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His time of fearing death. - Stoop, Romans, stoop,
And let us bathe our hands in Cæsar's blood
Up to the elbows, and besmear our swords;
Then walk we forth even to the market-place,
And, waving our red weapons o'er our heads,
Let 's all cry peace, freedom, and liberty !

" gods.

O P. gives the remainder of this speech « he, biås you expect confiftency and to Cafra, because he thinks nothing is « Ateadiness from his behaviour : he more incontent with Brutus's mild and “ thought the killing of Antony, wher philosophical character: and is followed Cæfar's aflaffination was resolved on, by W. In answer to this, T. tells us that “ would appear po bloody and unjufta Shakespeare is ftri&tly copying a fact in “ Let us be sacrificers, but not butchers: hittory, and that Plutarcb, in the life of “ Let 's carve him as a dish fil for ibe Cæsar, says, Brutus and his followers, « being yet bal with the muriber, marched “ The hero, therefore, full of this ideal “ in a body from the senate-house to the " of sacrificing Cæfar to his injured “ capitol, with obeir drawn sworils, with “ country, after stabbing him in the

an air of confidence and assurance." “ fenatr, tells the Romans to stoop, and And in the life of Prutiis, Bruius and « besmear their hands and their swords “ his party betook themselves to the « in the blood of the facrifice. This " capitol, and in their way showing ibeir was agreeable to an ancient and relibands all bloody, and their naked “ gious custom. So in Æfcbylus we “ swords, proclaimed liderly to the scople.” “ read, that the feron captains, who But T. has offered nothing to the pur. came against Tbebes, facrificed a bull, pore against Po's emendation; for the “ and dipped their hands in the gore, question is not whether Brutus, with the And Xenopbon tells us, that rest of his party, bathed his hands in “ when the barbarians ratified their Cæsar's blood; but whether Sbakespeare “ treaty with the Greeks, they made a intended him the first mover to this un “ facrifice, and dipped their spears and seemly action (as P. seems to think it) “ swords in the blood of the victim. By by putting the controverted words into “ this fulemn action Brtatus gives the his mouth. Yet, after what Upton has 'aftaffination of Cæsar a religious ait written on this paffage no one can scru- « and turn, &c." Crit. Obf, 2d edit, ple giving thefe lioes to Brutus. “ The p. 98. “philosophical character of Brutus, says

&c.

Сај.

Caf. Stoop then, and wash.—How many ages hence

[' Dipping their swords in Cæsar's blood. Shall this our lofty scene be acted 9 over, In states unborn, and accents yet unknown!

Bru. How many times shall Cæfar bleed in sport,
That now on Pompey's basis lyes along,
No worthier than the dust!

Caf. So oft as that shall be,
So often shall the knot of us be call'd
The men that gave their country liberty.

Dec. What, shall we forth?

Caf. Ay, every man away :
Brutus shall lead, and we will grace his heels
to With the moft boldest and best hearts of Rome.

Enter a Servant.
Bru. Soft, who comes here? * A friend of Antony's,
Ser. Thus, Brutus, did iny master bid me kneel;

[' Kneeling.
Thus did Mark Antony bid me fall down;
And, being proftrate, thus he bad me say.
Brutus is noble, wise, valiant, and honeft;
Cæfar was a mighty, bold, royal, and loving:

for over.

There is no direction in the fo's u R. reads, Wbar, what fall we and C.

fortb? 9 So the fo's, R. and C; the rest, o'er w R. P. and H. read, Wirb ebe mos

bold, and ebe beft bearts, &c. : The first f. fate for fates.

* P. and H. make the servant's speech · P. and H. have put this speech in. begin here. to Casca's mouth, without giving any y No dire&tion in the fo's and C. reason for it.

2 P.T. H. and W. sead, migbry, regal, ? And this into Brutus's, without bold and loving. giving a reason.

F

Say,

Say, I love Brutus, and I honour him;
Say, I fear'd Cæsar, honour'd him, and lov'd him.
If Brutus will vouchsafe, that Antony
May safely come to him, and be resolv'd
How Cæfar hath deserv'd to lye in death,
Mark Antony shall not love Cæfar dead
So well as Brutus living; but will follow
The fortunes and affairs of noble Brutus,
Thorough the hazards of this untrod ftate,
With all true faith. So says my master Antony.

Bru. Thy master is a wise and valiant Roman;
I never thought him worse.
Tell him, so please him come unto this place,
He fhall be satisfied, and by my honour,
Depart untouch'd.
Ser. I 'll fetch him presently.

[Exit Servant. Bru. I know that we shall have him well to friend.

Caf. I wish we may; but yet a have I a inind That fears him much; and my misgiving still Falls shrewdly to the purpose.

Enter Antony.
Bru. But here comes Antony. — Welcome, Mark Antony,

Ant. O mighty Cæfar! dost thou lye so low?
Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils,
Shrunk to this little measure? Fare thee well.
I know not, gentlemen, what you intend,
Who else must be let blood, who else is rank:

I myself, there is no hour fo fit

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As Cæsar's death's hour; nor no instrument
Of half that worth, as those your swords, made rich
With the most noble blood of all this world.
I do beseech ye, if you bear me hard,
Now, whilst your purpled hands do reck and smoak,
Fulfil your pleasure. Live a thousand years,
I shall not find myself so apt to die :
No place will please me fo, no mean of deathy
As here by Cafar, and by you cut off,
The choice and master spirits of this age.

Bru. O Antony, beg not your death of us. .
Though now we must appear bloody and cruel,
As, by our hands, and this our present act,
Yon see we do; yet see you but our hands,
And this the bleeding business they have done;
Our hearts you see not, they are pitiful;
And pity to the general wrong of Rome
(As fire drives out fire, so pity, pity)
Hath done this deed on Cæfar. For your party
To you our swords have leaden points, Mark Antony,
Our arms e no strength of malice; and our hearts,
Of brothers' temper, do receive you in,
With all kind love, good thoughts, and reverence.

Caf. Your voice shall be as strong as any man's,
In the disposing of new dignities.

Bru. Only be patient till we have appeas’d The multitude, beside themselves with fear,

• W. and 7. ge for you.

« So C; the fo's and H. for no read a; d The two fir fo's, T.and W. meane; P. and the rest for no frenzel of sead P. and H. mianss

exempt from.

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And then we will deliver you the cause,
Why I, that did love Cæfar when I struck hini,
* Have thus proceeded.

Ant. I doubt not of your wisdom.
Let cach man render me his bloody hand,
First, Marcus Brutus, will I shake with you;-
Next, Caius Cafius, do I take your hand;
Now, Decius Brutus, yours;-now yours, Metellus ; ---
Yours, Cinna ;-and, my valiant Casca, yours;
Though last, not least in love, yours, good Trebonius.
Gentlemen all, alas! what shall I say?
My credit now stands on such slippery ground,
That one of two bad ways you must conceit me,
Either a coward, or a flatterer.
That I did love thee, Cesar, O 'tis true:
If then thy spirit look upon us now,
Shall it not grieve thee, dearer than thy death,
To see thy Antony making his peace,
Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,
Moft noble! in the presence of thy corse?
Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds,
Weeping as fast as they stream forth thy blood,
It would become me better, than to close
In terms of friendship with thine eneinies.
Pardon me, Julius! Here wast thou-bay'd, brave s hart,
Here didst thou fall, and here thy hunters ftand,

{ For Have obus proceeded P. reads cept C. Proceeded ibus, followed by all after, ex & The three laf fo's, bears for barte

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