a doubt ; of a profession, may successfully culand that when learned, it is one of the tivate all the excellencies of delivery, most effective qualifications of the Ame- We commend this volume to all who rican scholar, requires no argument. would learn to read or speak well; and Why, then, with such a text book, should especially to the Professors and Teachers it not be every where studied ?
in our colleges, academies and higher A GRADUATE OF BOWDOIN. schools, as a text book of rare excellence. January, 1845.
From the N. York Commercial Advertiser. From the Portland Argus.
ELOCUTION FOR Schools.-Professor This is a book of many excellencies: Caldwell, of Dickinson college, Carlisle, It is throughout practical, teaching, all (Pa.) has prepared a practical “Manual along, precisely what the student in Elo- of Elocution," including voice and ges, cution most needs to know; and, as he
ture, designed for schools, academies, and needs them, giving him the exercises colleges. It has been published in a neat which are necessary to enable him to dis- 12mo. volume, by Sorin and Ball, of Phicipline all the various functions of the ladelphia. The author has availed bimorator.
self of the materials and principles found Its plan is good. It discusses the en- in Rush's celebrated work on the Philotire subject; and yet the various portions sophy of the Voice, and Austin's Chiroare so arranged, that the learner dis- nomia, so celebrated as a standard autinctly comprehends each several point, thority in gesture. By a judicious conto wbich his attention is at the same time densation of the leading features of these called. First come the Elements of Vocal and other elaborate works in the differdelivery, then their application; second- ent departments of Elocution, he has sucly, the Elements of Gesture, and after- ceeded in simplifying the subject so as to wards their application; and, finally, the furnish learners with a text book of great book closes with general precepts and in- practical merit. The success with which structions well suited to show the rela- | Professor Caldwell has taught Elocution, tion between the vocal movements, and and his extensive experience thus acthe action of the body, and how they may quired, have enabled him to improve be made to conspire in the highest degree upon his predecessors,especially in adaptto the accomplishment of the designs of ing the instructions of this volume to oratory.
both Teachers and learners; and its geThe objects also, are precisely what it neral use in our schools, academies, and is desirable to have accomplished by a work on Elocution; to wit, to make the colleges, can scarcely fail to render the
art of public speaking a common acquirebusiness of speaking effective,-to give ment, which in our country will be most success to the efforts of the orator; and desirable and useful, as it is now most also to guard the speaker against the dis- abominably neglected. eases of the vocal organs, which are now carrying so many to their graves. This system almost demonstrates the feasibi
From the Christian Repository, Philality of accomplishing these objects-of
delphia. actually learning “the orator's art.” If In the preparation of this work, the one desires to become an accomplished author seems to have taken advantage singer, he must practice, and that notwith- of the valuable materials furnished by standing all that mature may have done others, and very handsomely notices in for him ; so also he must practice if he his preface the assistance of such works would become a boxer, or acquire skill as "The Philosophy of the Human Voice," in penmanship, or in performing on mu- by Dr. James Rush, and the “Chirosical instruments. We are here told, that nomia," of Austin; besides which, his in the same-way, the speaker must learn own experience as a teacher for some sixthe art of managing his voice, and of giv- teen years, enables him to introduce such ing ease and grace to his gestures. improvements and simplifications as are
All the principles presented in this wanted at the present day. The work is Manual, are illustrated by well selected progressive in its character, and numerexamples for practice ; and by this kind ously illustrated with figures so arranged of discipline, recommended in the book, that it might properly be called a self
instructor. We hope that there are num-mies, and colleges, as well as for private bers of our young men, and especially learners, and its preparation, says the those who attempt public speaking, that author, would not have been undertaken will avail themselves of this timely pub- but for the obvious want, at the present lication. It is comprised in one volume, time of a suitable text book in Elocution 12mo., and contains nearly 350 pages, for the use of classes in our various inneatly and substantially bound. stitutions of learning. The Professor
also takes the ground that it is within From the Pennsylvania Telegraph, Har the power of every man to make himself risburg.
an effective public speaker by careful The impression has extensively ob- study of the elements of oratory, and tained, that all works on Elocution, are practice of the rules laid down for the solely intended for public speakers, or exercise of the Voice and Gesture. And such as are in a course of preparation for the time and labor bestowed upon this profession. That money expended in important subject, will be amplý repaid, their purchase, and time occupied in their he futher contends, by the almost omnistudy, by others, are wholly wasted. potent influence which powerful oratory This, however, is a serious mistake. secures over the public mind, and the Vocal powers are possessed and largely enlarged prospects it holds out for
acquirused by men of every class, and in every ing useful and honorable distinction in a condition. Would it not be advantageous country like ours. to every man, to be able to use this power
The Manual has been noticed in terms in communicating with his fellows, to the of warm commendation by several of our best advantage ? Education is necessary city contemporaries, who cordially agree to teach the fingers to write, and the in pronouncing it a most valuable contrihands to execute their most ordinary bu-bution to the stock of elementary insiness. Even the mental powers must be struction on this subject. trained and exercised, or they cannot be depended on, with any degree of certainty. And shall every other faculty be BOWDOIN COLLEGE, May 17, 1845. duly improved while the vocal powers Having carefully examined the Manual are left in entire neglect ?. The muscles of Elocution, by Professor Caldwell, I feel which form the voice, like those which no hesitation in expressing a decided move the fingers, need and must have a approval of it. The Vocal Exercises are proper training, or they cannot be ex- well adapted to give power and flexibility pected to obey the will with promptness to the voice; whilst judicious aid is also and precision. The boy must be accus- afforded in the important department of tomed to the use of tools before he can Gesture. A considerable portion of the be a good mechanic-so every one who work is devoted to the Expression of expects to be a good speaker, reader-or Speech-a branch of the subject in which even good in private conversation, must little has hitherto been attempted, but in learn the elementary sounds of which which Professor Caldwell has happily words are composed, and so practice on succeeded. them as to make them familiar, natural, On the whole, I regard the work as and habitual, or he will always be blun- having superior claims to popular favor ; dering. No one but he who has prac- as supplying a want severely felt by both tised on these sounds, and used such Teachers and learners, in the art of works as this, can tell the great advan- which it treats. tages to be derived from them, Experi
H. H. BOODY, ence has fully shown that the feeblest
Teacher of Elocution voice, and the least flexible organs of speech, have been vastly improved by
in Bowdoin College. practising on tables similar to those so numerously furnished in this most valu- dial acquiescence in the views expressed
It gives us pleasure to express our corable work. I most ardently hope.
there- by Mr. Boody, of the merits of Professor fore, that the Professor's book, will be Caldwell's work on Elocution. extensively circulated and generally and faithfully studied. A. ATWOOD.
A. S, PACKARD, Harrisburg, Feb. 1845.
Professor of Rhetoric
and Ancient Languages. From the Herald and Expositor, Carlisle,
THOMAS C. UPHAM,
Professor of Mental
Philosophy and Ethics. able one, is designed for schools, acade Bowdoin College, May 1845.