Beethoven's Ninth: A Political History

Front Cover
University of Chicago Press, 2004 - 327 pages
Who hasn't been stirred by the strains of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony? That's a good question, claims Esteban Buch. German nationalists and French republicans, communists and Catholics have all, in the course of history, embraced the piece. It was performed under the direction of Leonard Bernstein at a concert to mark the fall of the Berlin Wall, yet it also serves as a ghastly and ironic leitmotif in Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange. Hitler celebrated his birthdays with it, and the government of Rhodesia made it their anthem. And played in German concentration camps by the imprisoned, it also figured prominently at Mitterand's 1981 investiture.

In his remarkable history of one of the most popular symphonic works of the modern period, Buch traces such complex and contradictory uses—and abuses—of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony since its premier in 1824. Buch shows that Beethoven consciously drew on the tradition of European political music, with its mix of sacred and profane, military and religious themes, when he composed his symphony. But while Beethoven obviously had his own political aspirations for the piece—he wanted it to make a statement about ideal power—he could not have had any idea of the antithetical political uses, nationalist and universalist, to which the Ninth Symphony has been put since its creation. Buch shows us how the symphony has been "deployed" throughout nearly two centuries, and in the course of this exploration offers what was described by one French reviewer as "a fundamental examination of the moral value of art." Sensitive and fascinating, this account of the tangled political existence of a symphony is a rare book that shows the life of an artwork through time, shifted and realigned with the currents of history.

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - Trotsky731 - LibraryThing

The author tends to focus more on the growth and development of political music rather than offer a comprehensive history of the ninth. The information is there but it is not at the forefront. Read full review

Beethoven's Ninth: a political history

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

In this translation of his La Neuvieme de Beethoven: Une histoire politique (1999), Buch (director of studies, Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris) presents a study of music as a political vehicle, using ... Read full review


The States of Joy
The Birth of Modern Political Music
God Save the King and the Handel Cult
La Marseillaise and the Supreme Being
The Ode to Joy and the Emperors Anthem
Beethoven and the Concert of Europe
The Ninth Symphony
Political Reception of the Ode to Joy
The 1927 Centenary
Beethoven as Fuhrer
From Year Zero to the European Anthem
From Apartheids Anthem to the Dismantling of the Berlin Wall
Criticism and Future of a Dream

The Romantic Cult
The 1845 Ceremony at Bonn
The Ninth in the Era of Nationalist Movements

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Page 314 - Essai sur la propagation de la musique en France, sa conservation et ses rapports avec le gouvernement, par J.-B.

About the author (2004)

Esteban Buch is the director of studies at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris. He is the author of Histoire d'un secret: À propos de la Suite lyrique d'Alban Berg. Richard Miller has translated more than seventy books and articles from the French, including Roland Barthes's The Pleasure of the Text and Brassaï's The Secret of the Thirties.

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